Generic Name: selegiline (se-LE-ji-leen)
Brand Name: Emsam
Antidepressants may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or actions in children, teenagers, and young adults. However, depression and certain other mental problems may also increase the risk of suicide. Talk with the patient's doctor to be sure that the benefits of using selegiline system outweigh the risks.
Family and caregivers must closely watch patients who take selegiline system. It is important to keep in close contact with the patient's doctor. Tell the doctor right away if the patient has symptoms like worsened depression, suicidal thoughts, or changes in behavior. Discuss any questions with the patient's doctor.
Selegiline system must not be used in children younger than 12 years old; they may be at higher risk of severe and sometimes life-threatening high blood pressure.
Selegiline system is used for:
Treating depression. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Selegiline system is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). Exactly how selegiline system works to treat depression is unknown.
Do NOT use selegiline system if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in selegiline system
- you are taking fluoxetine or have taken it within the past 5 weeks
- you are taking carbamazepine, clomipramine, dextromethorphan, imipramine, meperidine, methadone, pentazocine, propoxyphene, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) (eg, paroxetine), a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) (eg, duloxetine, venlafaxine), or tramadol. You will need to wait for a period of time after you stop these medicines before you start taking selegiline system. If you have been taking 1 of these medicines, check with your doctor to see when you should start selegiline system
- you are taking oral selegiline, another MAOI (eg, phenelzine), or linezolid. You will need to wait for a period of time after you stop these medicines before you start taking selegiline system. If you have been taking 1 of these medicines, check with your doctor to see when you should start selegiline system
- you have a tumor on your adrenal gland called pheochromocytoma
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using selegiline system:
Some medical conditions may interact with selegiline system. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a history of mood or mental problems (eg, bipolar disorder, mania), suicidal thoughts or attempts, or uncontrolled muscle movements (eg, twitching of the face and tongue, involuntary movements of the arms and legs)
- if you have a history of ulcer, heart problems, recent heart attack, seizures, high blood pressure, blood problems, or a metabolism disorder
- if you drink alcohol
- if you are taking a medicine that contains methylene blue
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with selegiline system. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Bupropion, cyclobenzaprine, dextromethorphan, linezolid, MAOIs (eg, phenelzine), meperidine , methadone, norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (eg, atomoxetine), oral selegiline, pentazocine, propoxyphene, sibutramine, SNRIs (eg, duloxetine, venlafaxine), SSRIs (eg, fluoxetine, paroxetine), St. John's wort, sympathomimetics (eg, amphetamines, ephedrine, phenylephrine, phenylpropanolamine, pseudoephedrine), tetracyclic antidepressants (eg, mirtazapine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because a severe and sometimes fatal side effect called serotonin syndrome (eg, fever, muscle stiffness or rigidity, vital sign changes, mental or mood changes, coma) may occur
- Apraclonidine or buspirone because severe high blood pressure may occur
- Nefazodone or tryptophan because nausea, dizziness, mental or mood changes, seizures, fever, or breathing or heart problems may occur
- Tramadol because the risk of seizures may be increased
- Carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine because they may increase the risk of selegiline system's side effects
- 5-HT1 agonists (eg, sumatriptan), insulin, meglitinide antidiabetics (eg, nateglinide), methylphenidate, or sulfonylureas (eg, glipizide) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by selegiline system
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if selegiline system may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use selegiline system:
Use selegiline system as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Selegiline system comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get selegiline system refilled.
- Wear only 1 patch at a time. Remove a used patch before applying a new one. Change the patch at about the same time each day.
- Do not cut or tear the patch. Do not apply to an area of skin that is hairy, oily, irritated, broken, scarred, or calloused. Do not place the patch under tight clothing.
- Apply to dry, smooth, intact skin on the upper torso, upper thigh, or outer surface of the upper arm. Use a new application site with each new patch.
- Wash the area gently with soap and warm water before applying the patch. Rinse until all soap is removed. Dry the area with a clean, dry towel.
- Apply the patch as directed by your doctor or on the package labeling. Apply the patch immediately upon removal from the protective pouch. If you have questions about how to apply the patch, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after applying the patch. Do not touch your eyes until after you have washed your hands.
- Avoid exposing the application site to direct heat, such as heating pads or electric blankets, heat lamps, saunas, hot tubs, heated water beds, and prolonged direct sunlight.
