Medication Guide App

Inactive Ingredients

Inactive ingredients are components of a drug product that do not increase or affect the therapeutic action of the active ingredient, which is usually the active drug. Inactive ingredients are added during the manufacturing process of pharmaceutical products such as tablets, capsules, suppositories, and injections. Inactive ingredients may also be referred to as inert ingredients or excipients, and generally have no pharmacological effect. Examples of inactive ingredients include binding materials (which may be excipients), dyes, preservatives, and flavoring agents. Agents that combine with active ingredients to facilitate drug transport in the body are also considered inactive.

The FDA approves inactive ingredients that are included in pharmaceutical products. However, not all inactive ingredients are always inactive. Alcohol is one example of an ingredient that may be active or inactive based on the specific formulation of the medication. Patients may have allergic reactions or other adverse effects to inactive ingredients. If a patient has a known allergic reaction to an inactive ingredient, they should check for the ingredient in new prescription or over-the-counter medications or check with their pharmacist. Examples of inactive ingredients that are have been reported to cause reactions in some patients include: sulfites, benzoates, aspartame, saccharin, oleic acid, benzyl alcohol, lactose, soya lecithin, propylene glycol, and sorbitan trioleate. Patients who have allergic or adverse reactions to certain inactive ingredients may be able to use products that are color- or preservative-free.

