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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition where your reproductive organs become inflamed. Your reproductive organs include your ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix (lower area of your uterus), and vagina. PID may cause chronic (long-term) abdominal pain and problems with future pregnancies.



  • Antibiotics: This medicine will help fight or prevent an infection. Take your antibiotics until they are gone, even if you feel better.

  • Pain medicine: You may be given medicine to take away or decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:

You may need a follow-up visit a few days after you start your treatment. Your primary healthcare provider may ask you if your recent sexual partners have also been treated for an STI. You may need more tests if your symptoms do not go away or worsen after treatment. Your treatment may need to be changed if your symptoms are not getting better. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Decrease your chances of getting PID:

  • Finish your treatment: If you do not finish your treatment for PID, your infection may not go away. You may also have an increased risk of having another STI in the future.

  • Do not have unprotected sex: Always use a latex condom. Do not have sex while you or your partners are being treated for an STI.

  • Limit your sexual partners: Avoid having more than one sexual partner at a time to decrease your risk of getting an STI.

  • Talk to your partners: If you have an STI, tell your recent partners. Advise them to see a caregiver for testing and treatment. This will help stop the spread of infection to others or back to you.


Ask when you can return to your normal activities, including sex.

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • You have nausea or vomiting.

  • Your skin is red, itchy, or you have a new rash.

  • You think or know you are pregnant.

  • You have questions about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You have chills or a high fever.

  • You have pain in your upper right abdomen.

  • You have pain in your lower abdomen that does not go away with rest or medicine.

  • Your symptoms get worse or do not improve after 3 days of treatment.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (Aftercare Instructions)