Class: Complement Inhibitors
Chemical Name: d - Arginyl - l - arginyl - l - prolyl - trans - 4 - hydroxy - l - prolylglycyl - 3 - (2 - thienyl) - l - alanyl - l - seryl - d - 1,2,3,4 - tetrahydro - 3 - isoquinolinecarbonyl - l - (2α,3aβ,7aβ) - octahydro - 1H - indole - 2 - carbonyl - l - arginine acetate (salt)
Molecular Formula: C59H89N19O13S.xC2H4O2
CAS Number: 138614-30-9
Uses for Icatibant Acetate
Icatibant Acetate Dosage and Administration
Patients may self-administer drug after receiving training from healthcare provider.1
Inject sub-Q into abdomen over at least 30 seconds until entire contents of syringe have been expelled; administer about 5–10 cm (2–4 inches) below the umbilicus and ≥5 cm (≥2 inches) from scars.1
Use 25-gauge needle supplied by manufacturer; do not use any other needle.1
Available as icatibant acetate; dosage expressed in terms of icatibant.1
No dosage adjustment required.1
No dosage adjustment required.1
No dosage adjustment required.1
Cautions for Icatibant Acetate
No known contraindications.1
Risk of airway obstruction during acute laryngeal HAE attack; immediately seek medical attention in appropriate healthcare facility in addition to treatment with icatibant.1
Safety and efficacy in patients <18 years of age not established.1
Insufficient experience in patients ≥65 years of age to determine whether geriatric patients respond differently than younger patients.1
Common Adverse Effects
Injection site reactions (e.g., bruising, hematoma, burning, erythema, hypoesthesia, irritation, numbness, edema, pain, pressure sensation, pruritus, swelling, urticaria, warmth),1 2 pyrexia,1 elevated serum aminotransferase concentrations,1 2 dizziness,1 2 rash.1
Interactions for Icatibant Acetate
Icatibant Acetate Pharmacokinetics
Mean absolute bioavailability of approximately 97% when given sub-Q dose.1
Peak plasma concentrations achieved after approximately 0.75 hours after sub-Q dose.1
Hepatorenal syndrome (Clcr 30–60 mL/minute): Plasma concentrations similar to those in patients with normal renal function.1
Geriatric patients (male and female): AUC increased approximately twofold compared with young men and women.1
Patients with low body weight: Increased systemic exposure.1
Female patients (with typically lower body weight than males): AUC and peak plasma concentration increased approximately twofold compared with males.1
Distributed into milk in rats; not known whether distributed into human milk.1
Metabolized extensively by proteolytic enzymes.1
Excreted principally in urine as inactive metabolites.1
Approximately 1.4 hours.1
Hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score 7–15): Clearance similar to that in healthy individuals.1
Geriatric patients: Reduced clearance, resulting in increased systemic exposure.1
Patients with low body weight: Reduced clearance, resulting in increased systemic exposure.1
HAE is a rare autosomal-dominant genetic disorder characterized by a mutation in the complement 1 (C1)-inhibitor gene;1 8 14 15 16 17 18 21 deficiency in C1-esterase inhibitor results in unrestrained activity of plasma kallikrein and elevated bradykinin levels, which leads to increased vascular permeability and angioedema.1 4 5 8 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Advice to Patients
Advise patients of maximum dosage; do not administer >3 doses of 30 mg each (total of 90 mg) within a 24-hour period.1
Advise patients to immediately seek medical attention after treating a laryngeal HAE attack with icatibant.1
Risk of injection site reactions.1 Importance of patients informing clinicians if any erythema, bruising, swelling, warmth, burning sensation, pruritus, irritation, urticaria, numbness, pressure, or pain occurs at injection site.1
Risk of pyrexia, elevated serum aminotransferases (ALT, AST), and rash.1
Risk of fatigue, drowsiness, and dizziness; do not perform hazardous activities requiring mental alertness or physical coordination (e.g., operating machinery, driving a motor vehicle) if such symptoms occur.1
Importance of women informing clinicians if they are or plan to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed.1
Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs, as well as any concomitant illnesses.1
Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information.1 (See Cautions.)
Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.
