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Related terms: Noninsulin-dependent Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes, Type 2

Spending on Medical Research Falls in U.S. While Growing Globally

Posted 13 Jan 2015 by

TUESDAY, Jan. 13, 2015 – Spending on medical research is waning in the United States, and this trend could have dire consequences for patients, physicians and the health care industry as a whole, a new analysis reveals. America is losing ground to Asia, the research shows. And if left unaddressed, this decline in spending could rob the world of cures and treatments for Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, depression and other conditions that plague the human race, said lead author Dr. Hamilton Moses III, founder and chairman of the Alerion Institute, a Virginia-based think tank. Moses noted that a great expansion in medical research that began in the 1980s helped revolutionize cancer prevention and treatment, and turned HIV/AIDS from a fatal illness to a chronic condition. But between 2004 and 2012, the rate of investment growth declined to 0.8 percent a year in the United States, compared ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Diabetes, Type 2, Alzheimer's Disease

Are Seniors With Diabetes Overtreated?

Posted 12 Jan 2015 by

MONDAY, Jan. 12, 2015 – Many older people with diabetes may be exposed to potential harm because doctors are trying to keep overly tight control of their blood sugar levels, a new study argues. Researchers found that nearly two-thirds of older diabetics who are in poor health have been placed on a diabetes management regimen that strictly controls their blood sugar, aiming at a targeted hemoglobin A1C level of less than 7 percent. But these patients are achieving that goal through the use of medications that place them at greater risk of hypoglycemia, a reaction to overly low blood sugar that can cause abnormal heart rhythms, and dizziness or loss of consciousness, the researchers said. Further, tight diabetes control did not appear to benefit the patients, the researchers report Jan. 12 in JAMA Internal Medicine. The percentage of seniors with diabetes in poor health did not change in ... Read more

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Night Shift May Boost Black Women's Diabetes Risk, Study Finds

Posted 12 Jan 2015 by

MONDAY, Jan. 12, 2015 Night shift work significantly increases the risk of diabetes in black women, according to a new study. "In view of the high prevalence of shift work among workers in the U.S.A. – 35 percent among non-Hispanic blacks and 28 percent in non-Hispanic whites – an increased diabetes risk among this group has important public health implications," wrote the study authors from Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University. It's important to note, however, that the study wasn't designed to prove that working the night shift can cause diabetes, only that there is an association between the two. The new research included more than 28,000 black women in the United States who were diabetes-free in 2005. Of those women, 37 percent said they had worked night shifts. Five percent said they had worked night shifts for at least 10 years, the researchers noted. Over eight years ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Shift Work Sleep Disorder

Study Reinforces Link Between Low Birth Weight, Diabetes Risk

Posted 8 Jan 2015 by

THURSDAY, Jan. 8, 2015 – A new study that confirms that underweight babies are at increased risk for type 2 diabetes later in life also identifies factors associated with that increased risk. The findings may help pinpoint which physical processes are disrupted by a low birth weight, eventually resulting in diabetes, the Brown University researchers said. The study authors looked at more than 1,200 women with type 2 diabetes and nearly 1,800 without the disease. Those who had been born with a low birth weight – less than 6 pounds – were 1.27 times more likely to have diabetes than those with a birth weight of 6 to 8 pounds, and 2.15 times more likely to have diabetes than those with a birth weight of 8 to 10 pounds. Factors associated with increased risk of diabetes among those with a low birth weight included insulin resistance; problems with blood vessel linings; and high systolic ... Read more

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PTSD May Raise Women's Risk for Diabetes

Posted 8 Jan 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 7, 2015 – Women with post-traumatic stress disorder seem more likely than others to develop type 2 diabetes, with severe PTSD almost doubling the risk, a new study suggests. The research "brings to attention an unrecognized problem," said Dr. Alexander Neumeister, director of the molecular imaging program for anxiety and mood disorders at New York University School of Medicine. It's crucial to treat both PTSD and diabetes when they're interconnected in women, he said. Otherwise, "you can try to treat diabetes as much as you want, but you'll never be fully successful," he added. PTSD is an anxiety disorder that develops after living through or witnessing a dangerous event. People with the disorder may feel intense stress, suffer from flashbacks or experience a "fight or flight" response when there's no apparent danger. It's estimated that one in 10 U.S. women will ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Nearly All Diabetics Should Be on Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs: Experts

