Trelstar

Generic Name: triptorelin pamoate
Dosage Form: injection, powder, lyophilized, for suspension

Indications and Usage for Trelstar

Trelstar is indicated for the palliative treatment of advanced prostate cancer [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Trelstar Dosage and Administration

Dosing Information

Trelstar must be administered under the supervision of a physician.

Trelstar is administered by a single intramuscular injection in either buttock.  Dosing schedule depends on the product strength selected (Table 1).  The lyophilized microgranules are to be reconstituted in sterile waterNo other diluent should be used. 

Table 1. Trelstar Recommended Dosing
 Dosage  3.75 mg  11.25 mg  22.5 mg
 Recommended dose  1 injection every
4 weeks
 1 injection every
12 weeks
 1 injection every
24 weeks

Due to different release characteristics, the dosage strengths are not additive and must be selected based upon the desired dosing schedule.

The suspension should be administered immediately after reconstitution.

As with other drugs administered by intramuscular injection, the injection site should be alternated periodically.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.

Reconstitution Instructions for Trelstar

Please read the instructions completely before you begin.

  • Wash your hands with soap and hot water and put on gloves immediately prior to preparing the injection.
  • Place the vial in a standing upright position on a clean, flat surface that is covered with a sterile pad or cloth.
  • Remove the Flip-Off® button from the top of the vial, revealing the rubber stopper.
  • Disinfect the rubber stopper with an alcohol wipe.  Discard the alcohol wipe and allow the stopper to dry.
  • Using a syringe fitted with a sterile 21-gauge needle, withdraw 2 mL sterile water for injection, and inject into the vial.
  • Shake well to thoroughly disperse particles to obtain a uniform suspension.  The suspension will appear milky.
  • Slowly withdraw the entire contents of the reconstituted suspension into the syringe.
  • The suspension should be administered immediately after reconstitution.
  • Inject the patient in either buttock with the contents of the syringe.

Reconstitution Instructions for Trelstar with MIXJECT SYSTEM

Please read the instructions completely before you begin.

MIXJECT Preparation

Wash your hands with soap and hot water and put on gloves immediately prior to preparing the injection.  Place the sealed tray on a clean, flat surface that is covered with a sterile pad or cloth.  Peel the cover away from the tray and remove the MIXJECT components and the Trelstar vial.  Remove the Flip-Off button from the top of the vial, revealing the rubber stopper.  Place the vial in a standing upright position on the prepared surface.  Disinfect the rubber stopper with the alcohol wipe.  Discard the alcohol wipe and allow the stopper to dry.  Proceed to MIXJECT Activation.

MIXJECT Activation

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Injectable suspension: 3.75 mg, 11.25 mg, 22.5 mg.

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity

Trelstar is contraindicated in individuals with a known hypersensitivity to triptorelin or any other component of the product, or other GnRH agonists or GnRH [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1 )].

Pregnancy

Trelstar may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman.  Expected hormonal changes that occur with Trelstar treatment increase the risk for pregnancy loss and fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].  Trelstar is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant.  If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

Warnings and Precautions

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Anaphylactic shock, hypersensitivity, and angioedema related to triptorelin administration have been reported.  In the event of a hypersensitivity reaction, therapy with Trelstar should be discontinued immediately and the appropriate supportive and symptomatic care should be administered. 

Transient Increase in Serum Testosterone

Initially, triptorelin, like other GnRH agonists, causes a transient increase in serum testosterone levels.  As a result, isolated cases of worsening of signs and symptoms of prostate cancer during the first weeks of treatment have been reported with GnRH agonists.  Patients may experience worsening of symptoms or onset of new symptoms, including bone pain, neuropathy, hematuria, or urethral or bladder outlet obstruction [see Clinical Pharmacology  (12.2)].

Metastatic Vertebral Lesions and Urinary Tract Obstruction

Cases of spinal cord compression, which may contribute to weakness or paralysis with or without fatal complications, have been reported with GnRH agonists.  If spinal cord compression or renal impairment develops, standard treatment of these complications should be instituted, and in extreme cases an immediate orchiectomy considered.

Patients with metastatic vertebral lesions and/or with upper or lower urinary tract obstruction should be closely observed during the first few weeks of therapy.

Effect on QT/QTc Interval

Androgen deprivation therapy may prolong the QT/QTc interval. Providers should consider whether the benefits of androgen deprivation therapy outweigh the potential risks in patients with congenital long QT syndrome, congestive heart failure, frequent electrolyte abnormalities, and in patients taking drugs known to prolong the QT interval. Electrolyte abnormalities should be corrected. Consider periodic monitoring of electrocardiograms and electrolytes. 

