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Upper Respiratory Tract Infection News

Related terms: Respiratory Tract Infection, Upper, Upper Respiratory Infection, Viral, URTI, URI, Respiratory Tract Infection

Smog's Health Effects Persist for Decades, Study Finds

Posted 17 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Air pollution can increase the risk of premature death, even decades later, one of the longest running air pollution studies suggests. British scientists found the negative health effects of air pollution – such as a higher risk of lung and heart disease – can persist for more than 30 years. The study authors suggested that more research into the long-term health effects of air pollution – often called smog – is needed. "Air pollution has well established impacts on health, especially on heart and lung disease," study author Dr. Anna Hansell, from Imperial College London, said in a university news release. "The novel aspects of our study are the very long follow-up time and the very detailed assessment of air pollution exposure, using air-quality measurements going back to the 1970s." The researchers monitored air pollution levels in areas of England and ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Heart Disease, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dyspnea, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Croup, Ischemic Heart Disease, Vasomotor Rhinitis, Respiratory Failure, Infectious Heart Disease

Legionnaires' Disease Can Transmit Person-to-Person, Case Suggests

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 – Legionnaires' disease – the respiratory illness that plagued New York City in an outbreak last summer – is typically thought to develop when people breathe in contaminated mist or water droplets. However, a case that occurred in the fall of 2014 in Portugal suggests that the often deadly bacterial infection may, in rare cases, pass person-to-person. One expert in the United States urged caution in interpreting the findings, however. "While this case report sheds new light on a potential concern for person-to-person transmission for Legionnaires' disease, it's important to realize that the primary mode of transmission continues to be via inhalation of infected aerosols from cooling towers associated with large-scale air conditioning and ventilation units," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Legionnaires' ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease, Legionella Pneumonia

Chemical That Can Irritate Lungs Found in Flavored E-Cigarettes

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2016 – People using flavored e-cigarettes, particularly ones that taste like cherry, are likely inhaling a chemical that can irritate their airways, a new study suggests. "It might be the case that if the user of an electronic cigarette experiences some side effects, like coughing, it might be attributed to the flavorings," since the chemical benzaldehyde was detected in 108 of the 145 flavored cigarettes tested in the study, said senior author Maciej Goniewicz. He is an assistant professor of oncology at Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, N.Y. Benzaldehyde is a widely used flavoring agent found in foods as well as medicines, such as cough syrup, Goniewicz said. It can taste like cherries or almonds. "It's safe when we eat it, or when we apply it to our skin, but inhalation is a completely different mode of exposure," Goniewicz explained. Benzaldehyde can ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Respiratory Tract Disease, Habitrol, Nicotrol NS, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, ProStep

Higher Fiber Intake May Improve Lung Function

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 – Eating a fiber-rich diet may help protect you against lung disease, a new study suggests. "Lung disease is an important public health problem, so it's important to identify modifiable risk factors for prevention," study author Corrine Hanson, an associate professor of medical nutrition at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, said in a journal news release. "However, beyond smoking very few preventative strategies have been identified. Increasing fiber intake may be a practical and effective way for people to have an impact on their risk of lung disease," she added. The findings were published recently in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Researchers looked at federal government data from almost 2,000 American adults. They were between 40 and 79 years old. The researchers found that 68 percent of those who had the highest fiber consumption ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Aspiration Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract Disease, Dietary Fiber Supplementation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure

Preventable Ills Cause Nearly 8 Million Childhood Deaths Globally

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 – Most of the nearly 8 million deaths of children and teens around the world in 2013 were avoidable, a new report says. More than 6 million children younger than 5 lost their lives because of treatable conditions like malaria, diarrhea and respiratory tract infections, according to pediatric researchers who've analyzed results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. "The vast majority of deaths in children and adolescents are preventable," said the authors from the Global Burden of Disease Pediatrics Collaboration. "Proven interventions exist to prevent diarrheal and respiratory diseases, neonatal conditions, iron deficiency anemia and road injuries, which result in some of the highest burdens of unnecessary death and disability among children and adolescents." For the study, the researchers from around the world used data from a variety of sources to target ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Malaria, Diarrhea, Chronic, Malaria Prevention, Malaria Prophylaxis, Salmonella Enteric Fever, Infectious Diarrhea, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Diarrhea, Acute, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Coils in Lungs Might Boost Ability to Exercise With Emphysema