Posted 23 Dec 2014 by

TUESDAY, Dec. 23, 2014 – New guidelines from the American Diabetes Association (ADA) call for giving the cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins to all people with diabetes to help prevent heart disease. These new standards bring the association in line with the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association, which also recommend giving low- or high-dose statins to all people at risk for heart disease, including people with diabetes. "We agree that the decision to start a statin should be based on a patient's risk," said Dr. Richard Grant, a research scientist at Kaiser Permanente Division of Research and chairman of the ADA's professional practice committee. "It turns out that patients with diabetes have the same risk as people with heart disease, so all of our patients need to be on statins," he said. However, Grant said some people with diabetes may not need ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Pravastatin, Atorvastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Red Yeast Rice, Livalo, Pravachol, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Lescol, Lescol XL, Mevacor, Baycol, Fluvastatin, Altoprev

Asians Need Type 2 Diabetes Screening at Lower Body Weight: Experts

Posted 23 Dec 2014 by

TUESDAY, Dec. 23, 2014 – Obesity is a big contributor to type 2 diabetes, but Asian-Americans may need to pile on fewer excess pounds to develop the disease than other groups do, according to new guidelines from the American Diabetes Association (ADA). The ADA has now lowered the body-mass index (BMI) – a standard measurement of weight versus height – at which Asian-Americans should be screened for type 2 diabetes. The new guidelines say Asian-Americans should be screened for diabetes when they have a BMI of 23 or higher, compared with a BMI of 25 or higher for the general population. According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, "overweight" begins at a BMI of 25, while obesity begins when people reach a BMI of 30. The new recommendation, published in the January issue of Diabetes Care, is based on evidence that many Asian-Americans develop diabetes at a lower BMI than other ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2

Some Blood Types Might Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

Posted 19 Dec 2014 by

THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 – In what scientists say is a first, a new analysis suggests that some blood types place women at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. How much higher? According to a team of French researchers, women with blood type B positive appear to face a 35 percent greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes than women with blood type O negative. However, experts questioned the value of the findings when so many other risk factors for the blood sugar disease can be countered with lifestyle changes. At play in the study was the basic principal that, as the American Red Cross notes, "not all blood is alike." Type A blood, for example, carries the A antigen on its surface, sparking a specific immune response whenever foreign substances enter the body. Type B blood carries the B antigen, while type AB carries both, and type O carries neither. An additional variable, ... Read more

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Technology Helps Manage Diabetes: FDA

Posted 8 Dec 2014 by

MONDAY, Dec. 8, 2014 – Technology can ease some of the burden of managing diabetes, possibly getting blood sugar levels within safe ranges more often, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. People with diabetes don't make or use the hormone insulin properly. Insulin is needed to convert glucose from food into energy. Insulin pumps are devices that deliver a steady flow of insulin, even while you sleep. The pump is about the size of a pager and is worn outside the body. It's connected to a tube that carries insulin from the pump to another tube inserted just under the skin. This tube has to be changed every few days. There are a number of FDA-approved insulin pumps on the market, including one that's wireless. Called a patch pump, this device holds insulin in a pod worn on the body with a tiny tube inserted underneath the skin every few days. Insulin delivery is controlled through ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus

Midlife Diabetes Linked to Memory Problems Later

Posted 3 Dec 2014 by

MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 – A midlife diagnosis of diabetes or prediabetes may raise the risk of memory and thinking problems over the next 20 years, new research suggests. Having diabetes in midlife was linked with a 19 percent greater decline in memory and thinking (cognitive) skills over 20 years, according to the new study. "What we saw was, people with prediabetes, diabetes and poorly controlled diabetes had the higher risks of cognitive decline. The people with the worse cognitive decline were those with poorly controlled diabetes," said study researcher Elizabeth Selvin, an associate professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. However, the study authors acknowledged that this study was only able to find an association between diabetes and prediabetes and an increased risk of memory and thinking problems later in life. It wasn't able ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Mild Cognitive Impairment