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes

Hyperglycemia and an increased risk of developing diabetes have been reported in men receiving GnRH agonists. Hyperglycemia may represent development of diabetes mellitus or worsening of glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Monitor blood glucose and/or glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) periodically in patients receiving a GnRH agonist and manage with current practice for treatment of hyperglycemia or diabetes.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Increased risk of developing myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death and stroke has been reported in association with use of GnRH agonists in men. The risk appears low based on the reported odds ratios, and should be evaluated carefully along with cardiovascular risk factors when determining a treatment for patients with prostate cancer. Patients receiving a GnRH agonist should be monitored for symptoms and signs suggestive of development of cardiovascular disease and be managed according to current clinical practice.

Laboratory Tests

Response to Trelstar should be monitored by measuring serum levels of testosterone periodically or as indicated. 

Laboratory Test Interactions

Chronic or continuous administration of triptorelin in therapeutic doses results in suppression of pituitary-gonadal axis.  Diagnostic tests of the pituitary-gonadal function conducted during treatment and after cessation of therapy may therefore be misleading.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The safety of the three Trelstar formulations was evaluated in clinical trials involving patients with advanced prostate cancer.  Mean testosterone levels increased above baseline during the first week following the initial injection, declining thereafter to baseline levels or below by the end of the second week of treatment.  The transient increase in testosterone levels may be associated with temporary worsening of disease signs and symptoms, including bone pain, neuropathy, hematuria, and urethral or bladder outlet obstruction. Isolated cases of spinal cord compression with weakness or paralysis of the lower extremities have occurred [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Adverse reactions reported for each of the three Trelstar formulations in the clinical trials, are presented in Table 2, Table 3, and Table 4.  Often, causality is difficult to assess in patients with metastatic prostate cancer.  The majority of adverse reactions related to triptorelin are a result of its pharmacological action, i.e., the induced variation in serum testosterone levels, either an increase in testosterone at the initiation of treatment, or a decrease in testosterone once castration is achieved. Local reactions at the injection site or allergic reactions may occur.

The following adverse reactions were reported to have a possible or probable relationship to therapy as ascribed by the treating physician in at least 1% of patients receiving Trelstar 3.75 mg.

Table 2. Trelstar 3.75 mg: Treatment-Related Adverse Reactions Reported by 1% or More of Patients During Treatment
*

Adverse reactions for Trelstar 3.75 mg are coded using the WHO Adverse Reactions
Terminology (WHOART)

 Adverse Reactions*   Trelstar 3.75 mg
N = 140
 N    %
 Application Site Disorders      
     Injection site pain  5  3.6
 
 Body as a Whole
     
    Hot flush  82  58.6
    Pain  3  2.1
    Leg pain  3  2.1
    Fatigue  3  2.1
 
 Cardiovascular Disorders
     
     Hypertension  5  3.6
 
 Central and Peripheral Nervous System Disorders
     
     Headache  7  5.0
     Dizziness  2  1.4
 
 Gastrointestinal Disorders
     
     Diarrhea  2  1.4
     Vomiting  3  2.1

 
 Musculoskeletal System Disorders

     
     Skeletal pain  17  12.1
 
 Psychiatric Disorders
     
     Insomnia  3  2.1
     Impotence  10  7.1
     Emotional lability  2  1.4

 
 Red Blood Cell Disorders

     
     Anemia  2  1.4 


 Skin and Appendages Disorders

     
     Pruritus  2  1.4
 
 Urinary System Disorders
     
     Urinary tract infection  2  1.4
     Urinary retention  2  1.4 

The following adverse reactions were reported to have a possible or probable relationship to therapy as ascribed by the treating physician in at least 1% of patients receiving Trelstar 11.25 mg.

Table 3. Trelstar 11.25 mg: Treatment-Related Adverse Reactions Reported by 1% or More of Patients During Treatment
*
Adverse reactions for Trelstar 11.25 mg are coded using the WHO Adverse Reactions
Terminology (WHOART)
 

Adverse Reactions* 

Trelstar 11.25 mg
N = 174

 N  %
 
 Application Site
   
    Injection site pain  7  4.0
 
 Body as a Whole
   
    Hot flush  127  73.0
    Leg pain  9  5.2
    Pain  6  3.4
    Back pain  5  2.9
    Fatigue  4  2.3
    Chest pain  3  1.7
    Asthenia  2  1.1
    Peripheral edema  2  1.1
 
