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Related terms: Noninsulin-dependent Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes, Type 2

Cutting Sugar From Diet Boosts Kids' Health Immediately: Study

Posted 27 Oct 2015 by

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 – Cutting most of the sugar from a child's diet can immediately improve health, even if the diet still contains the same amount of calories and carbohydrates as before, a new study suggests. Researchers put a group of 43 obese kids on a nine-day diet that severely restricted sugar intake, but replaced added sugars with starchy foods to maintain the children's intake of calories and carbs. That diet caused immediate reductions in their high blood pressure and improvement in their blood sugar and cholesterol levels, the investigators found. "Every aspect of their metabolic health got better, with no change in calories," said study author Dr. Robert Lustig, a pediatric endocrinologist at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital in San Francisco. "This study definitively shows that sugar is metabolically harmful not because of its calories or its effects on weight. Rather, ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Hypertension, High Cholesterol, Weight Loss, Hypertriglyceridemia, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hyperlipoproteinemia, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Chronic Heartburn Drugs Tied to Higher Risk of Kidney Disease

Posted 27 Oct 2015 by

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 – A common type of heartburn medication called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) seem to be linked with increased risk of chronic kidney disease, two new studies suggest. Prilosec, Nexium and Prevacid belong to this class of drugs, which treat heartburn and acid reflux by lowering the amount of acid produced by the stomach. While the current studies have shown an association between these drugs and the development of chronic kidney disease, they did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Still, the lead author of one of the studies believes, "It is very reasonable to assume that PPIs themselves can cause chronic kidney disease," said Dr. Pradeep Arora, a nephrologist and associate professor at the SUNY Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Science in Buffalo, N.Y. "Patients should only use PPIs for [U.S. Food and Drug Administration]-approved indications, and ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, GERD, Omeprazole, Nexium, Prilosec, Protonix, Renal Failure, Indigestion, Pantoprazole, Lansoprazole, Dexilant, Prevacid, Aciphex, Chronic Kidney Disease, Zegerid, Rabeprazole, Esomeprazole, Prilosec OTC

Health Tip: How Foods Impact Glycemic Index

Posted 27 Oct 2015 by

-- Glycemic index measures how specific foods affect your blood sugar. Foods with a higher number have a greater impact on blood glucose levels than foods with a lower GI score. The American Diabetes Association explains how certain foods and their cooking methods impact the tally: Foods with higher fiber and fat content have a lower GI score. Highly processed foods tend to have higher GI scores. For example, fruit juice usually has a higher GI score than the fruit itself. And mashed potato has a higher GI than a whole baked potato. Riper fruits tend to have a higher GI than less ripe fruits. Cooking tends to raise a GI score. For example, al dente pasta has a lower GI than pasta cooked longer. Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Weight Loss, Dietary Fiber Supplementation

U.S. Task Force Urges Broader Screening for Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 26 Oct 2015 by

MONDAY, Oct. 26, 2015 – Doctors should screen overweight and obese adults between 40 and 70 years old for abnormal blood sugar levels and type 2 diabetes, according to new recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. People with elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels should then be referred to intensive behavioral counseling that emphasizes healthy eating and regular exercise, the guidelines say. "People with abnormal blood glucose have a higher risk for progression to [type 2] diabetes. By finding abnormal blood glucose early, you may prevent that pathway by starting lifestyle interventions early," said Dr. Michael Pignone, a task force member and professor of medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. As many as 86 million American adults have abnormal blood sugar levels. Without lifestyle changes, between 15 and 30 percent of them will develop type ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Weight Loss, Diagnosis and Investigation, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Review Finds Fecal Transplants Work Well But Need Tight Regulation

Posted 21 Oct 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 – The growing use of fecal transplants needs to be carefully controlled, experts say. The therapy is increasingly being used to treat people with life-threatening intestinal infections, such as those caused by the bacterium Clostridium difficile. The procedure involves transferring fecal matter from a healthy donor into the intestine of a patient so that healthy bacteria can re-colonize the bowel. Researchers analyzed available evidence and found that fecal transplants were 85 percent successful in treating patients, compared with 20 percent for standard antibiotic treatment. A recent clinical trial was halted early because fecal transplantation proved so effective, with a 90 percent success rate compared to 26 percent for powerful antibiotics, the researchers noted. After more than 7,000 fecal transplants, few harmful effects have been reported and the ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Colitis, Clostridial Infection, Pseudomembranous Colitis

Should the Annual Physical Be Scrapped?

