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Upper Respiratory Tract Infection News

Related terms: Respiratory Tract Infection, Upper, Upper Respiratory Infection, Viral, URTI, URI, Respiratory Tract Infection

SARS-like Virus in Bats Could Jump to Humans

Posted 14 days ago by

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – A newly identified SARS-like virus in bats appears to be able to jump to humans without mutation, new research suggests. However, it's not yet clear whether it would then be able to spread from person to person, the researchers said. A worldwide outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2002-2003 was caused by a coronavirus that jumped from animals to humans. That outbreak resulted in 8,000 infections and nearly 800 deaths, the researchers noted. "Studies have predicted the existence of nearly 5,000 coronaviruses in bat populations, and some of these have the potential to emerge as human pathogens," senior study author Ralph Baric, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, said in a university news release. "So this is not a situation of 'if' there will be an outbreak of one of these coronaviruses, but rather when and how prepared ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Viral Infection, Respiratory Tract Disease

Health Tip: What's Polluting the Indoor Air?

Posted 22 Oct 2015 by

-- Indoor air pollution can trigger a host of breathing problems, especially for people with asthma and other respiratory issues. The American Lung Association says common sources of indoor air pollution include: Cigarette smoke. Mold or mildew. Improperly vented appliances, such as stoves or furnaces. Exhaust from cars, motorcycles or lawn mowers. Household chemicals. A recent paint job. Recent pesticide use. Trash left inside the home or attached garage. Read more

Related support groups: Asthma, Bronchitis, Asthma - Maintenance, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Allergic Asthma, Reversible Airways Disease

'Green' Public Housing May Help Families Breathe Easier

Posted 20 Oct 2015 by

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 – Low-income families living in "green" public housing may have fewer problems with asthma and other respiratory conditions, a new study finds. Researchers found that children living in Boston's newer, greener public housing had fewer asthma attacks, hospital visits and missed school days, compared with their peers in standard public housing. Adults, meanwhile, were less likely to report symptoms consistent with a condition called "sick building syndrome" – which include dizziness, headaches, nausea and eye irritation. The research, reported in the American Journal of Public Health, did not find a cause-and-effect link that proves green housing improves people's respiratory health. But it makes sense that it would, said lead researcher Meryl Colton, who was at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston when the study was conducted. It's known that ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Asthma, Sinusitis, Bronchitis, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Asthma - Maintenance, Rhinorrhea, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Asthma - Acute, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Rhinitis, Sore Throat, Sinus Symptoms, Bronchiectasis, Respiratory Tract Disease, Aspiration Pneumonia, Allergic Asthma, Croup, Reversible Airways Disease - Maintenance

Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant Patients

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – Living near busy roads with high levels of air pollution raises lung transplant patients' risk of organ rejection and death, but some antibiotics lower that risk, a new study shows. Researchers examined data gathered from more than 5,700 lung transplant patients in 10 European countries between 1987 and 2013. The analysis revealed that patients who lived in areas where air pollution was above maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) were 10 percent more likely to die than those in areas with lower levels of pollution. But this increased risk of death was not seen among patients who took a class of antibiotics called macrolides, which include azithromycin (Zithromax) and clarithromycin (Biaxin), according to the study presented Tuesday at a meeting of the European Respiratory Society in Amsterdam. "Short and long-term exposure to air ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Biaxin, Immunosuppression, Zithromax Z-Pak, MY-E, Organ Transplant - Rejection Prophylaxis, Z-Pak, Erythrocin, Respiratory Tract Disease, Immunodeficiency, Ery-Tab, Biaxin XL, Organ Transplant, Pulmonary Impairment, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Organ Transplant - Rejection Reversal

Air Pollution Exposure May Boost Risk of Early Death

Posted 15 Sep 2015 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2015 – Breathing in tiny particles of toxic chemicals from the air could lead to an increased risk of premature death, a large new study suggests. "Our data add to a growing body of evidence that particulate matter is really harmful to health, increasing overall mortality, mostly deaths from cardiovascular disease, as well as deaths from respiratory disease in nonsmokers," the study's lead investigator, George Thurston, said in a news release from NYU Langone Medical Center. Thurston is a professor of population health and environmental medicine at NYU Langone in New York City. The data used in this study came from government and independent sources, Thurston added. However, this study was only able to show an association between an increased risk of early death and air pollution; it cannot prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Fine particles are often made up of ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Poisoning, Respiratory Tract Disease, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Reversible Airways Disease

