Generic Name: armodafinil (ar moe DAF i nil)
Brand Names: Nuvigil
What is Nuvigil?
Nuvigil (armodafinil) is a medication that promotes wakefulness.
Nuvigil may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
You should not use Nuvigil if you have ever had a rash or allergic reaction caused by armodafinil or modafinil (Provigil).
Before using Nuvigil, tell your doctor if you have liver or kidney disease, heart disease or high blood pressure, a heart valve disorder, a history of mental illness, a history of drug or alcohol addiction, or if you have recently had a heart attack.
Stop taking Nuvigil and call your doctor if you have a skin rash, no matter how mild. A medicine similar to armodafinil has caused severe skin reactions serious enough to require hospitalization. Other signs of a severe reaction include fever, swelling in your face or tongue, mouth sores, and a red or purple skin rash that spreads and causes blistering and peeling.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use Nuvigil if you are allergic to armodafinil or modafinil (Provigil).
To make sure Nuvigil is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
liver or kidney disease;
a heart muscle or valve disorder such as mitral valve prolapse;
heart disease or history of heart attack;
high blood pressure;
a history of mental illness or psychosis; or
a history of drug or alcohol addiction.
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Nuvigil will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medicine.
See also: Pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail)
Nuvigil can make certain types of birth control less effective for as long as a month after you stop taking armodafinil. Ask your doctor about using a non-hormone method of birth control (such as a condom, diaphragm, spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking Nuvigil.
It is not known whether armodafinil passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Do not give this medication to anyone under 17 years old without medical advice.
How should I take Nuvigil?
Take Nuvigil exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Nuvigil may be habit-forming. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Selling or giving away this medicine to any other person is against the law.
This medicine comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Nuvigil is usually taken each morning to prevent daytime sleepiness, or 1 hour before the start of a work shift to treat work-time sleep disorders.
You may take this medicine with or without food.
Nuvigil is usually given for up to 12 weeks. Follow your doctor's instructions.
If you are taking this medicine to treat sleepiness caused by obstructive sleep apnea, you may also be treated with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine. This machine is an air pump connected to mask that gently blows pressurized air into your nose while you sleep. The pump does not breathe for you, but the gentle force of air helps keep your airway open to prevent obstruction.
Do not stop using your CPAP machine during sleep unless your doctor tells you to. The combination of treatment with CPAP and Nuvigil may be necessary to best treat your condition.
Nuvigil will not cure obstructive sleep apnea or treat its underlying causes. Follow your doctor's instructions about all your other treatments for this disorder.
Taking this medication does not take the place of getting enough sleep. Talk with your doctor if you continue to have excessive sleepiness even while taking this medicine.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Keep track of the amount of medicine used from each new bottle. Nuvigil is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, but avoid taking the medication if you do not plan to be awake for several hours. If it is close to your normal bedtime hour, you may need to skip the missed dose and wait until the next day to take the medicine again.
Talk with your doctor about what to do if you miss a dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdose symptoms may include nausea, diarrhea, confusion, feeling restless or excited, fast or slow heart rate, chest pain, trouble sleeping, or hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not real).
What should I avoid while taking Nuvigil?
Nuvigil may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.
Avoid other dangerous activity until you know how this medication will affect your level of wakefulness.
Avoid drinking alcohol while taking this medicine.
Nuvigil side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Nuvigil: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop taking Nuvigil and call your doctor at the first sign of any skin rash, no matter how minor you think it might be.
Skin rashes serious enough to require hospitalization have occurred in people using a medicine similar to armodafinil. These rashes usually occurred within 1 to 5 weeks after the first dose.
Stop using Nuvigil and call your doctor at once if you have:
bruising, severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness;
unusual bleeding (nosebleeds, bleeding gums);
mouth sores, trouble swallowing;
upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
depression, anxiety, hallucinations, aggression, unusual thoughts or behavior, suicidal thoughts;
chest pain, uneven heart beats; or
severe skin reaction--fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.
Common Nuvigil side effects may include:
sleep problems (insomnia).
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Nuvigil?
Taking this medicine with other drugs that make you sleepy can worsen this effect. Ask your doctor before taking Nuvigil with a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.
Other drugs may interact with armodafinil, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about Nuvigil (armodafinil)
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about Nuvigil.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Nuvigil only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2015 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 4.02. Revision Date: 2014-02-19, 10:35:46 AM.