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Related terms: Noninsulin-dependent Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes, Type 2

Weight-Loss Surgery Helps Treat Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 2 days 8 hours ago by

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 – Weight-loss surgery quickly improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes, and should be recommended or considered as a treatment for certain obese people with diabetes. That's the message of a joint statement endorsed by 45 international professional organizations. It appears in the June issue of the journal Diabetes Care. "Given the rapid developments in the field, it is important to focus on this topic for those who care for individuals with diabetes. These new guidelines, based on the results of multiple clinical studies, validate that [weight-loss] surgery is indicated in certain people with diabetes and can yield significantly improved outcomes," editor-in-chief of Diabetes Care Dr. William Cefalu said in a journal news release. These are the first guidelines recommending surgery as a treatment option specifically for diabetes, he added. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Weight Loss, Gastric Bypass Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery

No Welcome Mats for Diabetes, Obesity in 'Walkable' Neighborhoods

Posted 2 days 8 hours ago by

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 – If you live in a neighborhood where it's easy to walk to shops, schools and jobs, a new study says all that hoofing about appears to stave off excess weight and diabetes. The research found the rate of overweight and obesity increased in Ontario, Canada neighborhoods with poor "walkability" between 2001 and 2012. But overweight and obesity remained about the same in places where people can walk or bike where they need to go, the study reported. During that same period, the rate of diabetes remained about the same in less walkable areas, but declined in places that fostered walking and biking. "We know that the differences weren't because people in the most walkable neighborhoods were going to the gym more," said senior researcher Dr. Gillian Booth. "Their overall leisure time activities were not different, in terms of amount of energy expenditure. The difference ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Weight Loss, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

At Least 1 Full-Time Nurse Per School, Pediatric Group Recommends

Posted 3 days ago by

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – Every school should have at least one full-time registered nurse, a new American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement says. "School nursing is one of the most effective ways to keep children healthy and in school and to prevent chronic absenteeism," Dr. Breena Welch Holmes, a lead author of the policy statement and chair of the AAP Council on School Health, said in an AAP news release. But school district policies about nurses may lack uniformity. And such policies often need updating, the AAP noted. In the past, the AAP supported having one school nurse for every 750 healthy students and one nurse for every 225 students who needed professional nursing assistance. But these ratios aren't enough to meet the health needs of today's students, the new policy says. "As student health needs became more complex, the school nursing role has expanded to include ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Seizures, Allergic Reactions, Allergies, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Asthma, Asthma - Maintenance, Diabetes, Type 1, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Seizure Prevention, Asthma - Acute, Anaphylaxis, Diabetes Mellitus, Seizure Prophylaxis, Allergic Asthma, Executive Function Disorder

FDA Medwatch Alert: Canagliflozin (Invokana, Invokamet): Drug Safety Communication - Clinical Trial Results Find Increased Risk of Leg and Foot Amputations

Posted 8 days ago by

ISSUE: FDA is alerting the public about interim safety results from an ongoing clinical trial that found an increase in leg and foot amputations, mostly affecting the toes, in patients treated with the diabetes medicine canagliflozin (Invokana, Invokamet). FDA has not determined whether canagliflozin increases the risk of leg and foot amputations. FDA is currently investigating this new safety issue and will update the public when we have more information. See the FDA Drug Safety Communication for additional details regarding the ongoing Canagliflozin Cardiovascular Assessment Study (CANVAS) clinical trial. BACKGROUND: Canagliflozin is a prescription medicine used with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs called sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. Canagliflozin lowers blood sugar by causing the kidneys to ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Invokana, Invokamet, Canagliflozin, Canagliflozin/metformin

