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Related terms: Noninsulin-dependent Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes, Type 2

Some Blood Types Might Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

Posted 2 days 12 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 – In what scientists say is a first, a new analysis suggests that some blood types place women at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. How much higher? According to a team of French researchers, women with blood type B positive appear to face a 35 percent greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes than women with blood type O negative. However, experts questioned the value of the findings when so many other risk factors for the blood sugar disease can be countered with lifestyle changes. At play in the study was the basic principal that, as the American Red Cross notes, "not all blood is alike." Type A blood, for example, carries the A antigen on its surface, sparking a specific immune response whenever foreign substances enter the body. Type B blood carries the B antigen, while type AB carries both, and type O carries neither. An additional variable, ... Read more

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Technology Helps Manage Diabetes: FDA

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 8, 2014 – Technology can ease some of the burden of managing diabetes, possibly getting blood sugar levels within safe ranges more often, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. People with diabetes don't make or use the hormone insulin properly. Insulin is needed to convert glucose from food into energy. Insulin pumps are devices that deliver a steady flow of insulin, even while you sleep. The pump is about the size of a pager and is worn outside the body. It's connected to a tube that carries insulin from the pump to another tube inserted just under the skin. This tube has to be changed every few days. There are a number of FDA-approved insulin pumps on the market, including one that's wireless. Called a patch pump, this device holds insulin in a pod worn on the body with a tiny tube inserted underneath the skin every few days. Insulin delivery is controlled through ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus

Midlife Diabetes Linked to Memory Problems Later

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 1, 2014 – A midlife diagnosis of diabetes or prediabetes may raise the risk of memory and thinking problems over the next 20 years, new research suggests. Having diabetes in midlife was linked with a 19 percent greater decline in memory and thinking (cognitive) skills over 20 years, according to the new study. "What we saw was, people with prediabetes, diabetes and poorly controlled diabetes had the higher risks of cognitive decline. The people with the worse cognitive decline were those with poorly controlled diabetes," said study researcher Elizabeth Selvin, an associate professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. However, the study authors acknowledged that this study was only able to find an association between diabetes and prediabetes and an increased risk of memory and thinking problems later in life. It wasn't able ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Mild Cognitive Impairment

Better Diet, Exercise Can Prevent Diabetes in Both Sexes, Study Finds

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 – Lifestyle changes and medicines are equally effective in preventing men and women with prediabetes from progressing to type 2 diabetes, a new analysis finds. Previous research has shown that lifestyle changes, such as a healthier diet and regular exercise, and use of medicines to lower blood sugar levels can delay or prevent the onset of full-blown diabetes in people with prediabetes. However, it wasn't known what effect, if any, gender might have on the effectiveness of these interventions, the researchers from Austria said. "To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic review that assessed potential sex-specific differences in effects of preventive interventions in prediabetic people," wrote Dr. Anna Glechner, of Danube University Krems, and Dr. Jurgen Harreiter, of the Medical University of Vienna, and colleagues. People with type 2 diabetes ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

Yogurt Every Day May Help Keep Diabetes Away

Posted 25 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 25, 2014 – Eating a serving a day of yogurt may lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, new research suggests. "The data we have gathered show that yogurt consumption can have significant benefit in reducing the risk of diabetes," said senior study author Dr. Frank Hu, a professor of nutrition and epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, in Boston. "It's not a huge effect, about an 18 percent reduction [in risk]." "Yogurt is not magic for curing or preventing diabetes," Hu said. "That's the bottom line and the message we want to convey to our consumers, that we have to pay attention to our diet pattern. There is no replacement for an overall healthy diet and maintaining [a healthy] body weight." The study is published online Nov. 24 in the journal BMC Medicine. It was funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

Cost of Diabetes Care Keeps Climbing, Report Shows

Posted 20 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 – The cost of diabetes care in the United States has increased 48 percent in recent years, climbing to more than $322 billion annually, a new report shows. Even greater increases in cost were seen with prediabetes care, which have risen 74 percent, and undiagnosed diabetes, which have jumped 82 percent, the researchers added. In 2012, excess medical costs and lost productivity associated with diabetes totaled more than $1,000 for every American. That total includes $244 billion in medical costs – including doctor's office and hospital visits, prescription drugs and other health conditions such as high blood pressure and kidney complications – and $78 billion in lost work productivity. That same year, the cost of prediabetes – a condition in which a person has high blood sugar levels, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes – were $44 billion, while ... Read more

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Study Finds No Added Benefit From Routine Heart Scans for Diabetics

Posted 18 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Routine screening for heart disease isn't effective for people with diabetes who have no symptoms but are at high risk for a heart attack, according to a new study. Researchers found the screenings do not help prevent heart attacks or help patients avoid being admitted to the hospital for unstable angina (chest pain that occurs when the heart doesn't receive enough oxygen-carrying blood). Properly controlling diabetes is still the best way to manage risks for heart-related complications, the study authors said. The findings were published Nov. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with a presentation of the study at the American Heart Association annual meeting in Chicago. "We found that the best treatment to prevent heart attacks and death among diabetics is excellent diabetes management," lead researcher Dr. Brent Muhlestein, said ... Read more

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Nearly 3 in 10 Americans With Diabetes Don't Know It: Study

Posted 18 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Almost 8 million Americans have diabetes but don't know it, a new study shows. That's despite the fact that about two-thirds of those with undiagnosed diabetes have seen a doctor two or more times in the past year, according to the researchers. The study also found that among those who were diagnosed with diabetes, only about one-quarter met three important goals for people with diabetes: managing blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. "Out of 28.4 million people with diabetes, more than a quarter don't know [it]," said study author Dr. Mohammed Ali, an assistant professor of public health at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. "About 80 percent of those people are linked to a health care provider, and two-thirds are seeing them twice a year or more. So, through whatever means, they aren't being identified with diabetes," Ali explained. ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