 Cardiovascular Disorders
   
    Hypertension  7  4.0
    Dependent edema  4  2.3
 
 Central and Peripheral Nervous System Disorders
   
    Headache  12  6.9
    Dizziness  5  2.9
    Leg cramps  3  1.7
 
 Endocrine
   
    Breast pain  4  2.3
    Gynecomastia  3  1.7
 
 Gastrointestinal Disorders
   
    Nausea  5  2.9
    Constipation  3  1.7
    Dyspepsia  3  1.7
    Diarrhea  2  1.1
    Abdominal pain  2  1.1

 Liver and Biliary System
   
    Abnormal hepatic function  2  1.1
 
 Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders
   
    Edema in legs  11  6.3
    Increased alkaline phosphatase   3  1.7
 
 Musculoskeletal System Disorders
   
    Skeletal pain  23  13.2
    Arthralgia  4  2.3
    Myalgia  2  1.1

 Psychiatric Disorders
   
    Decreased libido  4  2.3
    Impotence  4  2.3
    Insomnia  3  1.7
    Anorexia  3  1.7
 
 Respiratory System Disorders
   
    Coughing  3  1.7
    Dyspnea  2  1.1
    Pharyngitis  2  1.1
 
 Skin and Appendages
   
    Rash  3  1.7

 Urinary System Disorders
   
    Dysuria  8  4.6
    Urinary retention  2  1.1

 Vision Disorders
   
    Eye pain  2  1.1
    Conjunctivitis  2  1.1

The following adverse reactions occurred in at least 5% of patients receiving Trelstar 22.5 mg. The table includes all reactions whether or not they were ascribed to Trelstar by the treating physician. The table also includes the incidence of these adverse reactions that were considered by the treating physician to have a reasonable causal relationship or for which the relationship could not be assessed. 

Table 4. Trelstar 22.5 mg: Adverse Reactions Reported by 5% or More of Patients During Treatment
*
Adverse reactions for Trelstar 22.5 mg are coded using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA)
 

Adverse Reactions*  
  Trelstar 22.5 mg
N = 120
 Treatment-Emergent  Treatment-Related
 N   %  N  %
 
 General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions
       
    Edema peripheral  6  5.0  0  0

 Infections and Infestations
       
    Influenza  19  15.8  0  0
    Bronchitis  6  5.0  0  0

 Endocrine
       
    Diabetes Mellitus/Hyperglycemia   6  5.0  0  0

 Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders
       
    Back pain  13  10.8  1  0.8
    Arthralgia  9  7.5  1  0.8
    Pain in extremity  9  7.5  1  0.8
 
 Nervous System Disorders
       
    Headache  9  7.5  2  1.7

 Psychiatric Disorders
       
    Insomnia  6  5.0  1  0.8

 Renal and Urinary Disorders
       
    Urinary tract infection  14  11.6  0  0
    Urinary retention  6  5.0  0  0
 
 Reproductive System and Breast Disorders
       
    Erectile dysfunction  12  10.0  12  10.0
    Testicular atrophy  9   7.5  9  7.5

 Vascular Disorders
       
    Hot flush  87  72.5  86  71.7
    Hypertension  17  14.2  1  0.8

Changes in Laboratory Values During Treatment

The following abnormalities in laboratory values not present at baseline were observed in 10% or more of patients:

Trelstar 3.75 mg: There were no clinically meaningful changes in laboratory values detected during therapy.

Trelstar 11.25 mg: Decreased hemoglobin and RBC count and increased glucose, BUN, SGOT, SGPT, and alkaline phosphatase at the Day 253 visit.

Trelstar 22.5 mg: Decreased hemoglobin and increased glucose and hepatic transaminases were detected during the study. The majority of the changes were mild to moderate. 

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

During postmarketing surveillance, rare cases of pituitary apoplexy (a clinical syndrome secondary to infarction of the pituitary gland) have been reported after the administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists.  In a majority of these cases, a pituitary adenoma was diagnosed with a majority of pituitary apoplexy cases occurring within 2 weeks of the first dose, and some within the first hour.  In these cases, pituitary apoplexy has presented as sudden headache, vomiting, visual changes, ophthalmoplegia, altered mental status, and sometimes cardiovascular collapse.  Immediate medical attention has been required.

During postmarketing experience, convulsions, and thromboembolic events including, but not limited to, pulmonary emboli, cerebrovascular accident, myocardial infarction, deep venous thrombosis, transient ischemic attack, and thrombophlebitis have been reported.

Drug Interactions

No drug-drug interaction studies involving triptorelin have been conducted.

