Generic Name: omalizumab (OH-ma-LIZ-ue-mab)
Brand Name: Xolair
Allergic reactions have happened up to 4 days after omalizumab was given. Sometimes, these allergic reactions have been life-threatening. This has happened as early as after the first dose. It has also occurred after a year of treatment. Your doctor will monitor you for a period of time after your receive your dose of omalizumab. Contact your doctor or seek medical care at once if you develop anxiety; chest or throat tightness; cough; dizziness; fainting; fast or weak heartbeat; feeling unusually warm; flushing; hives; hoarseness; itching; rash; shortness of breath; swelling of the throat or tongue; trouble breathing; trouble swallowing; or wheezing.
Omalizumab is used for:
Treating moderate to severe persistent asthma in certain patients who have had a positive allergy skin test and whose symptoms are not controlled by inhaled corticosteroids. It is also used to treat a certain type of chronic hives called chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU).
Omalizumab is an anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) monoclonal antibody. It works to treat asthma by blocking your immune system's natural response to allergens, which can lead to an acute asthma attack. This action on the immune system (specifically, IgE) helps keep your air passages open and, over time, keeps asthma under better control. How it works to improve CIU symptoms is not known.
Do NOT use omalizumab if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in omalizumab
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if this applies to you.
Before using omalizumab:
Some medical conditions may interact with omalizumab. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances, including murine proteins
- if you have sudden breathing problems (bronchospasms) or are currently taking other medicines for asthma or hives
- if you have a history of cancer, low white blood cell counts, or parasitic infection
- if you will be traveling to areas where exposure to a parasitic infection (eg, roundworm, hookworm) is possible
- if you smoke
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with omalizumab. However, no specific interactions with omalizumab are known at this time.
Ask your health care provider if omalizumab may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use omalizumab:
Use omalizumab as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Omalizumab comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get omalizumab refilled.
- Omalizumab is given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. Contact your health care provider if you have any questions.
- If you miss a dose of omalizumab or you are unable to keep your doctor's appointment, contact your doctor right away.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use omalizumab.
Important safety information:
- People taking omalizumab may have a higher risk of getting certain types of cancer. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Some people at high risk for parasite infections have gotten a parasite infection after taking omalizumab. Your doctor may test your stool to see if you have a parasite infection. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about all of your asthma or hive medicines and how to use them. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any asthma or hive medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
- Omalizumab will not stop an asthma attack once one has already started. Be sure to carry a rescue inhaler (eg, albuterol) with you at all times to treat any sudden, severe breathing problems. If you have any questions about which medicines stop asthma attacks, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
- The dosage for asthma is based on your body weight and blood level of IgE antibody, as well as your medical condition and response to therapy. Contact your doctor if you have a significant change in body weight during treatment. Your dose may need to be adjusted.
- Some people using omalizumab get fever; joint pain, stiffness, or swelling; muscle pain; swollen glands; or rash within 1 to 5 days after getting omalizumab. Call your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms.
- Your symptoms may not get better right away after you take omalizumab. It may take several months for omalizumab to work.
- Some people taking omalizumab have had chest pain, heart attack, blood clots in the lungs or legs, or "mini-stroke" or transient ischemic attack (TIA). It is not known if omalizumab caused these problems. Call your doctor right away if you have chest, jaw, or arm pain or pressure; fainting; shortness of breath; calf or leg pain, swelling, redness, or tenderness; coughing up blood; one-sided weakness; confusion; or vision or speech changes.
- Use caution if you switch from an oral steroid (eg, prednisone) to omalizumab. It may take several months for your body to make enough natural steroids to handle events that cause physical stress. Such events may include injury, surgery, infection, loss of blood electrolytes, or a sudden asthma attack. These may be severe and sometimes fatal. Contact your doctor right away if any of these events occur. You may need to take an oral steroid (eg, prednisone) again. Carry a card at all times that says you may need an oral steroid (eg, prednisone) if any of these events occur.
- Omalizumab may increase the levels of IgE in your blood during therapy and for up to 1 year after discontinuing use of omalizumab. Be sure your doctor and lab personnel know you are taking omalizumab.
- Lab tests may be performed while you use omalizumab. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Omalizumab should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 12 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using omalizumab while you are pregnant. It is not known if omalizumab is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use omalizumab, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of omalizumab:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Bruising, itching, pain, redness, stinging, swelling, or warmth at the injection site; headache; nose or throat irritation; nausea; tiredness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing or swallowing; tightness in the chest or throat; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat); anxiety; arm or leg pain; bone pain; burning, numbness, or tingling; chest pain; dizziness; fainting; fast, weak, or irregular heartbeat; feeling unusually warm; flushing; hoarseness; new or worsening breathing problems or shortness of breath; symptoms of infection (eg, congestion, cough, fever, sore throat); unusual swelling of the hands or feet; wheezing.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of omalizumab:
Omalizumab is handled and stored by a health care provider. You will not store it at home. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about omalizumab, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Omalizumab is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take omalizumab or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about omalizumab. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to omalizumab. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using omalizumab.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More about omalizumab
- Other brands: Xolair