chaparral

Generic Name: chaparral (SHAH peh rel)
Brand Name:

What is chaparral?

The use of chaparral in cultural and traditional settings may differ from concepts accepted by current Western medicine. When considering the use of herbal supplements, consultation with a primary health care professional is advisable. Additionally, consultation with a practitioner trained in the uses of herbal/health supplements may be beneficial, and coordination of treatment among all health care providers involved may be advantageous.

Chaparral is also known as Larrea tridentata, Larrea divaricata, creosote bush, greasewood, and hediondilla.

Chaparral has been used for rheumatism, arthritis, stomach pain, cancer, and the common cold.

Since the efficacy of chaparral has not been proven and its use has been associated with serious liver damage, ingestion of chaparral is generally not recommended.

Chaparral has not been evaluated by the FDA for safety, effectiveness, or purity. All potential risks and/or advantages of chaparral may not be known. Additionally, there are no regulated manufacturing standards in place for these compounds. There have been instances where herbal/health supplements have been sold which were contaminated with toxic metals or other drugs. Herbal/health supplements should be purchased from a reliable source to minimize the risk of contamination.

Chaparral may also have uses other than those listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about chaparral?

Since the efficacy of chaparral has not been proven and its use has been associated with serious liver damage, ingestion of chaparral is generally not recommended.

Chaparral has been associated with cases of severe liver damage. Notify your doctor immediately if you develop nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, unusual fatigue, loss of appetite, yellow skin or eyes, itching, dark urine, or clay colored stools. These symptoms may be early signs of liver damage.

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Chaparral has not been evaluated by the FDA for safety, effectiveness, or purity. All potential risks and/or advantages of chaparral may not be known. Additionally, there are no regulated manufacturing standards in place for these compounds. There have been instances where herbal/health supplements have been sold which were contaminated with toxic metals or other drugs. Herbal/health supplements should be purchased from a reliable source to minimize the risk of contamination.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking chaparral?

Do not take chaparral without first talking to your doctor if you are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAO inhibitor) including isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), or tranylcypromine (Parnate). Chaparral may interact with these medicines.

Before taking chaparral, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or health care professional if you have allergies (especially to plants), have any medical condition, or if you take other medicines or other herbal/health supplements. Chaparral may not be recommended in some situations.

Do not take chaparral without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant. It is not known whether chaparral will be harmful to an unborn baby.

Do not take chaparral without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. It is not known whether chaparral will be harmful to a nursing infant.

There is no information available regarding the use of chaparral by children. Do not give any herbal/health supplement to a child without first talking to the child's doctor.

How should I take chaparral?

The use of chaparral in cultural and traditional settings may differ from concepts accepted by current Western medicine. When considering the use of herbal supplements, consultation with a primary health care professional is advisable. Additionally, consultation with a practitioner trained in the uses of herbal/health supplements may be beneficial, and coordination of treatment among all health care providers involved may be advantageous.

Since the efficacy of chaparral has not been proven and its use has been associated with serious liver damage, ingestion of chaparral is generally not recommended.

If you choose to take chaparral, use it as directed on the package or as directed by your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Standardized extracts, tinctures, and solid formulations of herbal/health supplements may provide a more reliable dose of the product.

Take the pill forms of chaparral with a full glass of water.

To ensure the correct dose, measure the liquid forms of chaparral with a dropper or a dose-measuring spoon or cup.

Some forms of chaparral can be brewed to form a tea for drinking.

Topical forms of chaparral are intended for external use only.

Do not use different formulations (e.g., tablets, liquids, teas, and others) of chaparral at the same time, unless specifically directed to do so by a health care professional. Using different formulations together increases the risk of an overdose of chaparral.

Store chaparral as directed on the package. In general, chaparral should be protected from light.

What happens if I miss a dose?

No information is available regarding a missed dose of chaparral. Consult your doctor, pharmacist, or health care professional if you require further information.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.

Symptoms of a chaparral overdose are not known.

What should I avoid while taking chaparral?

There are no restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while taking chaparral, unless otherwise directed by your health care provider.

Chaparral side effects

Although rare, allergic reactions to chaparral may occur. Stop taking chaparral and seek emergency medical attention if you experience symptoms of a serious allergic reaction including difficulty breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives.

Chaparral has been associated with cases of severe liver damage. Notify your doctor immediately if you develop nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, unusual fatigue, loss of appetite, yellow skin or eyes, itching, dark urine, or clay colored stools. These symptoms may be early signs of liver damage.

Skin rash has been reported after coming in contact with the chaparral plant. Contact your doctor or health care provider if you develop a rash or other skin irritation with the use of chaparral.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect chaparral?

Do not take chaparral without first talking to your doctor if you are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAO inhibitor) including isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), or tranylcypromine (Parnate). Chaparral may interact with these medicines.

Interactions between chaparral and other prescription or over-the-counter medicines or herbal/health supplements have not been reported. Talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or health care professional before taking chaparral if you are taking any other medicines, vitamins, minerals, or supplements.

Where can I get more information?

  • Your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider may have more information about chaparral.
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
  • Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 1.06. Revision Date: 2011-01-16, 5:28:10 PM.

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