Generic Name: tadalafil (ta-DA-la-fil)
Brand Name: Cialis

Cialis is used for:

Treating erectile dysfunction (ED) or treating the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Cialis is a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor. It works by helping to increase blood flow into the penis during sexual stimulation. This helps you to achieve and maintain an erection. It is not known exactly how Cialis works to treat symptoms of BPH.

Do NOT use Cialis if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in Cialis
  • you have severe kidney problems or are on dialysis and you will be taking Cialis daily
  • you have severe liver problems or certain hereditary degenerative eye problems (eg, retinitis pigmentosa)
  • you have certain heart problems (eg, unstable angina, angina during sexual intercourse, uncontrolled irregular heartbeat), low blood pressure, or uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • you have had a heart attack within the past 90 days, or you have had severe heart failure or a stroke within the past 6 months
  • you are taking a nitrate (eg, isosorbide, nitroglycerin) in any form (eg, tablet, capsule, patch, ointment), or nitroprusside
  • you have ED and have been advised by your doctor to avoid sexual activity because of heart problems
  • you use certain recreational drugs called "poppers" (eg, amyl nitrate or nitrite, butyl nitrate or nitrite)
  • you take another PDE5 inhibitor (eg, sildenafil, vardenafil) or another medicine that contains tadalafil
  • you will be using it to treat BPH and you are also taking an alpha-blocker (eg, doxazosin)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Slideshow: View Frightful (But Dead Serious) Drug Side Effects

Before using Cialis:

Some medical conditions may interact with Cialis. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have a deformed penis (eg, Peyronie disease, cavernosal fibrosis), blood cell problems (eg, sickle cell anemia, leukemia, multiple myeloma), or any other condition that may increase the risk of a prolonged erection (priapism)
  • if you have a history of a prolonged (more than 4 hours) or painful erection (priapism)
  • if you have a history of certain eye problems (eg, retinitis pigmentosa, sudden vision loss, optic neuropathy, macular degeneration) or hearing problems (eg, ringing in the ears, decreased hearing, hearing loss)
  • if you have a history of liver or kidney problems, dialysis, lung problems (eg, pulmonary veno-occlusive disease), high or low blood pressure, ulcers, bleeding problems, heart problems (eg, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, aortic stenosis, angina), or blood vessel problems
  • if you have a history of a heart attack, a stroke, or life-threatening irregular heartbeat

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Cialis. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Alpha-blockers (eg, doxazosin), medicines for high blood pressure, nitrates (eg, isosorbide, nitroglycerin), or nitroprusside because severe low blood pressure with dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting may occur
  • Azole antifungals (eg, itraconazole, ketoconazole), macrolide antibiotics (eg, clarithromycin, erythromycin), protease inhibitors (eg, boceprevir, ritonavir), or telithromycin because they may increase the risk of Cialis's side effects
  • Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), carbamazepine, phenytoin, or rifampin because they may decrease Cialis's effectiveness

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Cialis may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use Cialis:

Use Cialis as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • An extra patient leaflet is available with Cialis. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
  • Take Cialis by mouth with or without food.
  • Swallow Cialis whole. Do not break the tablet before swallowing.
  • For use as needed: Take Cialis at least 30 minutes before sexual activity, as directed by your doctor. Cialis may work for up to 36 hours after you take it.
  • For daily use: Take Cialis regularly at about the same time each day.
  • Talk with your doctor if you have questions about how you should take Cialis.
  • Check with your doctor before you eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you are taking Cialis.
  • For use as needed: If you miss a dose of Cialis and you still intend to engage in sexual activity, take it as soon as you remember. Continue to take it as directed by your doctor. For daily use: If you miss a dose of Cialis, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses within the same day.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Cialis.

Important safety information:

  • Cialis may cause dizziness, drowsiness, fainting, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Cialis with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • Cialis may cause dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
  • Do not drink large amounts of alcohol (eg, 5 drinks or more) while you take Cialis. Doing so may increase your risk of dizziness, headache, fast heartbeat, and low blood pressure. Check with your doctor before you drink alcohol while you use Cialis.
  • Do not take more than the recommended dose, change your dose, or take Cialis more often than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
  • Patients with heart problems who take Cialis may be at increased risk of heart-related side effects, including a heart attack or stroke. Symptoms of a heart attack may include chest, shoulder, neck, or jaw pain; numbness of an arm or leg; severe dizziness, headache, nausea, stomach pain, or vomiting; fainting; or vision changes. Symptoms of a stroke may include confusion; vision or speech changes; one-sided weakness; or fainting. Contact your doctor or seek medical attention right away if you experience these symptoms.
  • Cialis may rarely cause a prolonged (eg, more than 4 hours) or painful erection. This could happen even when you are not having sex. If this is not treated right away, it could lead to permanent sexual problems such as impotence. Contact your doctor right away if this happens.
  • Cialis does not stop the spread of HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) to others through sexual contact. Use barrier methods of birth control (eg, condoms) if you have HIV infection or an STD.
  • Cialis will not prevent pregnancy. If your partner may become pregnant and you wish to avoid pregnancy, be sure to use an effective form of birth control.
  • Cialis may uncommonly cause mild, temporary vision changes (eg, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, blue/green color tint to vision). Contact your doctor if vision changes persist or are severe.
  • Rarely, an eye problem called nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) has been reported in patients who took Cialis. This may lead to decreased vision or permanent loss of vision in some cases. If you notice a sudden decrease in vision or loss of vision in one or both eyes, contact your doctor right away.
  • Sudden decreases in hearing and loss of hearing have been reported in some patients who have taken Cialis. Sometimes they also noticed ringing in the ears or dizziness. If you notice a sudden decrease or loss of hearing, contact your doctor right away.
  • Do not use other medicines or treatments for ED while you are taking Cialis without first checking with your doctor.
  • Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments while you are taking Cialis.
  • Use Cialis with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
  • Cialis is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 18 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Cialis is not approved for use in women. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Cialis while you are pregnant. It is not known if Cialis is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use Cialis, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of Cialis:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Cough; dizziness; flushing; headache; heartburn; mild back or muscle pain; stomach upset; stuffy or runny nose.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing or swallowing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, throat, or tongue); burning, numbness, or tingling; chest pain; confusion; decreased urination; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; memory loss; numbness of an arm or leg; one-sided weakness; prolonged, painful erection; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe or persistent back or muscle pain; severe or persistent dizziness or headache; slurred speech; sudden decrease or loss of hearing; vision changes (eg, sudden decrease or loss of vision in one or both eyes).

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include chest pain; fainting; prolonged erection; severe dizziness; severe or persistent back or muscle pain; severe or persistent vision changes.

Proper storage of Cialis:

Store Cialis at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Cialis out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about Cialis, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Cialis is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take Cialis or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about Cialis. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to Cialis. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using Cialis.

Issue Date: July 2, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.001
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Hide
(web1)
Close