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Hydergine

Generic Name: ergoloid mesylates
Dosage Form: Tablets, Liquid and Liquid Capsules

Hydergine®

T1999-75

Hydergine®

(ergoloid mesylates) Tablets, USP (ORAL)

(ergoloid mesylates) Liquid, USP

Hydergine® LC

(ergoloid mesylates, USP) Liquid Capsules

Rx only

Hydergine Description

Hydergine® Tablet 1 mg and
Hydergine
® LC Liquid Capsule 1 mg

Each contains ergoloid mesylates, USP as follows: dihydroergocornine mesylate 0.333 mg, dihydroergocristine mesylate 0.333 mg, and dihydroergocryptine (dihydro-alpha-ergocryptine and dihydro-beta-ergocryptine in the proportion of 2:1) mesylate 0.333 mg, representing a total of 1 mg.

Inactive Ingredients

Oral Tablets: lactose, povidone, starch, stearic acid, and talc.

Liquid Capsules: ascorbic acid, gelatin, glycerin, methylparaben, polyethylene glycol, propylparaben, propylene glycol, sorbitol, and titanium dioxide.

Hydergine® Liquid 1 mg/mL

Each mL contains ergoloid mesylates, USP as follows: dihydroergocornine mesylate 0.333 mg, dihydroergocristine mesylate 0.333 mg, and dihydroergocryptine (dihydro-alpha-ergocryptine and dihydro-beta-ergocryptine in the proportion of 2:1) mesylate 0.333 mg, representing a total of 1mg; alcohol, 28.5% by volume.

Slideshow: Flashback: FDA Drug Approvals 2013

Inactive Ingredients: alcohol, glycerin, propylene glycol, and purified water.

Pharmacokinetic Properties

Pharmacokinetic studies have been performed in normal volunteers with the help of radiolabelled drug as well as employing a specific radioimmunoassay technique. From the urinary excretion quotient of orally and intravenously administered tritium-labelled Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) the absorption of ergoloid was calculated to be 25%. Following oral administration, peak levels of 0.5 ngEq/mL/mg were achieved within 1.5-3 hr. Bioavailability studies with the specific radioimmunoassay confirm that ergoloid is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, with mean peak levels of 0.05-0.13 ng/mL/mg (with extremes of 0.03 and 0.18 ng/mL/mg) achieved within 0.6-1.3 hr (with extremes of 0.4 and 2.8 hr). The finding of lower peak levels of ergoloid compared to the total drug-metabolite composite is consistent with a considerable first pass liver metabolism, with less than 50% of the therapeutic moiety reaching the systemic circulation. The elimination of radioactivity, representing ergoloid plus metabolites bearing the radiolabel, was biphasic with half-lives of 4 and 13 hr. The mean half-life of unchanged ergoloid in plasma is about 2.6-5.1 hr; after 3 half-lives ergoloid plasma levels are less than 10% of radioactivity levels, and by 24 hr no ergoloid is detectable.

Bioequivalence studies were performed comparing Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) oral tablets (administered orally) with Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) sublingual tablets (administered sublingually), Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) oral tablets with Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) liquid, and Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) oral tablets with Hydergine® LC (ergoloid mesylates, USP) liquid capsules. The oral tablet, sublingual tablet, and liquid capsule oral forms were shown to be bioequivalent. Within the bioequivalence limits, the liquid capsule showed a statistically significant (12%) greater bioavailability than the oral tablet. In the study comparing the oral tablet and liquid forms, both forms tested showed an equivalent rate of absorption and an equivalent peak plasma concentration (Cmax).

ACTIONS

There is no specific evidence which clearly establishes the mechanism by which Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations produce mental effects, nor is there conclusive evidence that the drug particularly affects cerebral arteriosclerosis or cerebrovascular insufficiency.

INDICATIONS

A proportion of individuals over sixty who manifest signs and symptoms of an idiopathic decline in mental capacity (i.e., cognitive and interpersonal skills, mood, self-care, apparent motivation) can experience some symptomatic relief upon treatment with Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations. The identity of the specific trait(s) or condition(s), if any, which would usefully predict a response to Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) therapy is not known. It appears, however, that those individuals who do respond come from groups of patients who would be considered clinically to suffer from some ill-defined process related to aging or to have some underlying dementing condition (i.e., primary progressive dementia, Alzheimer’s dementia, senile onset, multi-infarct dementia).

Before prescribing Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates), the physician should exclude the possibility that the patient’s signs and symptoms arise from a potentially reversible and treatable condition. Particular care should be taken to exclude delirium and dementiform illness secondary to systemic disease, primary neurological disease, or primary disturbance of mood. Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations are not indicated in the treatment of acute or chronic psychosis, regardless of etiology (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

The decision to use Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) in the treatment of an individual with a symptomatic decline in mental capacity of unknown etiology should be continually reviewed since the presenting clinical picture may subsequently evolve sufficiently to allow a specific diagnosis and a specific alternative treatment. In addition, continued clinical evaluation is required to determine whether any initial benefit conferred by Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) therapy persists with time.

