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Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Blog

Related terms: Respiratory Tract Infection, Upper, Upper Respiratory Infection, Viral, URTI, URI, Respiratory Tract Infection

Vernalis and Tris Pharma Receive FDA Approval for Tuzistra XR (codeine polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex)

Posted 1 May 2015 by Drugs.com

May 1, 2015 – Vernalis plc and Tris Pharma Inc. today announce that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the New Drug Application (NDA) for Tuzistra XR (codeine polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex) extended-release oral suspension, CIII (DEA Schedule III). Tuzistra XR is an extended-release oral suspension combination of codeine, an opiate agonist antitussive, and chlorpheniramine, a histamine-1(H1) receptor antagonist, indicated for relief of cough and symptoms associated with upper respiratory allergies or a common cold in adults aged 18 years and older. It is indicated for oral use, with or without food, and is to be dosed every 12 hours. Tuzistra XR is the only codeine based extended-release oral suspension cough-cold treatment in a U.S. prescription cough cold market which sees 30-35 million prescriptions written each year and is estimated to be worth ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Codeine, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Chlorpheniramine, Cough and Nasal Congestion, Chlorpheniramine/Codeine

Could Household Bleach Raise Kids' Risk for Flu, Other Infections?

Posted 2 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 2, 2015 – A ubiquitous cleaning agent in most American homes – bleach – might increase children's risk for flu, tonsillitis and other infections, a European study suggests. The effect was modest and the study couldn't prove cause-and-effect. However, the researchers said that because millions of homes use bleach or products containing bleach every day, the effect on kids worldwide could be significant. "The high frequency of use of disinfecting cleaning products, caused by the erroneous belief, reinforced by advertising, that our homes should be free of microbes, makes the modest effects reported in our study of public health concern," the researchers wrote. The study was led by Lidia Casas of the Center for Environment and Health at KU Leuven in Leuven, the Netherlands. Her team looked at more than 9,000 children, aged 6 to 12, in the Netherlands, Finland and Spain. ... Read more

Related support groups: Influenza, Tonsillitis/Pharyngitis, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Topical Disinfection

Study Suggests Link Between E-Cigarettes, Respiratory Infections

Posted 9 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 8, 2015 – Vapor from electronic cigarettes may increase young people's risk of respiratory infections, whether or not it contains nicotine, a new laboratory study has found. Lung tissue samples from deceased children appeared to suffer damage when exposed to e-cigarette vapor in the laboratory, researchers reported in a recent issue of the journal PLOS One. The vapor triggered a strong immune response in epithelial cells, which are cells that line the inside of the lung and protect the organ from harm, said lead author Dr. Qun Wu, a lung disease researcher at National Jewish Health in Denver. Once exposed to e-cigarette vapor, these cells also became more susceptible to infection by rhinovirus, the virus that's the predominant cause of the common cold, the researchers found. "Epithelial cells are the first line of defense in our airways," Wu said. "They protect our ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

New Push by Doctors to Limit Antibiotic Use in Kids

Posted 18 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 18, 2013 – American children get too many unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for upper respiratory infections, a medical group says. Now the organization is urging both providers and parents to take steps to ensure that antibiotics are used only when truly needed. More than one in five pediatric office visits results in an antibiotic prescription, according to the authors of a new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). And about 10 million antibiotic prescriptions are written every year for upper respiratory infections that likely won't improve from antibiotic use. In addition, physicians often prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics. These are medications that can kill a wide variety of bacteria, rather than narrow-spectrum drugs that target certain types of bacteria. Narrow-spectrum drugs generally are preferred so bacteria don't become resistant to ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Patient Education Helps Prevent Overuse of Antibiotics for Cough, Study Finds

Posted 18 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 18 – Patient education in the form of brochures and posters helps reduce the overuse of antibiotics to treat bronchitis in teens and adults, according to a new study. The overuse of antibiotics to treat bronchitis could worsen trends in antibiotic resistance, the researchers noted. They said computer prompts alerting nurses to the need for patient education on the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia also are effective in reducing reliance on antibiotics. The study, led by Dr. Ralph Gonzales of the University of California, San Francisco, involved 33 primary care practices that are part of an integrated health care system in central Pennsylvania. At 11 practices, printed materials – including educational brochures and posters explaining the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia – were routinely offered to patients suffering from a cough. In 11 more ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Bronchitis, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Erythromycin, Sulfamethoxazole, Minocycline, Clarithromycin, Bactrim DS, Levofloxacin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Avelox, Tetracycline, Biaxin, Sulfasalazine