Human pharmacokinetic data with triptorelin suggest that C-terminal fragments produced by tissue degradation are either degraded completely within tissues or are rapidly degraded further in plasma, or cleared by the kidneys. Therefore, hepatic microsomal enzymes are unlikely to be involved in triptorelin metabolism. However, in the absence of relevant data and as a precaution, hyperprolactinemic drugs should not be used concomitantly with triptorelin since hyperprolactinemia reduces the number of pituitary GnRH receptors.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category X [see 'Contraindications' section].

Trelstar is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant while receiving the drug.  Expected hormonal changes that occur with Trelstar treatment increase the risk for pregnancy loss. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

Studies in pregnant rats administered triptorelin at doses of 2, 10, and 100 mcg/kg/day (approximately equivalent to 0.2, 0.8, and 8 times the estimated human daily dose based on body surface area) during the period of organogenesis demonstrated maternal toxicity and embryo-fetal toxicities.  Embryo-fetal toxicities consisted of pre-implantation loss, increased resorption, and reduced mean number of viable fetuses at the high dose.  Teratogenic effects were not observed in viable fetuses in rats or mice.  Doses administered to mice were 2, 20, and 200 mcg/kg/day (approximately equivalent to 0.1, 0.7, and 7 times the estimated human daily dose based on body surface area).    

Nursing Mothers

Trelstar is not indicated for use in women [see Indications and Usage (1)].  It is not known if triptorelin is excreted in human milk.  Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from Trelstar, a decision should be made to either discontinue nursing, or discontinue the drug taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

Prostate cancer occurs primarily in an older population.  Clinical studies with Trelstar have been conducted primarily in patients ≥ 65 years [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) and Clinical Studies (14)].

Renal Impairment

Subjects with renal impairment had higher exposure than young healthy males [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Hepatic Impairment

Subjects with hepatic impairment had higher exposure than young healthy males [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Overdosage

There is no experience of overdosage in clinical trials.  In single dose toxicity studies in mice and rats, the subcutaneous LD50 of triptorelin was 400 mg/kg in mice and 250 mg/kg in rats, approximately 500 and 600 times, respectively, the estimated monthly human dose based on body surface area.  If overdosage occurs, therapy should be discontinued immediately and the appropriate supportive and symptomatic treatment administered.

Trelstar Description

Trelstar is a white to slightly yellow lyophilized cake.  When reconstituted, Trelstar has a milky appearance.  It contains a pamoate salt of triptorelin, a synthetic decapeptide agonist analog of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). The chemical name of triptorelin pamoate is 5 - oxo - L - prolyl - L - histidyl - L - tryptophyl - L - seryl - L - tyrosyl - D - tryptophyl - L - leucyl - L - arginyl - L - prolylglycine amide (pamoate salt).  The empirical formula is C64H82N18O13 · C23H16O6 and the molecular weight is 1699.9. The structural formula is:

Structural formula for Trelstar (triptorelin pamoate).

The Trelstar products are sterile, lyophilized biodegradable microgranule formulations supplied as single dose vials.  Refer to Table 5 for the composition of each Trelstar product.

Table 5. Trelstar Composition
 

Ingredients

 

Trelstar
3.75 mg

 

Trelstar
11.25 mg

 

Trelstar
22.5 mg

 

triptorelin pamoate
(base units)

 

3.75 mg

 

11.25 mg

 

22.5 mg

 

poly-d,l-lactide-co-glycolide

 

136 mg

 

118 mg

 

182 mg

 

mannitol, USP

 

69 mg

 

76 mg

 

68 mg

 

carboxymethylcellulose sodium, USP

 

24 mg

 

27 mg

 

24 mg

 

polysorbate 80, NF

 

1.6 mg

 

1.8 mg

 

1.6 mg

When 2 mL sterile water is added to the vial containing Trelstar and mixed, a suspension is formed which is intended as an intramuscular injection.  Trelstar is available in two packaging configurations: (a) Trelstar vial alone or (b) Trelstar vial plus a MIXJECT vial adapter, and a separate pre-filled syringe that contains sterile water for injection, USP, 2 mL, pH 6 to 8.5.

Trelstar - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Triptorelin is a synthetic decapeptide agonist analog of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH).  Comparative in vitro studies showed that triptorelin was 100-fold more active than native GnRH in stimulating luteinizing hormone release from monolayers of dispersed rat pituitary cells in culture and 20-fold more active than native GnRH in displacing 125I-GnRH from pituitary receptor sites.  In animal studies, triptorelin pamoate was found to have 13‑fold higher luteinizing hormone-releasing activity and 21-fold higher follicle-stimulating hormone-releasing activity compared to the native GnRH.