The efficacy of Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) was evaluated using a special rating scale known as the SCAG (Sandoz Clinical Assessment-Geriatric). The specific items on this scale on which modest but statistically significant changes were observed at the end of twelve weeks include: mental alertness, confusion, recent memory, orientation, emotional lability, self-care, depression, anxiety/fears, cooperation, sociability, appetite, dizziness, fatigue, bothersome(ness), and an overall impression of clinical status.

Contraindications

Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations are contraindicated in individuals who have previously shown hypersensitivity to the drug. Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations are also contraindicated in patients who have psychosis, acute or chronic, regardless of etiology.

Precautions

Practitioners are advised that because the target symptoms are of unknown etiology, careful diagnosis should be attempted before prescribing Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations.

Adverse Reactions

Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations have not been found to produce serious side effects. Transient nausea and gastric disturbances have been reported. Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) preparations do not possess the vasoconstrictor properties of the natural ergot alkaloids.

Hydergine Dosage and Administration

1 mg three times daily.

Alleviation of symptoms is usually gradual and results may not be observed for 3-4 weeks.

How is Hydergine Supplied

Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) Tablets, USP (Oral)

1 mg

Round, white, engraved “Hydergine 1” on one side, “” other side.

NDC 0078-0070-05: bottles of 100

NDC 0078-0070-06: unit-dose packages of 100

NDC 0078-0070-08: bottles of 500

Store and Dispense

Below 77°F (25°C); tight, light-resistant container.

Hydergine® (ergoloid mesylates) Liquid, USP

1 mg/mL

Supplied with an accompanying dropper graduated to deliver 1 mg.

NDC 0078-0100-36: bottles of 100 mL

Store and Dispense

Below 86°F (30°C); tight, amber glass bottle.

Hydergine® LC (ergoloid mesylates, USP) Liquid Capsule

1 mg

Oblong, off-white, branded “Hydergine LC 1 mg”

on one side, “” other side.

NDC 0078-0101-05: bottles of 100

NDC 0078-0101-06: unit-dose packages of 100

NDC 0078-0101-08: bottles of 500

Store and Dispense

Between 59° and 77°F (15° and 25°C); tight, light-resistant container. DO NOT FREEZE.

(Encapsulated by R. P. Scherer, N.A., Clearwater, Florida 33518)

Tablets manufactured by:

Novartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc

Dorval (Quebec), Canada H9S 1A9

Distributed by:

Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation

East Hanover, New Jersey 07936

T1999-75

©1999 Novartis

Hydergine 
ergoloid mesylates tablet
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0078-0070
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ergoloid mesylates (ergoloid mesylates) ergoloid mesylates 1 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
lactose  
povidone  
starch  
stearic acid  
talc  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 8mm
Flavor Imprint Code Hydergine;1
Contains         
Coating false Symbol true
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0078-0070-06 100 TABLET (100 TABLET) in 1 BOX, UNIT-DOSE
2 NDC:0078-0070-05 100 TABLET (100 TABLET) in 1 BOTTLE
3 NDC:0078-0070-08 500 TABLET (500 TABLET) in 1 BOTTLE
Hydergine 
ergoloid mesylates liquid
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0078-0100
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ergoloid mesylates (ergoloid mesylates) ergoloid mesylates 1 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
alcohol 28.5 mL  in 100 mL
glycerin  
propylene glycol  
purified water  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0078-0100-36 100 mL (100 MILLILITER) in 1 BOTTLE
Hydergine LC 
ergoloid mesylates capsule, liquid filled
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0078-0101
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ergoloid mesylates (ergoloid mesylates) ergoloid mesylates 1 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
ascorbic acid  
gelatin  
glycerin  
methylparaben  
polyethylene glycol  
propylene glycol  
propylparaben  
sorbitol  
titanium dioxide  
Product Characteristics
Color WHITE (off-white) Score no score
Shape CAPSULE Size 11mm
Flavor Imprint Code Hydergine;LC;1;mg
Contains         
Coating false Symbol true
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0078-0101-06 100 CAPSULE, LIQUID FILLED (100 CAPSULE) in 1 BOX, UNIT-DOSE
2 NDC:0078-0101-05 100 CAPSULE, LIQUID FILLED (100 TABLET) in 1 BOTTLE
3 NDC:0078-0101-08 500 CAPSULE, LIQUID FILLED (500 TABLET) in 1 BOTTLE
Labeler - Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Revised: 05/2006
 
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
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