Ampicillin and sulbactam Side Effects
Please note - some side effects for Ampicillin and sulbactam may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
Side Effects by Body System - for Healthcare Professionals
Applies to: injectable powder for injection
Ampicillin-sulbactam is generally well-tolerated.
Local side effects have included pain at the intramuscular injection site (16%), pain at the intravenous injection site (3%), and thrombophlebitis (3%).
Gastrointestinal side effects have included diarrhea (3%), nausea (<1%), vomiting (<1%), flatulence (<1%), abdominal distension (<1%), and glossitis (<1%). Rare cases of pancreatitis have been reported. Ampicillin-class antibiotics have been associated with gastritis, stomatitis, black hairy tongue, enterocolitis, and pseudomembranous colitis.
Hypersensitivity reactions to ampicillin have included urticarial rash, edema, hypotension, fever, eosinophilia, dyspnea, a delayed hypersensitivity maculopapular rash, anaphylaxis, interstitial nephritis, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, focal glomerulonephritis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
Dermatologic side effects have included rash (<2%), itching (<1%), erythema multiforme, and exfoliative dermatitis. Rare cases of ampicillin-associated bullous pemphigoid, linear IgA dermatosis, and pseudoporphyria have been reported.
Hematologic side effects have included decreases in hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and platelets, and increases in lymphocytes, monocytes, basophils, eosinophils, and platelets. Thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, red cell aplasia, anemia, and positive direct Coombs test have rarely been reported. Atypical lymphocytosis has been reported in a pediatric patient. Penicillins have been associated with agranulocytosis.
Nervous system side effects have included seizures in very ill patients with high serum concentrations of ampicillin. High cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) levels of some penicillins are known to be potentially neurotoxic, and the CSF concentrations of ampicillin rise significantly in meningitis. Ampicillin may worsen myasthenia gravis symptoms.
Hepatic side effects have included increases in AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), alkaline phosphatase, and LDH. Rare cases of hepatitis and prolonged cholestasis have been reported.
Metabolic side effects have included decreases in serum albumin and total protein.
Genitourinary side effects have included urine retention, dysuria, urinary red blood cells, and urinary hyaline casts. Superinfections may occur (i.e., Candida, Pseudomonas).
Renal side effects have included increases in BUN and creatinine.
Other side effects have included facial swelling, erythema, chills, throat tightness, substernal pain, epistaxis, and mucosal bleeding.Top
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