Divalproex sprinkle capsules

Pronunciation

Generic Name: divalproex (dye-VAL-proe-ex)
Brand Name: Depakote

Liver failure and death from liver failure has occurred in patients taking divalproex sprinkle capsules. This has usually occurred within the first 6 months of treatment. Tell your doctor right away if you notice symptoms of liver problems (eg, a general feeling of discomfort, sluggishness, unusual tiredness or weakness, swelling of the face, loss of appetite, vomiting, stomach pain, dark urine, pale stools, or yellowing of the skin or eyes). In patients who have seizures, loss of seizure control may occur. You should have lab tests done before and during treatment to check for liver problems. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.

Children younger than 2 years old have an increased risk of fatal liver problems, especially if they take more than 1 seizure medicine or have a metabolic disorder, a severe seizure disorder along with mental retardation, or organic brain disease. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.

There is an increased risk of liver failure and death from liver failure in patients who have a genetic liver problem caused by a mitochondrial disorder (eg, Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome). You may need to have a special genetic test to check for this condition. Certain patients who have known or suspected mitochondrial disorders should not take divalproex sprinkle capsules. Talk with your doctor for more information.

Divalproex sprinkle capsules can cause severe birth defects if it is used during pregnancy. It can also cause the child to have a lower IQ. Do not take divalproex sprinkle capsules to prevent migraine headaches if you are pregnant. If you are pregnant and take divalproex sprinkle capsules for seizures or bipolar disorder, talk to your doctor to decide if you will continue to take divalproex sprinkle capsules.

If you are able to become pregnant, you must use an effective form of birth control while you take divalproex sprinkle capsules. Contact your doctor right away if you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant while taking divalproex sprinkle capsules.

Divalproex sprinkle capsules comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get divalproex sprinkle capsules refilled.

Severe and sometimes fatal pancreas problems (pancreatitis) have occurred with the use of divalproex sprinkle capsules. This has been reported shortly after starting treatment as well as after several years of use. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite.


Divalproex sprinkle capsules is used for:

Controlling certain types of seizures in the treatment of epilepsy. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Divalproex sprinkle capsules is an anticonvulsant. It works by reducing or preventing the number of seizures by controlling the abnormal activity of nerve impulses in the brain and central nervous system.

Do NOT use divalproex sprinkle capsules if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in divalproex sprinkle capsules
  • you have liver problems or a urea cycle disorder
  • you have a genetic liver problem caused by a mitochondrial disorder (eg, Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome)
  • the patient is younger than 2 years old and has a mitochondrial disorder
  • you are taking divalproex sprinkle capsules to prevent migraine headaches and you are pregnant

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using divalproex sprinkle capsules:

Some medical conditions may interact with divalproex sprinkle capsules. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, are breast-feeding, or are of childbearing age
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have a history of cancer, alcohol abuse or dependence, liver problems, metabolic disease, blood disease (eg, low levels of white blood cells, low blood platelet levels), HIV infection, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, high blood levels of ammonia or glutamine, low body temperature, low levels of albumin, brain problems (eg, organic brain disease), mental retardation, inflammation of the pancreas, kidney problems, or high blood glycine levels, or if you are scheduled for surgery
  • if you have a history of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency or unexplained coma
  • if you have a family history of urea cycle disorders or unexplained infant deaths
  • if you have a history of mental or mood problems (eg, depression) or suicidal thoughts or actions
  • if you have recurring vomiting and sluggishness, recurring extreme irritability, or decreased food or fluid intake
  • if you take any other medicine for seizures

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with divalproex sprinkle capsules. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Benzodiazepines (eg, diazepam), felbamate, or salicylates (eg, aspirin) because they may increase the risk of divalproex sprinkle capsules's side effects
  • Clonazepam because the risk of seizures may be increased
  • Topiramate because the risk of high ammonium levels, brain problems, or an unusual drop in body temperature may be increased
  • Carbamazepine, carbapenem antibiotics (eg, ertapenem, imipenem, meropenem), hydantoins (eg, phenytoin), mefloquine, oral contraceptives (eg, birth control pills), or rifampin because they may decrease divalproex sprinkle capsules's effectiveness
  • Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital, primidone), ethosuximide, lamotrigine, methylphenidate, quetiapine, rufinamide, tolbutamide, tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline), or zidovudine because the risk of their side effects may be increased by divalproex sprinkle capsules

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if divalproex sprinkle capsules may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use divalproex sprinkle capsules:

