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Risperdal (risperidone) Disease Interactions

There are 26 disease interactions with Risperdal (risperidone):

Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism

The use of neuroleptic agents is contraindicated in patients with acute alcohol intoxication exhibiting depressed vital signs. The central nervous system depressant effects of neuroleptic agents may be additive with those of alcohol. Severe respiratory depression and respiratory arrest may occur. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients who might be prone to acute alcohol intake.

References

  1. "Product Information. Geodon (ziprasidone)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  2. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Zyprexa (olanzapine)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
View all 10 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Cardiovascular Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Cerebrovascular Insufficiency, History - Cerebrovascular Disease, History - Myocardial Infarction, Hypotension, Heart Disease

Neuroleptic agents may cause hypotension (including orthostatic hypotension), reflex tachycardia, increased pulse rate, syncope and dizziness, particularly during initiation of therapy or rapid escalation of dosage. Tolerance to the hypotensive effects often develops after a few doses to a few weeks. Rarely, fatal cardiac arrest has occurred secondary to severe hypotension. Other reported adverse cardiovascular effects include hypertension, edema, arrhythmias, thrombophlebitis, myocarditis, angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and ECG abnormalities such as PR and QT interval prolongation, diffuse T-wave flattening, and ST segment depression. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with severe cardiovascular disease, pheochromocytoma, a predisposition to hypotension, or conditions that could be exacerbated by hypotension such as a history of myocardial infarction, angina, or ischemic stroke. Close monitoring of cardiovascular status, including ECG changes, is recommended at all dosages. If parenteral therapy is given, patients should be in a supine position during administration and for at least 30 to 60 minutes afterwards. Patients who experience orthostatic hypotension should be cautioned not to rise too abruptly. Occasionally, when severe, hypotension may require treatment with vasoconstrictive agents such as norepinephrine or phenylephrine. Epinephrine should not be used, however, since neuroleptic agents can reverse its vasopressor effects and cause a further lowering of blood pressure.

References

  1. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
  2. Centorrino F, Baldessarini RJ, Kando JC, Frankenburg FR, Volpicelli SA, Flood JG "Clozapine and metabolites - concentrations in serum and clinical findings during treatment of chronically psychotic patients." J Clin Psychopharmacol 14 (1994): 119-25
  3. Gupta S "Paradoxical hypertension associated with clozapine." Am J Psychiatry 151 (1994): 148
View all 28 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Cns Depression

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Altered Consciousness, Respiratory Arrest

The use of neuroleptic agents is contraindicated in comatose patients and patients with severe central nervous system depression. Neuroleptic agents may potentiate the CNS and respiratory depression in these patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Navane (thiothixene)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
  3. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
View all 7 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Nms

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

The central dopaminergic blocking effects of neuroleptic agents may precipitate or aggravate a potentially fatal symptom complex known as neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). NMS is observed most frequently when high-potency agents like haloperidol are administered intramuscularly, but may occur with any neuroleptic agent given for any length of time. Clinical manifestations of NMS include hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis and cardiac arrhythmias). Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria, and acute renal failure. Neuroleptic agents should not be given to patients with active NMS and should be immediately discontinued if currently being administered in such patients. In patients with a history of NMS, introduction or reintroduction of neuroleptic agents should be carefully considered, since NMS may recur.

References

  1. Anderson ES, Powers PS "Neuroleptic malignant syndrome associated with clozapine use." J Clin Psychiatry 52 (1991): 102-4
  2. "Product Information. Haldol (haloperidol)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  3. Sharma R, Trappler B, Ng YK, Leeman CP "Risperidone-induced neutroleptic malignant syndrome." Ann Pharmacother 30 (1996): 775-8
View all 40 references
Major

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Tardive Dyskinesia

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Tardive Dyskinesia

Neuroleptic agents may precipitate symptoms of tardive dyskinesia (TD), a syndrome consisting of rhythmic involuntary movements variously involving the tongue, face, mouth, lips, jaw, and/or trunk and extremities, following chronic use of at least several months but often years. Elderly patients, particularly women, are most susceptible. Both the risk of developing the syndrome and the likelihood that it will become irreversible increase with the duration and total cumulative dose of neuroleptic therapy administered. However, patients may infrequently develop symptoms after relatively brief treatment periods at low dosages. If TD occurs during neuroleptic therapy, prompt withdrawal of the offending agent or at least a lowering of the dosage should be considered. TD symptoms may become more severe after drug discontinuation or a dosage reduction, but may gradually improve over months to years. In patients with preexisting drug-induced TD, initiating or increasing the dosage of neuroleptic therapy may temporarily mask the symptoms of TD but could eventually worsen the condition. The newer, atypical neuroleptic agents (e.g., risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine) tend to be associated with a substantially reduced risk of inducing TD and are considered the drugs of choice in patients being treated for psychosis.

