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Thrombocytopenic Purpura In Children

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Thrombocytopenic purpura is a bleeding disorder. Your child's immune system may have antibodies against his platelets. Platelets are cells that help blood to clot. The antibodies attach to his platelets, and then his spleen destroys the platelets. You may not know that your child has thrombocytopenic purpura early in the disease. Symptoms are often mild, but bleeding can be severe at times and become life-threatening.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's caregivers to decide what care you want for your child.

RISKS:

Thrombocytopenic purpura can cause life-threatening bleeding, blood clots, heart attack, or stroke.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that your child may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your child's medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done to your child. Make sure all of your questions are answered.

Emotional support:

Stay with your child for comfort and support as often as possible while he is in the hospital. Ask another family member or someone close to the family to stay with your child when you cannot be there. Bring items from home that will comfort your child, such as a favorite blanket or toy.

Medicines:

  • Steroids help increase platelet production.

  • Antibodies help stop the destruction or removal of platelets and may help to increase platelet production.

  • Antifibrinolytics help prevent bleeding.

Tests:

  • Blood tests are done to count your child's platelets and time how long it takes his blood to clot.

  • A bone marrow biopsy will show if your child's bone marrow is making platelets normally.

Treatment:

  • Platelet transfusions may be given if your child's platelets are very low, or healthcare providers need to stop severe bleeding.

  • Surgery to remove your child's spleen may be needed to stop platelet destruction if his condition is severe.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Thrombocytopenic Purpura In Children (Inpatient Care)

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