Generic Name: scopolamine (sko-PAHL-a-meen)
Brand Name: Examples include Scopace and Maldemar
Scopolamine is used for:
Treating certain types of muscle problems (eg, some Parkinson-like conditions, certain muscle spasm problems) and certain stomach or intestinal problems (eg, irritable colon syndrome), and for preventing nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Scopolamine is an anticholinergic agent. It works by decreasing transmission of certain nerve impulses in muscles and in the vomiting center of the brain.
Do NOT use scopolamine if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in scopolamine
- you have severe heart blood vessel disease, severe high blood pressure, narrow-angle glaucoma, severe bleeding, severe irritation of the esophagus or other serious problems with the esophagus (eg, esophageal achalasia), a peptic ulcer, a blockage of your stomach or bowel, bowel motility problems, severe bowel inflammation (eg, ulcerative colitis), a blockage of your bladder, an enlarged prostate, decreased liver or kidney function, certain muscle problems (eg, myasthenia gravis), or uncontrolled bleeding
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using scopolamine:
Some medical conditions may interact with scopolamine. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have nerve problems, prostate problems, difficulty urinating, an irregular heartbeat, heart problems, a hernia, glaucoma, or a predisposition to glaucoma
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with scopolamine. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Anticholinergics (eg, benztropine), antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine, meclizine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of scopolamine's side effects
- Phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine) because their effectiveness may be decreased by scopolamine
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if scopolamine may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use scopolamine:
Use scopolamine as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take scopolamine by mouth with or without food.
- If you miss a dose of scopolamine, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use scopolamine.
Important safety information:
- Scopolamine may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use scopolamine with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take scopolamine before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Limit alcohol intake while you are taking scopolamine. Talk with your doctor before you drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using scopolamine; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur.
- Scopolamine may make your eyes more sensitive to sunlight. It may help to wear sunglasses.
- Scopolamine should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using scopolamine while you are pregnant. It is not known if this medicine is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use scopolamine, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of scopolamine:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Blurred vision; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; flushing.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); confusion; difficulty urinating; fast or irregular heartbeat; hallucinations; mood or mental changes; severe drowsiness; severe dry mouth; trouble speaking.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include confusion; disorientation; dizziness; hallucinations; memory disturbances; restlessness.Proper storage of scopolamine:
Store scopolamine at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep scopolamine out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about scopolamine, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Scopolamine is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take scopolamine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about scopolamine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to scopolamine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using scopolamine.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.