References

  1. Pinder RM, Brogden RN, Swayer R, Speight TM, Spencer R, Avery GS "Pimozide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses in psychiatry." Drugs 12 (1976): 1-40
  2. Ghelber D, Belmaker RH "Tardive dyskinesia with quetiapine." Am J Psychiat 156 (1999): 796-7
  3. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
View all 42 references
Major

Risperidone (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Liver Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

Risperidone is metabolized by the liver to the principal active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone. Although the pharmacokinetics of risperidone do not seem to be significantly altered in patients with liver disease, the mean free fraction of risperidone in plasma has been shown to increase by about 35% because of the diminished concentration of both albumin and alpha1-acid glycoprotein. Therapy with risperidone should be administered cautiously in patients with severe hepatic impairment. Lower initial dosages and slower titration are recommended.

References

  1. Mannens G, Huang ML, Meuldermans W, Hendrickx J, Woestenborghs R, Heykants J "Absorption, metabolism, and excretion of risperidone in humans." Drug Metab Dispos 21 (1993): 1134-41
  2. Heykants J, Huang ML, Mannens G, Meuldermans W, Snoeck E, Vanbeijsterveldt L, Vanpeer A, Woestenborghs R "The pharmacokinetics of risperidone in humans - a summary." J Clin Psychiatry 55 Suppl (1994): 13-7
  3. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
Major

Risperidone (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Qt Interval Prolongation

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Hypokalemia, Diarrhea, Magnesium Imbalance, Abnormal Electrocardiogram, Electrolyte Abnormalities

Risperidone and its active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, can prolong the QT interval of the electrocardiogram in some patients. The risk of torsade de pointes is progressively increased as the degree of prolongation becomes greater. Therapy with risperidone should be administered cautiously, if at all, in patients with congenital or acquired QT interval prolongation syndromes. Electrolyte disturbances such as hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia may augment the prolongation effect of risperidone on the QT interval and should be corrected prior to institution of risperidone therapy. In addition, patients who experience frequent, severe, or prolonged diarrhea may be subject to electrolyte losses and should be followed closely and managed accordingly during therapy with risperidone.

References

  1. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
  2. Huang CL, Su KP, Hsu HB, Pariante CM "A pilot observational crossover study of QTc interval changes associated with switching between olanzapine and risperidone." J Clin Psychiatry 68 (2007): 803-5
  3. Glassman AH, Bigger JT Jr "Antipsychotic drugs: prolonged QTc interval, torsade de pointes, and sudden death." Am J Psychiatry 158 (2001): 1774-82
Major

Risperidone (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Risperidone and its primary active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone, are eliminated by the kidney. In patients with moderate to severe renal disease, clearance of the sum of parent drug and metabolite has been shown to decrease by 60% compared to that in young, healthy subjects. Therapy with risperidone should be administered cautiously in patients with impaired renal function. Lower initial dosages and slower titration are recommended.

References

  1. "Product Information. Risperdal (risperidone)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
  2. Mannens G, Huang ML, Meuldermans W, Hendrickx J, Woestenborghs R, Heykants J "Absorption, metabolism, and excretion of risperidone in humans." Drug Metab Dispos 21 (1993): 1134-41
  3. Heykants J, Huang ML, Mannens G, Meuldermans W, Snoeck E, Vanbeijsterveldt L, Vanpeer A, Woestenborghs R "The pharmacokinetics of risperidone in humans - a summary." J Clin Psychiatry 55 Suppl (1994): 13-7
Moderate

Antidepressant/Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Depression

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Depression, Bipolar Disorder

Adult and pediatric patients with depression and other psychiatric disorders may experience worsening of their symptoms and may have the emergence of suicidal thoughts and behavior. Patients should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for worsening of their symptoms, suicidality or changes in their behavior, especially during the first few months of treatment, and at times of dose changes. Discontinuing the medication should be considered if symptoms are persistently worse, or abrupt in onset.

Moderate

Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Aspiration

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Dysphagia

Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with the use of antipsychotic drugs. These drugs should be administered cautiously in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia.