- After 24 hours, remove the used patch. After removing the used patch, fold it in half with the sticky sides together. Discard the patch out of the reach of children and away from pets. Wash your hands with soap and water after removing the patch.
- If your doctor tells you to stop taking selegiline system, you will need to wait at least 14 days before beginning to take certain other medicines (eg, medicines for depression, anxiety, pain, cough, congestion, weight loss, seizures, or Parkinson disease; muscle relaxants). Ask your doctor if you are unsure when you should start to take your new medicines after you have stopped taking selegiline system.
- Continue to use selegiline system even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- If your patch falls off or if you miss a dose of selegiline system, apply a new patch to a new site and resume your previous schedule.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use selegiline system.
Important safety information:
- Selegiline system may cause drowsiness or dizziness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use selegiline system with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol while you are using selegiline system.
- Selegiline system may cause dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
- Do not suddenly stop using selegiline system. The risk of side effects may be increased if selegiline system is suddenly stopped. Check with your doctor before you change your dose or stop selegiline system.
- Some people have experienced new, unusual, or increased urges (eg, gambling, sexual) while using selegiline system. Tell your doctor right away if you notice such effects.
- Children, teenagers, and young adults who take selegiline system may be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. Watch patients who take selegiline system closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.
- The oral form of selegiline system is used to treat Parkinson disease. Patients with Parkinson disease have an increased risk of developing a certain type of skin cancer (melanoma). It is not known if selegiline system may contribute to the increased risk of melanoma. You may need to have skin exams while you are using selegiline system. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Eating foods high in tyramine (eg, aged cheeses, red wines, beer, certain meats and sausages, liver, sour cream, soy sauce, raisins, bananas, avocados) while you use an MAOI may cause severe high blood pressure. Such a reaction is NOT likely to occur with this dose of selegiline system. People who use this dose can eat a normal diet. Although this is not likely to occur, seek medical attention at once if symptoms of severe high blood pressure occur. These may include severe headache, fast or irregular heartbeat, sore or stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, sweating, enlarged pupils, or sensitivity to light.
- Avoid dietary supplements containing tyramine or nonprescription products containing dextromethorphan while you are using selegiline system.
- Some patients who took the oral form of selegiline system have reported suddenly falling asleep while performing daily activities (eg, driving, eating, talking). Some patients did not experience drowsiness and felt that they were alert immediately before suddenly falling asleep. Some of these events have been reported as late as 1 year after the medicine was started. Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other activities that could be dangerous. Inform your doctor if you experience unusual drowsiness or sleepiness while using selegiline system.
- Serotonin syndrome is a possibly fatal syndrome that can happen with selegiline system when taking certain other medicines (eg, triptans, MAOIs). Symptoms may include agitation; confusion; hallucinations; coma; fever; fast or irregular heartbeat; tremor; excessive sweating; and nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take selegiline system before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Diabetes patients - Selegiline system may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- You will need to check your blood pressure often. Talk with your doctor.
- Lab tests, including blood pressure and skin checks, may be performed while you use selegiline system. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use selegiline system with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially rash.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using selegiline system while you are pregnant. It is not known if selegiline system is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use selegiline system, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of selegiline system:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Diarrhea; dry mouth; headache; mild irritation or redness at the application site; trouble sleeping; upset stomach.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abnormal thinking; changes in sexual ability or desire; chest pain; confusion; dark or unusual growths on the skin or any skin changes; enlarged pupils; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever; increased sweating; memory loss; nausea; neck stiffness or soreness; new or worsening agitation, aggressiveness, anxiety, depression, exaggerated feeling of well-being, hostility, impulsiveness, inability to sit still, irritability, panic attacks, or sleeplessness; painful menstruation; rigid muscles; sensitivity to light; severe or persistent dizziness or headache; severe or persistent redness, itching, or irritation at the application site; suicidal thoughts or actions; swelling of the arms or legs; tremor; unusual or intense urges (eg, gambling, sexual); vomiting.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of selegiline system:
Store selegiline system at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Do not store the patch outside of the sealed pouch. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep selegiline system out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about selegiline system, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Selegiline system is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take selegiline system or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about selegiline system. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to selegiline system. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using selegiline system.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More about selegiline
- Selegiline orally disintegrating tablets
- Selegiline transdermal
- Selegiline (Advanced Reading)
- Selegiline Oral (Advanced Reading)
- Selegiline Transdermal (Advanced Reading)