Pharmacodynamics

Following the first administration, there is a transient surge in circulating levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, and estradiol [see Adverse Reactions (6)].  After chronic and continuous administration, usually 2 to 4 weeks after initiation of therapy, a sustained decrease in LH and FSH secretion and marked reduction of testicular steroidogenesis are observed.  A reduction of serum testosterone concentration to a level typically seen in surgically castrated men is obtained.  Consequently, the result is that tissues and functions that depend on these hormones for maintenance become quiescent.  These effects are usually reversible after cessation of therapy.

Following a single intramuscular injection of Trelstar:

Trelstar 3.75 mg: serum testosterone levels first increased, peaking on Day 4, and declined thereafter to low levels by Week 4 in healthy male volunteers.

Trelstar 11.25 mg: serum testosterone levels first increased, peaking on Days 2 – 3, and declined thereafter to low levels by Weeks 3 – 4 in men with advanced prostate cancer.

Trelstar 22.5 mg: serum testosterone levels first increased, peaking on Day 3, and declined thereafter to low levels by Weeks 3 – 4 in men with advanced prostate cancer.

Pharmacokinetics

Results of pharmacokinetic investigations conducted in healthy men indicate that after intravenous bolus administration, triptorelin is distributed and eliminated according to a 3-compartment model and corresponding half-lives are approximately 6 minutes, 45 minutes, and 3 hours. 

Absorption

Following a single intramuscular injection of Trelstar to patients with prostate cancer, mean peak serum concentrations of 28.4 ng/mL, 38.5 ng/mL, and 44.1 ng/mL occurred in 1 to 3 hours after the 3.75 mg, 11.25 mg, and 22.5 mg formulations, respectively. 

Triptorelin did not accumulate over 9 months (3.75 mg and 11.25 mg) or 12 months (22.5 mg) of treatment.

Distribution

The volume of distribution following a single intravenous bolus dose of 0.5 mg of triptorelin peptide was 30 – 33 L in healthy male volunteers.  There is no evidence that triptorelin, at clinically relevant concentrations, binds to plasma proteins.

Metabolism

The metabolism of triptorelin in humans is unknown, but is unlikely to involve hepatic microsomal enzymes (cytochrome P-450). The effect of triptorelin on the activity of other drug metabolizing enzymes is also unknown.  Thus far, no metabolites of triptorelin have been identified.  Pharmacokinetic data suggest that C-terminal fragments produced by tissue degradation are either completely degraded in the tissues, or rapidly degraded in plasma, or cleared by the kidneys.

Excretion

Triptorelin is eliminated by both the liver and the kidneys.  Following intravenous administration of 0.5 mg triptorelin peptide to six healthy male volunteers with a creatinine clearance of 149.9 mL/min, 41.7% of the dose was excreted in urine as intact peptide with a total triptorelin clearance of 211.9 mL/min.  This percentage increased to 62.3% in patients with liver disease who have a lower creatinine clearance (89.9 mL/min).  It has also been observed that the nonrenal clearance of triptorelin (patient anuric, CIcreat = 0) was 76.2 mL/min, thus indicating that the nonrenal elimination of triptorelin is mainly dependent on the liver.

Special Populations

Age and Race

The effects of age and race on triptorelin pharmacokinetics have not been systematically studied.  However, pharmacokinetic data obtained in young healthy male volunteers aged 20 to 22 years with an elevated creatinine clearance (approximately 150 mL/min) indicate that triptorelin was eliminated twice as fast in this young population as compared with patients with moderate renal insufficiency.  This is related to the fact that triptorelin clearance is partly correlated to total creatinine clearance, which is well known to decrease with age [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and (8.7)].

Pediatric

Trelstar has not been evaluated in patients less than 18 years of age [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

Hepatic and Renal Impairment

After an intravenous bolus injection of 0.5 mg triptorelin, the two distribution half-lives were unaffected by renal and hepatic impairment.  However, renal insufficiency led to a decrease in total triptorelin clearance proportional to the decrease in creatinine clearance as well as increases in volume of distribution and consequently, an increase in elimination half-life (see Table 6).  In subjects with hepatic insufficiency, a decrease in triptorelin clearance was more pronounced than that observed with renal insufficiency.  Due to minimal increases in the volume of distribution, the elimination half-life in subjects with hepatic insufficiency was similar to subjects with renal insufficiency.  Subjects with renal or hepatic impairment had 2‑ to 4-fold higher exposure (AUC values) than young healthy males [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and (8.7)].

