Potassium chloride extended-release tablets

Pronunciation

Generic Name: potassium chloride (po-TAS-ee-um KLOR-ide)
Brand Name: Examples include K-Tabs and Klor-Con

Potassium chloride extended-release tablets is used for:

Preventing or treating low blood potassium levels in certain patients. Low blood potassium levels may be caused by certain diseases, severe or prolonged episodes of vomiting or diarrhea, certain medicines (eg, corticosteroids, digitalis, diuretics), surgery, or other conditions. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Potassium chloride extended-release tablets is an electrolyte. It works by providing potassium when you have low levels of potassium in your blood.

Do NOT use potassium chloride extended-release tablets if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in potassium chloride extended-release tablets
  • you have a high blood potassium level or severe kidney problems
  • you have a narrowing of the esophagus because of an enlarged heart; or a blockage, slowing, or paralysis of the esophagus, stomach, or intestines
  • you are taking an aldosterone blocker (eg, eplerenone), an anticholinergic (eg, methscopolamine), or a potassium-sparing diuretic (eg, spironolactone, triamterene)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using potassium chloride extended-release tablets:

Some medical conditions may interact with potassium chloride extended-release tablets. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have adrenal gland, esophagus, kidney, or potassium excretion problems; diabetes; diarrhea; extensive tissue injury (eg, severe burns); heart problems (eg, irregular heartbeat, heart failure, mitral valve replacement); heat cramps; high blood acid levels; high blood pressure; muscle weakness or paralysis; or scleroderma; or if you are dehydrated
  • if you are confined to a bed or chair

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with potassium chloride extended-release tablets. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Aldosterone blockers (eg, eplerenone), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (eg, lisinopril), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), or potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, spironolactone, triamterene) because the risk of high blood potassium levels may be increased
  • Anticholinergics (eg, methscopolamine because the risk of esophagus, intestinal, or stomach problems may be increased
  • Digoxin because the risk of its side effects may be increased by potassium chloride extended-release tablets

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if potassium chloride extended-release tablets may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use potassium chloride extended-release tablets:

Use potassium chloride extended-release tablets as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Take potassium chloride extended-release tablets by mouth with food or after a meal.
  • Take potassium chloride extended-release tablets with a full glass of water (8 oz/240 mL). Do not lie down for 30 minutes after taking potassium chloride extended-release tablets.
  • Swallow potassium chloride extended-release tablets whole. Do not break, crush, chew, or suck on the tablets before swallowing.
  • If you miss a dose of potassium chloride extended-release tablets, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use potassium chloride extended-release tablets.

Important safety information:

  • Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
  • Check with your doctor before you use a salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.
  • If you have trouble swallowing potassium chloride extended-release tablets, or if it seems to stick in your throat, check with your doctor.
  • You may notice undissolved parts of the tablet shell in your stool with some brands of potassium chloride extended-release tablets. This is normal and not a cause for concern.
  • Lab tests, including blood potassium, kidney function, and electrocardiogram (ECG), may be performed while you use potassium chloride extended-release tablets. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Use potassium chloride extended-release tablets with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
  • Potassium chloride extended-release tablets should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using potassium chloride extended-release tablets while you are pregnant. Potassium chloride extended-release tablets is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use potassium chloride extended-release tablets, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of potassium chloride extended-release tablets:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea; gas; nausea; stomach discomfort; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); black, tarry stools; chest pain; irregular heartbeat; listlessness; numbness or tingling in your skin, lips, hands, or feet; severe nausea or vomiting; stomach pain or swelling; unusual confusion or anxiety; unusual muscle weakness or paralysis; vomit that looks like coffee grounds; weak or heavy legs.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include chest pain; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; limp muscles; listlessness; muscle weakness or paralysis; slow or difficult breathing.

Proper storage of potassium chloride extended-release tablets:

Store potassium chloride extended-release tablets at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep potassium chloride extended-release tablets out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about potassium chloride extended-release tablets, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Potassium chloride extended-release tablets is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take potassium chloride extended-release tablets or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about potassium chloride extended-release tablets. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to potassium chloride extended-release tablets. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using potassium chloride extended-release tablets.

Issue Date: December 3, 2014
Database Edition 14.4.1.003
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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