Sylvant

Generic Name: siltuximab
Dosage Form: injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution

Indications and Usage for Sylvant

Sylvant is indicated for the treatment of patients with multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) negative and human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) negative.

Limitation of Use

Sylvant was not studied in patients with MCD who are HIV positive or HHV-8 positive because Sylvant did not bind to virally produced IL-6 in a nonclinical study.

Sylvant Dosage and Administration

Dosage

Sylvant 11 mg/kg is given over 1 hour as an intravenous infusion administered every 3 weeks until treatment failure.

Perform hematology laboratory tests prior to each dose of Sylvant therapy for the first 12 months and every 3 dosing cycles thereafter. If treatment criteria outlined in Table 1 are not met, consider delaying treatment with Sylvant. Do not reduce dose.

Table 1: Treatment Criteria
Laboratory parameter Requirements before first Sylvant administration Retreatment criteria
*
Sylvant may increase hemoglobin levels in MCD patients
Absolute Neutrophil Count ≥1.0 × 109/L ≥1.0 × 109/L
Platelet count ≥75 × 109/L ≥50 × 109/L
Hemoglobin* <17 g/dL <17 g/dL

Do not administer Sylvant to patients with severe infections until the infection resolves.

Discontinue Sylvant in patients with severe infusion related reactions, anaphylaxis, severe allergic reactions, or cytokine release syndromes. Do not reinstitute treatment.

Instructions for Preparation and Administration

Use aseptic technique for reconstitution and preparation of dosing solution.

1. Calculate the dose (mg), total volume (mL) of reconstituted Sylvant solution required and the number of vials needed. A 21-gauge 1-½ inch needle is recommended for preparation. Infusion bags (250 mL) must contain Dextrose 5% in Water and must be made of Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with Di-{2-ethylhexyl}phthalate (DEHP), or Polyolefin (PO).

2. Allow the vial(s) of Sylvant to come to room temperature over approximately 30 minutes. Sylvant should remain at room temperature for the duration of the preparation.

3. Aseptically reconstitute each Sylvant vial as instructed in Table 2.

Table 2: Reconstitution Instructions
Strength Amount of Sterile Water for Injection, USP required for reconstitution Post-reconstitution concentration
100 mg vial 5.2 mL 20 mg/mL
400 mg vial 20 mL 20 mg/mL

Gently swirl the reconstituted vials to aid the dissolution of the lyophilized powder. DO NOT SHAKE or SWIRL VIGOROUSLY. Do not remove the contents until all of the solids have been completely dissolved. The lyophilized powder should dissolve in less than 60 minutes.

Once reconstituted, and prior to further dilution, inspect the vials for particulates and discoloration. Do not use if particles or solution discoloration are present or if visibly opaque. The reconstituted product should be kept for no more than two hours prior to addition into the infusion bag.

4. Dilute the reconstituted Sylvant solution dose to 250 mL with sterile Dextrose 5% in Water by withdrawing a volume equal to the total calculated volume of reconstituted Sylvant from the Dextrose 5% in Water, 250 mL bag. Slowly add the total calculated volume (mL) of reconstituted Sylvant solution to the Dextrose 5% in Water infusion bag. Gently invert the bag to mix the solution.

5. Administer the diluted Sylvant solution in 5% Dextrose in Water 250 mL by intravenous infusion over a period of 1 hour using administration sets lined with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyurethane (PU), containing a 0.2-micron inline polyethersulfone (PES) filter. The infusion should be completed within 4 hours of the dilution of the reconstituted solution to the infusion bag.

6. Do not infuse Sylvant concomitantly in the same intravenous line with other agents.

7. Do not store any unused portion of the reconstituted product or of the infusion solution. Waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

Dosage Forms and Strengths

Sylvant (siltuximab) for Injection is available as:

100 mg of lyophilized powder in a single-use vial for intravenous infusion.

400 mg of lyophilized powder in a single-use vial for intravenous infusion.

Contraindications

Severe hypersensitivity reaction to siltuximab or any of the excipients in Sylvant.

Warnings and Precautions

Concurrent Active Severe Infections

Do not administer Sylvant to patients with severe infections until the infection resolves. Sylvant may mask signs and symptoms of acute inflammation including suppression of fever and of acute phase reactants such as C-reactive protein (CRP). Monitor patients receiving Sylvant closely for infections. Institute prompt anti-infective therapy and do not administer further Sylvant until the infection resolves.