Table 6. Pharmacokinetic Parameters (Mean ± SD) in Healthy Volunteers and Special Populations Following an IV Bolus Injection of 0.5 mg Triptorelin
 

Group

 

Cmax
(ng/mL)

 

AUCinf
(h·ng/mL)

 

Clp
(mL/min)

 

Clrenal
(mL/min)

 

t1/2
(h)

 

Clcreat
(mL/min)

 

6 healthy male volunteers

 

48.2
±11.8

 

36.1
±5.8

 

211.9
±31.6

 

90.6
±35.3

 

2.81
±1.21

 

149.9
±7.3

 

6 males with moderate renal impairment

 

45.6
±20.5

 

69.9
±24.6

 

120.0
±45.0

 

23.3
±17.6

 

6.56
±1.25

 

39.7
±22.5

 

6 males with severe renal impairment

 

46.5
±14.0

 

88.0
±18.4

 

88.6
±19.7

 

4.3
±2.9

 

7.65
±1.25

 

8.9
±6.0

 

6 males with liver disease

 

54.1
±5.3

 

131.9
±18.1

 

57.8
±8.0

 

35.9
±5.0

 

7.58
±1.17

 

89.9
±15.1

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

In rats, doses of 120, 600, and 3000 mcg/kg given every 28 days (approximately 0.3, 2, and 8 times the human monthly dose based on body surface area) resulted in increased mortality with a drug treatment period of 13 – 19 months.  The incidences of benign and malignant pituitary tumors and histiosarcomas were increased in a dose-related manner.  No oncogenic effect was observed in mice administered triptorelin for 18 months at doses up to 6000 mcg/kg every 28 days (approximately 8 times the human monthly dose based on body surface area).

Mutagenicity studies performed with triptorelin using bacterial and mammalian systems (in vitro Ames test and chromosomal aberration test in CHO cells and an in vivo mouse micronucleus test) provided no evidence of mutagenic potential.

After 60 days of subcutaneous treatment followed by a minimum of four estrus cycles prior to mating, triptorelin, at doses of 2, 20, and 200 mcg/kg/day in saline (approximately 0.2, 2, and 16 times the estimated human daily dose based on body surface area) or 2 monthly injections as slow release microspheres (~20 mcg/kg/day), had no effect on the fertility or general reproductive function of female rats. 

No studies were conducted to assess the effect of triptorelin on male fertility. 

Clinical Studies

Trelstar 3.75 mg

Trelstar 3.75 mg was studied in a randomized, active control trial of 277 men with advanced prostate cancer.  The clinical trial population consisted of 59.9% Caucasian, 39.3% Black, and 0.8% Other.  There was no difference observed with triptorelin response between racial groups.  Men were between 47 and 89 years of age (mean = 71 years).  Patients received either Trelstar 3.75 mg (N = 140) or an approved GnRH agonist monthly for 9 months.  The primary efficacy endpoints were both achievement of castration by Day 29 and maintenance of castration from Day 57 through Day 253.

Castration levels of serum testosterone (≤ 1.735 nmol/L; equivalent to 50 ng/dL) in patients treated with Trelstar 3.75 mg were achieved at Day 29 in 125 of 137 (91.2%) patients and at Day 57 in 97.7% of patients. Maintenance of castration levels of serum testosterone from Day 57 through Day 253 was found in 96.2% of patients treated with Trelstar 3.75 mg.

The presence of an acute-on-chronic flare phenomenon was also studied as a secondary efficacy endpoint.  Serum LH levels were measured at 2 hours after repeat Trelstar 3.75 mg administration on Days 85 and 169.  One hundred twenty-four of the 126 evaluable patients (98.4%) on Day 85 had a serum LH level of ≤ 1.0 IU/L at 2 hours after dosing, indicating desensitization of the pituitary gonadotroph receptors.

Trelstar 11.25 mg

Trelstar 11.25 mg was studied in a randomized, active control trial of 346 men with advanced prostate cancer.  The clinical trial population consisted of 48% Caucasian, 38% Black, and 15% Other.  There was no difference observed with triptorelin response between racial groups.  Men were between 45 and 96 years of age (mean = 71 years).  Patients received either Trelstar 11.25 mg (N = 174) every 12 weeks for a total of up to 3 doses (maximum treatment period of 253 days) or Trelstar 3.75 mg (N = 172) every 28 days for a total of up to 9 doses.  The primary efficacy endpoints were both achievement of castration by Day 29 and maintenance of castration from Day 57 through Day 253.

Castration levels of serum testosterone (≤ 1.735 nmol/L; equivalent to 50 ng/dL) were achieved at Day 29 in 167 of 171 (97.7%) patients treated with Trelstar 11.25 mg, and maintenance of castration levels of serum testosterone from Day 57 through Day 253 was found in 94.4% of patients treated with Trelstar 11.25 mg.

