Social Phobia In Children

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Social phobia, or social anxiety disorder, is a condition that causes a strong fear of and anxiety about social situations. Your child may have a social phobia of public speaking or performing in front of others.

INSTRUCTIONS:

Medicines:

  • Medicines help decrease anxiety and help your child feel calm and relaxed.

  • Give your child's medicine as directed: Call your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not helping or if he has side effects. Tell your child's healthcare provider if your child takes any vitamins, herbs, or other medicines. Keep a list of the medicines he takes. Include the amounts, and when and why he takes them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits.

  • Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Your child could develop Reye syndrome if he takes aspirin. Reye syndrome can cause life-threatening brain and liver damage. Check your child's medicine labels for aspirin, salicylates, or oil of wintergreen.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Take your child to therapy:

Your child may go to therapy alone, with family, or with a group of other children. Therapy may include any of the following:

  • Behavioral therapies help your child understand his feelings, learn how to control his actions, and improve his behavior. Your child may go to therapy alone, with family, or with a group of other children. Your child may learn how to change his behavior by looking at the results of his actions. Good behaviors will be rewarded and encouraged, while unwanted behaviors will be discouraged. Behavior therapy may include any of the following:

    • Exposure, or desensitization, therapy helps your child face a feared object or situation in a controlled setting. During this therapy, your child is slowly placed in contact with the feared object or situation. The goal of this therapy is to help decrease his anxiety until he can control his fear.

    • Relaxation therapy includes exercises to calm your child's body and mind. The goal is to decrease your child's stress.

    • Social skills training teaches your child how to get along with other people. Training may include teaching your child to maintain eye contact and smile. He may also learn how to accept praise and ask questions.

  • Cognitive therapy helps your child learn which thoughts bring anxiety. It can help him change these thoughts to make them more positive. Cognitive therapy may also help your child deal with conflict in a healthy way. He may learn how to feel better about himself and feel more in control of his life.

Help your child manage his phobia:

  • Learn more about social phobia. Ask your child's healthcare provider for books or other information about social phobia. Work with your child's teacher to help your child in school.

  • Encourage your child to socialize. Help your child develop his social skills. Help him face his fears and develop ways of coping. Praise and reward your child.

  • Be a positive role model for your child. If you struggle with anxiety, learn ways to control it. Your child learns from watching your behavior. He may be more likely to face his fears if he sees that you can.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your child is not eating well or eats more than usual.

  • Your child is not sleeping well or sleeps more than usual.

  • Your child's symptoms are getting worse.

  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your child feels like hurting himself or others.

  • Your child has trouble breathing, chest pain, or a fast heartbeat.

  • Your child has a seizure.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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