Generic Name: sirolimus (sir-OH-li-mus)
Brand Name: Rapamune
Rapamune decreases the action of the immune system. This may increase your risk of infection. It may also increase your risk of developing certain types of cancer (eg, lymphoma, skin cancer). Tell your doctor right away if you notice signs of infection (eg, persistent sore throat, chills, fever), any changes in the appearance or size of a mole, night sweats, unusual growths or lumps, or unusual tiredness or weakness.
Rapamune may increase the risk of severe side effects, including death, when used with certain other immunosuppressants in liver or lung transplant patients. Use of Rapamune in liver or lung transplant patients is not recommended.
Rapamune is used for:
Preventing organ rejection after a kidney transplant. It is used with other medicines. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Rapamune is an immunosuppressant. It works by blocking the action of certain blood cells (eg, T lymphocytes) that can cause the body to reject the transplanted organ.
Do NOT use Rapamune if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Rapamune
- you have had a liver or lung transplant
- you are taking clarithromycin, enzalutamide, erythromycin, itraconazole, ketoconazole, mifepristone, posaconazole, rifabutin, rifampin, telithromycin, or voriconazole
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Rapamune:
Some medical conditions may interact with Rapamune. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are able to become pregnant
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have liver problems, kidney problems, high cholesterol or triglycerides, low blood platelet levels, diabetes, or a history of lung or breathing problems
- if you are on dialysis, have recently received or are scheduled to receive a vaccine or have a history of tuberculosis (TB), or have ever had a positive TB skin test
- if you have had multiple organ transplants, an organ retransplanted, or a previous transplant that was rejected
- if you or a family member has a history of skin cancer
- if you previously took cyclosporine and have recently stopped taking it
- if you take medicines that may harm the kidney (eg, aminoglycosides [eg, gentamicin], amphotericin B, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs] [eg, ibuprofen], vancomycin). Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of your medicines might harm the kidney
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Rapamune. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Many prescription and nonprescription medicines (eg, used for abortion, cancer, Cushing syndrome, endometriosis, fibrocystic breast disease, hepatitis C, hereditary angioedema, high blood pressure, high blood prolactin levels, high cholesterol, HIV, immune system suppression, infections, irregular heartbeat or other heart problems, mental or mood problems, Parkinson disease, seizures, stomach acid, ulcers or other stomach or bowel problems), multivitamin products, and herbal or dietary supplements (eg, St. John's wort) because they may interact with Rapamune.
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Rapamune may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Rapamune:
Use Rapamune as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Rapamune comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get Rapamune refilled.
- You may take Rapamune by mouth on an empty stomach or with food. However, you must take it the same way each time for it to work best. If you take Rapamune on an empty stomach, always take it on an empty stomach. If you take it with food, always take it with food.
- Swallow Rapamune whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing. If you cannot swallow Rapamune whole, check with your doctor.
- Wash your hands immediately after taking Rapamune.
- If you are also taking cyclosporine, take Rapamune 4 hours after your cyclosporine dose unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
- Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may increase the risk of side effects from Rapamune. Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while taking Rapamune.
- Rapamune works best if it is taken at the same time each day. Continue to take Rapamune even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- Do not stop taking Rapamune without first checking with your doctor.
- If you miss a dose of Rapamune, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Rapamune.
Important safety information:
- Do not change your dose of Rapamune without first checking with your doctor.
- Rapamune may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills.
- Some patients treated with Rapamune have developed severe and sometimes fatal infections, such as progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) or severe kidney problems associated with BK virus infection. In kidney transplant patients, BK virus infection may cause loss of the transplanted kidney. Tell your doctor right away if you notice symptoms of PML (eg, confusion; disorientation; depression; changes in thinking, strength, or vision; one-sided weakness; trouble walking or talking; loss of balance or coordination) or kidney problems (eg, change in the amount of urine, difficult or painful urination, blood in the urine). Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Rapamune may increase your risk of developing certain types of cancer (eg, lymphoma, skin cancer). Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- To decrease your risk of skin cancer, avoid using sunlamps or tanning booths. Limit your exposure to the sun. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time.
- Do not receive a live vaccine (eg, measles, mumps) while you are taking Rapamune. Talk with your doctor before you receive any vaccine.
- Rapamune may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools.
- Do not switch between the tablet and solution forms of Rapamune without first checking with your doctor. The same doses may not be equally effective.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Rapamune before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- If you may become pregnant, you must use an effective form of birth control before you start taking Rapamune. You will need to continue to use birth control while you take Rapamune and for 12 weeks after you stop taking it. If you have questions about effective birth control, talk with your doctor.
- Decreased sperm production has occurred in some men taking Rapamune. Normal sperm production has usually returned when Rapamune was stopped. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Patients who take Rapamune after an organ transplant may have an increased risk of developing high blood sugar or diabetes. High blood sugar may make you feel confused, drowsy, or thirsty. It can also make you flush, breathe faster, or have a fruit-like breath odor. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor right away.
- Lab tests, including complete blood cell counts, kidney function, urine protein, blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and sirolimus blood levels, may be performed while you take Rapamune. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Rapamune should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 13 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Rapamune may cause harm to the fetus. Do not become pregnant while you are taking it. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of taking Rapamune while you are pregnant. It is not known if this medicine is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Rapamune.
Possible side effects of Rapamune:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Constipation; diarrhea; headache; joint pain; nausea; stomach pain.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest or throat; swelling of the mouth, face, eyes, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness; wheezing); calf or leg pain, redness, tenderness, or swelling; chest pain; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; menstrual changes; muscle pain, cramps, or tenderness; new or worsening breathing problems (eg, shortness of breath); new or worsening cough; night sweats; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; severe or persistent headache or dizziness; skin growths or discoloration; swelling of the hands, ankles, feet, or stomach; swelling or soreness of the mouth or tongue; symptoms of infection (eg, chills, fever, frequent or painful urination, sore throat, unusual vaginal discharge or odor); symptoms of kidney problems (eg, change in the amount of urine, difficult or painful urination, blood in the urine); symptoms of liver problems (eg, dark urine, loss of appetite, pale stools, yellowing of the skin or eyes); unusual bleeding or bruising; unusual lumps; unusual tiredness or weakness; unusual weight changes; vision changes; wound healing problems.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of Rapamune:
Store Rapamune at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store in a tightly closed container, away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. If Rapamune comes in a blister container, keep the tablets in the original container and use the outer carton to protect from light. Do not use after the expiration date. Keep Rapamune out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Rapamune, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Rapamune is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take Rapamune or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about Rapamune. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to Rapamune. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using Rapamune.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.