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Upper Respiratory Tract Infection News

Related terms: Respiratory Tract Infection, Upper, Upper Respiratory Infection, Viral, URTI, URI, Respiratory Tract Infection

Too Many People Still Take Unneeded Antibiotics: Study

Posted 1 day 22 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Nearly one-third of the antibiotics prescribed in the United States aren't appropriate for the conditions being treated, a new federal government study shows. "We were able to conclude that at least 30 percent of the antibiotics that are given in doctors' offices, emergency departments and hospital-based clinics are unnecessary, meaning that no antibiotics were needed at all," said lead researcher Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra. Such misuse has helped fuel the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which infect 2 million Americans and kill 23,000 every year, said Fleming-Dutra, a pediatrician and epidemiologist at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics are most misused in the treatment of short-term respiratory conditions, such as colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and sinus and ear infections, the researchers reported. "About half of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Sinusitis, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Keflex, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Cold Symptoms, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Clarithromycin

Smog May Boost Risk for Several Cancers

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 29, 2016 – Long-term exposure to fine particles of air pollution – from cars, trucks, power plants and manufacturing facilities – is tied to an increased risk of dying from several kinds of cancer, a new study suggests. "Air pollution remains a clear, modifiable public health concern," said researcher G. Neil Thomas, a reader in epidemiology at the University of Birmingham in England. "Put simply, the more of these particulates there are in the air, the greater the risk of getting these cancers," Thomas said, although the study did not prove the particles actually cause cancer. The study, involving more than 66,000 older residents of Hong Kong, found an increased risk of dying from cancer for even small increases in exposure to these tiny particles of air pollution, which are measured in micrograms per cubic meter (mcg/m3). For example, the overall risk of dying from ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Cough, Smoking, Breast Cancer, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Croup

Climate Change May Mean More Smoggy Days to Come: Study

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 – Climate change could cause many major American cities to experience more days with heavy ozone pollution in the coming decades, a new study predicts. If emission rates continue unchecked, regions within the United States could experience between three and nine additional days of unhealthy ozone levels between May and September by 2050, the study authors said. The researchers are concerned that climate change could undo the progress made under the Clean Air Act to rid U.S. skies of air pollution. "We found, in fact, that climate change could be a monkey wrench in our plans," said study co-author Loretta Mickley. She is a senior research fellow at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences in Cambridge, Mass. "The number of bad ozone days per summer could double – could increase by as much as a week – by the 2050s," she said. California, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Sinusitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Croup, Bronchospastic Disease

Doctors Issue Call to Combat Climate Change

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 18, 2016 – Climate change is already harming people's health by promoting illnesses linked to warmer temperatures and changing weather patterns, a leading group of U.S. doctors says in a new position paper. As a result, the American College of Physicians (ACP) is calling for "aggressive, concerted" action to fight climate change by curbing man-made greenhouse gas emissions. Respiratory illnesses, heat stroke and infectious diseases like Zika virus, dengue fever and cholera are flourishing as global temperatures rise, said Dr. Wayne Riley, president of the college. "Our climate is already changing and people are already being harmed. If we don't begin to address climate change, we're going to see more and more manifestations of these health problems," Riley said. "There is clear, compelling scientific consensus that climate change is real," he added. "There is no dispute." ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Migraine, Allergies, Asthma, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Sinusitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Migraine Prevention, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Psychiatric Disorders, Dyspnea, Migraine Prophylaxis, Asthma - Acute

Lung Ultrasound May Be Best to Spot Pneumonia in Kids: Study

Posted 13 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 13, 2016 – Lung ultrasounds may offer a safer, yet equally effective, alternative to chest X-rays for diagnosing pneumonia in children, researchers report. "Ultrasound is portable, cost-saving and safer for children than an X-ray because it does not expose them to radiation," explained study leader Dr. James Tsung. He is an associate professor in the departments of emergency medicine and pediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, in New York City. The study included 191 emergency department patients aged 21 and younger who were randomly assigned to either an investigational group or a control group. Patients in the investigational group had lung ultrasound and, if additional verification was needed, a follow-up chest X-ray. Those in the control group had a chest X-ray followed by lung ultrasound. The patients in the investigational group had nearly 39 ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Pneumonia, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Streptococcal Pneumonia

