Body Mass Index (BMI): Determining Your Obesity Risk
The terms “overweight” and “obese” have specific definitions in healthcare. Overweight and obese are both terms for a range of weight that is greater than what is considered healthy for a given height.1
What is BMI?
For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the body mass index (BMI). BMI is used because, for most people, it correlates with their amount of body fat. BMI is an indirect measure of body fat, but is more convenient than some direct measures of body fat, such as underwater weighing, or dual energy x-ray absorptiometry.2 BMI is also important because the use of many weight loss drugs are based on a whether a person has reached a certain BMI.
Other factors are used in addition to BMI to determine if someone is at risk for weight-related diseases. In addition to BMI, an individual's
- waist circumference
- disease or lifestyle attributes, such as high blood pressure or lack of exercise
are predictors of obesity-related diseases, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines recommend that these additional two predictors should be used in addition to BMI to assess weight-related health risk.3
People with increased muscularity may have a high BMI not necessarily due to excessive body fat, and these BMIs would typically fall in overweight range. However, muscle builders with BMIs in the obese range will usually have a large percentage of body fat.4
To calculate a BMI:
- Multiply weight in pounds by 703.
- Divide that answer by height in inches
- Divide that answer by height in inches again
BMI Risk Categories
|Between 18.5 – 24.9||Healthy|
|Between 25.0 – 29.9||Overweight|
|Between 30.0 – 39.9||Obese|
|Over 40||Morbidly obese
For more information about interpretation of BMI for overweight or obese children and teens, visit Childhood Obesity: A U.S. Epidemic
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Overweight and Obesity. Accessed October 5, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/defining.html
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Assessing Your Weight: About Adult BMI. Accessed October 6, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html
- Department of Health and Human Services. NIH. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. Accessed October 4, 2012.
- Drugs.com. Obesity. Accessed October 5, 2012.
Last updated: 2013-04-11 by Leigh Anderson, PharmD.