Parents' Clothing Can Infect Newborns in Intensive Care

Posted 25 Aug 2015 by

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2015 – The clothing of parents and visitors may spread dangerous respiratory infections to infants in an neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), a Australian study suggests. Four percent of swabs taken from the personal clothing of caregivers and visitors in the NICU at Royal Hospital for Women in Sydney had detectable respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), researchers found. RSV is the leading cause of respiratory-related hospitalizations among premature babies, the researchers said. The investigators also found RSV on 9 percent of high-touch areas in the NICU, including nurses' computers, chairs next to infants' beds and bed rails. RSV was not detected on the hands of doctors, nurses or visitors in the NICU. "Though the detection rate is low, personal clothing of caregivers/visitors do get contaminated with RSV," study author Nusrat Homaira, of the University of New South ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Many Doctors Work While Sick, Survey Shows

Posted 6 Jul 2015 by

MONDAY, July 6, 2015 – Many health care professionals work when they are sick, putting their patients at risk for serious illness or even death, new research suggests. The danger is greatest for patients with weakened immune systems, and the study authors noted that these practices also increase health care costs. Since the consequences of these types of infections can be significant, the researchers wanted to know why health care professionals didn't stay home when they were ill. So, they surveyed doctors, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurse anesthetists and midwives. A team of researchers, led by Julia Szymczak of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, received anonymous responses from more than 500 health care professionals. The vast majority of those surveyed (95 percent) believed that working while sick put their patients at risk. Still, 83 percent admitted to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diarrhea, Fever, Sinusitis, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Sinus Symptoms, Epiglottitis, Infectious Diarrhea, Diarrhea, Acute

Vernalis and Tris Pharma Receive FDA Approval for Tuzistra XR (codeine polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex)

Posted 1 May 2015 by

May 1, 2015 – Vernalis plc and Tris Pharma Inc. today announce that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the New Drug Application (NDA) for Tuzistra XR (codeine polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex) extended-release oral suspension, CIII (DEA Schedule III). Tuzistra XR is an extended-release oral suspension combination of codeine, an opiate agonist antitussive, and chlorpheniramine, a histamine-1(H1) receptor antagonist, indicated for relief of cough and symptoms associated with upper respiratory allergies or a common cold in adults aged 18 years and older. It is indicated for oral use, with or without food, and is to be dosed every 12 hours. Tuzistra XR is the only codeine based extended-release oral suspension cough-cold treatment in a U.S. prescription cough cold market which sees 30-35 million prescriptions written each year and is estimated to be worth ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Codeine, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Chlorpheniramine, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Chlorpheniramine/Codeine

Could Household Bleach Raise Kids' Risk for Flu, Other Infections?

Posted 2 Apr 2015 by

THURSDAY, April 2, 2015 – A ubiquitous cleaning agent in most American homes – bleach – might increase children's risk for flu, tonsillitis and other infections, a European study suggests. The effect was modest and the study couldn't prove cause-and-effect. However, the researchers said that because millions of homes use bleach or products containing bleach every day, the effect on kids worldwide could be significant. "The high frequency of use of disinfecting cleaning products, caused by the erroneous belief, reinforced by advertising, that our homes should be free of microbes, makes the modest effects reported in our study of public health concern," the researchers wrote. The study was led by Lidia Casas of the Center for Environment and Health at KU Leuven in Leuven, the Netherlands. Her team looked at more than 9,000 children, aged 6 to 12, in the Netherlands, Finland and Spain. ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Topical Disinfection

Study Suggests Link Between E-Cigarettes, Respiratory Infections

Posted 9 Jan 2015 by

THURSDAY, Jan. 8, 2015 – Vapor from electronic cigarettes may increase young people's risk of respiratory infections, whether or not it contains nicotine, a new laboratory study has found. Lung tissue samples from deceased children appeared to suffer damage when exposed to e-cigarette vapor in the laboratory, researchers reported in a recent issue of the journal PLOS One. The vapor triggered a strong immune response in epithelial cells, which are cells that line the inside of the lung and protect the organ from harm, said lead author Dr. Qun Wu, a lung disease researcher at National Jewish Health in Denver. Once exposed to e-cigarette vapor, these cells also became more susceptible to infection by rhinovirus, the virus that's the predominant cause of the common cold, the researchers found. "Epithelial cells are the first line of defense in our airways," Wu said. "They protect our ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