Weight-Loss Surgery Lowers Type 2 Diabetes Risk, Study Shows

Posted 2 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Nov. 2, 2014 – Weight-loss surgery significantly lowers an obese person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes, researchers report. This reduced risk was independent of other factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, according to the study in the Nov. 3 issue of The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. "Our results suggest that bariatric surgery may be a highly effective method of preventing the onset of new diabetes in men and women with severe obesity," study author Martin Gulliford, a professor of public health at King's College London, said in a journal news release. "We need to understand how weight-loss surgery can be used, together with interventions to increase physical activity and promote healthy eating, as part of an overall diabetes prevention strategy," he added. Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for diabetes, and up to 3 percent ... Read more

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FDA Approves Xigduo XR (dapagliflozin and metformin hydrochloride) for Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 30 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

WILMINGTON, Del., October 30, 2014 – AstraZeneca today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved once-daily Xigduo XR (dapagliflozin and metformin hydrochloride extended-release) for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. Xigduo XR combines two anti-hyperglycemic agents with complementary mechanisms of action, dapagliflozin (trade name in the U.S. Farxiga™), an inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2), and metformin hydrochloride extended-release, a biguanide, in a once-daily oral tablet. SGLT2 inhibitors are a relatively new class of medicines that remove glucose from the body via the kidneys. Xigduo XR is the first and only once-daily combination tablet of an SGLT2 inhibitor and metformin hydrochloride extended-release to be approved in the United States. Xigduo XR is indicated as an adjunct therapy to diet and exercise to improve glycemic c ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Farxiga, Dapagliflozin

Metformin Beats Other Type 2 Diabetes Drugs for First Treatment: Study

Posted 28 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 – People newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who are initially given the drug metformin are less likely to eventually need other drugs to control their blood sugar, a new study suggests. The study found that, of those started on metformin, only about one-quarter needed another drug to control their blood sugar. However, people who were started on type 2 diabetes drugs other than metformin often needed a second drug or insulin to control their blood sugar levels, the researchers said. "This study supports the predominant practice, which is that most people are started on metformin," said lead researcher Dr. Niteesh Choudhry, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "Metformin might be more effective than others in controlling blood sugar," he noted. "Metformin, which is one of the oldest drugs we have and which the guidelines ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Glumetza, Riomet, Fortamet

Health Tip: Breast-feeding With Diabetes

Posted 22 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

-- Diabetic moms, after talking with their doctors, should still try to breast-feed their babies, some experts say. The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development says potential benefits of breast-feeding, despite maternal diabetes, may include: For baby, improved defense against illness and infection. For baby, the right balance of nutrients. For mom, burning extra calories and losing some extra pounds acquired during pregnancy. For many moms who developed gestational diabetes (diabetes that emerged during pregnancy), better fasting blood glucose, and lower blood sugar levels overall. Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2

Early Study Points to Diabetes Drug Controlled by Light

Posted 15 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 – In the future, could people with type 2 diabetes manage their medications with a pulse of light? A preliminary new study suggests it may be possible. In the study, scientists showed that the prototype drug – for now just called JB253 – stimulated insulin release from pancreatic cells in the lab when they were exposed to blue light. "In principle, this type of [light-activated] therapy may allow better control over blood sugar levels because it can be switched on for a short time when required after a meal," study co-leader Dr. David Hodson, of Imperial College London in England, said in a college news release. "It should also reduce complications by targeting drug activity to where it's needed in the pancreas," he said. The findings were published Oct. 14 in the journal Nature Communications. Hodson explained that currently, diabetes care is far from an exact ... Read more

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Impotence Drug Might Counter Common Gene Mutation in Type 2 Diabetes: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – In a small study, Swedish researchers found that the impotence drug yohimbine might help people with type 2 diabetes who have a particular gene mutation that lowers their insulin production. Among 50 men and women with type 2 diabetes partially caused by a mutation in a gene called alpha(2A)-AR, those treated with yohimbine showed improved insulin production and lower blood sugar levels, compared with those receiving a placebo. "If a diabetic patient carries the risk mutation, he or she is more sensitive to stress hormones such as adrenaline," said lead researcher Dr. Anders Rosengren, head of the translational diabetes research group at Lund University Diabetes Center in Malmo. About 40 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes carry this mutation. "It is not that patients are more stressed, but that adrenaline suppresses insulin secretion," he added. Rosengren ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Yohimbine, Yohimbe, Yohimar, Yocon, Dayto-Himbin, Yoman, Mederek, Thybine, Aphrodyne, Yohimex, Erex, Yovital, Testomar, Actibine

Screen Everyone Over 45 for Diabetes: U.S. Task Force

Posted 7 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 – Every American over the age of 45 should be screened for both type 2 diabetes and prediabetes, a U.S. task force has recommended. "For people with abnormal blood sugar, changes in their lifestyle, such as eating healthier and exercising more often, can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. The best way to do that is to participate in a program that supports these behaviors. That's why we're recommending that people who are at increased risk be screened," Dr. Michael Pignone, a member of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, said in news release from the independent panel of health experts. Dr. Spyros Mezitis, an endocrinologist and clinical investigator at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, endorsed the task force's recommendation. "With diabetes and its major contributor, obesity, now at epidemic levels in the United States, the new U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

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