CIPROFLOXACIN 500MG FILM COATED TABLETS

Active substance: CIPROFLOXACIN HYDROCHLORIDE

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Package leaflet: Information for the user
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer 250 mg film-coated tablets
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer 500 mg film-coated tablets
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer 750 mg film-coated tablets
Ciprofloxacin
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,
even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet.
What is in this leaflet:
1.
What Ciprofloxacin Pfizer is and what it is used for
2.
What you need to know before you take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer
3.
How to take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer
4.
Possible side effects
5.
How to store Ciprofloxacin Pfizer
6.
Contents of the pack and other information
1.

What Ciprofloxacin Pfizer is and what it is used for

Ciprofloxacin Pfizer is an antibiotic belonging to the fluoroquinolone family. The active substance is
ciprofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin works by killing bacteria that cause infections. It only works with
specific strains of bacteria.
Adults
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer is used in adults to treat the following bacterial infections:













respiratory tract infections
long lasting or recurring ear or sinus infections
urinary tract infections
infections of the testicles
genital organ infections in women
gastro-intestinal tract infections and intra-abdominal infections
skin and soft tissue infections
bone and joint infections
to treat infections in patients with a very low white blood cell count (neutropenia)
to prevent infections in patients with a very low white blood cell count (neutropenia)
to prevent infections due to the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis
anthrax inhalation exposure

If you have a severe infection or one that is caused by more than one type of bacterium, you may be
given additional antibiotic treatment in addition to Ciprofloxacin Pfizer.
Children and adolescents
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer is used in children and adolescents, under specialist medical supervision, to treat
the following bacterial infections:





lung and bronchial infections in children and adolescents suffering from cystic fibrosis
complicated urinary tract infections, including infections that have reached the kidneys
(pyelonephritis)
anthrax inhalation exposure

Ciprofloxacin Pfizer may also be used to treat other specific severe infections in children and
adolescents when your doctor considered this necessary.
2.

What you need to know before you take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer

Do not take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer if you are:



allergic to Ciprofloxacin, to other quinolone drugs or to any of the other ingredients of this
medicine (listed in section 6)
taking tizanidine (see Section 2: Other medicines and Ciprofloxacin Pfizer)

Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer if you:







have heart problems. Caution should be taken when using this kind of medicine, if you were
born with or have family history of prolonged QT interval (seen on ECG, electrical recording of
the heart), have salt imbalance in the blood (especially low level of potassium or magnesium in
the blood), have a very slow heart rhythm (called ‘bradycardia’), have a weak heart (heart
failure), have a history of heart attack (myocardial infarction), you are female or elderly or you
are taking other medicines that result in abnormal ECG changes (see section Other medicines
and Ciprofloxacin Pfizer).
have ever had kidney problems because your treatment may need to be adjusted
suffer from epilepsy or other neurological conditions
have a history of tendon problems during previous treatment with antibiotics such as
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer
have myasthenia gravis (a type of muscle weakness)

While taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer
Tell your doctor immediately, if any of the following occurs while taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer. Your
doctor will decide whether treatment with Ciprofloxacin Pfizer needs to be stopped.







Severe, sudden allergic reaction (an anaphylactic reaction/shock, angio-oedema). Even with
the first dose, there is a small chance that you may experience a severe allergic reaction with the
following symptoms: tightness in the chest, feeling dizzy, sick or faint, or experiencing
dizziness when standing up. If this happens, stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer and contact
your doctor immediately.
Pain and swelling in the joints and tendinitis may occur occasionally, particularly if you are
elderly and are also being treated with corticosteroids. At the first sign of any pain or
inflammation stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer and rest the painful area. Avoid any unnecessary
exercise, as this might increase the risk of a tendon rupture. Tendon inflammation and ruptures
may occur even up to several months after you stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer.
If you suffer from epilepsy or other neurological conditions such as cerebral ischemia or
stroke, you may experience side effects associated with the central nervous system. If this
happens, stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer and contact your doctor immediately.
You may experience psychiatric reactions the first time you take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer. If you
suffer from depression or psychosis, your symptoms may become worse under treatment with
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer. If this happens, stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer and contact your doctor
immediately.