Use divalproex sprinkle capsules as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get divalproex sprinkle capsules refilled.
  • Take divalproex sprinkle capsules by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.
  • Swallow divalproex sprinkle capsules whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing. If you cannot swallow the capsule whole, you may open it and sprinkle the contents over a spoonful of soft food (eg, applesauce, pudding). Mix the medicine with the food and swallow the mixture right away, followed by a glass of water. Do not crush or chew the medicine before swallowing. Do not store the mixture for future use.
  • Do not stop taking divalproex sprinkle capsules suddenly. Suddenly stopping divalproex sprinkle capsules may cause severe seizures to occur. If you need to stop divalproex sprinkle capsules, your doctor will gradually lower your dose.
  • Taking divalproex sprinkle capsules at the same time each day will help you to remember to take it.
  • Continue to take divalproex sprinkle capsules even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. Divalproex sprinkle capsules works best when there is a constant level of it in your body.
  • If you miss a dose of divalproex sprinkle capsules, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use divalproex sprinkle capsules.

Important safety information:

  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use divalproex sprinkle capsules with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using divalproex sprinkle capsules; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
  • Patients who take divalproex sprinkle capsules may be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. The risk may be greater in patients who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. Patients who have bipolar (manic-depressive) illness may also have an increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. Watch patients who take divalproex sprinkle capsules closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms, such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.
  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools.
  • Tell your doctor or dentist that you take divalproex sprinkle capsules before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
  • You may notice undissolved parts of divalproex sprinkle capsules in your stool with some brands of divalproex sprinkle capsules. Contact your doctor if this occurs.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas is a potentially life-threatening illness associated with divalproex sprinkle capsules. Symptoms include stomach pain, vomiting, or loss of appetite. Contact your doctor at once if any of these symptoms occur.
  • Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
  • Diabetes patients - Divalproex sprinkle capsules may cause the results of some tests for urine ketones to be wrong. Ask your doctor before you change your diet or the dose of your diabetes medicine.
  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules may increase the ammonia levels in your blood. Contact your doctor right away if you experience unexplained sluggishness and vomiting or mental changes.
  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules may cause an unusual drop in body temperature (hypothermia). Symptoms may include confusion, lack of energy, loss of coordination, shivering, slow heartbeat, slow or shallow breathing, slurred speech, or unusual drowsiness. Contact your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms.
  • Certain brain problems have happened with the use of valproic acid products. Sometimes, these problems have led to health problems that may not go away. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules may interfere with certain lab tests, including thyroid function. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking divalproex sprinkle capsules.
  • Lab tests, including complete blood cell counts, blood ammonia levels, and liver function, may be performed while you use divalproex sprinkle capsules. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Use divalproex sprinkle capsules with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially drowsiness.
  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules has been shown to cause harm to the fetus. If you may become pregnant, discuss other possible treatment options with your doctor. If a decision is made to take divalproex sprinkle capsules, use effective birth control while you are taking it. Talk with your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant, or if you have questions or concerns about this information.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Divalproex sprinkle capsules has been shown to cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using divalproex sprinkle capsules while you are pregnant. You and your doctor will need to decide if you will continue to take divalproex sprinkle capsules while you are pregnant. Divalproex sprinkle capsules is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while you are taking divalproex sprinkle capsules.

Possible side effects of divalproex sprinkle capsules:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Change in appetite; constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; hair loss; headache; indigestion; nausea; stomach cramps or pain; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness; weight changes.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing or swallowing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue); abnormal thinking; change in menstrual period; changes in behavior; chest pain; confusion; dark, tarry, or bloody stools; difficulty speaking; difficulty urinating or other urination problems; extreme tiredness; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever; general body discomfort; hallucinations; hearing loss; involuntary movements of the arms and legs; involuntary movements or chewing movements of the face, jaw, mouth, or tongue; joint pain; lack of energy; loss of coordination; memory loss; new or worsening mental or mood changes (eg, aggressiveness, agitation, anxiety, depression, exaggerated feeling of well-being, hostility, impulsiveness, inability to sit still, irritability, panic attacks, restlessness); new or worsening seizures; nosebleed; pounding in the chest; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; ringing in the ears; severe or persistent nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain; shortness of breath; suicidal thoughts or actions; swelling of the arms or legs; swollen lymph nodes; symptoms of infections (eg, fever, chills, sore throat); symptoms of liver problems (eg, dark urine, loss of appetite, pale stools, severe stomach pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes); tremor; unusual bleeding or bruising; unusual weakness; vision changes or blurred vision.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of divalproex sprinkle capsules:

Store divalproex sprinkle capsules between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep divalproex sprinkle capsules out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about divalproex sprinkle capsules, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Divalproex sprinkle capsules is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take divalproex sprinkle capsules or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about divalproex sprinkle capsules. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to divalproex sprinkle capsules. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using divalproex sprinkle capsules.

Issue Date: November 5, 2014
Database Edition 14.4.1.002
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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