New Push by Doctors to Limit Antibiotic Use in Kids

Posted 18 Nov 2013 by

MONDAY, Nov. 18, 2013 – American children get too many unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for upper respiratory infections, a medical group says. Now the organization is urging both providers and parents to take steps to ensure that antibiotics are used only when truly needed. More than one in five pediatric office visits results in an antibiotic prescription, according to the authors of a new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). And about 10 million antibiotic prescriptions are written every year for upper respiratory infections that likely won't improve from antibiotic use. In addition, physicians often prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics. These are medications that can kill a wide variety of bacteria, rather than narrow-spectrum drugs that target certain types of bacteria. Narrow-spectrum drugs generally are preferred so bacteria don't become resistant to ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Patient Education Helps Prevent Overuse of Antibiotics for Cough, Study Finds

Posted 18 Jan 2013 by

FRIDAY, Jan. 18 – Patient education in the form of brochures and posters helps reduce the overuse of antibiotics to treat bronchitis in teens and adults, according to a new study. The overuse of antibiotics to treat bronchitis could worsen trends in antibiotic resistance, the researchers noted. They said computer prompts alerting nurses to the need for patient education on the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia also are effective in reducing reliance on antibiotics. The study, led by Dr. Ralph Gonzales of the University of California, San Francisco, involved 33 primary care practices that are part of an integrated health care system in central Pennsylvania. At 11 practices, printed materials – including educational brochures and posters explaining the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia – were routinely offered to patients suffering from a cough. In 11 more ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Sulfamethoxazole, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Bactrim DS, Levofloxacin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Avelox, Tetracycline, Biaxin, Sulfasalazine

That May Not Be a Cold, Could Be Fall Allergies

Posted 25 Sep 2012 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 25 – Many parents complain that as soon as school starts, their child inevitably catches a cold. But, while kids do swap their fair share of germs during the school day, not every runny nose stems from a cold – often, those sneezy symptoms are the result of fall allergies. "When school starts, most parents think a runny nose has to be a cold, but a lot of times it's really hay fever caused by ragweed," said Dr. Joseph Leija, an allergist at Loyola University Health System's Gottlieb Memorial Hospital in Chicago. Leija also conducts the official pollen counts for the Midwest. And, in the Midwest this year, he said, another allergen – mold – is an even bigger problem than it usually is. In fact, mold counts have been so high that air quality alerts have been issued. Normally, mold counts higher than 50,000 trigger air quality warnings, according to Leija. On Sept. 6 the ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Respiratory Virus Killed 8 Military Recruits After Vaccination Program Halted

Posted 15 Feb 2012 by

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15 – Adenovirus infections caused eight deaths in the U.S. military since an immunization program was canceled, according to a new study. Adenoviruses are frequent causes of respiratory disease in the United States. There are dozens of strains of adenovirus, many of which do not cause serious illness. Adenoviruses, for example, often cause symptoms of the common cold. However, certain strains can cause life-threatening illness, including pneumonia. A vaccination program against adenovirus types 4 and 7 was launched in 1971 and ended in 1999 after the only manufacturer of the vaccine ceased production. A new vaccination program began in October 2011. An analysis of data showed that only five adenovirus-associated deaths, all related to types 4 and 7, were reported in active duty military members between 1967 and 1974. There were no deaths from adenovirus between 1975 and ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Certain Seniors at Risk for Infection After ER Visit: Study

Posted 23 Jan 2012 by

MONDAY, Jan. 23 – Seniors in long-term care facilities have a roughly threefold increased risk for respiratory or gastrointestinal infections if they visit a hospital emergency department in the fall, winter or spring, according to a new study. Canadian researchers looked at 1,269 elderly residents of 22 long-term care facilities in Toronto, Ontario, and Montreal and Riviere-du-Loup, Quebec between September 2006 and May 2008. The investigators noted that they focused on non-summer months because that's when higher rates of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections occur. During the study period, 424 of the seniors visited an emergency department for a variety of conditions other than acute respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, and 845 did not go to an emergency department. The seniors who went to an emergency department had a higher rate of chronic illnesses and tended to be ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Gastroenteritis

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