Trelstar 22.5 mg

Trelstar 22.5 mg was studied in a non-comparative trial of 120 men with advanced prostate cancer.  The clinical trial population consisted of 64% Caucasian, 23% Black, and 13% Other, with a mean age of 71.1 years (range 51-93).   Patients received Trelstar 22.5 mg (N = 120) every 24 weeks for a total of 2 doses (maximum treatment period of 337 days).  The primary efficacy endpoints included achievement of castration by Day 29 and maintenance of castration from Day 57 through Day 337.

Castration levels of serum testosterone (≤ 1.735 nmol/L; equivalent to 50 ng/dL) were achieved at Day 29 in 97.5% (117 of 120) of patients treated with Trelstar 22.5 mg. Castration was maintained in 93.3% of patients in the period from Day 57 to Day 337.

A summary of the clinical studies for Trelstar is provided in Table 7.

Table 7. Summary of Trelstar Clinical Studies
 

Product
Strength

 

3.75 mg

 

11.25 mg

 

22.5 mg

*
Maintenance of castration was calculated using a frequency distribution.
Cumulative maintenance of castration was calculated using a survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier) technique.
Calculation includes 5 patients who discontinued the study but who had castrate levels of testosterone prior to discontinuation.
 

Number of
Patients

 

137

 

171

 

120

 

Treatment
Schedule

 

 every 4 weeks

 

every 12 weeks

 

every 24 weeks

 

Duration of Study

 

253 days

 

253 days

 

337 days

 

Castration Rate* 
on Day 29, %
(n/N)

 

91.2% (125/137)

 

97.7% (167/171)

 

97.5% (117/120)

 

Rate of
Castration
Maintenance
from Days 57 –
253, %

 

96.2%

 

94.4%

 

not applicable

 

Rate of
Castration
Maintenance
from Days 57 –
337, % (n/N)

 

not applicable

 

not applicable

 

93.3% (112/120) 

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

Trelstar is supplied in a single dose vial with a Flip-Off seal containing sterile lyophilized triptorelin pamoate microgranules incorporated in a biodegradable copolymer of lactic and glycolic acids. 

Trelstar is also supplied in the Trelstar MIXJECT single-dose delivery system consisting of a vial with a Flip-Off seal containing sterile lyophilized triptorelin pamoate microgranules incorporated in a biodegradable copolymer of lactic and glycolic acids, a MIXJECT vial adapter, and a pre-filled syringe containing sterile water for injection, USP, 2 mL, pH 6 to 8.5.

Trelstar 3.75 mg – NDC 52544-153-02 (single dose vial) and NDC 52544-189-76 (Trelstar 3.75 mg with MIXJECT single-dose delivery system)

Trelstar 11.25 mg – NDC 52544-154-02 (single dose vial) and NDC 52544-188-76 (Trelstar 11.25 mg with MIXJECT single-dose delivery system)

Trelstar 22.5 mg – NDC 52544-156-02 (single dose vial) and NDC 52544-092-76 (Trelstar 22.5 mg with MIXJECT single-dose delivery system)

Storage
Store at 20-25°C (68-77°F).  [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]  Do not freeze Trelstar with MIXJECT.

Patient Counseling Information

Instruct patients that they will likely experience an increase in serum testosterone levels following their initial injection. This may cause a worsening of their symptoms of prostate cancer during the first weeks of treatment. These symptoms may include bone pain, spinal cord injury, hematuria, and urethral or bladder outlet obstruction. This increase in serum testosterone levels and associated symptoms should decline 3 to 4 weeks following their injection. Use of drugs appropriate for alleviating the risk associated with the increase should be discussed with patients prior to administration of the products. Patients should also be informed about the increased risk of developing diabetes, myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death and stroke in men in association with use of GnRH agonists.

Advise patients that allergic reactions, including serious allergic reactions, could occur and that serious reactions require immediate treatment.  Patients should report any previous hypersensitivity reactions to triptorelin, or other GnRH agonists, or GnRH.