Antibacterial Agent May Not Be a Dirty Word After All: Study

Posted 8 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 – Triclosan, an ingredient used in some antibacterial products and toothpaste, is a dirty word in certain circles. But triclosan might not cause the harms that some fear, new research suggests. "There are a lot of people who are fearful of triclosan, but we didn't find anything to support that concern in our study," said principal study investigator, Dr. Julie Parsonnet. The small study, funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, found triclosan doesn't dramatically alter the microbiome of the gut or the mouth, or significantly affect the endocrine system. In the early 1960s, triclosan was introduced in a wide range of cleaners and personal hygiene products. The chemical was so prevalent that by 2008 it was detected in 75 percent of human urine samples, the researchers said. More recently, chronic metabolic diseases, such as diabetes and obesity, have ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Triclosan, Septi-Soft, Cadisept, Triclotrex-B, Digiclean, Digiclean Slim-Line, Antiseptic Hand Soap, Sanygel, Bacti-Stat, Aquasept, Septisol, Cetaphil Antibacterial, Digiclean E, Aktif, Gel-X

Genetically Modified Crops Are Safe: Review

Posted 9 days ago by

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – Genetically modified crops pose no apparent risk to human health, an extensive study released Tuesday by a U.S. science advisory board has concluded. Crops created through genetic engineering are as safe to eat as crops developed through traditional plant-breeding methods, according to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine panel. The panel could find no link between consumption of genetically modified crops and rates of cancer, kidney disease, obesity, type 2 diabetes, gastrointestinal diseases, celiac disease, food allergies or autism, the report stated. "We compared the patterns in the U.S. and Canada to the patterns in the U.K. [United Kingdom] and the E.U. [European Union], because in those countries people are not eating genetically engineered foods," said panel chairman Fred Gould, a professor of agriculture at North Carolina State ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Cancer, Autism, Celiac Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, Asperger Syndrome

As Fitness Levels Rise, Diabetes Risk Drops

Posted 9 days ago by

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – A higher level of heart-lung fitness may reduce your risk for prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, new research finds. The study provides evidence to support the widely held belief "that fitness is beneficial in reducing the risk for prediabetes/diabetes," said Dr. Lisa Chow, from the University of Minnesota, and colleagues. The study included more than 4,300 adults. The volunteers lived in Birmingham, Ala.; Chicago; Minneapolis; and Oakland, Calif. They all underwent treadmill exercise testing for the first time in 1985 or 1986, when they were between the ages of 18 and 30. Repeat treadmill tests were done during the study's seventh and 20th years. During that time, those with better heart-lung fitness had a lower risk of developing prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. That was true even when the researchers adjusted for changes in body mass index (BMI – a rough ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Seniors: Pump Iron, Live Longer

Posted 4 May 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – You probably already know that strength training, such as lifting weights or doing pushups, is good for you, but now new research suggests it may help you live longer, too. When people 65 and older did strength training twice a week, they lowered their odds of dying from any cause by almost half during a 15-year study. "The secret to a longer and healthier life may not be available in pill form, but it may look like a barbell," said lead study author Dr. Jennifer Kraschnewski. She's an assistant professor of medicine and public health sciences at Penn State College of Medicine, in Hershey, Pa. "Strength training can substantially decrease mortality risk, and more importantly, some of our other work demonstrates the impact of strength training on improving functional limitations [in older people]," she added. The study included data on more than 30,000 adults, ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Back Pain, Cancer, Muscle Pain, Weight Loss, Osteoporosis, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Prevention of Fractures

Emergency Surgery Risky Business in Poor Countries

Posted 4 May 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – People who have emergency surgery in poor nations may be much likelier to die than patients in wealthy countries, a new study finds. British researchers analyzed data on more than 10,000 people who had emergency abdominal surgery in 58 countries. They found death rates in the 30 days after surgery were three times higher in low-income countries than in high-income countries. This disparity remained even after the investigators accounted for patient factors such as diabetes, smoking and physical condition before surgery. "The association between increasing mortality and lower-income countries might be explained by differences in prognosis, in treatment or maybe both. What we can say is that our study highlights the significant disparity between countries, and an urgent need to address it," researcher Dr. Aneel Bhangu, from the University of Birmingham, said in a ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Diabetes, Type 2, Smoking, Smoking Cessation

