A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes.
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors block cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) an enzyme that promotes inflammation.
COX-2 enzyme converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandin, causing pain and inflammation. They are mainly present in places of inflammation and are responsible for formation of prostanoids (prostacyclins, prostaglandins and thromboxanes) as part of the inflammatory response.
COX-2 inhibitors are used to relieve pain due to inflammation.
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Medical conditions associated with cox-2 inhibitors: