Buprenorphine / Naloxone Dosage
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Usual Adult Dose for:
Additional dosage information:
Usual Adult Dose for Opiate Dependence
Buprenorphine-naloxone sublingual tablets or film should be used in patients who have been initially inducted using buprenorphine sublingual tablets.
Sublingual tablets (Suboxone[R]):
-Initial dose: 8 mg on day 1.
Maintenance dose: Rapidly titrate to the recommended target dose of 16 mg/day. In clinical trials, patients received 8 mg on day 1 and 16 mg on day 2 and thereafter. Further dose adjustments may be made in 2 mg to 4 mg increments up to a level that suppresses opioid withdrawal symptoms and holds the patient in treatment. The usual daily range is 4 mg to 24 mg.
-The tablets should be placed under the tongue at the same time and allowed to dissolve. If patients are taking more than 2 tablets per dose and cannot hold more than 2 under the tongue comfortably, they should use 2 tablets at a time, allowing them to dissolve completely before taking more tablets.
-For patients taking heroin or short-acting opioids, the first dose should be administered at least 4 hours after the patient last used opioids or preferably when early withdrawal symptoms appear.
-Withdrawal symptoms may occur during buprenorphine induction treatment of patients taking methadone or long-acting opioids, especially high opioid doses or when buprenorphine is administered shortly after the last opioid dose. The optimal time for the first dose has not been reported.
-The optimal method of tapering to discontinuation has not been reported.
Sublingual tablets (Zubsolv [R]):
-Zubsolv [R] compared to Suboxone [R] tablet requires a different tablet strength to be given to the patient. One Zubsolv [R] 5.7/1.4 mg sublingual tablet provides equivalent buprenorphine exposure to one Suboxone [R] 8/2 mg sublingual tablet.
The corresponding doses going from induction to maintenance treatment are:
-One 8 mg buprenorphine tablet = One 5.7 mg/1.4 mg ZUBSOLV [R] tablet
-One 8 mg buprenorphine tablet AND Two 2 mg buprenorphine tablets = One 5.7 mg/1.4 mg ZUBSOLV [R] tablet AND Two 1.4 mg/0.36 mg ZUBSOLV [R] tablets
-Two 8 mg buprenorphine tablets = Two 5.7 mg/1.4 mg ZUBSOLV [R] tablets
Maintenance dose: 11.4 mg/2.8 mg buprenorphine/naloxone/day (two 5.7/1.4 mg tablets) as a single daily dose.
-The dosage should be progressively adjusted in increments/decrements of 1.4 mg/0.36 mg or 2.8 mg/0.72 mg buprenorphine/naloxone to a level that holds the patient in treatment and suppresses opioid withdrawal signs.
-The maintenance dose of ZUBSOLV [R] sublingual tablet is generally in the range of 2.8 mg/0.72 mg buprenorphine/naloxone to 17.1 mg/4.2 mg buprenorphine/naloxone per day depending on the patient.
-Do not cut, chew, or swallow sublingual tablets. Place under the tongue until dissolved. The dissolve time varies between individuals. For dosages requiring more than one sublingual tablet, place all tablets in different places under the tongue at the same time. Patients should keep the tablets under the tongue until dissolved. Swallowing the tablets reduces the bioavailability of the drug. Patients should not eat or drink anything until the tablet is completely dissolved.
-Patients should follow the same manner of dosing with continued use of the product, to ensure consistency in bioavailability.
-Initial dose: Buprenorphine/naloxone sublingual film is administered sublingually as a single daily dose. The sublingual film should be placed under the tongue. If an additional sublingual film is necessary to achieve the prescribed dose, place the additional sublingual film sublingually on the opposite side from the first film. The sublingual film should be placed in a manner to minimize overlapping as much as possible. The sublingual film must be kept under the tongue until the film is completely dissolved. Buprenorphine/naloxone sublingual film should not be chewed, swallowed, or moved after placement.
-Maintenance: Buprenorphine/naloxone sublingual film is indicated for maintenance treatment. The recommended target dosage of buprenorphine/naloxone sublingual film is 16/4 mg buprenorphine/naloxone/day as a single daily dose.
-The dosage of buprenorphine/naloxone sublingual film should be progressively adjusted in increments/decrements of 2/0.5 mg or 4/1 mg buprenorphine/naloxone to a level that holds the patient in treatment and suppresses opioid withdrawal signs and symptoms.
-The maintenance dose of buprenorphine/naloxone sublingual film is generally in the range of 4/1 mg buprenorphine/naloxone to 24/6 mg buprenorphine/naloxone per day depending on the individual patient. Dosages higher than this have not been demonstrated to provide any clinical advantage.
Renal Dose Adjustments
The manufacturer recommends caution when administering this drug to patients with severe renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance 30 mL/min or less).
Liver Dose Adjustments
Dosage adjustments may be required in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment. Patients should be observed for symptoms of opioid withdrawal and adjustments made accordingly.
Consult WARNINGS section for dosing related precautions.
Data not available
More about buprenorphine/naloxone
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- Buprenorphine and naloxone Sublingual (Advanced Reading)