Class: Prostaglandin Analogs
VA Class: OP109
Chemical Name: (Z) - 7 - [(1R,2R,3R,5S) - 3,5,Dihydroxy - 2 - [1E,3S) - 3 - hydroxy - 5 - phenyl - 1 - pentenyl]cyclopentyl] - 5 - N - ethylheptenamide
Molecular Formula: C25H37NO4
Ocular hypotensive agent; a synthetic prostaglandin analog.1
Uses for Bimatoprost
Ocular Hypertension and Glaucoma
Reduction of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who are intolerant of other IOP-lowering drugs or who have not responded adequately (i.e., failed to achieve target IOP as determined after multiple measurements over time) to another IOP-lowering drug.1
Safety and efficacy not established for the treatment of angle-closure, inflammatory, or neovascular glaucoma.1
Bimatoprost Dosage and Administration
Apply topically to the affected eye(s).1
Avoid contamination of the solution container.1
If more than one topical ophthalmic drug is used, administer the drugs at least 5 minutes apart.1
Ocular Hypertension and Glaucoma
Cautions for Bimatoprost
Known hypersensitivity to bimatoprost or any ingredient in the formulation.1
Increased pigmentation of iris develops slowly; may not be evident until after several months to years of bimatoprost therapy.1 Long-term effects of these changes are unknown.1 Patients should be examined regularly; therapy may be discontinued if increased pigmentation persists.1
Macular edema, including cystoid macular edema, reported.1 Use with caution in aphakic patients, in pseudophakic patients with a torn posterior lens capsule, or in patients with known risk factors for macular edema.1
Use with caution in patients with active intraocular inflammation (e.g., uveitis).1
No substantial differences in safety and efficacy relative to younger adults.1
Common Adverse Effects
Conjunctival hyperemia,1 2 growth of eyelashes,1 2 ocular pruritus,1 2 ocular dryness,1 2 visual disturbance,1 ocular burning,1 foreign body sensation,1 ocular pain,1 pigmentation of the periocular skin,1 blepharitis,1 cataract,1 superficial punctate keratitis,1 eyelid erythema,1 ocular irritation,1 eyelash darkening.1
Adverse systemic events include infection (primarily colds and upper respiratory tract infections).1
Interactions for Bimatoprost
Following once-daily topical ocular administration for 2 weeks, peak blood concentrations were attained within 10 minutes and were below the lower limit of detection within 1.5 hours.1 Steady-state blood levels were achieved during the first week of dosing.1
Reduction in IOP generally occurs within 4 hours after topical application and peaks within 8–12 hours.1
Bimatoprost is distributed into milk in animals; it is not known whether the drug distributes into milk in humans.1
Plasma Protein Binding
Undergoes oxidation, N-deethylation, and glucuronidation to form various metabolites.1
Approximately 67% excreted in urine and 25% excreted in feces after IV administration.1
45 minutes after IV administration.1
15–25°C in the original container.1
Advice to Patients
Importance of learning and adhering to proper administration techniques to avoid contamination of the solution with common bacteria that can cause ocular infections.1 Serious damage to the eye and subsequent loss of vision may result from using contaminated ophthalmic solutions.1
Importance of informing clinicians if an intercurrent ocular condition (e.g., trauma, infection) develops or ocular surgery is planned.1 Importance of immediately reporting ocular reactions, particularly conjunctivitis and eyelid reactions.1
Importance of delaying insertion of contact lenses for at least 15 minutes after bimatoprost instillation, since benzalkonium chloride preservative may be absorbed by soft lenses.1
Importance of administering different topical ophthalmic preparations at least 5 minutes apart.1
Importance of informing clinician of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs as well as any concomitant illnesses.1
Importance of women informing clinicians if they are or intend to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed.1
Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information. (See Cautions.)
Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.
Lumigan (with benzalkonium chloride)
This pricing information is subject to change at the sole discretion of DS Pharmacy. This pricing information was updated 02/2013. Actual costs to patients will vary depending on the use of specific retail or mail-order locations and health insurance copays.
Latisse 0.03% Solution (ALLERGAN DERMATOLOGICS): 3/$115.99 or 9/$309.97
Lumigan 0.01% Solution (ALLERGAN): 3/$93.99 or 8/$257.96
Lumigan 0.01% Solution (ALLERGAN): 5/$198.00 or 15/$574.00
Lumigan 0.01% Solution (ALLERGAN): 8/$297.00 or 23/$860.99
Lumigan 0.03% Solution (ALLERGAN): 3/$99.99 or 8/$280.98
Lumigan 0.03% Solution (ALLERGAN): 5/$187.99 or 10/$361.98
Lumigan 0.03% Solution (ALLERGAN): 8/$287.98 or 23/$818.99
This report on medications is for your information only, and is not considered individual patient advice. Because of the changing nature of drug information, please consult your physician or pharmacist about specific clinical use.
The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com represent that the information provided hereunder was formulated with a reasonable standard of care, and in conformity with professional standards in the field. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com make no representations or warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranty of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to such information and specifically disclaims all such warranties. Users are advised that decisions regarding drug therapy are complex medical decisions requiring the independent, informed decision of an appropriate health care professional, and the information is provided for informational purposes only. The entire monograph for a drug should be reviewed for a thorough understanding of the drug's actions, uses and side effects. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com do not endorse or recommend the use of any drug. The information is not a substitute for medical care.
AHFS Drug Information. © Copyright, 1959-2013, Selected Revisions July 1, 2007. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 7272 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.
1. Allergan, Inc. Lumigan (bimatoprost) ophthalmic solution 0.03% prescribing information. Irvine, CA; 2001 Mar.
2. Cantor LB. Bimatoprost: a member of a new class of agents, the prostamides, for glaucoma management. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2001; 10:721-31. [PubMed 11281821]
3. Woodward DF, Krauss AHP, Burk RM et al. Lumigan (AGN 192024): studies on a pharmacologically novel ocular hypotensive agent. Abstract presented at Third International Glaucoma Symposium. Prague, Czech Republic: 2001 Mar 21-5. From .
4. Krauss AHP, Chen J, Woodward DF. The pharmacology of AGN 192024 (Lumigan), a novel ocular hypotensive agent. Abstract presented at Third International Glaucoma Symposium. Prague, Czech Republic: 2001 Mar 21-5. From .
5. Sherwood M, Brandt J for the Bimatoprost Study Groups 1 and 2. Six-month comparison of bimatoprost once-daily and twice-daily with timolol twice-daily in patients with elevated intraocular pressure. Surv Ophthalmol. 2001; 45(Suppl):S361-8.
6. Brubaker RF, Schoff EO, Nau CB et al. Effects of AGN 192024, a new ocular hypotensive agent, on aqueous dynamics. Am J Opththalmol. 2001; 131:19-24.
7. Allergan, Irvine, CA: Personal communication.
a. Allergan, Inc. Lumigan (bimatoprost) ophthalmic solution 0.03% prescribing information. Irvine, CA; 2002 May.