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Implanting coils in the lungs may help improve the ability to exercise in people with severe emphysema, a new study suggests. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that damages the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Current treatments for severe emphysema have limited effectiveness. Lung volume reduction surgery can help, but carries a risk of complications and death, the study authors explained. Dr. Gaetan Deslee, of Reims University Hospital in France, and colleagues recruited 100 patients for the study. Fifty patients received usual care – rehabilitation and bronchodilators with or without inhaled corticosteroids and oxygen. The remaining 50 received usual care and also had coils placed in their lungs. The researchers said the coils were placed in the lungs using an endoscope – a slender, flexible device inserted into ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Respiratory Arrest

Implanted Lung Valves Show Promise in Some Emphysema Patients

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – New research suggests that more careful selection of patients could help improve the success rate of valves implanted into the lungs of people with emphysema. The valves aim to improve breathing, allowing patients with the chronic lung disease to be more active and to perhaps survive longer. Previous research into the valves has been mixed, but the new Dutch study found that they work more effectively if physicians are more selective about which patients get them. "The results are relatively impressive," said lung physician Dr. Gary Hunninghake, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "These are benefits that physicians would want to get, and patients might feel better. This could result in people being more enthusiastic about this technique." However, the valves come with a risk of serious side effects, the study authors noted, and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Mechanical Ventilation, Bronchospastic Disease, Respiratory Arrest

Agricultural Pesticides May Affect Kids' Breathing

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 – Early exposure to widely used pesticides may harm children's lungs, a new study says. Previous research has looked at the harmful effect of organophosphate pesticides – chemicals that target the nervous system – on adult agricultural workers. This new study looked at children living in an agricultural area where the organophosphates are used. "This is the first evidence suggesting that children exposed to organophosphates have poorer lung function," said study senior author Brenda Eskenazi, a professor of epidemiology and of maternal and child health at the University of California, Berkeley. For this study, researchers measured levels of organophosphate pesticides in urine samples collected on five occasions from 279 children in California's Salinas Valley between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. The area is an agricultural hub, producing lettuce, grapes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Sore Throat, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Croup, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance, Reversible Airways Disease

Health Tip: Who Gets Pneumonia?

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Anyone can get pneumonia, but your age and general health are risk factors for the dangerous infection. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says other risk factors include: Being a child under age 2. The immune systems of young children are still developing. Being an adult over age 65. Having asthma, bronchitis or COPD. Having cystic fibrosis. Having a weakened immune system. Having sickle cell anemia, diabetes or heart failure. Having trouble coughing, following a stroke. Being in a hospital's intensive care unit, especially if on a ventilator. Having had the flu recently. Smoking or alcohol abuse. Read more

Related support groups: Hydrocodone, Cough, Codeine, Sinusitis, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dry Cough, Dextromethorphan, Benzonatate, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Delsym, Sore Throat, Tessalon, Tessalon Perles, Aspiration Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Zohydro ER, Hysingla ER

SARS-like Virus in Bats Could Jump to Humans

Posted 12 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – A newly identified SARS-like virus in bats appears to be able to jump to humans without mutation, new research suggests. However, it's not yet clear whether it would then be able to spread from person to person, the researchers said. A worldwide outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2002-2003 was caused by a coronavirus that jumped from animals to humans. That outbreak resulted in 8,000 infections and nearly 800 deaths, the researchers noted. "Studies have predicted the existence of nearly 5,000 coronaviruses in bat populations, and some of these have the potential to emerge as human pathogens," senior study author Ralph Baric, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, said in a university news release. "So this is not a situation of 'if' there will be an outbreak of one of these coronaviruses, but rather when and how prepared ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Viral Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease

Health Tip: What's Polluting the Indoor Air?