You may experience symptoms of neuropathy such as pain, burning, tingling, numbness and/or
weakness. If this happens, stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer and contact your doctor
immediately.
Diarrhoea may develop while you are taking antibiotics, including Ciprofloxacin Pfizer, or
even several weeks after you have stopped taking them. If it becomes severe or persistent or you
notice that your stool contains blood or mucus, stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer immediately, as
this can be life-threatening. Do not take medicines that stop or slow down bowel movements
and contact your doctor.
Tell the doctor or laboratory staff that you are taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer if you have to provide
a blood or urine sample.
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer may cause liver damage. If you notice any symptoms such as loss of
appetite, jaundice (yellowing of the skin), dark urine, itching, or tenderness of the stomach, stop
taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer and contact your doctor immediately.
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer may cause a reduction in the number of white blood cells and your
resistance to infection may be decreased. If you experience an infection with symptoms such
as fever and serious deterioration of your general condition, or fever with local infection
symptoms such as sore throat/pharynx/mouth or urinary problems you should see your doctor
immediately. A blood test will be taken to check possible reduction of white blood cells
(agranulocytosis). It is important to inform your doctor about your medicine.
Tell your doctor if you or a member of your family is known to have a deficiency in glucose-6phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), since you may experience a risk of anaemia with
ciprofloxacin.
Your skin becomes more sensitive to sunlight or ultraviolet (UV) light when taking
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer. Avoid exposure to strong sunlight, or artificial UV light such as sunbeds.

Other medicines and Ciprofloxacin Pfizer
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
medicines.
Do not take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer together with tizanidine, because this may cause side effects such
as low blood pressure and sleepiness (see Section 2: "Do not take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer").
You must tell your doctor if you are taking other medicines that can alter your heart rhythm:
medicines that belong to the group of anti-arrhythmics (e.g. quinidine, hydroquinidine, disopyramide,
amiodarone, sotalol, dofetilide, ibutilide), tricyclic antidepressants, some antimicrobials (that belong to
the group of macrolides), some antipsychotics.
The following medicines are known to interact with Ciprofloxacin Pfizer in your body. Taking
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer together with these medicines can influence the therapeutic effect of those
medicines. It can also increase the probability of experiencing side effects.
Tell your doctor if you are taking:












warfarin, acenocoumarol, phenprocoumon, fluindione or other oral anti-coagulants (to thin the
blood)
probenecid (for gout)
metoclopramide (for nausea and migraines)
omeprazole (for stomach ulcers, indigestion, heartburn and Zollinger–Ellison syndrome)
cyclosporin (an immunosuppressant)
methotrexate (for certain types of cancer, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis)
theophylline (for breathing problems)
tizanidine (for muscle spasticity in multiple sclerosis)
clozapine (an antipsychotic)
ropinirole (for Parkinson’s disease)
phenytoin (for epilepsy)




olanzapine (an antipsychotic)
glibenclamide (for diabetes)

Ciprofloxacin Pfizer may increase the levels of the following medicines in your blood:

pentoxifylline (for circulatory disorders)

caffeine

lidocaine (an anesthetic)

sildenafil (for erectile dysfunction)

duloxetine (for depression, anxiety, pain and stress incontinence)
Some medicines reduce the effect of Ciprofloxacin Pfizer. Tell your doctor if you take or wish to take:

antacids

mineral supplements

sucralfate

a polymeric phosphate binder (e.g. sevelamer)

medicines or supplements containing calcium, magnesium, aluminium or iron
If these preparations are essential, take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer about two hours before or no sooner than
four hours after them.
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer with food and drink
Unless you take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer during meals, do not eat or drink any dairy products (such as
milk or yoghurt) or drinks with added calcium when you take the tablets, as they may affect the
absorption of the active substance.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
It is preferable to avoid the use of Ciprofloxacin Pfizer during pregnancy.
Do not take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer during breast-feeding because ciprofloxacin is excreted in breast
milk and can be harmful for your child.
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask
your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Driving and using machines
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer may make you feel less alert. Some neurological adverse events can occur.
Therefore, make sure you know how you react to Ciprofloxacin Pfizer before driving a vehicle or
operating machinery. If in doubt, talk to your doctor.
3.