Better Diet, Exercise Can Prevent Diabetes in Both Sexes, Study Finds

Posted 2 Dec 2014 by

TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 – Lifestyle changes and medicines are equally effective in preventing men and women with prediabetes from progressing to type 2 diabetes, a new analysis finds. Previous research has shown that lifestyle changes, such as a healthier diet and regular exercise, and use of medicines to lower blood sugar levels can delay or prevent the onset of full-blown diabetes in people with prediabetes. However, it wasn't known what effect, if any, gender might have on the effectiveness of these interventions, the researchers from Austria said. "To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic review that assessed potential sex-specific differences in effects of preventive interventions in prediabetic people," wrote Dr. Anna Glechner, of Danube University Krems, and Dr. Jurgen Harreiter, of the Medical University of Vienna, and colleagues. People with type 2 diabetes ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

Yogurt Every Day May Help Keep Diabetes Away

Posted 25 Nov 2014 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 – Eating a serving a day of yogurt may lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, new research suggests. "The data we have gathered show that yogurt consumption can have significant benefit in reducing the risk of diabetes," said senior study author Dr. Frank Hu, a professor of nutrition and epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, in Boston. "It's not a huge effect, about an 18 percent reduction [in risk]." "Yogurt is not magic for curing or preventing diabetes," Hu said. "That's the bottom line and the message we want to convey to our consumers, that we have to pay attention to our diet pattern. There is no replacement for an overall healthy diet and maintaining [a healthy] body weight." The study is published online Nov. 24 in the journal BMC Medicine. It was funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

Cost of Diabetes Care Keeps Climbing, Report Shows

Posted 20 Nov 2014 by

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 – The cost of diabetes care in the United States has increased 48 percent in recent years, climbing to more than $322 billion annually, a new report shows. Even greater increases in cost were seen with prediabetes care, which have risen 74 percent, and undiagnosed diabetes, which have jumped 82 percent, the researchers added. In 2012, excess medical costs and lost productivity associated with diabetes totaled more than $1,000 for every American. That total includes $244 billion in medical costs – including doctor's office and hospital visits, prescription drugs and other health conditions such as high blood pressure and kidney complications – and $78 billion in lost work productivity. That same year, the cost of prediabetes – a condition in which a person has high blood sugar levels, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes – were $44 billion, while ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2

Study Finds No Added Benefit From Routine Heart Scans for Diabetics

Posted 18 Nov 2014 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Routine screening for heart disease isn't effective for people with diabetes who have no symptoms but are at high risk for a heart attack, according to a new study. Researchers found the screenings do not help prevent heart attacks or help patients avoid being admitted to the hospital for unstable angina (chest pain that occurs when the heart doesn't receive enough oxygen-carrying blood). Properly controlling diabetes is still the best way to manage risks for heart-related complications, the study authors said. The findings were published Nov. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with a presentation of the study at the American Heart Association annual meeting in Chicago. "We found that the best treatment to prevent heart attacks and death among diabetics is excellent diabetes management," lead researcher Dr. Brent Muhlestein, said ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease

Nearly 3 in 10 Americans With Diabetes Don't Know It: Study

Posted 18 Nov 2014 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Almost 8 million Americans have diabetes but don't know it, a new study shows. That's despite the fact that about two-thirds of those with undiagnosed diabetes have seen a doctor two or more times in the past year, according to the researchers. The study also found that among those who were diagnosed with diabetes, only about one-quarter met three important goals for people with diabetes: managing blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. "Out of 28.4 million people with diabetes, more than a quarter don't know [it]," said study author Dr. Mohammed Ali, an assistant professor of public health at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. "About 80 percent of those people are linked to a health care provider, and two-thirds are seeing them twice a year or more. So, through whatever means, they aren't being identified with diabetes," Ali explained. ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

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