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Potassium gluconate elixir

Generic Name: potassium gluconate (poe-TASS-ee-uhm GLOO-coe-nate)
Brand Name: Kaon

Potassium gluconate elixir is used for:

Treating or preventing low potassium blood levels when the amount of potassium in the diet is inadequate. Low potassium levels may also be caused by some diseases, severe or prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, or certain medicines (eg, diuretics). Symptoms of low potassium levels include weakness, fatigue, or weakening of reflexes.

Potassium gluconate elixir is an electrolyte that is needed for normal functioning of cells, nerve conduction, muscle contraction, kidney function, and acid-base balance.

Do NOT use potassium gluconate elixir if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in potassium gluconate elixir
  • you have high potassium levels
  • you are taking a potassium-sparing diuretic (eg, triamterene)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using potassium gluconate elixir:

Some medical conditions may interact with potassium gluconate elixir. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have adrenal gland problems, kidney problems, severe burns, diarrhea, or a high acidity of your body fluids (acidosis)
  • if you are dehydrated

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with potassium gluconate elixir. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (eg, enalapril), aldosterone blockers (eg, spironolactone), or potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, triamterene) because the actions and side effects of these medicines may be increased and elevated levels of potassium may occur

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if potassium gluconate elixir may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use potassium gluconate elixir:

Use potassium gluconate elixir as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Potassium gluconate elixir may cause stomach upset. Take after meals or with food.
  • Liquid must be diluted before using. The package label will advise the minimum amount (eg, 4 ounces) of cold water, juice, or other beverage to mix with the liquid. After thoroughly mixing, drink slowly over a 5- to 10-minute period.
  • Do not lie down for 30 minutes after taking potassium gluconate elixir.
  • If you miss a dose of potassium gluconate elixir, take it if you remember within 2 hours. If it is more than 2 hours since your missed dose, skip it and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use potassium gluconate elixir.

Important safety information:

  • Too much or too little potassium can adversely affect the heart. Be sure that your doctor and pharmacist are aware of any heart medications you are taking.
  • Do not use salt substitutes, except on the advice of a doctor.
  • Some of these products may contain the dye tartrazine (FD&C Yellow No. 5), which can cause allergic reactions in certain individuals. Consult your doctor or pharmacist.
  • LAB TESTS, including blood electrolytes, may be performed to monitor your progress or to check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using potassium gluconate elixir during pregnancy. It is unknown if potassium gluconate elixir is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are taking potassium gluconate elixir, check with your doctor to discuss the benefits and risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of potassium gluconate elixir:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Abnormal skin sensation; confusion; diarrhea; listlessness; nausea; stomach discomfort; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abnormal heartbeat; black, tarry stools; heaviness in the legs; indigestion; severe vomiting; stomach pain; tingling in the hands and feet; unusual tiredness or weakness; vomit that looks like coffee grounds.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blood in stools; irregular heartbeat; muscle weakness.

Proper storage of potassium gluconate elixir:

Store potassium gluconate elixir at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C), in a tightly-closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep potassium gluconate elixir out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about potassium gluconate elixir, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Potassium gluconate elixir is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about potassium gluconate elixir. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.

Issue Date: September 3, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.003
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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