How to take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer

Your doctor will explain to you exactly how much Ciprofloxacin Pfizer you will have to take as well
as how often and for how long. This will depend on the type of infection you have and how bad it is.
Tell your doctor if you suffer from kidney problems because your dose may need to be adjusted.
The treatment usually lasts from 5 to 21 days, but may take longer for severe infections.
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor
or pharmacist if you are not sure.
a. Swallow the tablets with plenty of fluid. Do not chew the tablets because they do not taste nice.

b. Do try to take the tablets at around the same time every day.
c. You can take the tablets at mealtimes or between meals. Any calcium you take as part of a meal
will not seriously affect uptake. However, do not take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer tablets with dairy
products such as milk or yoghurt or with fortified fruit juices (e.g. calcium-fortified orange juice).
Remember to drink plenty of fluids while you are taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer.
If you take more Ciprofloxacin Pfizer than you should


If you take more than the prescribed dose, get medical help immediately. If possible, take your
tablets or the box with you to show the doctor.

If you forget to take Ciprofloxacin Pfizer


Take the normal dose as soon as possible and then continue as prescribed. However, if it is
almost time for your next dose, do not take the missed dose and continue as usual. Do not take a
double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. Be sure to complete your course of treatment.

If you stop taking Ciprofloxacin Pfizer


It is important that you finish the course of treatment even if you begin to feel better after a
few days. If you stop taking this medicine too soon, your infection may not be completely cured
and the symptoms of the infection may return or get worse. You might also develop resistance
to the antibiotic.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4.

Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
-

nausea, diarrhoea
joint pains in children

Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
-

fungal superinfections
a high concentration of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell
loss of appetite (anorexia)
hyperactivity or agitation
headache, dizziness, sleeping problems, or taste disorders
vomiting, abdominal pain, digestive problems such as stomach upset (indigestion/heartburn), or
wind
increased amounts of certain substances in the blood (transaminases and/or bilirubin)
rash, itching, or hives
joint pain in adults
poor kidney function
pains in your muscles and bones, feeling unwell (asthenia), or fever
increase in blood alkaline phosphatase (a certain substance in the blood)

Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
-

inflammation of the bowel (colitis) linked to antibiotic use (can be fatal in very rare cases) (see
Section 2: Warnings and precautions)

-

changes to the blood count (leukopenia, leukocytosis, neutropenia, anaemia), increased or
decreased amounts of a blood clotting factor (thrombocytes)
allergic reaction, swelling (oedema), or rapid swelling of the skin and mucous membranes (angiooedema)
increased blood sugar (hyperglycaemia)
confusion, disorientation, anxiety reactions, strange dreams, depression which in rare cases may
lead to thoughts of suicide or suicidal behaviour, or hallucinations
pins and needles, unusual sensitivity to stimuli of the senses, decreased skin sensitivity, tremors,
seizures (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions), or giddiness
eyesight problems
tinnitus, loss of hearing, impaired hearing
rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
expansion of blood vessels (vasodilation), low blood pressure, or fainting
shortness of breath, including asthmatic symptoms
liver disorders, jaundice (cholestatic icterus), or hepatitis
sensitivity to light (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions)
muscle pain, inflammation of the joints, increased muscle tone, or cramp
kidney failure, blood or crystals in the urine (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions), urinary
tract inflammation
fluid retention or excessive sweating
increased levels of the enzyme amylase

Very rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people):
-

-

a special type of reduced red blood cell count (haemolytic anaemia); a dangerous drop in a type of
white blood cells (agranulocytosis); a drop in the number of red and white blood cells and
platelets (pancytopenia), which may be fatal; and bone marrow depression, which may also be
fatal (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions)
severe allergic reactions (anaphylactic reaction or anaphylactic shock, which can be fatal - serum
sickness) (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions)
mental disturbances (psychotic reactions) which in rare cases may lead to thoughts of suicide or
suicidal behaviour (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions)
migraine, disturbed coordination, unsteady walk (gait disturbance), disorder of sense of smell
(olfactory disorders), pressure on the brain (intracranial pressure)
visual colour distortions
inflammation of the wall of the blood vessels (vasculitis)
pancreatitis
death of liver cells (liver necrosis) very rarely leading to life-threatening liver failure
small, pin-point bleeding under the skin (petechiae); various skin eruptions or rashes (for example,
the potentially fatal Stevens-Johnson syndrome or toxic epidermal necrolysis)
muscle weakness, tendon inflammation, tendon rupture – especially of the large tendon at the back
of the ankle (Achilles tendon) (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions); worsening of the
symptoms of myasthenia gravis (see Section 2: Warnings and precautions)

