Drug interactions between clarithromycin and MethylPREDNISolone Dose Pack
|MethylPREDNISolone Dose Pack (methylprednisolone)|
Interactions between your selected drugs
clarithromycin ↔ methylprednisolone
Applies to:clarithromycin and MethylPREDNISolone Dose Pack (methylprednisolone)
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
ADJUST DOSE: Coadministration with potent inhibitors of CYP450 3A4 may significantly increase the plasma concentrations of methylprednisolone. Various CYP450 3A4 inhibitors including clarithromycin, diltiazem, erythromycin, itraconazole, ketoconazole, mibefradil, nefazodone, and troleandomycin have been shown to increase methylprednisolone systemic exposure (AUC) by approximately 100% to 300%, with increased adrenal suppression as evidenced by reduced plasma cortisol levels.
MANAGEMENT: The possibility of increased corticosteroid effects should be considered when methylprednisolone is used with potent CYP450 3A4 inhibitors. A 50% reduction in methylprednisolone dosage has been recommended by some investigators. Patients should be monitored for signs and symptoms of hypercorticism such as acne, striae, thinning of the skin, easy bruising, moon facies, dorsocervical "buffalo" hump, truncal obesity, increased appetite, acute weight gain, edema, hypertension, hirsutism, hyperhidrosis, proximal muscle wasting and weakness, glucose intolerance, exacerbation of preexisting diabetes, depression, and menstrual disorders. Other systemic glucocorticoid effects may include adrenal suppression, immunosuppression, posterior subcapsular cataracts, glaucoma, bone loss, and growth retardation in children and adolescents. Following extensive use with a potent CYP450 3A4 inhibitor, a progressive dosage reduction may be required over a longer period if methylprednisolone is to be withdrawn from therapy, as there may be a significant risk of adrenal suppression. Signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency include anorexia, hypoglycemia, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, muscle wasting, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, postural hypotension, depression, and adrenal crisis manifested as inability to respond to stress (e.g., illness, infection, surgery, trauma).
- Varis T, Kaukonen KM, Kivisto KT, Neuvonen PJ "Plasma concentrations and effects of oral methylprednisolone are considerably increased by itraconazole." Clin Pharmacol Ther 64 (1998): 363-8
- Varis T, Backman JT, Kivisto KT, Neuvonen PJ "Diltiazem and mibefradil increase the plasma concentrations and greatly enhance the adrenal-suppressant effect of oral methylprednisolone." Clin Pharmacol Ther 67 (2000): 215-21
- Kotlyar M, Brewer ER, Golding M, Carson SW "Nefazodone inhibits methylprednisolone disposition and enhances its adrenal-suppressant effect." J Clin Psychopharmacol 23 (2003): 652-6
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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