Fatty Foods, Drowsy Days

Posted 4 May 2016 by

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Men who eat a lot of fatty foods may find themselves needing an afternoon nap, a new study suggests. Researchers found that among almost 800 men aged 35 to 80, those with diets high in fat reported more problems with daytime sleepiness. The connection was not explained by body weight, exercise levels or chronic health issues, such as diabetes or depression. The study, published recently in the journal Nutrients, does not prove that dietary fat, itself, induces drowsiness. It's unclear why a fatty diet might affect drowsiness, according to lead researcher Yingting Cao, a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Adelaide in Australia. But, Cao said, lab studies suggest that certain "gut neuro-hormones" promote sleepiness, so it's plausible that a high-fat diet could somehow affect daytime drowsiness. According to Cao, more research is needed to understand how fatty ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Major Depressive Disorder, Smoking, Weight Loss, Smoking Cessation, Dysthymia, Depressive Psychosis

Psoriasis Tied to Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 27 Apr 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 – The chronic skin disease psoriasis may be linked to excess weight and type 2 diabetes, results of a new study suggest. Danish researchers found that people with type 2 diabetes had more than 50 percent greater odds of having psoriasis compared to people without diabetes. The study also found that the rate of psoriasis went up with increasing weight. For example, obese people with a body mass index (BMI) over 35 had almost double the odds of psoriasis than normal weight people did. BMI is a body fat measurement based on height and weight. A BMI of 30 or over is considered obese. Exactly how these conditions might be connected isn't clear, but the study authors suggested that genetics, smoking, drinking alcohol, or inflammation might play a role. "Psoriasis is a complex disorder," said lead researcher Dr. Ann Sophie Lonnberg, of the University of Copenhagen. ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Psoriasis, Plaque Psoriasis, Psoriatic Arthropathy

Type 2 Diabetes May Damage Hearing, Study Finds

Posted 27 Apr 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 – Type 2 diabetes may raise the risk of hearing loss, say researchers who recommend hearing tests for patients with the blood sugar disease. The researchers reviewed prior studies examining the link between diabetes and hearing loss. However, further research is needed to confirm this connection, said the team at the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center in New York City. "An association between diabetes and hearing impairment in human subjects has been shown in many, but not all, studies," said Elizabeth Helzner, an assistant professor in the School of Public Health. "Direct comparison of these studies is complicated due to a lack of consistency in defining hearing impairment and other factors," she said in a SUNY news release. However, Helzner added, the association between diabetes and hearing impairment tends to be stronger in studies that ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Hearing Loss

Health Tip: Help Prevent High Blood Pressure

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by

-- High blood pressure is sometimes called "the silent killer" because it can be deadly, and affected people may not know they have it. To help prevent high blood pressure, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises: Monitoring your blood pressure regularly. Keeping your blood sugar well controlled if you have diabetes, which is a risk factor for high blood pressure. Taking your meds for diabetes, blood pressure and other chronic health conditions exactly as prescribed. Discussing with your doctor any health issues that may contribute to high blood pressure. Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Hypertension, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Health Tip: Should I Check my Blood Sugar?

Posted 25 Apr 2016 by

-- Regular monitoring of blood glucose is a great way to measure how well you are managing diabetes. Here's who should be checking blood sugar regularly, according to the American Diabetes Association: Anyone who takes insulin. Pregnant women. People with uncontrolled blood sugar. Anyone who struggles with low blood sugar, particularly if there are no warning signs. Those who develop ketone buildup as a result of high blood sugar. Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Do Genes That Protect Against Dementia Guard Against Chronic Diseases?

Posted 21 Apr 2016 by

THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 – Healthy elderly people have a higher-than-normal number of genetic variants that protect against mental decline, a new study reports. The findings suggest a possible link between long-term brain health and protection from chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes, the researchers said. "For many decades, we have searched for the genetic causes of disease in sick individuals," said Eric Schadt, founding director of the Icahn Institute for Genomics and Multiscale Biology at Mount Sinai in New York City. This study "presents an attractive alternative by studying those who are well in order to uncover the solutions nature has provided to protect us against disease," said Schadt, who was not involved with the study. The researchers – from the Scripps Translational Science Institute, in La Jolla, Calif. – analyzed the genetic makeup of 511 ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Ischemic Heart Disease

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