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FD&C Red No. 3

Excipient (pharmacologically inactive substance)

What is FD&C Red No. 3?

FDA has regulatory oversight for color additives used in foods, drugs, cosmetics, and medical devices. FD&C Red No. 3, also known as erythrosine, is a synthetic dye with a cherry-pink stain. In foods it is used to dye cake decorating gel, candies and popsicles, among other food items. Red #40 (Allura Red), is an azo dye, but it is often used in place of Red Dye #3 and can still be found in use in the food industry. Red Dye #3 is also used as color additive for ingested drugs. It is not listed as approved for use in cosmetics.[1][2]

[1] Electronic Code of Federal Registers. Title 21: Food and Drugs. Part 74. Listing of color additives subject to certification. Subpart B. Drugs. Accessed online October 19, 2011. http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr;sid=c387334e82029536a53dde1171ba5481;rgn=div5;view=text;node=21%3A1.;idno=21;cc=ecfr#21:

[2] U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Color Additives: FDA's Regulatory Process and Historical Perspectives. Accessed 10/20/2011. http://www.fda.gov/ForIndustry/ColorAdditives/RegulatoryProcessHistoricalPerspectives/default.htm

Top Medications Containing FD&C Red No. 3