Generic Name: procarbazine (pro CAR ba zeen)
Brand Name: Matulane
What is Matulane (procarbazine)?
Procarbazine is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body.
Procarbazine is given with other cancer medications to treat Hodgkin's Disease (a type of blood cancer).
Procarbazine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about Matulane (procarbazine)?
Procarbazine is used to treat Hodgkin's Disease (a type of blood cancer).
You should not take procarbazine if you have bone marrow suppression.
Procarbazine can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections and help your blood to clot. You may get an infection or bleed more easily. Call your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding, or signs of infection (fever, chills, body aches).
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Matulane (procarbazine)?
You should not take procarbazine if you are allergic to it, or if you have bone marrow suppression.
To make sure you can safely use procarbazine, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:
anemia (low red blood cells);
low levels of platelets in the blood;
low white blood cell counts;
fluid retention; or
if you have received other cancer medications or radiation within the past 30 days.
FDA pregnancy category D. Do not use procarbazine if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment.
Procarbazine can lower sperm count in men, which may affect fertility (your ability to have children).
It is not known whether procarbazine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are taking procarbazine.
How should I take Matulane (procarbazine)?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Procarbazine can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections and help your blood to clot. Your blood will need to be tested often. Your cancer treatments may be delayed based on the results of these tests.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
See also: Matulane dosage (in more detail)
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking Matulane (procarbazine)?
Do not drink alcohol. Procarbazine can cause unpleasant side effects when you drink alcohol.
Avoid smoking during your treatment. Smoking may increase your risk of lung cancer while taking procarbazine.
Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Tell your doctor at once if you develop signs of infection.
This medicine can pass into body fluids (including urine, feces, vomit, semen, vaginal fluid). For at least 48 hours after you receive a dose, avoid allowing your body fluids to come into contact with your hands or other surfaces. Patients and caregivers should wear rubber gloves while cleaning up body fluids, handling contaminated trash or laundry or changing diapers. Wash hands before and after removing gloves. Wash soiled clothing and linens separately from other laundry.
Body fluids should not be handled by a woman who is pregnant or who may become pregnant. Use condoms during sexual activity to avoid exposure to body fluids.
Do not receive a "live" vaccine while using procarbazine. The vaccine may not work as well during this time, and may not fully protect you from disease. Live vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), rotavirus, typhoid, yellow fever, varicella (chickenpox), zoster (shingles), and nasal flu (influenza) vaccine.
While you are taking procarbazine, you should avoid foods that are high in tyramine, including:
avocados, bananas, figs, papaya, raisins, and sauerkraut;
beef or chicken liver, meats prepared with tenderizer, bologna, pepperoni, summer sausage, game meat, meat extracts;
pickled or smoked fish, anchovies, dried fish, herring, caviar, shrimp paste;
beer (alcoholic and nonalcoholic), wine (especially red wine), champagne, sherry, vermouth, and other distilled spirits;
caffeine (including coffee, tea, cola), ginseng;
cheese -- especially aged or processed cheeses (American, blue, boursault, brie, camembert, cheddar, gruyere, mozzarella, parmesan, romano, roquefort, Swiss);
sour cream and yogurt;
soy sauce, miso soup, bean curd, fava beans; or
Eating tyramine while you are taking procarbazine can raise your blood pressure to dangerous levels, causing life-threatening side effects.
Matulane (procarbazine) side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
diarrhea that is watery;
a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
numbness, burning pain, or tingly feeling;
confusion, hallucinations, problems with vision or speech, trouble with walking or daily activities;
feeling unsteady, loss of balance or coordination;
tremors, seizure (convulsions);
cough, chest pain, trouble breathing;
fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms;
easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin;
white patches or sores inside your mouth or on your lips;
jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or
bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds.
Common side effects may include:
mild nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain;
dry mouth, constipation, mild diarrhea;
mild itching or rash, temporary hair loss;
muscle of joint pain;
headache, dizziness, feeling tired;
urinating more than usual; or
changes in your menstrual periods.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Matulane side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Matulane (procarbazine)?
Taking procarbazine with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can increase these effects. Ask your doctor before taking procarbazine with a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.
Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with procarbazine, especially:
blood pressure medication;
an antidepressant--amitriptyline, doxepin, imipramine, nortriptyline, and others;
a barbiturate--butabarbital, secobarbital, pentobarbital, phenobarbital;
diet pills, stimulants, or ADHD medication such as Adderall or Ritalin; or
phenothiazines--chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine, promethazine, thioridazine, trifluoperazine.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with procarbazine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.
More Matulane resources
Compare Matulane with other medications
Where can I get more information?
- Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about procarbazine.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
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