Gastroenteritis In Children
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
Gastroenteritis, or stomach flu, is an infection of the stomach and intestines.
- Antibiotics: These help fight infection caused by bacteria.
- Give your child's medicine as directed: Call your child's primary healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not helping or if he has side effects. Tell your child's primary healthcare provider if your child takes any vitamins, herbs, or other medicines. Keep a list of the medicines he takes. Include the amounts, and when and why he takes them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits.
- Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age: Your child could develop Reye syndrome if he takes aspirin. Reye syndrome can cause life-threatening brain and liver damage. Check your child's medicine labels for aspirin, salicylates, or oil of wintergreen.
Follow up with your child's primary healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.
Manage your child's symptoms:
- Continue to feed your baby formula or breast milk: Be sure to refrigerate any breast milk or formula that you do not use right away. Formula or milk that is left at room temperature may make your child more sick.
- Give your child oral rehydration solution: Your child may need to drink an oral rehydration solution (ORS). An ORS contains water, salts, and sugar that are needed to replace lost body fluids. Ask what kind of ORS to use, how much to give your child, and where to get it.
- Feed your child his normal foods: Offer your child his usual foods if he feels okay. If your child is vomiting or has diarrhea, he can start eating foods when he is ready. Slowly begin to give him regular foods. Continue to give him an ORS also. Do not give your child dairy products or sugary drinks until he feels better.
Prevent the spread of gastroenteritis:
- Wash hands, laundry, and surfaces: This will help prevent the spread of germs. Encourage everyone in your house to wash their hands with soap and water after they use the bathroom or change a child's diaper. Wash the clothes and towels your child uses while he is ill separately from other laundry. Clean surfaces in your home with antibacterial cleaner or bleach.
- Cook safely: Wash your hands and raw vegetables before you cook. Have your child and all household members wash their hands before they eat. Cook meat, fish, and eggs fully. Do not use the same dishes for raw meat as you do for other foods. Refrigerate any leftover food immediately.
- Be aware when you camp or travel: Make sure your child drinks only clean water. Do not let him drink from rivers or lakes unless you purify or boil the water first. When your child travels, have him drink bottled water and avoid ice. Do not give him fruit that has not been peeled. Do not let him eat raw fish or meat that is not fully cooked.
- Consider immunization: You can have your child immunized for rotavirus. This is a shot to protect him from the virus. Ask your primary healthcare provider for more information.
Contact your child's primary healthcare provider if:
- Your child has a fever.
- Your child will not drink.
- Your child continues to vomit or have diarrhea, even after treatment.
- You see worms in your child's diarrhea.
- Your child is fussier than usual or is not as active.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- Your child has signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth or eyes. He may urinate less than usual or not at all.
- You see blood in your child's diarrhea.
- Your child's legs or arms are cold to the touch. They may be blue.
- Your child has trouble breathing or a very fast pulse.
- Your child has a seizure.
- Your child is very sleepy, or you cannot wake him.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.