Injection, for subcutaneous use
10 mg (of icatibant) per mL (30 mg)
Firazyr (available as disposable prefilled syringes)
This report on medications is for your information only, and is not considered individual patient advice. Because of the changing nature of drug information, please consult your physician or pharmacist about specific clinical use.
The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com represent that the information provided hereunder was formulated with a reasonable standard of care, and in conformity with professional standards in the field. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com make no representations or warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranty of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to such information and specifically disclaims all such warranties. Users are advised that decisions regarding drug therapy are complex medical decisions requiring the independent, informed decision of an appropriate health care professional, and the information is provided for informational purposes only. The entire monograph for a drug should be reviewed for a thorough understanding of the drug's actions, uses and side effects. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com do not endorse or recommend the use of any drug. The information is not a substitute for medical care.
AHFS Drug Information. © Copyright, 1959-2013, Selected Revisions February 15, 2013. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 7272 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.
1. Shire. Firazyr (icatibant acetate) injection prescribing information. Lexington, MA; 2011 Aug.
2. Cicardi M, Banerji A, Bracho F et al. Icatibant, a new bradykinin-receptor antagonist, in hereditary angioedema. N Engl J Med. 2010; 363:532-41. [PubMed 20818888]
3. Shire, Wayne, PA: Personal communication.
4. Levy JH, Freiberger DJ, Roback J. Hereditary angioedema: current and emerging treatment options. Anesth Analg. 2010; 110:1271-80. [PubMed 20418292]
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6. Lumry WR, Li HH, Levy RJ et al. Randomized placebo-controlled trial of the bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist icatibant for the treatment of acute attacks of hereditary angioedema: the FAST-3 trial. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2011 Dec; 107(6):529-37. [PubMed 22123383]
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8. Longhurst HJ. Management of acute attacks of hereditary angioedema: potential role of icatibant. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2010; 6:795-802.
9. Food and Drug Administration. Orphan designations pursuant to Section 526 of the Federal Food and Cosmetic Act as amended by the Orphan Drug Act (P.L. 97-414). Rockville, MD. From FDA web site [PubMed 20859548]
10. Gainer JV, Morrow JD, Loveland A et al. Effect of bradykinin-receptor blockade on the response to angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor in normotensive and hypertensive subjects. N Engl J Med. 1998; 339:1285-92. [PubMed 9791144]
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12. Shire. FDA advisory committee briefing document on Firazyr (icatibant acetate) for the treatment of acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in patients 18 years of age and older. NDA 022-150. 2011 Jun 23. From FDA website.
13. Longhurst HJ, Farkas H, Craig T et al. HAE international home therapy consensus document. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol. 2010; 6:22. [PubMed 20667125]
14. Bernstein JA, Qazi M. Ecallantide: its pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy and tolerability. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2010; 6:29-39. [PubMed 20383888]
15. Schneider L, Lumry W, Vegh A et al. Critical role of kallikrein in hereditary angioedema pathogenesis: a clinical trial of ecallantide, a novel kallikrein inhibitor. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007; 120:416-22. [PubMed 17559913]
16. Lehmann A. Ecallantide (DX-88), a plasma kallikrein inhibitor for the treatment of hereditary angioedema and the prevention of blood loss in on-pump cardiothoracic surgery. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2008; 8:1187-99. [PubMed 18613770]
17. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration. Application number 125277 summary review. From FDA website.
18. Epstein TG, Bernstein JA. Current and emerging management options for hereditary angioedema in the US. Drugs. 2008; 68:2561-73. [PubMed 19093699]
19. Schneider L, Lumry W, Vegh A et al. Critical role of kallikrein in hereditary angioedema pathogenesis: a clinical trial of ecallantide, a novel kallikrein inhibitor. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007; 120:416-22. [PubMed 17559913]
20. Lehmann A. Ecallantide (DX-88), a plasma kallikrein inhibitor for the treatment of hereditary angioedema and the prevention of blood loss in on-pump cardiothoracic surgery. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2008; 8:1187-99. [PubMed 18613770]
21. Bowen T, Cicardi M, Farkas H et al. 2010 international consensus algorithm for the diagnosis, therapy and management of hereditary angioedema. Allerg Asthma Clin Immunol. 2010; 6(1):24. [PubMed 20667127]