Moderate

Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Antipsychotic agents may precipitate or aggravate a potentially fatal symptom complex known as Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS). NMS is observed most frequently when high-potency neuroleptic agents like haloperidol or fluphenazine are administered intramuscularly but may occur with any agent possessing neuroleptic activity given for any length of time. Clinical manifestations of NMS include hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status and autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis and cardiac arrhythmias). Antipsychotic therapy should not be initiated in patients with active NMS and should be immediately discontinued if currently being administered in such patients. In patients with a history of NMS, introduction or reintroduction of antipsychotic should be carefully considered, since NMS may recur.

Moderate

Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Psychosis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Psychosis

Antipsychotic drugs are not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis as they may increase the risk of mortality in elderly patients with this condition. If used, caution is recommended. Additionally, these patients should be assesses for the emergence of difficulty swallowing or excessive somnolence, which could predispose to accidental injury or aspiration.

Moderate

Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Seizure

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism, Seizures, Head Injury

Antipsychotic drugs can lower the seizure threshold and trigger seizures in a dose-dependent manner. This risk is greatest in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that lower the seizure threshold. Therapy with Antipsychotic drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or other predisposing factors, such as head trauma, CNS abnormalities, and alcoholism.

Moderate

Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Tardive Dyskinesia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Tardive Dyskinesia

Tardive dyskinesia (TD) may develop in patients treated with antipsychotic drugs. Both the risk of developing TD and the likelihood that it will become irreversible increase with the duration and total cumulative dose of antipsychotic therapy administered. However, patients may infrequently develop symptoms after relatively brief treatment periods at low dosages or even after discontinuation of treatment. Antipsychotic treatment may suppress (or partially suppress) the signs and symptoms of the syndrome and may mask the underlying process. If signs and symptoms of tardive dyskinesia appear in a patient on antipsychotics, drug discontinuation should be considered.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Cerebrovascular

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Cerebral Vascular Disorder

In controlled trials, some atypical antipsychotic drugs had an increased risk of cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic attack), including fatalities, in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis. These agents are not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Hematologic Abnormalities

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Bone Marrow Depression/Low Blood Counts

Reports of leukopenia, neutropenia, and agranulocytosis has been noted with the use of atypical antipsychotic agents. White blood cell counts returned to normal with discontinuation of therapy. Therapy with these agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of or predisposition to decreased white blood cell or neutrophil counts. Clinical monitoring of hematopoietic function is recommended.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Hyperglycemia/Diabetes

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Diabetes Mellitus

Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or death, has been reported with the use of atypical antipsychotic agents. Patients with diabetes should be monitored for worsening control of blood glucose when treated with these agents. It is recommended that patients with risk factors for diabetes mellitus starting treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment, and periodically thereafter. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Patients who develop symptoms of hyperglycemia during treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing. In some cases, hyperglycemia has resolved when treatment with these agents was discontinued; however, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the atypical antipsychotic drug.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Hyperprolactinemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Osteoporosis, Hyperprolactinemia

Atypical antipsychotic agents with dopamine D2 blocking effects may elevate prolactin levels and the elevation may persists during chronic administration. Hyperprolactinemia may suppress hypothalamic gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH), resulting in reduced pituitary gonadotropin secretion. This, in turn, may inhibit reproductive function by impairing gonadal steroidogenesis in both female and male patients. Galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported in patients receiving prolactin-elevating compounds; however, the clinical significance of elevated serum prolactin levels is unknown for most patients. Long-standing hyperprolactinemia when associated with hypogonadism may lead to decreased bone density in both female and male patients.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Hypotension

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypotension, Dehydration, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Syncope, Ischemic Heart Disease

The use of atypical antipsychotic agents has been associated with orthostatic hypotension and syncope. Therapy with atypical antipsychotics should be administered cautiously in patients with hypotension or conditions that could be exacerbated by hypotension, such as a history of myocardial infarction, angina, or ischemic stroke. Patients with dehydration (e.g., due to severe diarrhea or vomiting) may be predisposed to hypotension and should also be managed carefully during therapy with atypical antipsychotics. Blood pressure should be monitored at regular intervals, particularly during dosage escalation or whenever dosage has been altered, and patients should be advised not to rise abruptly from a sitting or recumbent position.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Lipid Alterations

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hyperlipidemia

Atypical antipsychotic drugs have been associated with undesirable alteration in lipid levels. While all agents in the class have been shown to produce some changes, each drug has its own specific risk profile. Before or soon after initiation of antipsychotic medication, obtain a fasting lipid profile at baseline and monitor periodically during treatment.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Renal Impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Therapy with some atypical antipsychotic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with renal impairment and the dosage should be reduced accordingly. These agents are not recommended in patients with severe renal impairment.