That May Not Be a Cold, Could Be Fall Allergies

Posted 25 Sep 2012 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 25 – Many parents complain that as soon as school starts, their child inevitably catches a cold. But, while kids do swap their fair share of germs during the school day, not every runny nose stems from a cold – often, those sneezy symptoms are the result of fall allergies. "When school starts, most parents think a runny nose has to be a cold, but a lot of times it's really hay fever caused by ragweed," said Dr. Joseph Leija, an allergist at Loyola University Health System's Gottlieb Memorial Hospital in Chicago. Leija also conducts the official pollen counts for the Midwest. And, in the Midwest this year, he said, another allergen – mold – is an even bigger problem than it usually is. In fact, mold counts have been so high that air quality alerts have been issued. Normally, mold counts higher than 50,000 trigger air quality warnings, according to Leija. On Sept. 6 the ... Read more

Related support groups: Allergies, Cold Symptoms, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Respiratory Virus Killed 8 Military Recruits After Vaccination Program Halted

Posted 15 Feb 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 15 – Adenovirus infections caused eight deaths in the U.S. military since an immunization program was canceled, according to a new study. Adenoviruses are frequent causes of respiratory disease in the United States. There are dozens of strains of adenovirus, many of which do not cause serious illness. Adenoviruses, for example, often cause symptoms of the common cold. However, certain strains can cause life-threatening illness, including pneumonia. A vaccination program against adenovirus types 4 and 7 was launched in 1971 and ended in 1999 after the only manufacturer of the vaccine ceased production. A new vaccination program began in October 2011. An analysis of data showed that only five adenovirus-associated deaths, all related to types 4 and 7, were reported in active duty military members between 1967 and 1974. There were no deaths from adenovirus between 1975 and ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Certain Seniors at Risk for Infection After ER Visit: Study

Posted 23 Jan 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 23 – Seniors in long-term care facilities have a roughly threefold increased risk for respiratory or gastrointestinal infections if they visit a hospital emergency department in the fall, winter or spring, according to a new study. Canadian researchers looked at 1,269 elderly residents of 22 long-term care facilities in Toronto, Ontario, and Montreal and Riviere-du-Loup, Quebec between September 2006 and May 2008. The investigators noted that they focused on non-summer months because that's when higher rates of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections occur. During the study period, 424 of the seniors visited an emergency department for a variety of conditions other than acute respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, and 845 did not go to an emergency department. The seniors who went to an emergency department had a higher rate of chronic illnesses and tended to be ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Gastroenteritis

Breast-Feeding for 6 Months May Prevent Infant Infections

Posted 28 Sep 2010 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 28 – Children who derive all their nutrition from breast-milk during their first six months of life are less prone to a host of common infections, new Greek research says. And when infection strikes, the ensuing illness is typically less severe among children who are exclusively breast-fed (having ingested no substitute formula) in their first half year, the study authors stated. The research, led by Emmanouil Galanakis from the department of pediatrics at the University of Crete in Heraklion, Greece, is published in the Sept. 28 online edition of the Archives of Disease in Childhood. In 2004, Galanakis and his colleagues looked at the feeding patterns and infection rates among nearly 1,000 Greek infants from birth to 1 year of age. All the infants had received their routine vaccinations and all were deemed to have access to high-quality health care. The study authors ... Read more

Related support groups: Urinary Tract Infection, Otitis Media, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Oral Thrush, Gastroenteritis, Conjunctivitis

Antibiotics Being Prescribed Less for Respiratory Infections

Posted 12 Jan 2010 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 18 – Prescribing antibiotics to treat respiratory tract infections has dropped significantly in recent years, a new study has found. That's mainly the result of fewer young children being seen for ear infections, according to the researchers. But despite a decline overall, prescriptions for broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as azithromycin (Zithromax), and anti-microbial agents known as quinolones have increased, they reported. Such drugs are used to fight more serious infections, such as MRSA and other resistant bacteria. "There is good news about declining antibiotic use, since inappropriate use of antibiotics can result in bacteria that are resistant to these antibiotics," said Dr. Marie R. Griffin, a professor of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and a co-author of the study. "However, overuse of powerful antibiotics remains a problem." ... Read more

Related support groups: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

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