Vaccinations

Do not administer live vaccines to patients receiving Sylvant because IL-6 inhibition may interfere with the normal immune response to new antigens.

Infusion Related Reactions and Hypersensitivity

Stop the infusion of Sylvant if the patient develops signs of anaphylaxis. Discontinue further therapy with Sylvant.

Stop the infusion if the patient develops a mild to moderate infusion reaction. If the reaction resolves, the Sylvant infusion may be restarted at a lower infusion rate. Consider medication with antihistamines, acetaminophen, and corticosteroids. Discontinue Sylvant if the patient does not tolerate the infusion following these interventions [see Adverse Reactions (6)].

Administer Sylvant in a setting that provides resuscitation equipment, medication, and personnel trained to provide resuscitation.

Gastrointestinal Perforation

Gastrointestinal (GI) perforation has been reported in clinical trials although not in MCD trials. Use with caution in patients who may be at increased risk for GI perforation. Promptly evaluate patients presenting with symptoms that may be associated or suggestive of GI perforation.

Adverse Reactions

The following adverse reactions are also discussed in other sections of the labeling:

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The most common adverse reactions (>10% compared to placebo) during treatment with Sylvant in the MCD clinical trial were pruritus, increased weight, rash, hyperuricemia, and upper respiratory tract infection.

The data presented below in Table 3 were collected from Study 1. Study 1, in MCD, was an international, multicenter, randomized phase 2 study of every 3 week infusions comparing Sylvant and best supportive care (BSC) to placebo and BSC. There were 53 patients randomized to the Sylvant arm at a dose of 11 mg/kg and 26 patients randomized to the placebo arm. Of the 26 placebo-treated patients, 13 patients subsequently crossed-over to receive Sylvant. The median age was 48 years (range 20 to 78), 66% male, 48% Asian, 39% White, 4% Black or African American, 7% other. The patients randomized to Sylvant received a median of 19 infusions (range 1 to 50) compared to patients randomized to placebo who received a median of 8 infusions (range 2 to 32). To control for disparate exposure between arms, Table 3 reports the per patient incidence of adverse reactions that occurred during the first 8 infusions. Adverse reactions that occurred >3% in the Sylvant arm are presented.

Table 3: Per Patient Incidence of Common Adverse Reactions in Study 1 During Initial 8 Infusions
Sylvant+BSC*
n=53
Placebo+BSC
n=26
All Grades Grades 3–4 All Grades Grades 3–4
*
Best Supportive Care
Anaphylactic reaction
Skin disorders
  Rash (rash, rash generalized, rash maculo-papular, rash popular and rash pruritic) 15 (28%) 1 (2%) 3 (12%) 0
  Pruritis 15 (28%) 0 2 (8%) 0
  Skin hyperpigmentation 2 (4%) 0 0 0
  Eczema 2 (4%) 0 0 0
  Psoriasis 2 (4%) 0 0 0
  Dry skin 2 (4%) 0 0 0
Infections
  Lower respiratory tract 4 (8%) 2 (4%) 1 (4%) 1 (4%)
  Upper respiratory tract 14 (26%) 1 (2%) 4 (15%) 1 (4%)
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
  Thrombocytopenia 5 (9%) 2 (4%) 1 (4%) 1 (4%)
General disorders
  Edema(general and localized) 14 (26%) 4 (8%) 7 (27%) 0
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Constipation 4 (8%) 0 1 (4%) 0
Metabolism
  Hypertriglyceridemia 4 (8%) 0 0 0
  Hypercholesterolemia 2 (4%) 0 0 0
  Hyperuricemia 6 (11%) 1 (2%) 0 0
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Oropharyngeal pain 4 (8%) 0 1 (4%) 0
Renal and urinary disorders
  Renal impairment 4 (8%) 0 0 0
Nervous system disorders
  Headache 4 (8%) 0 1 (4%) 0
Investigations
  Weight increased 10 (19%) 1 (2%) 0 0
Vascular disorders
  Hypotension 2 (4%) 1 (2%) 0 0

Sylvant was also evaluated as a single agent in another hematologic disease in Study 2. Study 2 was an international, multicenter, randomized phase 2 study of every 4 week infusions comparing Sylvant and BSC to placebo and BSC. There were 50 patients randomized to the Sylvant arm at a dose of 15 mg/kg (unapproved dose) and 26 patients randomized to the placebo arm. The median age was 72 years (range 50 to 85), 58% male, 96% White, 1% Asian, 1% Black, and 1% other. The median number of infusions in both arms was 3 (range 1 to 4). The study was stopped early due to a lack of efficacy. Adverse reactions that occurred >3% in the Sylvant arm are presented in Table 4.