Posted 14 Oct 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 – Doctors continue to debate the worth of a time-honored tradition of health care – the annual physical examination. Some want the once-a-year physical abandoned, based on a growing body of research that these exams don't reduce your overall risk of disease or death. But yearly checkups help build the relationship between doctor and patient, leaving both better prepared when illness does strike, other doctors respond. In editorials in the Oct. 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Harvard professors air both sides of the debate. The original idea behind the annual physical examination held that these visits provide doctors an opportunity to practice preventive medicine, said Dr. Ateev Mehrotra, an associate professor of health care policy and medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston. Doctors would detect problems such as high blood pressure, ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Daily Glass of Wine May Boost Type 2 Diabetics' Heart Health

Posted 12 Oct 2015 by

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 – Relaxing with a glass of wine at the end of the day may help improve heart health and blood sugar levels for people with type 2 diabetes, new research suggests. Red wine was better at improving cholesterol, the study found. And, both red and white wine helped blood sugar control in those who metabolize alcohol slowly, the researchers said. While other studies have suggested that wine drinking helps the heart, expert recommendations about the benefits of moderate drinking are still controversial, especially for those with diabetes, said study lead author Iris Shai, a researcher at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel. "This is the first long-term, large-scale, alcohol intervention clinical trial ever conducted, and in diabetics in particular," that looked at the benefits of wine, and if the type of wine matters, she said. Shai and colleagues randomly ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, High Cholesterol, Hypertriglyceridemia

Infant Heart Defect May Be Linked to Pre-Diabetic Sugar Levels in Pregnancy

Posted 12 Oct 2015 by

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 – High blood sugar levels during pregnancy may increase a baby's risk of a heart defect, even among women without diabetes, a new study suggests. "Diabetes is the tail end of a spectrum of metabolic abnormalities," said study lead author Dr. James Priest, a postdoctoral scholar in pediatric cardiology at Stanford University in California. "We already knew that women with diabetes were at significantly increased risk for having children with congenital heart disease. What we now know... is that women who have elevated glucose [blood sugar] values during pregnancy that don't meet our diagnostic criteria for diabetes also face an increased risk." The researchers examined blood samples taken from 277 California women during the second trimester of pregnancy. The study participants included a control group of 180 women who had babies without heart defects. The other ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Delivery, Premature Labor, Gestational Diabetes, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

New Clues to How Gene Affects Women's Body Shape, Diabetes Risk

Posted 12 Oct 2015 by

SATURDAY, Oct. 10, 2015 – Studies have shown that women with larger hips tend to have a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, and now scientists are getting a clearer picture of the genetics behind it all. Recent research has shown that a variant in a gene called KLF14 is associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It also seems to be a master regulator of how and where a woman's body stores fat: Women with one particular "allele," or version, of the gene variant tend to have slimmer hips, while women with another are more "pear-shaped." Now a team of international researchers has discovered more about how the gene variant works: It appears to regulate hundreds of other genes active in fat cells, and it changes the structure and function of those cells. The findings offer clues as to why narrow hips have the unfortunate side effect of an increased diabetes risk, the researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging

Severely Obese Kids at Higher Risk for Heart Disease, Diabetes

Posted 30 Sep 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2015 – Children who are severely obese, especially boys, have risk factors that increase their odds of getting heart disease and diabetes, new research finds. "As the severity of obesity in kids gets worse, their risks for heart disease and diabetes goes up," said study author Asheley Skinner, an associate professor of pediatrics and health policy management at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Children who are the most obese, she said, are twice as likely to have some of the risk factors for heart disease and diabetes as the mildly obese. The fact that the doubling of risk came from a comparison to mildly obese children, not normal-weight kids, is especially concerning, she said. The study is published Oct. 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine. Severe obesity is on the rise among U.S. children and young adults, according to background ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Higher-Protein Diet May Help Some With Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – People with type 2 diabetes may benefit from a higher-protein diet, but it likely depends on whether or not they have a particular gene related to vitamin D metabolism, new research suggests. The study of overweight adults with type 2 diabetes found that people lost a similar amount of weight over two years whether they followed a high-protein, low-protein, low-fat or high-fat diet. But differences emerged when it came to dieters' levels of insulin – a hormone that regulates blood sugar. In type 2 diabetes, the body loses its sensitivity to insulin, which triggers spikes in blood sugar and insulin production. In this study, some people showed bigger reductions in insulin and improved insulin sensitivity when they ate a higher-protein diet: namely, people with a particular gene variant that boosts blood levels of vitamin D. It's not clear yet what it all ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Caltrate 600 with D, Calcium/Vitamin D, Os-Cal 500 with D, Citracal + D, Oyster Shell Calcium, Oysco 500 with D, Calcium 600 D, Citracal Creamy Bites, Calcet, Calcarb with D, Citracal Petites, Posture-D H/P, Calcio Del Mar, Osteocit D Plus, Dical-D, Oyster Shell Calcium with Vitamin D, Caltrate Colon Health

