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Related terms: Carcinoma, Malignant Disease, Malignant Tumor

Most U.S. Hepatitis C Infections May Be Missed: Study

Posted 9 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 30, 2015 – New cases of hepatitis C are drastically underreported to federal officials, researchers contend in a new study. And they suggested that may be hampering public health efforts to cope with the chronic infection that can lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer. The new study found that only one out of 183 Massachusetts residents diagnosed between 2001 and 2011 with acute hepatitis C infection was reported to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The rest went unreported, either because their test results didn't come back quickly enough or because the results didn't meet the strict CDC definition for hepatitis C infection, said senior study author Dr. Arthur Kim, director of the Viral Hepatitis Clinic at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "We were shocked to find only one made it to the CDC, reported as an acute hepatitis C case," Kim said. "This ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Hepatitis C

Combination of 'Safe' Chemicals May Be Causing Some Cancers

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 23, 2015 – Fifty everyday chemicals considered safe on their own can trigger cancer through combined exposure, says an international team of scientists. The 174 scientists from 28 countries examined 85 chemicals believed to have no link with cancer. The investigators concluded that at current exposure levels, mixtures of 50 of those chemicals can lead to cancer. "This research backs up the idea that chemicals not considered harmful by themselves are combining and accumulating in our bodies to trigger cancer and might lie behind the global cancer epidemic we are witnessing," said study co-author Hemad Yasaei, a cancer biologist at Brunel University in London, England. "We urgently need to focus more resources to research the effect of low-dose exposure to mixtures of chemicals in the food we eat, air we breathe and water we drink," he added in a university news release. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer

More Than Two-Thirds of U.S. Adults Now Overweight or Obese: Study

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 22, 2015 – Fewer than one-third of Americans are currently at a healthy weight, with the rest of the population either overweight or obese, a new report finds. About 35 percent of men and 37 percent of women are obese. Another 40 percent of men and 30 percent of women are overweight, researchers said in the June 22 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine. "Obesity is not getting better. It's getting worse, and it's really scary. It's not looking pretty," said Lin Yang, a postdoctoral research associate at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Obesity has been linked to a number of chronic health conditions, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers and arthritis, Yang said. "This generation of Americans is the first that will have a shorter life expectancy than the previous generation, and obesity is one of the biggest contributors to this ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Osteoarthritis, Heart Disease, Weight Loss, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease

Smoking Blamed for Half of Deaths From Major Cancers in People Over 35

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 15, 2015 – About half of U.S. deaths caused by certain cancers – including lung, colon and pancreatic tumors – can be attributed to smoking, a new American Cancer Society study estimates. In 2011, nearly half of the almost 346,000 deaths from 12 cancers in people 35 and older were linked to smoking, the study found. "Despite large declines in smoking in the United States over the last 50 years, smoking still accounts for the majority of lung cancer deaths," said study co-author Rebecca Siegel, the American Cancer Society's director of surveillance information. The researchers looked at 12 cancers known to be caused by smoking. In 2011, they found that 346,000 people died from these types of cancer. The researchers also had data on current and former smoking, and found that almost 168,000 of these deaths were due to tobacco. For some cancers, the researchers said smoking ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Colorectal Cancer, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Nicorette, Nicotrol Inhaler, Nicoderm CQ, Commit, Habitrol, Nicorelief, Nicotrol NS, Nicotrol TD, Nicorette DS, ProStep

Doctors Can Influence End-of-Life Care

Posted 8 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 8, 2015 – Doctors appear to have a strong influence on whether or not dying patients enroll in hospice care, a new study finds. Researchers reviewed information on nearly 199,000 cancer patients in the United States who were eligible for hospice care because they were dying. The average age was 78. The information was gathered between 2006 and 2011. Two-thirds enrolled in hospice care. Those who chose hospice were more likely to be women, white and to live in higher income areas. The investigators found that patients were more likely to enroll in hospice care if their doctor had a high number of patients in hospice care. The researchers accounted for patient, hospital and geographic factors associated with hospice care. They found that patients were 27 percent more likely to enroll in hospice care if their doctor was in the top 10 percent of doctors using hospice care ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative

Fetal DNA Test May Also Help Spot Mom's Cancer, Study Finds

Posted 7 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 5, 2015 – Noninvasive genetic testing of fetuses may also detect early stage cancers in their mothers, a new study says. The testing – normally used to determine whether a fetus has chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome – involves analysis of DNA from the fetus that's found in the mother's blood. A team of Belgian researchers set out to improve the accuracy of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) so it could detect a larger number of chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses. While testing the improved version, the investigators found genetic abnormalities in three women. The researchers couldn't link these abnormalities to the genetic profiles of either the mothers or their fetuses. The scientists realized that the genetic abnormalities resembled those found in cancer and referred the women to cancer doctors. The women were found to have three different types of ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Blood Thinners OK for Cancers That Spread to Brain, Study Finds

Posted 2 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 2, 2015 – Blood-thinning drugs are safe for treating blood clots in patients with cancer that has spread to the brain from other areas of the body, according to new research. Cancer normally increases a person's risk of blood clots, the study authors explained in a news release from the American Society of Hematology. When a cancer patient develops a clot, a blood thinner – also called an anticoagulant – is often added to the cancer treatment regimen to prevent the risk of blood clots traveling to the lungs. Such a clot can be fatal. However, if cancer spreads from other parts of the body to the brain (called brain metastases), doctors are hesitant to prescribe blood thinners because of concern they might cause bleeding in the head, which is already a risk for these patients, the study authors added. The new findings show that the use of blood thinners in these patients ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Warfarin, Coumadin, Xarelto, Pradaxa, Lovenox, Heparin, Brain Tumor, Eliquis, Rivaroxaban, Enoxaparin, Clexane, Fragmin, Arixtra, Apixaban, Hep-Pak, Fondaparinux, Dalteparin, Jantoven, Tinzaparin

Cancer Patient's Health Affected by Spouse's Mood

Posted 1 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 1, 2015 – The emotional health of cancer caregivers may affect the mental health of the loved ones they are caring for, a new study suggests. When their husbands, wives or partners experience symptoms of depression, cancer survivors are more likely to develop depression themselves, say researchers at the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI). The researchers noted that cancer survivors whose spouses who have good mental and physical health are less likely to suffer from depression after a year, suggesting that better spousal care might also benefit cancer survivors. "Our research highlights that spouses need to take care of themselves not just for their own sake, but also for the sake of the cancer survivor," lead researcher Kristin Litzelman, a cancer prevention fellow in the NCI's Behavioral Research Program, said in a news release from the American Association for Cancer ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Cancer, Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymia

Improved Therapies Have Extended Life Spans of Childhood Cancer Survivors

Posted 1 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, May 31, 2015 – Treatment adjustments have significantly increased the life spans of childhood cancer survivors in the United States and Canada, according to new research. Deaths among five-year survivors 15 years after diagnosis have been halved since the 1970s – falling from just over 12 percent to 6 percent, the study of more than 34,000 people revealed. "Fifty years ago, only one in five children would survive cancer, and today over 80 percent are alive five years after diagnosis," said the study's lead author, Dr. Gregory Armstrong. He is a pediatric oncologist at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn. The researchers said changes in treatment that reduce long-term health risks – including heart and lung problems, and second cancers – is likely the reason for the positive trend. Modification of radiation and chemotherapy treatments has been particularly ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer

Gene Test May Predict Success of Cancer Drug in Certain Patients

Posted 29 May 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 29, 2015 – The first genetic "marker" – or signal – to predict response to the cancer drug Keytruda (pembrolizumab) has been identified by researchers. The marker – mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency – predicted responses to the drug in patients with several different types of cancer, the study authors said. Among patients with colon cancer, 62 percent of those with MMR-deficient tumors showed tumor shrinkage when taking Keytruda, compared with no tumor shrinkage in patients without this genetic signal. The response rate among patients with other MMR-deficient cancers was 60 percent, according to the study. "This study is really about bridging immunotherapy and genomics for the benefit of patients, and it has implications for a broad range of cancers," study lead author Dr. Dung Le said in a news release from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Le is an ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Pembrolizumab, Keytruda

Bigger Share of Deaths Worldwide Now Due to Cancer

Posted 28 May 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 28, 2015 – A greater percentage of deaths worldwide are now caused by cancer, a new report shows. Between 1990 and 2013, the proportion of all deaths caused by cancer rose from 12 percent to 15 percent. During that time, years of healthy life lost to cancer increased 29 percent, the report found. In total, there were 15 million new cases of cancer, 8 million deaths and 196 million years of a healthy life lost in 2013, the researchers said. Between birth and age 79, one in three men and one in five women developed cancer, the findings showed. The leading cause of cancer death in 2013 was tracheal, bronchus (the main passageway to the lungs) and lung cancer, which caused 1.6 million deaths. Breast cancer was the leading cause of lost years of healthy life among women, and for men it was lung cancer, according to the study by the Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer

Parents of Child Cancer Patients Prefer Honesty, Study Finds

Posted 18 May 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 – It's better for doctors to be open with parents about their child's cancer prognosis, even if the news is bad, researchers say. Doing so is more likely to give parents peace of mind and hope rather than increase their anxiety or cause them to become despondent, the study found. "Providing families with a full explanation of the likely course of a disease is critical to helping them plan and have reasonable expectations about the outcome of treatment," said study leader Dr. Jonathan Marron, of Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. Researchers asked 353 parents of children newly diagnosed with cancer about their discussions with their child's doctors and whether those conversations had a negative or positive effect. Among parents of children with poorer prognoses, those who received an honest appraisal said they gained peace of mind and ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Health Tip: Coping With Diarrhea From Chemo

Posted 15 May 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Chemotherapy treatment can lead to a host of digestive problems, including diarrhea. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics suggests: Eat smaller meals more frequently. To replace the salt you've lost, snack on small amounts of pretzels or crackers. Sip on a non-caffeinated beverage throughout the day. Drink juices that are lower in acid, such as pear, apricot or peach nectar. Drink fluids between meals, instead of with them. Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diarrhea

HPV Vaccination for Girls May Help Prevent Cancers in Males

Posted 12 May 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 12, 2015 – Males benefit indirectly when girls are immunized against the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV), according to a new Dutch study. However, males still have a risk of developing HPV-related cancers, the study authors said. And while giving the vaccine to boys would further reduce the burden of later HPV infection in men, it may not be cost-effective because hundreds of boys would need to be vaccinated to prevent one case of cancer from HPV, the researchers found. The findings provide more insight as countries around the world try to figure out how widely to distribute the HPV vaccine, which was initially developed to prevent cervical cancer in women caused by HPV. The study shows that "it's a complicated situation," said Karen Canfell, director of cancer research with Cancer Council NSW in Sydney, Australia. Canfell, who wrote a commentary ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Human Papilloma Virus, Head and Neck Cancer, Cervical Dysplasia, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis

'Wiser' Surgeries for Those With Terminal Cancers

Posted 11 May 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 11, 2015 – While surgery rates for patients with late-stage, terminal cancers have stayed about the same in recent years, complications and deaths for these patients have fallen because surgeons are more selective about who has surgery, a new study finds. "Surgeons are becoming wiser," study author Dr. Sarah Bateni, a surgery resident at the University of California, Davis, said in a university news release. "Our research suggests that surgeons may be operating on healthier patients who are more likely to recover well from an operation," she said. "These are patients who can perform activities of daily living without assistance, for example." As Bateni explained, there are a number of reasons why surgeons might operate on late-stage cancer patients. "Some of it has to do with the patients and families," she said. "If the patient is uncomfortable, the family wants a ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Head & Neck Surgery, Neurosurgery, Surgical Prophylaxis, Gastrointestinal Surgery, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Solid Tumors, Biliary Tract Surgery

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