Table 4: Per Patient Incidence of Common Adverse Reactions in Study 2
Sylvant+BSC
n=50
Placebo+BSC
n=26
All Grades Grades 3–4 All Grades Grades 3–4
Infections
  Lower respiratory tract 4 (8%) 4 (8%) 0 0
General disorders
  Edema(peripheral) 8 (16%) 0 2 (8%) 0
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Abdominal pain/abdominal distension 6 (12%) 0 0 0
Metabolism
  Decreased appetite 2 (4%) 0 0 0
  Dehydration 2 (4%) 1 (2%) 0 0
Vascular disorders
  Hypotension 3 (6%) 0 0 0

Long Term Exposure

The safety of long term administration of Sylvant to patients with MCD was evaluated in Study 3. Study 3 enrolled patients from the initial dose finding study of Sylvant with MCD who were benefiting from chronic Sylvant therapy. Sylvant was administered at a dose of 11 mg/kg every 3 to 6 weeks. At the time of data cut off 19 patients were enrolled. The median age was 44 years (range 18 – 76), 63% male, 84% Caucasian, 11% Asian, and 5% Black. The median exposure to Sylvant for these 19 patients was 5.1 years (range 3.4 to 7.2). The most common adverse reaction (>20%) reported by subjects receiving Sylvant in this study was upper respiratory tract infection (63%); diarrhea (32%); pain in extremities, arthralgia and fatigue (21% each). No patient was removed from therapy for any reason. There were no deaths. There were no cumulative toxicities identified with prolonged treatment with Sylvant.

Anaphylaxis and Infusion Related Reactions

Approximately 750 patients have been treated with Sylvant. Of these, one patient experienced an anaphylactic reaction. Data from 249 patients treated with Sylvant monotherapy forms the basis of the safety evaluation of infusion related reactions. Infusion related reactions were reported in 4.8% of these patients. Symptoms of infusion reactions consisted of back pain, chest pain or discomfort, nausea and vomiting, flushing, erythema, and palpitations.

Immunogenicity

Immunogenicity data are highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the test methods used. Additionally, the observed incidence of a positive result in a test method may be influenced by several factors, including sample handling, timing of sample collection, drug interference, concomitant medication and the underlying disease. Therefore, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to Sylvant with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading. The clinical significance of anti-siltuximab antibodies following treatment with Sylvant is not known.

The immunogenicity of siltuximab has been evaluated using antigen-bridging enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and electrochemiluminescence-based immunoassay (ECLIA) methods. A total of 411 patients across the clinical studies were evaluated at multiple time points for anti-therapeutic antibody (ATA) responses to siltuximab after treatment with Sylvant. Following Sylvant dosing, 0.2% (1/411) of patients tested positive for anti-siltuximab antibodies. Further immunogenicity analyses of the single positive sample revealed a low titer of anti-siltuximab antibodies with non-neutralizing capabilities.

No evidence of altered toxicity profile was identified in the patient who developed antibodies to siltuximab.

Drug Interactions

No in vitro or in vivo drug-drug interaction studies have been conducted with Sylvant.

Cytochrome P450 Substrates

Cytochrome P450s in the liver are down regulated by infection and inflammation stimuli including cytokines such as IL-6. Inhibition of IL-6 signaling in patients treated with Sylvant may restore CYP450 activities to higher levels leading to increased metabolism of drugs that are CYP450 substrates compared to metabolism prior to treatment with Sylvant.

Upon initiation or discontinuation of Sylvant, in patients being treated with CYP450 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index, perform therapeutic monitoring of effect (e.g., warfarin) or drug concentration (e.g., cyclosporine or theophylline) as needed and adjust dose. The effect of Sylvant on CYP450 enzyme activity can persist for several weeks after stopping therapy. Exercise caution when Sylvant is co-administered with CYP3A4 substrate drugs where a decrease in effectiveness would be undesirable (e.g., oral contraceptives, lovastatin, atorvastatin).

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

Risk-Summary

There are no adequate or well-controlled studies in pregnant women. In animal reproduction studies, administration of a human antibody to IL-6 to pregnant cynomolgus monkeys caused decreases in globulin levels in pregnant animals and in the offspring. Siltuximab crossed the placenta in monkeys. Infants born to pregnant women treated with Sylvant may be at increased risk of infection, and caution is advised in the administration of live vaccines to these infants. Sylvant should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Advise patients of childbearing potential to avoid pregnancy. Women of childbearing potential should use contraception during and for 3 months after treatment.

Animal Data

In an embryo-fetal development study, siltuximab doses of 9.2 or 46 mg/kg/week were administered intravenously to pregnant monkeys during gestation days (GD) 20 to 118, which includes the period of organogenesis. Fetuses were evaluated on GD 140, approximately 25 days prior to the natural birth. Exposures at the low and high dose after the 25th administration were approximately 3 and 7 times respectively the exposure in humans at the recommended dose of 11 mg/kg. There was no siltuximab-related maternal or fetal toxicity. However, siltuximab crossed the placenta at both doses and when measured on GD 140, fetal serum concentrations of siltuximab were similar to maternal concentrations. In a combined embryofetal and pre- and post-natal development study, cynomolgus monkeys were intravenously administered doses of 10 or 50 mg/kg/week of a human antibody to IL-6 from GD 20 to natural delivery (GD 167). The offspring was evaluated up to 7 months after birth for developmental effects. No maternal or infant toxicity was observed; however, globulin levels were decreased in pregnant animals (GD 34 through lactation day 30) and in the offspring (lactation days 30–120) at both doses.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether siltuximab is excreted in human milk or absorbed systemically after ingestion. Because many drugs and immunoglobulins are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for adverse reactions in nursing infants from Sylvant, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Pediatric Use

The safety and efficacy of Sylvant have not been established in pediatric patients.

Geriatric Use

Of the patients treated with Sylvant monotherapy in clinical studies 127 (35%) were 65 years and older. No overall differences in safety profile were observed between these patients and younger patients, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in the safety profile between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Clinical studies did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 years and older to determine the effect of age on efficacy in MCD population.

Patients with Renal Impairment

Based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis using data from clinical trials in patients, no significant difference in siltuximab clearance was observed in patients with pre-existing renal impairment (creatinine clearance (CLCr) ≥15 mL/min) compared to patients with baseline normal renal function (CLCr ≥90 mL/min). No initial dosage adjustment is necessary for patients with CLCr ≥15 mL/min. The potential effect of end stage renal disease on siltuximab pharmacokinetics cannot be determined [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Patients with Hepatic Impairment

Based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis using data from clinical trials in patients, no significant difference in siltuximab clearance was observed in patients with pre-existing mild to moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A and B, respectively) compared to patients with baseline normal hepatic function. No initial dosage adjustment is necessary for patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment. Patients with baseline severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C) were not included in clinical trials [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Overdosage

No case of overdose has been reported.

Sylvant Description

Sylvant (siltuximab) is a human-mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody that binds human interleukin-6 (IL-6). Sylvant is produced by Chinese hamster ovary cells.

Sylvant is supplied as a sterile, white, preservative free, lyophilized powder in single-use vials.

Each Sylvant 100 mg single-use vial contains 100 mg siltuximab, 3.7 mg L-histidine (from L-histidine and L-histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate), 0.8 mg polysorbate 80, and 169 mg sucrose.

Each Sylvant 400 mg single-use vial contains 400 mg siltuximab, 14.9 mg L-histidine (from L-histidine and L-histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate), 3.2 mg polysorbate 80, and 677 mg sucrose.

Following reconstitution with Sterile Water for Injection, USP (per section 2.2), the resulting pH is approximately 5.2. The resulting solution contains 20 mg/mL siltuximab to be administered by intravenous infusion following dilution [see Dosage and Administration (2)].

Sylvant - Clinical Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Siltuximab binds human IL-6 and prevents the binding of IL-6 to both soluble and membrane-bound IL-6 receptors. IL-6 has been shown to be involved in diverse normal physiologic processes such as induction of immunoglobulin secretion. Overproduction of IL-6 has been linked to systemic manifestations in patients with MCD.