More Evidence High-Fiber, Mediterranean Diet Is Good for You

Posted 29 Sep 2015 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 – Numerous studies have extolled the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet. Now, research suggests the regimen may also boost levels of beneficial fatty acids. These so-called "short chain fatty acids" are produced by bacteria in the intestine during fermentation of insoluble fiber from fruits, vegetables and legumes. The fatty acids are believed to provide a number of health benefits, including a lower risk of diabetes, heart disease and inflammatory diseases, an Italian team reports in the Sept. 29 issue of the journal Gut. "We provide here tangible evidence of the impact of a healthy diet and a Mediterranean dietary pattern," wrote the team led by Danilo Ercolini, a professor of microbiology at the University of Naples in Italy. The study of 153 Italian adults found higher levels of short chain fatty acids in vegans, vegetarians and those who closely ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Crohn's Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Fish Oil, Lovaza, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Omega-3, Dietary Fiber Supplementation, Omacor, Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, MaxEPA, Marine Lipid Concentrate, Animi-3, Proepa, TherOmega, Prenatal DHA, Sea-Omega 30, Super-EPA, Omega 3-6-9 Complex

Sleep Apnea May Raise Risk of Depression

Posted 25 Sep 2015 by

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2015 – People with sleep apnea are at increased risk for depression, but continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for their apnea may ease their depression, a new study suggests. The Australian study included 293 men and women who were newly diagnosed with sleep apnea. Nearly 73 percent had depression when the study began. The worse their apnea, the more severe their depression. However, after three months, only 4 percent of the 228 apnea patients who used CPAP for an average of at least five hours a night still had clinically significant symptoms of depression. At the start of the study, 41 patients reported thinking about harming themselves or feeling they would be better off dead. After three months of CPAP therapy, none of them had persistent suicidal thoughts. The study appears in the September issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. "Effective ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Major Depressive Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Sleep Apnea, Dysthymia, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Finding Disease Cures Can Take Up to a Century: Analysis

Posted 24 Sep 2015 by

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2015 – A team of scientists has looked back over decades of discovery to conclude that it can take dozens of years, even a century, for cumulative research to lead to a cure for a single disease. The finding is disheartening given the current U.S. government underfunding of the basic science needed to investigate diseases, said a team led by Dr. R. Sanders Williams, president of the San Francisco-based Gladstone Institutes, a biomedical research organization. "As shown by our analysis, new treatments depend upon a broad base of scientific knowledge plus special contributions from a few exceptional scientists," Williams said in an institute news release. For anyone suffering from an illness, the dream word is "cure." True cures for disease remain rare, though. But, in the new study the Gladstone team traced the long investigative paths linking generations of ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Parkinson's Disease, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Diabetes, Type 1, Alzheimer's Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Diagnosis and Investigation, Yervoy, Parkinsonism, Ipilimumab, Orkambi, Kalydeco, Ivacaftor/lumacaftor, Ivacaftor

Taking Blood Pressure Drugs at Night May Help Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 24 Sep 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2015 – In surprising new research, experts report that the timing of taking your blood pressure medicine could have a big impact on whether or not you develop type 2 diabetes. Specifically, the Spanish researchers found that taking blood pressure medications at bedtime rather than waiting until morning may cut the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by more than half. People with high blood pressure tend to suffer from a phenomenon called "non-dipping," in which their blood pressure does not substantially decrease during sleep as it does in healthy people, the researchers said in background information. In an initial study, the investigators found that "non-dippers" tended to have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared with people whose blood pressure decreased normally during sleep. A follow-up clinical trial by the same research group revealed ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Lisinopril, Hypertension, Amlodipine, Losartan, Hydrochlorothiazide, Benicar, Diovan, Diltiazem, Norvasc, Verapamil, Ramipril, Cozaar, Micardis, Nifedipine, Enalapril, Cardizem, Benazepril, Valsartan

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