Methyclothiazide Side Effects
Some side effects of methyclothiazide may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
For the Consumer
Applies to methyclothiazide: oral tablet
Along with its needed effects, methyclothiazide may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking methyclothiazide:Incidence not known
- Abdominal or stomach pain
- back, leg, or stomach pains
- black, tarry stools
- bleeding gums
- blistering, peeling, or loosening of skin
- blood in urine or stools
- bloody urine
- blue lips and fingernails
- blurred vision
- burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- chest pain
- clay-colored stools
- cloudy urine
- cold sweats
- cough or hoarseness
- coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
- coughing up blood
- cracks in the skin
- darkened urine
- decrease in urine output or decrease in urine-concentrating ability
- decreased frequency or amount of urine
- difficult, fast, or noisy breathing, sometimes with wheezing
- difficulty swallowing
- dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from lying or sitting position
- dry mouth
- fast or irregular heartbeat
- flushed, dry skin
- fruit-like breath odor
- general body swelling
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- general feeling of tiredness or weakness
- greatly decreased frequency of urination or amount of urine
- increased blood pressure
- increased hunger
- increased sweating
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
- loss of appetite
- loss of heat from the body
- lower back or side pain
- muscle cramps or pain
- nausea or vomiting
- numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in hands or feet
- pain in joints or muscles
- painful or difficult urination
- pains in stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
- pale skin
- pinpoint red spots on skin
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- red, irritated eyes
- red skin lesions, often with a purple center
- red, swollen skin
- redness, soreness, or itching skin
- scaly skin
- shortness of breath
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots on lips or in mouth
- sores, welting or blisters
- sugar in the urine
- swelling of face, fingers, legs, ankles, feet, or lower legs
- swollen or painful glands
- tenderness of salivary glands
- thickening of bronchial secretions
- tightness in chest
- troubled breathing
- unpleasant breath odor
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- unusual weight loss
- vomiting of blood
- weakness and heaviness of legs
- weight gain
- yellow eyes or skin
Some side effects of methyclothiazide may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Incidence not known
- decreased interest in sexual intercourse
- difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- hair loss, thinning of hair
- inability to have or keep an erection
- increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight
- loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
- muscle spasm
- pinpoint red or purple spots on skin
- redness or other discoloration of skin
- sensation of spinning
- severe sunburn
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to methyclothiazide: compounding powder, oral tablet
Metabolic changes associated with methyclothiazide, as with other thiazide diuretics, are relatively common, especially when daily doses greater than 5 mg are used. Mild hypokalemia (decrease of 0.5 mEq/L) occurs in up to 50% of treated patients. Hypokalemia may predispose patients to cardiac arrhythmias. Metabolic alkalosis, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatemia, hypercalcemia, hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia, and hyperuricemia are also relatively common. The electrolyte and intravascular fluid shifts that may occur during methyclothiazide diuresis can provoke hepatic encephalopathy or coma in patients with hepatic cirrhosis.
Hyperuricemia may be an important consideration in patients with a history of gout. Hypophosphatemia and low serum magnesium concentrations may occur, but are usually clinically insignificant except in malnourished patients.
Cardiovascular complications of diuretic therapy include orthostatic hypotension secondary to intravascular volume depletion. This has resulted in syncope and, in some patients with glaucoma, temporary loss of vision. Rare cases of cerebrovascular accident associated with thiazide-induced diuresis have been reported.
Orthostatic hypotension associated with methyclothiazide may be potentiated by concomitant use of alcohol, barbiturates, or narcotics.
Thiazides may induce allergic reactions in patients who are allergic to sulfonamides.
Hypersensitivity reactions usually involve the skin (cutaneous vasculitis, urticaria, rash, purpura), but may involve the gastrointestinal system (nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea), the genitourinary system (interstitial nephritis), and the respiratory system (acute noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, pneumonitis). Thiazide diuretics may induce phototoxic dermatitis.
Dermatologic reactions may indicate hypersensitivity to the drug. Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, exfoliative dermatitis (including toxic epidermal necrolysis), and alopecia have been reported in rare cases.
Gastrointestinal problems include diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, or abdominal pain in approximately 5% of patients. Thiazide diuretics have been associated with acute cholecystitis and rare cases of pancreatitis, sialadenitis, and anorexia.
A retrospective case-controlled drug surveillance study has revealed the relative risk of acute cholecystitis associated with the use of a thiazide diuretic is 2.0. The suspected explanation for this association is the potentially deleterious effect thiazides have on the serum lipid profile. Methyclothiazide-induced hypercholesterolemia or hypertriglyceridemia may enhance the formation of some types of gallstones.
Renal side effects including new or worsened renal insufficiency associated with methyclothiazide therapy is a probable sign of intravascular volume depletion and serves as a signal to reduce or withhold therapy. Rare cases of allergic interstitial nephritis have been associated with some thiazide diuretics.
Endocrinologic changes associated with methyclothiazide, as with other thiazide diuretic agents, include decreased glucose tolerance and a potentially deleterious effect on the lipid profile. This may be important in patients with, or who are at risk for, diabetes or coronary artery disease.
Hematologic side effects are rare. Rare cases of immune-complex hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia have been associated with methyclothiazide or other thiazide diuretics.
Nervous system side effects include vertigo, paresthesias, and restlessness.
Musculoskeletal cramping or spasms are occasionally reported during thiazide diuresis.
Genitourinary problems are limited to rare complaints of impotence among male patients.
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