MS Patients May Be Prone to Other Chronic Illnesses, Study Finds

Posted 9 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are more likely to have other chronic health problems than those without the nervous system disorder, a new study indicates. Researchers looked at how common several chronic conditions – high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, chronic lung disease, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, inflammatory bowel disease, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia – were in nearly 23,400 people newly diagnosed with MS and more than 116,600 people without MS. The MS patients had higher rates of all the conditions, with high cholesterol being the exception. Their rates of mental illness, particularly depression, were also high. Nineteen percent of MS patients and 9 percent of those without MS had depression, the study found. For many of the chronic conditions, there were significant gender differences. High ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Seizures, Hypertension, Asthma, Heart Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Epilepsy, High Cholesterol, Heart Attack, Mania, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Angina, Diabetic Neuropathy, Seizure Prevention, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Diabetic Nerve Damage, Insulin Resistance

A Sneeze May Be Even Ickier Than You Thought

Posted 13 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 – If you think your sneezes merely emit a delicate spray of tiny droplets into the space around you, think again. New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology using slow-motion photography finds that, instead, sneezes expel a sticky sheet of fluid that first balloons and then breaks apart into long, viscous filaments. Those filaments eventually do separate into a mist of fine droplets, said a team led by Lydia Bourouiba, who runs MIT's Fluid Dynamics of Disease Transmission Laboratory. "What we saw was surprising in many ways," she said in a university news release. "We expected to see droplets coming out fully formed from the respiratory tract. It turns out that's not the case at all." All of this research could lead to more effective ways to reduce the spread of illness, her team said. "It's important to understand how the process of fluid ... Read more

Related support groups: Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Viral Infection

Smog's Health Effects Persist for Decades, Study Finds

Posted 10 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Air pollution can increase the risk of premature death, even decades later, one of the longest running air pollution studies suggests. British scientists found the negative health effects of air pollution – such as a higher risk of lung and heart disease – can persist for more than 30 years. The study authors suggested that more research into the long-term health effects of air pollution – often called smog – is needed. "Air pollution has well established impacts on health, especially on heart and lung disease," study author Dr. Anna Hansell, from Imperial College London, said in a university news release. "The novel aspects of our study are the very long follow-up time and the very detailed assessment of air pollution exposure, using air-quality measurements going back to the 1970s." The researchers monitored air pollution levels in areas of England and ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Heart Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Cold Symptoms, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Dyspnea, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Bronchiectasis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Respiratory Tract Disease, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Croup, Ischemic Heart Disease, Vasomotor Rhinitis, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease

Legionnaires' Disease Can Transmit Person-to-Person, Case Suggests

Posted 4 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 3, 2016 – Legionnaires' disease – the respiratory illness that plagued New York City in an outbreak last summer – is typically thought to develop when people breathe in contaminated mist or water droplets. However, a case that occurred in the fall of 2014 in Portugal suggests that the often deadly bacterial infection may, in rare cases, pass person-to-person. One expert in the United States urged caution in interpreting the findings, however. "While this case report sheds new light on a potential concern for person-to-person transmission for Legionnaires' disease, it's important to realize that the primary mode of transmission continues to be via inhalation of infected aerosols from cooling towers associated with large-scale air conditioning and ventilation units," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Legionnaires' ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease, Legionella Pneumonia

Chemical That Can Irritate Lungs Found in Flavored E-Cigarettes

Posted 29 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2016 – People using flavored e-cigarettes, particularly ones that taste like cherry, are likely inhaling a chemical that can irritate their airways, a new study suggests. "It might be the case that if the user of an electronic cigarette experiences some side effects, like coughing, it might be attributed to the flavorings," since the chemical benzaldehyde was detected in 108 of the 145 flavored cigarettes tested in the study, said senior author Maciej Goniewicz. He is an assistant professor of oncology at Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, N.Y. Benzaldehyde is a widely used flavoring agent found in foods as well as medicines, such as cough syrup, Goniewicz said. It can taste like cherries or almonds. "It's safe when we eat it, or when we apply it to our skin, but inhalation is a completely different mode of exposure," Goniewicz explained. Benzaldehyde can ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Respiratory Tract Disease, Habitrol, Nicotrol NS, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, ProStep