Pharmacodynamics

Cardiac Electrophysiology: The effect of multiple doses of Sylvant (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks for 4 cycles) on the QTc interval was evaluated in an open label, single arm study in 30 patients with Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance, Smoldering Multiple Myeloma, or Indolent Multiple Myeloma. No large changes in the mean QTc interval (i.e., >20 ms) were detected in the study.

Measurement of IL-6 concentrations in serum or plasma during treatment should not be used as pharmacodynamic marker, as siltuximab-neutralized antibody-IL-6 complexes interfere with current immunological-based IL-6 quantification methods.

Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of siltuximab were evaluated in patients with multicentric Castleman's disease and hematological and non-hematological malignancies. The serum siltuximab pharmacokinetics are adequately described by a linear two-compartment intravenous model with first-order elimination.

Distribution

Following Sylvant administration (11 mg/kg, once every 3 weeks as 1-hour intravenous infusion) in patients with multicentric Castleman's disease, the maximum serum siltuximab concentration (Cmax) occurred close to the end of infusion. At steady state, the serum mean Cmax value for siltuximab is 332 mcg/mL (42% CV), and the serum mean predose trough value is 84 mcg/mL (78% CV).

With the once every 3 week dosing regimen, siltuximab steady state is achieved by the sixth infusion, and siltuximab accumulates approximately 1.7-fold relative to a single dose. Following multiple dosing, siltuximab showed approximately dose proportional pharmacokinetics over the dose range of 2.8 to 11 mg/kg.

Based on population pharmacokinetic analysis, the central volume of distribution in a male subject with body weight of 70 kg is 4.5 L (20% CV).

Elimination

Based on the population pharmacokinetic analysis, the clearance of siltuximab in patients is 0.23 L/day (51% CV). Based on population pharmacokinetic analysis (n=378), body weight was identified as the only statistically significant covariate for siltuximab clearance. Therefore, the body weight based dosing is appropriate.

The mean terminal half-life (t1/2) for siltuximab in patients after the first intravenous infusion of 11 mg/kg is 20.6 days (range: 14.2 to 29.7 days).

Specific Populations

Age and Gender

Based on population pharmacokinetic analysis, age [range: 18 to 85 years (n=378)] and gender [female (n=175), male (n=203)] do not affect exposure of siltuximab.

Renal Impairment

A population pharmacokinetic analysis (based on pre-existing renal function) was carried out with data from 377 patients enrolled in clinical trials, including 176 with normal renal function (CLCr ≥90 mL/min), 122 with mild renal impairment (CLCr 60 to <90 mL/min), 75 with moderate renal impairment (CLCr 30 to <60 mL/min), and 3 with severe renal impairment (CLCr 15 to 29 mL/min). The apparent clearance of siltuximab was similar in patients with pre-existing mild, moderate and severe renal impairment (CLCr 15 to <90 mL/min) compared to patients with normal renal function. The potential effect of end stage renal disease on siltuximab pharmacokinetics cannot be determined as clinical and pharmacokinetic data are available from only one patient.

Hepatic Impairment

A population pharmacokinetic analysis (based on pre-existing hepatic function) was carried out with data from 377 patients enrolled in clinical trials, including 302 with normal hepatic function, 72 with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A), and 3 with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B). The apparent clearance of siltuximab was similar in patients with pre-existing mild and moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A and B) compared to patients with normal hepatic function. The potential effect of severe hepatic impairment on siltuximab pharmacokinetics cannot be determined as clinical and pharmacokinetic data are not available.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

No carcinogenicity or genotoxicity studies have been conducted with siltuximab.

Two fertility studies were conducted. In one study, drug-treated male mice were mated with untreated females and in the second study drug-treated female mice were mated with untreated males. A murine analog of siltuximab was administered subcutaneously at doses up to 100 mg/kg/week for a total of 7 doses in both studies. There was no effect on male or female fertility parameters. In addition, siltuximab did not produce any toxicity in the reproductive organs in cynomolgus monkeys in the 6-month repeat-dose toxicology study at doses up to 46 mg/kg (approximately 7 times) the systemic exposure in patients at the recommended dose.