Frequency not known (cannot be estimated from the available data)
-

troubles associated with the nervous system such as pain, burning, tingling, numbness and/or
weakness in extremities
heart problems; abnormal fast heart rhythm, life-threatening irregular heart rhythm, alteration of
the heart rhythm (called ‘prolongation of QT interval’, seen on ECG, electrical activity of the
heart)
acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) – type of skin disease with red blistered skin
blood thinning increases if taken with an anti-coagulant such as warfarin

If you get any of the side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible
side effects not listed in this leaflet.

5.

How to store Ciprofloxacin Pfizer

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date, which is stated on the blister or carton after “EXP”: The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to
throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6.

Contents of the pack and other information

What Ciprofloxacin Pfizer contains
The active substance is ciprofloxacin (as ciprofloxacin hydrochloride).
Each film-coated tablet contains 250 mg ciprofloxacin (as ciprofloxacin hydrochloride).
Each film-coated tablet contains 500 mg ciprofloxacin (as ciprofloxacin hydrochloride).
Each film-coated tablet contains 750 mg ciprofloxacin (as ciprofloxacin hydrochloride).
The other ingredients are
Tablet core: Cellulose microcrystalline, Sodium starch glycolate (Type A), Povidone (K 30),
Silica (Colloidal anhydrous), Magnesium stearate
Film coating: Hypromellose, Macrogol (400), Titanium dioxide
What Ciprofloxacin Pfizer looks like and contents of the pack
Film-coated tablet
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer 250 mg
White to off white, round, film-coated tablets, with a score line on one side and debossed with ‘F’,
‘23’ on either side of a score line on the other side.
The scoreline is only to facilitate breaking for ease of swallowing and not to divide into equal doses.
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer 500 mg
White to off white, capsule shaped, film coated tablets, with a score line on one side and debossed
with ‘F 22’ on the other side.
The tablet can be divided into equal halves.
Ciprofloxacin Pfizer 750 mg
White to off white, capsule shaped, film coated tablets, debossed with ‘C’ on one side and ‘93’ on the
other side.
PVC/PVdC-Aluminium foil blisters packed in carton.
Pack sizes:
250 mg & 750 mg: 6, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 28, 50, 100 and 120 film-coated tablets
500 mg: 1, 6, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 28, 50, 100 and 120 film-coated tablets
Not all pack sizes may be marked.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Pfizer Limited
Ramsgate road

Sandwich
Kent CT13 9NJ
United Kingdom
Manufacturer

Pfizer Service Company BVBA
Hoge Wei 10, 1930, Zaventem
Belgium
Or
Pfizer Italia s.r.l
Via del Commercio, 25/27, 63100 Marino del Tronto Ascoli Piceno
Italy

This leaflet was last revised in 01/2013

Advice/medical education
Antibiotics are used to cure bacterial infections. They are ineffective against viral infections.
If your doctor has prescribed antibiotics, you need them precisely for your current illness.
Despite antibiotics, some bacteria may survive or grow. This phenomenon is called resistance: some
antibiotic treatments become ineffective.
Misuse of antibiotics increases resistance. You may even help bacteria become resistant and therefore
delay your cure or decrease antibiotic efficacy if you do not respect appropriate:
- dosages
- schedules
- duration of treatment
Consequently, to preserve the efficacy of this drug:
1 - Use antibiotics only when prescribed.
2 - Strictly follow the prescription.
3 - Do not re-use an antibiotic without medical prescription, even if you want to treat a similar illness.
4 - Never give your antibiotic to another person; maybe it is not adapted to her/his illness.
5 - After completion of treatment, return all unused drugs to your chemist’s shop to ensure they will be
disposed of
Ref: gxCIP 6_0 tabs UK correctly.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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