Procysbi Delayed Release Dosage
Generic name: CYSTEAMINE BITARTRATE 25mg
Dosage form: capsule, delayed release pellets
The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist.
PROCYSBI is available as a capsule in 25 mg and 75 mg strengths. Directions for use specific to the route and available methods of administration are presented below. PROCYSBI should be taken at least 2 hours after and at least 30 minutes before eating.
PROCYSBI therapy should be initiated promptly once the diagnosis is confirmed (i.e., increased white blood cell (WBC) cystine concentration). Cysteamine-naïve patients should be started on ⅙ to ¼ of the maintenance dose of PROCYSBI. The dose should be raised gradually over 4 to 6 weeks to help reduce the risk of side-effects. WBC cystine level and/or cysteamine concentration measurements, taken 30 minutes after dose administration, are recommended for new patients after the maintenance dose is achieved.
The recommended PROCYSBI maintenance dose is 1.3 gram/m2/day, in two divided doses given every 12 hours. [see Administration Options (2.3)] The dose can be increased up to 1.95 grams/m2/day if the white blood cell cystine level remains higher than the target WBC cystine level and/or the target cysteamine concentration has not been achieved. [see Dose Titration (2)]
|mg of PROCYSBI
Every 12 hours
PROCYSBI - Oral Administration
- PROCYSBI should be swallowed whole. Patients should not crush or chew capsules or capsule contents.
- Alternatively, for patients who have difficulty swallowing capsules, PROCYSBI can be opened and administered as follows:
- Open capsule.
- Sprinkle intact granules on approximately 4 ounces (½ cup) of applesauce or berry jelly.
- Eat mixture within 30 minutes of preparation.
- PROCYSBI may also be emptied into a small volume of either orange juice or apple juice:
- Mix or sprinkle intact granules into a small volume of either orange juice or apple juice (approximately 4 ounces (½cup)).
- Shake gently for 5 minutes then administer by spoon or cup within 30 minutes.
PROCYSBI - Feeding Tube Administration
- For patients who have a 12 French or larger gastrostomy (G)-tube in place, PROCYSBI can be administered as follows:
- Open capsule.
- Mix intact granules into approximately 4 ounces (½ cup) of applesauce.
- Administer mixture via feeding tube within 30 minutes.
- Flush with approximately 8 ounces (1 cup) of orange juice or apple juice to clear the tube.
USE IN OTHER FOODS AND LIQUIDS HAS NOT BEEN STUDIED CLINICALLY AND IS THEREFORE NOT RECOMMENDED.
Administration with Food
Patients should not eat for at least 2 hours before taking PROCYSBI and at least 30 minutes after taking PROCYSBI. Patients who are unable to take PROCYSBI without eating should eat only a small amount (approximately 4 ounces (½ cup)) of food between 1 hour before taking PROCYSBI and 1 hour after taking PROCYSBI. Patients should take PROCYSBI in a consistent manner in regard to food.
Patients should be instructed that if a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible. However, if a patient has missed a dose and the next scheduled dose is due in less than 4 hours, the patient should be instructed to not take the missed dose, and to take the next dose on time. Patients should be instructed not to take 2 doses at one time to make up for a missed dose.
Titration Based on WBC Cystine: Adjust the PROCYSBI dosage to produce the target WBC cystine level. Measured concentrations of cystine in WBCs vary according to analytical techniques for WBC protein levels. Therefore, target concentrations of cystine in WBC should be determined by individual analytical laboratories using local methodology and calibration of protein assay.
Titration Based on Plasma Cysteamine: If WBC cystine measurements are not available, plasma cysteamine measurement may be used to help guide PROCYSBI dose titration. Titrate the PROCYSBI dosage to maintain a cysteamine concentration >0.1 mg/L, 30 minutes after dosing. WBC cystine levels (or plasma cysteamine concentration if adequate WBC cystine testing is not available) should be measured as follows:
- Monthly for 3 months, then quarterly for 1 year, then twice yearly at a minimum for patients never treated with immediate-release cysteamine before.
- Two weeks, then quarterly for 6 months, then twice yearly at a minimum for patients switching from immediate-release cysteamine to PROCYSBI.
Measurement Timing: WBC cystine and/or plasma cysteamine measurements must be obtained 12.5 hours after the evening dose the day before, and therefore 30 minutes after the following morning dose is given.
- In well-controlled and adherent patients with nephropathic cystinosis, the plasma cysteamine is >0.1 mg/L, and the WBC cystine is <1.0 nmol ½ cystine/mg protein.
- If the plasma cysteamine is >0.1 mg/L, but the WBC cystine is >1.0 nmol ½ cystine/mg protein, the physician is advised to investigate the following parameters: adherence to dosing interval, adherence to medication, or the relationship between administration of PROCYSBI and fasted/fed state.
PROCYSBI dosing may need to be increased to achieve the target WBC cystine concentration (or plasma cysteamine concentration) or decreased if there is evidence of intolerance to PROCYSBI. [see Warnings and Precautions (5) and Adverse Reactions (6)]) If a dose adjustment is required, it is recommended to adjust the dose by 10%. The dose of PROCYSBI can be increased to a maximum of 1.95 grams/m2/day to achieve the target WBC cystine concentration (or plasma cysteamine concentration). The dose of 1.95 grams/m2/day of immediate-release cysteamine bitartrate has been associated with an increased rate of withdrawal from treatment due to intolerance and an increased incidence of adverse reactions.
Patients who initially tolerate PROCYSBI poorly should temporarily stop taking PROCYSBI, then re-start PROCYSBI at a lower dose and gradually increase the dose to the proper dose. [see Warnings and Precautions (5)] Some patients may be unable to achieve their therapeutic target due to poorer tolerability of PROCYSBI.
Transferring Patients from Immediate-release Cysteamine Bitartrate Capsules
Patients with cystinosis taking immediate-release cysteamine bitartrate may be transferred to a total daily dose of PROCYSBI equal to their previous total daily dose of immediate-release cysteamine bitartrate. Patients being transferred from immediate-release cysteamine bitartrate to PROCYSBI should have their WBC cystine levels and/or plasma cysteamine concentration measured in 2 weeks, and quarterly for 6 months, then twice yearly at a minimum.
More about Procysbi (cysteamine)
- Other brands: Cystagon