Inactive Ingredients A-Z Index

A acesulfame acesulfame potassium acetic acid alcohol alginic acid alpha-tocopherol aluminum chlorohydrex propylene glycol aluminum lake dyes aluminum oxide aminobenzoate sodium ammonia artificial flavor artificial grape flavor artificial mint flavor ascorbic acid ascorbyl palmitate aspartame aspartame powder B banana benzalkonium chloride benzyl alcohol black currant black currant flavor blackberry butyl alcohol butylated hydroxyanisole butylparaben C calcium phosphate calcium phosphate dibasic anhydrous calcium phosphate dihydrate dibasic calcium stearate carboxymethylcellulose carboxymethylcellulose calcium carboxymethylcellulose sodium carnauba wax castor oil castor wax cellacefate cellulose cellulose acetate cellulose compounds cellulose powdered cellulosic polymers cetostearyl alcohol cetyl alcohol cetylpyridinium chloride cherry citric acid citric acid anhydrous citric acid monohydrate coconut oil colophony colorants coloring agent compressible sucrose compressible sugar confectioners sugar copovidone corn corn oil corn starch corn syrup corn syrup solids corn-derived proteins cottonseed oil cranberry croscarmellose sodium croscarmellose sodium type A crospovidone cysteine hydrochloride D D&C Blue No. 1 D&C Green No. 5 D&C Red No. 21 D&C Red No. 22 D&C Red No. 27 D&C Red No. 27 Aluminum Lake D&C Red No. 27 Lake D&C Red No. 28 D&C Red No. 28 Aluminum Lake D&C Red No. 30 D&C Red No. 30 Aluminum Lake D&C Red No. 33 D&C Red No. 40 D&C Red No. 6 D&C Red No. 6 Lake D&C Red No. 7 D&C Red No. 7 Calcium Lake D&C Yellow No. 10 D&C Yellow No. 10 Aluminium Lake D&C Yellow No. 10 Lake D&C Yellow No. 5 D&C Yellow No. 6 dehydrated alcohol dextrates dextrose monohydrate dibasic calcium phosphate dibutyl phthalate dibutyl sebacate dicalcium phosphate diethyl phthalate dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate dimethicone dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate - butyl methacrylate - methyl methacrylate copolymer dimethylpolysiloxane docusate sodium dyes E edetate calcium disodium edetate disodium edible black ink egg lecithin erythrosine erythrosine sodium ethanolamine ethyl acrylate - methyl methacrylate copolymer ethyl alcohol ethyl butyrate ethyl isovalerate ethylcellulose ethylcellulose (10 mPa.s) ethylcellulose (100 mPa.s) ethylcellulose (20 mPa.s) ethylcellulose (7 mPa.s) ethylcelluloses ethylene glycol monoethyl ether eudragit F FD&C Blue No. 1 FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminium Lake FD&C Blue No. 1 Lake FD&C Blue No. 2 FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminium Lake FD&C Blue No. 2 Lake FD&C Green No. 3 FD&C Green No. 3 Aluminum Lake FD&C Red No. 3 FD&C Red No. 4 FD&C Red No. 40 FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminium Lake FD&C Red No. 40 Lake FD&C Yellow No. 10 FD&C Yellow No. 10 Aluminum Lake FD&C Yellow No. 10 Lake FD&C Yellow No. 5 FD&C Yellow No. 5 Aluminum Lake FD&C Yellow No. 5 Lake FD&C Yellow No. 6 FD&C Yellow No. 6 Aluminum Lake FD&C Yellow No. 6 Lake ferric oxide ferric oxide black ferric oxide brown ferric oxide orange ferric oxide red ferric oxide yellow ferric oxides ferrosoferric oxide ferrous fumarate ferrous oxide flavor flavors fragrances fumaric acid G gelatin glucosamine glucosamine hydrochloride glutamic acid hydrochloride glycerin glycerol glycerol monooleate glycerol monostearate glyceryl distearate glycolate H hydroxypropyl cellulose hydroxypropyl methylcellulose hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate hypromellose hypromellose 2208 hypromellose 2208 (100 mPa.s) hypromellose 2208 (100000 mPa.s) hypromellose 2208 (15000 mPa.s) hypromellose 2208 (3 mPa.s) hypromellose 2208 (4000 mPa.s) hypromellose 2910 hypromellose 2910 (15 mPa.s) hypromellose 2910 (15000 mPa.s) hypromellose 2910 (3 mPa.s) hypromellose 2910 (5 mPa.s) hypromellose 2910 (50 mPa.s) hypromellose 2910 (6 mPa.s) hypromellose 2910 3cp hypromellose 2910 50cp hypromellose 2910 5cp hypromellose 2910 6cp hypromellose 3cp hypromellose 5cp hypromellose 6cp hypromellose phthalate hypromelloses I isobutylparaben isopropyl alcohol
L lactose lactose anhydrous lactose hydrous lactose monohydrate low substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose M magnesium silicate magnesium stearate mannitol methacrylic acid methacrylic acid - ethyl acrylate copolymer (1:1) type a methacrylic acid - methyl methacrylate copolymer (1:1) methacrylic acid - methyl methacrylate copolymer (1:2) methacrylic acid copolymer methacrylic acid copolymer type B methanol methylparaben methylparaben sodium microcrystalline cellulose mint mint cream flavor modified corn starch monosodium citrate N natural and artificial orange flavor natural flavor natural mint flavor natural peppermint flavor O oleic acid orange cream flavor orange-pineapple flavor P peppermint peppermint flavor peppermint oil polydextrose polyethylene glycol polyethylene glycol 1450 polyethylene glycol 300 polyethylene glycol 3000 polyethylene glycol 3350 polyethylene glycol 400 polyethylene glycol 4000 polyethylene glycol 600 polyethylene glycol 6000 polyethylene glycol 800 polyethylene glycol 8000 polysorbate 80 polyvinyl alcohol potassium bicarbonate potassium carbonate potassium carbonate anhydrous potato starch povidone povidone k12 povidone k25 povidone k29/32 povidone k30 povidone k90 pregelatinized corn starch pregelatinized starch propylene glycol propylene glycol alginate propylparaben propylparaben sodium R rice starch S saccharin saccharin sodium shellac silicon dioxide silicon dioxide colloidal sodium sodium ascorbate sodium benzoate sodium bicarbonate sodium chloride sodium citrate sodium citrate dihydrate sodium glycolate sodium lauryl sulfate sodium metabisulfite sodium starch glycolate sodium starch glycolate type A potato sodium stearyl fumarate sorbitan sorbitan monolaurate sorbitan monooleate sorbitol sorbitol special soya lecithin spearmint starch stearic acid strawberry guarana flavor strong ammonia solution succinic acid sucrose sugar 6x powder synthetic ferric oxide synthetic ferric oxide black synthetic ferric oxide red synthetic ferric oxide yellow synthetic ferric oxides T tapioca starch tartrazine titanium dioxide triacetin tricalcium phosphate triethyl citrate trisodium citrate anhydrous trisodium citrate dihydrate V vanilla flavor W water wheat starch X xylitol Z zinc gluconate zinc stearate
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