Priscoline

Generic Name: tolazoline hydrochloride
Dosage Form: Injection

Priscoline hydrochloride injection®

C98-24
665480

      Priscoline® hydrochloride

      tolazoline hydrochloride injection, USP

      Ampuls

      Rx only

      Prescribing Information

Priscoline Description

Priscoline hydrochloride, tolazoline hydrochloride injection, USP, is a peripheral vasodilator available in ampuls for intravenous administration. Each milliliter of sterile, aqueous solution contains tolazoline hydrochloride USP, 25 mg; tartaric acid ACS, 6.5 mg; and hydrous sodium citrate USP, 6.5 mg. Tolazoline hydrochloride is 4,5-dihydro-2-(phenylmethyl)-
1H-imidazole monohydrochloride, and its structural formula is

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Tolazoline hydrochloride USP is a white to off-white crystalline powder. Its solutions are slightly acid to litmus. It is freely soluble in water and in alcohol. Its molecular weight is 196.68.

Priscoline - Clinical Pharmacology

Priscoline is a direct peripheral vasodilator with moderate competitive alpha-adrenergic blocking activity. It decreases peripheral resistance and increases venous capacitance. It has the following additional actions: (1) sympathomimetic, including cardiac stimulation; (2) parasympathomimetic, including gastrointestinal tract stimulation that is blocked by atropine; and (3) histamine-like, including stimulation of gastric secretion and peripheral vasodilatation. Priscoline given intravenously produces vasodilatation, primarily due to a direct effect on vascular smooth muscle, and cardiac stimulation; the blood pressure response depends on the relative contributions of the two effects. Priscoline usually reduces pulmonary arterial pressure and vascular resistance.

In neonates the half-life of Priscoline ranges from 3 to 10 hours.

Indications and Usage for Priscoline

Priscoline is indicated for the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (“persistent fetal circulation”) when systemic arterial oxygenation cannot be satisfactorily maintained by usual supportive care (supplemental oxygen and/or mechanical ventilation).

Priscoline should be used in a highly supervised setting, where vital signs, oxygenation, acid-base status, fluid, and electrolytes can be monitored and maintained.

Contraindications

Priscoline is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to tolazoline.

Warnings

Priscoline stimulates gastric secretion and may activate stress ulcers. Through this mechanism, it can produce significant hypochloremic alkalosis. Pretreatment of infants with antacids may prevent gastrointestinal bleeding.

Patients should be observed closely for signs of systemic hypotension, and supportive therapy should be instituted if needed.

In patients with mitral stenosis, parenterally administered Priscoline may produce a rise or fall in pulmonary artery pressure and total pulmonary resistance; therefore, it must be used with caution in patients with known or suspected mitral stenosis.

Precautions

General

The effects of Priscoline on pulmonary vessels may be pH dependent. Acidosis may decrease the effect of Priscoline.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term carcinogenicity studies in animals have not been performed with Priscoline.

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Priscoline. It is also not known whether Priscoline can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Priscoline should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Priscoline is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Adverse Reactions

The following adverse reactions have been observed, but there are insufficient data to support an estimate of their frequency:

Cardiovascular: Hypotension, tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, pulmonary hemorrhage.

Digestive and Hepatic: Gastrointestinal hemorrhage, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hepatitis.

Skin: Flushing, increased pilomotor activity with tingling or chilliness, rash.

Hematologic: Thrombocytopenia, leukopenia.

Renal: Edema, oliguria, hematuria.

Overdosage

Acute Toxicity

Oral LD50’s (mg/kg): mice, 400; rats, 1200.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of overdosage may include increased pilomotor activity, peripheral vasodilatation, skin flushing, and, in rare instances, hypotension and shock.

Treatment

In treating hypotension, it is most important to place the patient’s head low and administer intravenous fluids. Epinephrine should not be used, since large doses of Priscoline may cause “epinephrine reversal” (further reduction in blood pressure, followed by an exaggerated rebound).

Priscoline Dosage and Administration

An initial dose of 1 to 2 mg/kg, via scalp vein, followed by an infusion of 1 to 2 mg/kg per hour have usually resulted in significant increases in arterial oxygen. There is very little experience with infusions lasting beyond 36 to 48 hours. Response, if it occurs, can be expected within 30 minutes after the initial dose.

Note: Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.

How is Priscoline Supplied

Ampuls 4 mL— each milliliter contains 25 mg of tolazoline hydrochloride.

Carton of 4 ampuls……………………………………………………….NDC 0083-6733-04

Store between 15ºC and 30ºC (59ºF-86ºF).

Protect from light.

665480                                C98-24 (Rev. 9/98)

Distributed by

Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation

East Hanover, New Jersey 07936

©1998 Novartis

Priscoline HYDROCHLORIDE 
tolazoline hydrochloride injection, solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0083-6733
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
tolazoline hydrochloride (tolazoline) tolazoline 25 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
hydrous sodium citrate 6.5 mg  in 1 mL
tartaric acid 6.5 mg  in 1 mL
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0083-6733-04 4 AMPULE (4 AMPULE) in 1 CARTON
1 4 mL (4 MILLILITER) in 1 AMPULE
Labeler - Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Revised: 06/2006
 
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
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