Tinidazole Side Effects
Some side effects of tinidazole may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
For the Consumer
Applies to tinidazole: oral tablet
Along with its needed effects, tinidazole may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking tinidazole:Rare
- Change in consciousness
- difficulty breathing
- loss of consciousness
- noisy breathing
- shortness of breath
- tightness in chest
- Black, tarry stools
- bleeding gums
- blood in urine or stools
- burning, numbness, tingling, or painful sensations
- chest pain
- difficulty swallowing
- fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
- increased transaminase levels
- large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
- lower back or side pain
- painful or difficult urination
- pale skin
- pinpoint red spots on skin
- reddening of the skin, especially around ears
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots on lips or in mouth
- swelling of eyes, face, or inside of nose
- swollen glands
- unsteadiness or awkwardness
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- weakness in arms, hands, legs, or feet
Some side effects of tinidazole may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Bitter taste
- metallic taste
- Acid or sour stomach
- difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- loss of appetite
- pain or discomfort in chest, upper stomach, or throat
- weight loss
- Body aches or pain
- coating on tongue
- dryness or soreness of throat
- mood or mental changes
- runny nose
- tender, swollen glands in neck
- voice changes
- Abnormal liver
- darkened urine
- difficulty in moving
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- muscle pain or stiffness
- pain, swelling, or redness in joints
- sensation of spinning
- shakiness and unsteady walk
- swelling or inflammation of the mouth
- tongue discoloration
- trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
- trouble sleeping
- unable to sleep
- white or brownish vaginal discharge
- white patches in the mouth or throat or on the tongue
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to tinidazole: compounding powder, oral tablet
Gastrointestinal side effects have included metallic/bitter taste (3.7% following a 2 g single dose and 6.3% following multi-day dosing), nausea (3.2% following a 2 g single dose and 4.5% following multi-day dosing), anorexia (1.5% following a 2 g single dose and 2.5% following multi-day dosing), dyspepsia/cramps/epigastric discomfort (1.8% following a 2 g single dose and 1.4% following multi-day dosing), vomiting (1.5% following a 2 g single dose and 0.9% following multi-day dosing), constipation (0.4% following a 2 g single dose and 1.4% following multi-day dosing), tongue discoloration, stomatitis, diarrhea, decreased appetite, and flatulence. Furry tongue and pharyngitis have been reported rarely.
Nervous system side effects have included weakness/fatigue/malaise (2.1% following 2 g single dose and 1.1% following multi-day dosing), dizziness (1.1 % following 2 g single dose and 0.5% following multi-day dosing), convulsions, transient peripheral neuropathy (including numbness and paresthesia), vertigo, ataxia, giddiness, insomnia, and drowsiness.
Oncologic side effects have included mutagenicity in animal studies. Tinidazole has tested positive for genotoxicity in in vivo studies.
Hepatic side effects have included raised transaminase levels and at least one case report of possible hepatitis.
A possible case of hepatitis was reported in a 4-year-old girl after receiving tinidazole 625 mg orally as a single dose treatment for Giardia. The patient returned to the clinic 6 days following tinidazole therapy with concerns of a 3-day history of progressive ankle swelling. Upon examination she was found to have a 3 g weight gain, marked edema of legs (up to knees), periorbital edema, abdominal distension, ejection flow murmur, liver palpable 6 cm below right coastal margin, no palpable spleen, and clinical evidence of ascites. Laboratory results, upon this admission, were hemoglobin 112 g/L, white cell count 5.2 x 10(9)/L, ESR 14 mm in one hour, sodium 145 mmol/L, potassium 2.6 mmol/L, urea 2.2 mmol/L, total protein 55 g/L, albumin 31 g/L, bilirubin 8 micromoles/L, gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) 50 units/L, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) 231 units/L, and creatine phosphokinase 1498 units/L. A chest X-ray, abdominal X-ray, and electrocardiogram showed no abnormalities. Tests for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, leptospirosis, cytomegalovirus, and Epstein-Barr virus were all negative. The patient's parents denied any known contact with infectious hepatitis. The patient was treated with potassium and spironolactone. The patient never became jaundiced. Two weeks later, all serum electrolyte levels and laboratory tests had returned to normal values, edema was absent, liver was palpable 2 cm below right costal margin, and the spleen could just be felt.
Musculoskeletal side effects have included arthralgias, myalgias, and arthritis.
Hypersensitivity side effects have included urticaria, pruritus, rash, flushing, sweating, dryness of mouth, fever, burning sensation, thirst, salivation, and angioedema. Severe acute hypersensitivity reactions (including urticaria, pruritis, angioedema, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and erythema multiforme) during initial or subsequent tinidazole exposure have been reported during postmarketing experience.
Ten patients were reported to have hypersensitivity reactions occurring on the same day of oral tinidazole administration. Nine patients were adults receiving 2 g as a single-dose. One patient was a 5-year-old girl receiving 500 mg as a single-dose. Nine reactions were severe and atropine was administered as part of the treatment. The reactions were characterized by urticaria; facial, periorbital, or laryngeal edema; hypotension; bronchospasm; and dyspnea. All patients recovered without further incidence. Note, at the time of these reactions the oral tablets contained tartrazine. It has been hypothesized that the tartrazine was the causative agent for these reactions. However, none of the patients had a history of asthma, atopy, or sensitivity to aspirin or aspirin-like products.
Renal side effects have included darkened urine and urine abnormality.
Cardiovascular side effects have included palpitations.
Hematologic side effects have included transient neutropenia and transient leukopenia. Reversible thrombocytopenia has been reported rarely.
Genitourinary side effects have included increased vaginal discharge, urinary tract infection, dysuria, vulvovaginal discomfort, vaginal odor, menorrhagia, female genital pruritus, and Candida vaginitis.
Respiratory side effects have included upper respiratory tract infection. Bronchospasm and dyspnea have been reported rarely.
Psychiatric sides effects have included rare reports of depression.
Other side effects have included headache (1.3% following a 2 g single dose and 0.7% following multi-day dosing), Candida overgrowth, oral candidiasis, and pelvic pain. Confusion and coma have been reported rarely.
In a study involving 450 patients with fixed drug eruptions, 8 patients were found to have oral tinidazole as the probable causative agent. The fixed drug eruptions varied as to duration, shape and size, symptoms, number of lesions, and body site(s) affected. The study did not break these factors down for each individual causative agent.
Dermatologic side effects have included reports of fixed drug eruption.
General side effects have included severe toxic reaction (1 case report) following intravenous administration of tinidazole.
A 44-year-old man experienced a severe toxic reaction following administration of tinidazole 1600 mg intravenously over 80 minutes. Within 15 minutes following end of the infusion he fainted and was unconscious for about 10 seconds. The patient experienced some spasms of his left arm, without generalized convulsions, while resuming consciousness. Pharmacologic treatment was not necessary during or following the attack. Low blood pressure, intense nausea, sleepiness, and exhaustion followed the attack and lasted for several hours. The patient's condition gradually improved and he was completely recovered 6 hours after start of attack. Blood samples following infusion showed serum tinidazole level of 35.4 mg/L, normal immunoglobulin E level, and a transient fall in the concentration of complement factor C3.
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