Miconazole use while Breastfeeding

Drugs containing Miconazole: Monistat, Monistat 7-Day Combination Pack, Monistat 3-Day Combination Pack, Vusion, Micatin, Aloe Vesta, Zeasorb-AF, Lotrimin AF Athlete's Foot Spray, Zeasorb-AF Lotion/Powder, Mitrazol, Show all 58 »Baza Antifungal, Tetterine, Lotrimin AF Athlete's Foot Powder, M-Zole 3, Micro-Guard, M-Zole Dual Pack, Monistat 3-Day Ovule Combination Pack, Vagistat-3, Monistat-Derm, Lotrimin AF Jock Itch Powder Spray, Desenex Prescription Strength, Monistat 1-Day Ovule Combination Pack, Soothe & Cool Inzo, Micon 7, Oravig, Zeasorb-AF Drying Gel, Micaderm, Desenex Antifungal Atheletes Foot Spray Liquid, Cruex Prescription Strength, Miranel AF, Critic-Aid Clear AF, Desenex Antifungal Foot Cream, Desenex AF, Desenex Jock Itch, Aloe Vesta 2 in 1 Antifungal, Secura Antifungal, Micatin Jock Itch, DermaFungal, Daktozin, Rash Relief Antifungal, Monistat 1-Day or Night Combination Pack, Triple Paste AF, Micatin Cooling Action, Secura Antifungal Extra Thick, Fungoid Kit, Dermagran AF, Remedy Antifungal with Olivamine, NuZole, Absorbine Antifungal Foot Powder, Azolen, Breezee Mist Antifungal, Fungoid, Micatin Foot Powder, Micatin Foot Powder Deodorant, Micatin Liquid Foot, Yeast-X Int, Desenex Antifungal Liquid Spray, Ony-Clear

Miconazole Levels and Effects while Breastfeeding

Summary of Use during Lactation

Because miconazole has poor oral bioavailability, it is unlikely to adversely affect the breastfed infant, including topical application to the nipples. However, miconazole ointment appears to have no advantage over lanolin for treating sore nipples during breastfeeding[1] and a survey of members of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine found topical miconazole is rarely prescribed to nursing mothers to treat thrush.[2] Any excess cream or ointment should be removed from the nipples before nursing. Only water-miscible cream or gel products should be applied to the breast because ointments may expose the infant to high levels of mineral paraffins via licking.[3]

Drug Levels

Maternal Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects in Breastfed Infants

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk

In a randomized, double-bind trial, lanolin was compared to an all-purpose nipple ointment containing mupirocin 1%, betamethasone 0.05%, and miconazole 2% for painful nipples while nursing in the first 2 weeks postpartum. The two treatments were equally effective in reducing nipple pain, nipple healing time, breastfeeding duration, breastfeeding exclusivity rate, mastitis and nipple symptoms, side effects or maternal satisfaction with treatment.[1]

Alternate Drugs to Consider

Clotrimazole, Fluconazole, Nystatin

References

1. Dennis CL, Schottle N, Hodnett E, McQueen K. An all-purpose nipple ointment versus lanolin in treating painful damaged nipples in breastfeeding women: A randomized controlled trial. Breastfeed Med. 2012;7:473-9. PMID: 22428572

2. Brent NB. Thrush in the breastfeeding dyad: results of a survey on diagnosis and treatment. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2001;40:503-6. PMID: 11583049

3. Noti A, Grob K, Biedermann M et al. Exposure of babies to C(15)-C(45) mineral paraffins from human milk and breast salves. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2003;38:317-25. PMID: 14623482

Miconazole Identification

Substance Name

Miconazole

CAS Registry Number

22916-47-8

Drug Class

Antifungal Agents

Dermatologic Agents

Administrative Information

LactMed Record Number

368

Last Revision Date

20130907

Disclaimer

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