Posted 22 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Indoor air pollution can trigger a host of breathing problems, especially for people with asthma and other respiratory issues. The American Lung Association says common sources of indoor air pollution include: Cigarette smoke. Mold or mildew. Improperly vented appliances, such as stoves or furnaces. Exhaust from cars, motorcycles or lawn mowers. Household chemicals. A recent paint job. Recent pesticide use. Trash left inside the home or attached garage. Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Bronchitis, Asthma - Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Reversible Airways Disease

'Green' Public Housing May Help Families Breathe Easier

Posted 20 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 – Low-income families living in "green" public housing may have fewer problems with asthma and other respiratory conditions, a new study finds. Researchers found that children living in Boston's newer, greener public housing had fewer asthma attacks, hospital visits and missed school days, compared with their peers in standard public housing. Adults, meanwhile, were less likely to report symptoms consistent with a condition called "sick building syndrome" – which include dizziness, headaches, nausea and eye irritation. The research, reported in the American Journal of Public Health, did not find a cause-and-effect link that proves green housing improves people's respiratory health. But it makes sense that it would, said lead researcher Meryl Colton, who was at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston when the study was conducted. It's known that ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Sinusitis, Bronchitis, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Asthma - Maintenance, Rhinorrhea, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Sore Throat, Rhinitis, Sinus Symptoms, Bronchiectasis, Aspiration Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Croup, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant Patients

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – Living near busy roads with high levels of air pollution raises lung transplant patients' risk of organ rejection and death, but some antibiotics lower that risk, a new study shows. Researchers examined data gathered from more than 5,700 lung transplant patients in 10 European countries between 1987 and 2013. The analysis revealed that patients who lived in areas where air pollution was above maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) were 10 percent more likely to die than those in areas with lower levels of pollution. But this increased risk of death was not seen among patients who took a class of antibiotics called macrolides, which include azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin), according to the study presented Tuesday at a meeting of the European Respiratory Society in Amsterdam. "Short and long-term exposure to air ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Biaxin, Immunosuppression, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Z-Pak, Erythrocin, Respiratory Tract Disease, Immunodeficiency, Ery-Tab, Biaxin XL, Organ Transplant, Pulmonary Impairment, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal

Air Pollution Exposure May Boost Risk of Early Death

Posted 15 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2015 – Breathing in tiny particles of toxic chemicals from the air could lead to an increased risk of premature death, a large new study suggests. "Our data add to a growing body of evidence that particulate matter is really harmful to health, increasing overall mortality, mostly deaths from cardiovascular disease, as well as deaths from respiratory disease in nonsmokers," the study's lead investigator, George Thurston, said in a news release from NYU Langone Medical Center. Thurston is a professor of population health and environmental medicine at NYU Langone in New York City. The data used in this study came from government and independent sources, Thurston added. However, this study was only able to show an association between an increased risk of early death and air pollution; it cannot prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Fine particles are often made up of ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Poisoning, Respiratory Tract Disease, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Reversible Airways Disease

Parents' Clothing Can Infect Newborns in Intensive Care

Posted 25 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2015 – The clothing of parents and visitors may spread dangerous respiratory infections to infants in an neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), a Australian study suggests. Four percent of swabs taken from the personal clothing of caregivers and visitors in the NICU at Royal Hospital for Women in Sydney had detectable respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), researchers found. RSV is the leading cause of respiratory-related hospitalizations among premature babies, the researchers said. The investigators also found RSV on 9 percent of high-touch areas in the NICU, including nurses' computers, chairs next to infants' beds and bed rails. RSV was not detected on the hands of doctors, nurses or visitors in the NICU. "Though the detection rate is low, personal clothing of caregivers/visitors do get contaminated with RSV," study author Nusrat Homaira, of the University of New South ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Respiratory Syncytial Virus

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