For all medical inquiries contact:
ACTAVIS
Medical Communications
Parsippany, NJ 07054 USA
1-800-272-5525

Distributed By:
Actavis Pharma, Inc.
Parsippany, NJ 07054 USA

Manufactured By:
Debiopharm Research & Manufacturing SA
CH-1920 Martigny, Switzerland

MIXJECT is manufactured by and is a registered trademark of:
Medimop Medical Projects Ltd.
Ra'anana, Israel

The pre-filled syringe containing sterile water for injection is manufactured by:
Abbott Biologicals BV
Olst, The Netherlands       

Content Updated: July 2014
                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                           

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

52544-253-02
Trelstar 3.75 mg
Vial Label

52544-253-02 Trelstar 3.75 mg Vial Label

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

 52544-154-02
Trelstar 11.25 mg
Vial Label

52544-154-02 Trelstar 11.25 mg Vial Label

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

52544-156-02
Trelstar 22.5 mg
Vial Label

52544-156-02 Trelstar 22.5 mg Vial Label

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 52544-189-76
Trelstar 3.75 mg
triptorelin pamoate for injectable suspension


NDC 52544-189-76 Trelstar 3.75 mg triptorelin pamoate for injectable suspension with MIXJECT 3.75 mg every 4 weeks

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 52544-188-76
Trelstar 11.25 mg
triptorelin pamoate for injectable suspension

NDC 52544-188-76 Trelstar 11.25 mg triptorelin pamoate for injectable suspension with MIXJECT 11.25 mg every 12 weeks

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 52544-092-76
Trelstar 22.5 mg
triptorelin pamoate for injectable suspension

NDC 52544-092-76 Trelstar 22.5 mg triptorelin pamoate for injectable suspension with MIXJECT 22.5 mg every 24 weeks

Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate injection, powder, lyophilized, for suspension
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-153
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
TRIPTORELIN PAMOATE (TRIPTORELIN) TRIPTORELIN 3.75 mg  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
MANNITOL  
CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM  
POLYSORBATE 80  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-153-02 2 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA020715 06/15/2000
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate injection, powder, lyophilized, for suspension
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-154
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
TRIPTORELIN PAMOATE (TRIPTORELIN) TRIPTORELIN 11.25 mg  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
MANNITOL  
CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM  
POLYSORBATE 80  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-154-02 2 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA021288 06/29/2001
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate injection, powder, lyophilized, for suspension
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-156
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
TRIPTORELIN PAMOATE (TRIPTORELIN) TRIPTORELIN 22.5 mg  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
MANNITOL  
CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM  
POLYSORBATE 80  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-156-02 2 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022437 03/11/2010
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate kit
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-189
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-189-76 1 KIT in 1 CARTON
Quantity of Parts
Part # Package Quantity Total Product Quantity
Part 1 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE 2 mL
Part 2 1 SYRINGE 2 mL
Part 1 of 2
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate injection, powder, lyophilized, for suspension
Product Information
Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-153    
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
TRIPTORELIN PAMOATE (TRIPTORELIN) TRIPTORELIN 3.75 mg  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
MANNITOL  
CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM  
POLYSORBATE 80  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-153-02 2 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA020715 06/15/2000
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
diluent liquid
Product Information
     
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
WATER  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 2 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA020715 06/15/2000
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA020715 06/15/2000
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate kit
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-188
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-188-76 1 KIT in 1 CARTON
Quantity of Parts
Part # Package Quantity Total Product Quantity
Part 1 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE 2 mL
Part 2 1 SYRINGE 2 mL
Part 1 of 2
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate injection, powder, lyophilized, for suspension
Product Information
Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-154    
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
TRIPTORELIN PAMOATE (TRIPTORELIN) TRIPTORELIN 11.25 mg  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
MANNITOL  
CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM  
POLYSORBATE 80  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-154-02 2 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA021288 06/29/2001
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
diluent liquid
Product Information
     
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
WATER  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 2 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA021288 06/29/2001
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA021288 06/29/2001
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate kit
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-092
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-092-76 1 KIT in 1 CARTON
Quantity of Parts
Part # Package Quantity Total Product Quantity
Part 1 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE 2 mL
Part 2 1 SYRINGE 2 mL
Part 1 of 2
Trelstar 
triptorelin pamoate injection, powder, lyophilized, for suspension
Product Information
Item Code (Source) NDC:52544-156    
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
TRIPTORELIN PAMOATE (TRIPTORELIN) TRIPTORELIN 22.5 mg  in 2 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
MANNITOL  
CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE SODIUM  
POLYSORBATE 80  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:52544-156-02 2 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022437 03/11/2010
Part 2 of 2
DILUENT 
diluent liquid
Product Information
     
Route of Administration INTRAMUSCULAR DEA Schedule     
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
WATER  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 2 mL in 1 SYRINGE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022437
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA022437 03/11/2010
Labeler - Actavis Pharma, Inc. (119723554)
Revised: 07/2014
 
Actavis Pharma, Inc.
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