Clinical Studies

Study 1

The clinical efficacy and safety of Sylvant for the treatment of patients with MCD was established in Study 1, a phase 2, multinational, randomized (2:1) double blind, placebo controlled study. In this study 53 patients were randomized to Best Supportive Care (BSC) and Sylvant at a dose of 11 mg/kg every 3 weeks and 26 patients were randomized to BSC and placebo. The median age was 48 years (range 20 to 78), 66% male, 48% Asian, 39% White, 4% Black or African American, 7% other. The histological subtype of MCD was similar in both treatment arms, with 33% hyaline vascular subtype, 23% plasmacytic subtype and 44% mixed subtype. Treatment was continued until treatment failure (defined as disease progression based on increase in symptoms, radiologic progression or deterioration in performance status) or unacceptable toxicity.

The major efficacy outcome of the study was durable tumor and symptomatic response, defined as tumor response (PR and CR based on modified International Working Group response criteria for malignant lymphoma) assessed by independent review and complete resolution or stabilization of MCD symptoms. Thirty-four MCD related signs and symptoms prospectively identified were collected and graded according to the NCI-CTCAE v 4, by investigators. A durable response was defined as tumor and symptomatic response that persisted for a minimum of 18 weeks without treatment failure. The durable tumor and symptomatic response in the Sylvant arm was 34% compared to 0% in the placebo arm (95% CI: 11.1, 54.8; p=0.0012).

Other analyses included tumor response, time to treatment failure and an increase in hemoglobin of 1.5 g/dL or more, in patients who were anemic at time of study entry, at week 13. The results are summarized in Table 5.

Table 5: Efficacy Endpoints From Study 1
Efficacy Endpoint Sylvant
n=53
Placebo
n=26
p-value*
*
Adjusted for corticosteroid use at randomization
NR= "Not Reached"
  Durable tumor and symptomatic response (independent review) 34% 0 0.0012
  Tumor response 38% 4% <0.05
  Median time to treatment failure (days) NR 134 <0.05
  ≥1.5 g/dL increase in hemoglobin 61% (19/31) 0% (0/11) <0.05

A consistent treatment effect was confirmed on subgroup analysis for all parameters evaluated with the exception of the hyaline vascular histological subtype. There were no patients with hyaline vascular histology who demonstrated a durable tumor and symptomatic response. However, activity was suggested in this subtype based on change in hemoglobin and median time to treatment failure.

At the time of the analysis, overall survival data were not mature. One year survival rate was 100% in the Sylvant arm and 92% in the placebo arm.

How Supplied/Storage and Handling

How Supplied

Each Sylvant vial is individually packaged in a carton:

  • NDC 57894-420-01 contains one 100 mg vial, single use vial
  • NDC 57894-421-01 contains one 400 mg vial, single use vial

Storage and Stability

Sylvant must be refrigerated at 2ºC to 8ºC (36ºF to 46ºF). Do not use Sylvant beyond the expiration date (EXP) located on the carton and the vial.

While stored, protect from light. This product contains no preservative.

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).

Patients or their caregivers should be advised of the potential benefits and risks of Sylvant.

Physicians should instruct their patients to read the patient labeling before starting Sylvant therapy and to reread it each time they receive an infusion. It is important that the patient's overall health be assessed at each treatment visit and that any questions resulting from the patient's or their caregiver's reading of the patient labeling be discussed.

Infections

Inform patients that Sylvant may lower their resistance to infections. Instruct the patient of the importance of contacting their doctor immediately when symptoms suggesting infection appear in order to assure rapid evaluation and appropriate treatment.

Vaccination

Inform the patient that they should discuss the recommended vaccinations prior to treatment with Sylvant.

Allergic Reactions

Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if they experience any symptoms of serious allergic reactions during the infusion. Signs include: difficulty breathing, chest tightness, wheezing, severe dizziness or light-headedness, swelling of the lips or skin rash.

Contraception

Advise patients of childbearing potential to avoid pregnancy which may include use of contraception during treatment and for 3 months after Sylvant therapy.

Other Medical Conditions

Advise patients to report any signs of new or worsening medical conditions.