Moderate

Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Weight Gain

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Obesity

Weight gain has been observed with atypical antipsychotic use. When treating pediatric patients with these agents, weight gain should be monitored and assessed against that expected for normal growth. Monitor weight at baseline and frequently thereafter. While all agents in the class have been shown to produce some changes, each drug has its own specific risk profile.

Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Breast Cancer

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Breast Cancer

The chronic use of neuroleptic agents can cause persistent elevations in prolactin levels. Based on in vitro data, approximately one-third of human breast cancers are thought to be prolactin-dependent. The clinical significance of this observation with respect to long-term neuroleptic therapy is unknown. Chronic administration of neuroleptic drugs has been associated with mammary tumorigenesis in rodent studies but not in human clinical or epidemiologic studies. Until further data are available, therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a previously detected breast cancer.

References

  1. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  2. Dickson RA, Dalby JT, Williams R, Edwards AL "Risperidone-induced prolactin elevations in premenopausal women with schizophrenia." Am J Psychiatry 152 (1995): 1102-3
  3. Meco G, Falaschi P, Casacchia M, et al "Neuroendocrine effects of haloperidol decanoate in patients with chronic schizophrenia." Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol 40 (1985): 89-93
View all 16 references
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Dehydration

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Dehydration, Diarrhea, Vomiting

Neuroleptic agents may cause hypotension (including orthostatic hypotension) and associated reflex tachycardia, syncope or dizziness, particularly during initiation of therapy or rapid escalation of dosage. Tolerance to the hypotensive effects often develops after a few doses to a few months. Rarely, fatal cardiac arrest has occurred secondary to severe hypotension. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with conditions that would predispose them to hypotension, such as hypovolemia or dehydration (e.g., due to severe diarrhea or vomiting). In addition, neuroleptic agents can interfere with the body's ability to regulate core body temperature, occasionally producing hyperthermia during strenuous exercise, exposure to hot weather, and concomitant treatment with anticholinergic medications. Patients who are dehydrated may be particularly susceptible.

References

  1. "Product Information. Seroquel (quetiapine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  2. "Product Information. Geodon (ziprasidone)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  3. "Product Information. Zyprexa (olanzapine)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Parkinsonism

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Parkinsonism

The use of neuroleptic agents is associated with pseudo-parkinsonian symptoms such as akinesia, bradykinesia, tremors, pill-rolling motion, cogwheel rigidity, and postural abnormalities including stooped posture and shuffling gait. The onset is usually 1 to 2 weeks following initiation of therapy or an increase in dosage. Older neuroleptic agents such as haloperidol are more likely to induce these effects, and their use may be contraindicated in patients with Parkinson's disease or parkinsonian symptoms.

References

  1. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  2. Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program "Drug-induced extrapyramidal symptoms." JAMA 224 (1973): 889-91
  3. Pinder RM, Brogden RN, Swayer R, Speight TM, Spencer R, Avery GS "Pimozide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses in psychiatry." Drugs 12 (1976): 1-40
View all 14 references
Moderate

Neuroleptics (Includes Risperdal) ↔ Seizure Disorders

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: CNS Disorder, Alcoholism

Neuroleptic agents can lower the seizure threshold and induce seizures, particularly when dosages are high or increased rapidly and during the initiation of therapy. Clozapine appears to have the greatest epileptogenic potential, while most of the other newer, atypical neuroleptic agents (e.g., risperidone, quetiapine, olanzapine), as well as haloperidol and molindone, have the least. Therapy with neuroleptic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or other factors predisposing to seizures such as abnormal EEG, preexisting CNS pathology, or head trauma. Adequate anticonvulsant therapy should be maintained during administration of neuroleptic agents. Clozapine should not be used in patients with uncontrolled epilepsy.

References

  1. Mahr GC, Berchou R, Balon R "A grand mal seizure associated with desipramine and haloperidol." Can J Psychiatry 32 (1987): 463-4
  2. Welch J, Manschreck T, Redmond D "Clozapine-induced seizures and EEG changes." J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 6 (1994): 250-6
  3. Pinder RM, Brogden RN, Swayer R, Speight TM, Spencer R, Avery GS "Pimozide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses in psychiatry." Drugs 12 (1976): 1-40
View all 29 references

You should also know about...

Risperdal (risperidone) drug Interactions

There are 1044 drug interactions with Risperdal (risperidone)

Risperdal (risperidone) alcohol/food Interactions

There are 4 alcohol/food interactions with Risperdal (risperidone)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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