Higher Fiber Intake May Improve Lung Function

Posted 29 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 – Eating a fiber-rich diet may help protect you against lung disease, a new study suggests. "Lung disease is an important public health problem, so it's important to identify modifiable risk factors for prevention," study author Corrine Hanson, an associate professor of medical nutrition at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, said in a journal news release. "However, beyond smoking very few preventative strategies have been identified. Increasing fiber intake may be a practical and effective way for people to have an impact on their risk of lung disease," she added. The findings were published recently in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Researchers looked at federal government data from almost 2,000 American adults. They were between 40 and 79 years old. The researchers found that 68 percent of those who had the highest fiber consumption ... Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Aspiration Pneumonia, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Dietary Fiber Supplementation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure

Preventable Ills Cause Nearly 8 Million Childhood Deaths Globally

Posted 25 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 – Most of the nearly 8 million deaths of children and teens around the world in 2013 were avoidable, a new report says. More than 6 million children younger than 5 lost their lives because of treatable conditions like malaria, diarrhea and respiratory tract infections, according to pediatric researchers who've analyzed results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. "The vast majority of deaths in children and adolescents are preventable," said the authors from the Global Burden of Disease Pediatrics Collaboration. "Proven interventions exist to prevent diarrheal and respiratory diseases, neonatal conditions, iron deficiency anemia and road injuries, which result in some of the highest burdens of unnecessary death and disability among children and adolescents." For the study, the researchers from around the world used data from a variety of sources to target ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Malaria, Diarrhea, Chronic, Malaria Prevention, Diarrhea, Acute, Malaria Prophylaxis, Salmonella Enteric Fever, Infectious Diarrhea, Campylobacter Gastroenteritis, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

Coils in Lungs Might Boost Ability to Exercise With Emphysema

Posted 12 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – Implanting coils in the lungs may help improve the ability to exercise in people with severe emphysema, a new study suggests. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that damages the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Current treatments for severe emphysema have limited effectiveness. Lung volume reduction surgery can help, but carries a risk of complications and death, the study authors explained. Dr. Gaetan Deslee, of Reims University Hospital in France, and colleagues recruited 100 patients for the study. Fifty patients received usual care – rehabilitation and bronchodilators with or without inhaled corticosteroids and oxygen. The remaining 50 received usual care and also had coils placed in their lungs. The researchers said the coils were placed in the lungs using an endoscope – a slender, flexible device inserted into ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Respiratory Failure, Respiratory Arrest

Implanted Lung Valves Show Promise in Some Emphysema Patients

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – New research suggests that more careful selection of patients could help improve the success rate of valves implanted into the lungs of people with emphysema. The valves aim to improve breathing, allowing patients with the chronic lung disease to be more active and to perhaps survive longer. Previous research into the valves has been mixed, but the new Dutch study found that they work more effectively if physicians are more selective about which patients get them. "The results are relatively impressive," said lung physician Dr. Gary Hunninghake, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "These are benefits that physicians would want to get, and patients might feel better. This could result in people being more enthusiastic about this technique." However, the valves come with a risk of serious side effects, the study authors noted, and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Respiratory Tract Disease, Bronchiectasis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Respiratory Failure, Respiratory Arrest, Mechanical Ventilation, Bronchospastic Disease

Agricultural Pesticides May Affect Kids' Breathing

Posted 3 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 – Early exposure to widely used pesticides may harm children's lungs, a new study says. Previous research has looked at the harmful effect of organophosphate pesticides – chemicals that target the nervous system – on adult agricultural workers. This new study looked at children living in an agricultural area where the organophosphates are used. "This is the first evidence suggesting that children exposed to organophosphates have poorer lung function," said study senior author Brenda Eskenazi, a professor of epidemiology and of maternal and child health at the University of California, Berkeley. For this study, researchers measured levels of organophosphate pesticides in urine samples collected on five occasions from 279 children in California's Salinas Valley between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. The area is an agricultural hub, producing lettuce, grapes, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Asthma - Maintenance, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Sore Throat, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Acute, Respiratory Tract Disease, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Diagnosis and Investigation, Croup, Respiratory Failure, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance, Reversible Airways Disease

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