Manufactured by:
Cilag AG, Schaffhausen, Switzerland

Manufactured for:
Janssen Biotech, Inc., Horsham, PA 19044
License No. 1864

© Janssen Biotech, Inc. 2014

PATIENT INFORMATION
Sylvant™ (Sil-vant)
(siltuximab) for Injection

Read this Patient Information before you receive Sylvant and each time you receive treatment. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is Sylvant?

Sylvant is a prescription medicine used to treat people with multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) who do not have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) infection.

It is not known if Sylvant is safe and effective in children.

Who should not receive Sylvant?

Do not receive Sylvant if you have had a severe allergic reaction to siltuximab or any of the ingredients in Sylvant. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in Sylvant.

What should I tell my healthcare provider before receiving Sylvant?

Before you receive Sylvant, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have an infection. You should not receive Sylvant if you have a severe infection.
  • have had a recent vaccination or are scheduled to receive any vaccinations. You should not receive a live vaccine during your treatment with Sylvant.
  • have or have had any stomach or bowel (intestine) problems, such as diverticulitis or ulcers. Tell your healthcare provider if you have pain in your stomach area.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Sylvant will harm your unborn baby. You should not become pregnant while receiving treatment with Sylvant. Females who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control during treatment with Sylvant and for 3 months after stopping treatment.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Sylvant passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take Sylvant or breastfeed. You should not do both.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

How will I receive Sylvant?

  • Sylvant is given by an intravenous (IV) infusion into a vein over 1 hour.
  • Sylvant is given every 3 weeks.

What are the possible side effects of Sylvant?

Sylvant may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Infections. Sylvant may lower your ability to fight infections. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any signs or symptoms of an infection during treatment with Sylvant.
  • Infusion and allergic reactions. If you have an infusion or allergic reaction while receiving Sylvant, your healthcare provider will stop your infusion and treat your reaction. If you have a severe infusion or allergic reaction, your healthcare provider may stop your treatment completely. Tell your healthcare provider or get medical help right away if you have any of these symptoms during or after your infusion of Sylvant: trouble breathing, chest tightness, wheezing, dizziness or light-headedness, swelling of the lips, or skin rash.

The most common side effects of Sylvant include: rash, itching, upper respiratory tract infection, weight gain, and increased blood level of uric acid.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of Sylvant. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

General information about the safe and effective use of Sylvant

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about Sylvant that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in Sylvant?

Active ingredient: siltuximab

Inactive ingredients: L-histidine and L-histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate, polysorbate 80, and sucrose

Manufactured by: Cilag AG, Schaffhausen, Switzerland

Manufactured for: Janssen Biotech, Inc., Horsham, PA 19044

For more information, call 1-800-526-7736 or go to www.Sylvant.com.

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Issued: June/2014

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 100 mg Vial Carton

NDC 57894-420-01
Single Use Only
Discard Unused Portion

Sylvant
(siltuximab)
For Injection

100 mg

For Intravenous
Infusion Only

janssen

Janssen Biotech, Inc.
Rx Only

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 400 mg Vial Carton

NDC 57894-421-01
Single Use Only
Discard Unused Portion

Sylvant
(siltuximab)
For Injection

400 mg

For Intravenous Infusion Only

janssen

Janssen Biotech, Inc.
Rx Only

Sylvant 
siltuximab injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:57894-420
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
siltuximab (siltuximab) siltuximab 100 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
histidine  
histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate  
polysorbate 80  
sucrose  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:57894-420-01 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE in 1 CARTON
1 1 INJECTION, POWDER, LYOPHILIZED, FOR SOLUTION in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
BLA BLA125496 04/23/2014
Sylvant 
siltuximab injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:57894-421
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
siltuximab (siltuximab) siltuximab 400 mg
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
histidine  
histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate  
polysorbate 80  
sucrose  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:57894-421-01 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE in 1 CARTON
1 1 INJECTION, POWDER, LYOPHILIZED, FOR SOLUTION in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-USE
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
BLA BLA125496 04/01/2014
Labeler - Janssen Biotech, Inc. (099091753)
Registrant - Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (063137772)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Janssen Biologics BV 409612918 API MANUFACTURE(57894-420, 57894-421)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Janssen Biologics 987061921 API MANUFACTURE(57894-420, 57894-421)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Cilag AG 483237103 MANUFACTURE(57894-420, 57894-421)
Revised: 06/2014
 
Janssen Biotech, Inc.
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