Generic Name: hydroxyzine (hye-DROX-i-zeen)
Brand Name: Examples include Atarax and Vistaril
Hydroxyzine capsules are used for:
Treating anxiety, for sedation before and after general anesthesia, and to treat itching due to certain allergic conditions, including hives and contact dermatitis (eg, poison ivy). It also may be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Hydroxyzine capsules are an antihistamine. It works by affecting the brain to reduce anxiety. It also has other activities, including opening breathing tubes, relieving pain or allergy symptoms, and preventing or treating nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness.
Do NOT use hydroxyzine capsules if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in hydroxyzine capsules or to cetirizine or levocetirizine
- you are in early pregnancy
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using hydroxyzine capsules:
Some medical conditions may interact with hydroxyzine capsules. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have asthma, glaucoma, difficulty urinating, urinary or bowel blockage, a prostate disease, or a blood disease
- if you drink alcoholic beverages
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with hydroxyzine capsules. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), narcotic pain medicine (eg, morphine), or other types of pain medicine (eg, tramadol) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by hydroxyzine capsules.
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if hydroxyzine capsules may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use hydroxyzine capsules:
Use hydroxyzine capsules as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take hydroxyzine capsules by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.
- If you miss a dose of hydroxyzine capsules and you are taking it regularly, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for you next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use hydroxyzine capsules.
Important safety information:
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take hydroxyzine capsules before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Hydroxyzine capsules may cause drowsiness. This effect may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use hydroxyzine capsules with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Check with your doctor before you drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using hydroxyzine capsules; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Use hydroxyzine capsules with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Do not take hydroxyzine capsules if you are in early pregnancy. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. It is not known if this medicine is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking hydroxyzine capsules.
Possible side effects of hydroxyzine capsules:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Drowsiness; dry mouth.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); confusion; involuntary movements.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of hydroxyzine capsules:
Store hydroxyzine capsules at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light in a tightly closed container. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep hydroxyzine capsules out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about hydroxyzine capsules, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Hydroxyzine capsules are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take hydroxyzine capsules or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about hydroxyzine capsules. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to hydroxyzine capsules. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using hydroxyzine capsules.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.