Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment

Dosage Form: ophthalmic ointment

Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment USP, 0.5% (Sterile)

Rx only

Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment Description

Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment USP belongs to the macrolide group of antibiotics. The sterile ophthalmic ointment flows freely over the conjunctiva. Erythromycin base, as crystals or powder, is slightly soluble in water, moderately soluble in ether, and readily soluble in alcohol or chloroform. Erythromycin is an antibiotic produced from a strain of Streptomyces erythraeus. It is basic and readily forms a salt when combined with an acid. It has the following structural formula:

C37H67NO13

Mol. Wt. 733.94

Chemical Name: (3R, 4S, 5S, 6R, 7R, 9R, 11R, 12R, 13S, 14R)-4-[(2,6-Dideoxy-3-C-methyl-3-0-methyl-α-L-ribo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-14-ethyl-7, 12, 13-trihydroxy-3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13-hexamethyl-6-[[3,4,6-trideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-β-D-xylo-hexopyranosyl]oxy]oxacyclotetradecane-2, 10-dione

Each Gram Contains: ACTIVE: Erythromycin, USP 5 mg (0.5%); INACTIVES: Mineral Oil, White Petrolatum.

Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment - Clinical Pharmacology

Microbiology

Erythromycin inhibits protein synthesis without affecting nucleic acid synthesis. Erythromycin is usually active against the following organisms in vitro and in clinical infections: Streptococcus pyogenes (group A β-hemolytic), Alpha-hemolytic streptococci (viridans group); Staphylococcus aureus, including penicillinase-producing strains (methicillin-resistant staphylococci are uniformly resistant to erythromycin); Streptococcus pneumoniae; Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Eaton Agent, PPLO); Haemophilus influenzae (not all strains of this organism are susceptible at the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved); Treponema pallidum; Corynebacterium diphtheriae; Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Chlamydia trachomatis.

Indications and Usage for Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment

For the treatment of superficial ocular infections involving the conjunctiva and/or cornea caused by organisms susceptible to erythromycin.

For prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum due to N. gonorrhoeae or C. trachomatis.

The effectiveness of erythromycin in the prevention of ophthalmia caused by penicillinase-producing N. gonorrhoeae is not established.

For infants born to mothers with clinically apparent gonorrhea, intravenous or intramuscular injections of aqueous crystalline penicillin G should be given; a single dose of 50,000 units for term infants or 20,000 units for infants of low birth weight. Topical prophylaxis alone is inadequate for these infants.

Contraindications

This drug is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to erythromycin.

Precautions

General

The use of antimicrobial agents may be associated with the overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms including fungi; in such a case, antibiotic administration should be stopped and appropriate measures taken.

Information for Patients:

Avoid contaminating the tip of container with material from the eye, fingers or other source.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

Two year oral studies conducted in rats with erythromycin did not provide evidence of tumorigenicity. Mutagenicity studies have not been conducted. No evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus that appeared related to erythromycin was reported in these studies.

Pregnancy:

Pregnancy Category B.

Reproduction studies have been performed in rats, mice, and rabbits using erythromycin and its various salts and esters, at doses that were several multiples of the usual human dose. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproductive studies are not always predictive of human response, the erythromycins should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers:

Caution should be exercised when erythromycin is administered to a nursing woman.

Adverse Reactions

The most frequently reported adverse reactions are minor ocular irritations, redness and hypersensitivity reactions.

Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment Dosage and Administration

In the treatment of superficial ocular infections, Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment approximately 1 cm in length should be applied directly to the infected eye(s) up to six times daily, depending on the severity of the infection.

For prophylaxis of neonatal gonococcal or chlamydial ophthalmia, a ribbon of ointment approximately 1 cm in length should be instilled into each lower conjunctival sac. The ointment should not be flushed from the eye following instillation. A new tube should be used for each infant.

How is Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment Supplied

Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment USP, 0.5% is available in the following sizes:

1/8 oz. (3.5 g) tamper-resistant tube - NDC 24208-910-55

DO NOT USE IF CAP AND NECKRING ARE NOT INTACT.

1 g tin container (in cartons of 50) - NDC 24208-910-19

DO NOT USE IF BOTTOM RIDGE OF TUBE CAP IS EXPOSED.

Storage:

Store between 15°-25°C (59°-77°F).

KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

Revised: January 2013

Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
Tampa, FL 33637
©Bausch & Lomb Incorporated

9043403 (Folded)
9043503 (Flat)

PACKAGE/LABEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 24208-910-55

Bausch & Lomb

Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment USP,
0.5% (Sterile)

Rx only

[icon- eye] [icon- 0.5%] [icon- ointment] [icon- 3.5gm]

Net wt. 1/8 oz
(3.5g)

ERYTHROMYCIN 
erythromycin ointment
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:24208-910
Route of Administration OPHTHALMIC DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
ERYTHROMYCIN (ERYTHROMYCIN) ERYTHROMYCIN 5 mg  in 1 g
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
PETROLATUM  
MINERAL OIL  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:24208-910-19 50 TUBE in 1 BOX
1 1 g in 1 TUBE
2 NDC:24208-910-55 1 TUBE in 1 CARTON
2 3.5 g in 1 TUBE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA064067 07/29/1994
Labeler - Bausch & Lomb Incorporated (196603781)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Bausch & Lomb Incorporated 807927397 MANUFACTURE(24208-910)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Calyx Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Limited 650427912 API MANUFACTURE(24208-910)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Xian Lijun Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. 545360711 API MANUFACTURE(24208-910)
Revised: 09/2013
 
Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
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