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Diabetes, Type 2 Blog

Related terms: Noninsulin-dependent Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes, Type 2

Cost of Diabetes Care Keeps Climbing, Report Shows

Posted 1 day 8 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 – The cost of diabetes care in the United States has increased 48 percent in recent years, climbing to more than $322 billion annually, a new report shows. Even greater increases in cost were seen with prediabetes care, which have risen 74 percent, and undiagnosed diabetes, which have jumped 82 percent, the researchers added. In 2012, excess medical costs and lost productivity associated with diabetes totaled more than $1,000 for every American. That total includes $244 billion in medical costs – including doctor's office and hospital visits, prescription drugs and other health conditions such as high blood pressure and kidney complications – and $78 billion in lost work productivity. That same year, the cost of prediabetes – a condition in which a person has high blood sugar levels, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes – were $44 billion, while ... Read more

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Study Finds No Added Benefit From Routine Heart Scans for Diabetics

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Routine screening for heart disease isn't effective for people with diabetes who have no symptoms but are at high risk for a heart attack, according to a new study. Researchers found the screenings do not help prevent heart attacks or help patients avoid being admitted to the hospital for unstable angina (chest pain that occurs when the heart doesn't receive enough oxygen-carrying blood). Properly controlling diabetes is still the best way to manage risks for heart-related complications, the study authors said. The findings were published Nov. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, to coincide with a presentation of the study at the American Heart Association annual meeting in Chicago. "We found that the best treatment to prevent heart attacks and death among diabetics is excellent diabetes management," lead researcher Dr. Brent Muhlestein, said ... Read more

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Nearly 3 in 10 Americans With Diabetes Don't Know It: Study

Posted 3 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Almost 8 million Americans have diabetes but don't know it, a new study shows. That's despite the fact that about two-thirds of those with undiagnosed diabetes have seen a doctor two or more times in the past year, according to the researchers. The study also found that among those who were diagnosed with diabetes, only about one-quarter met three important goals for people with diabetes: managing blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. "Out of 28.4 million people with diabetes, more than a quarter don't know [it]," said study author Dr. Mohammed Ali, an assistant professor of public health at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. "About 80 percent of those people are linked to a health care provider, and two-thirds are seeing them twice a year or more. So, through whatever means, they aren't being identified with diabetes," Ali explained. ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

Weight-Loss Surgery Lowers Type 2 Diabetes Risk, Study Shows

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Nov. 2, 2014 – Weight-loss surgery significantly lowers an obese person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes, researchers report. This reduced risk was independent of other factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, according to the study in the Nov. 3 issue of The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. "Our results suggest that bariatric surgery may be a highly effective method of preventing the onset of new diabetes in men and women with severe obesity," study author Martin Gulliford, a professor of public health at King's College London, said in a journal news release. "We need to understand how weight-loss surgery can be used, together with interventions to increase physical activity and promote healthy eating, as part of an overall diabetes prevention strategy," he added. Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for diabetes, and up to 3 percent ... Read more

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FDA Approves Xigduo XR (dapagliflozin and metformin hydrochloride) for Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 30 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

WILMINGTON, Del., October 30, 2014 – AstraZeneca today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved once-daily Xigduo XR (dapagliflozin and metformin hydrochloride extended-release) for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. Xigduo XR combines two anti-hyperglycemic agents with complementary mechanisms of action, dapagliflozin (trade name in the U.S. Farxiga™), an inhibitor of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2), and metformin hydrochloride extended-release, a biguanide, in a once-daily oral tablet. SGLT2 inhibitors are a relatively new class of medicines that remove glucose from the body via the kidneys. Xigduo XR is the first and only once-daily combination tablet of an SGLT2 inhibitor and metformin hydrochloride extended-release to be approved in the United States. Xigduo XR is indicated as an adjunct therapy to diet and exercise to improve glycemic c ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Farxiga, Dapagliflozin

Metformin Beats Other Type 2 Diabetes Drugs for First Treatment: Study

Posted 28 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 – People newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who are initially given the drug metformin are less likely to eventually need other drugs to control their blood sugar, a new study suggests. The study found that, of those started on metformin, only about one-quarter needed another drug to control their blood sugar. However, people who were started on type 2 diabetes drugs other than metformin often needed a second drug or insulin to control their blood sugar levels, the researchers said. "This study supports the predominant practice, which is that most people are started on metformin," said lead researcher Dr. Niteesh Choudhry, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "Metformin might be more effective than others in controlling blood sugar," he noted. "Metformin, which is one of the oldest drugs we have and which the guidelines ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Glumetza, Fortamet, Riomet

Health Tip: Breast-feeding With Diabetes

Posted 22 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

-- Diabetic moms, after talking with their doctors, should still try to breast-feed their babies, some experts say. The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development says potential benefits of breast-feeding, despite maternal diabetes, may include: For baby, improved defense against illness and infection. For baby, the right balance of nutrients. For mom, burning extra calories and losing some extra pounds acquired during pregnancy. For many moms who developed gestational diabetes (diabetes that emerged during pregnancy), better fasting blood glucose, and lower blood sugar levels overall. Read more

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Early Study Points to Diabetes Drug Controlled by Light

Posted 15 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 – In the future, could people with type 2 diabetes manage their medications with a pulse of light? A preliminary new study suggests it may be possible. In the study, scientists showed that the prototype drug – for now just called JB253 – stimulated insulin release from pancreatic cells in the lab when they were exposed to blue light. "In principle, this type of [light-activated] therapy may allow better control over blood sugar levels because it can be switched on for a short time when required after a meal," study co-leader Dr. David Hodson, of Imperial College London in England, said in a college news release. "It should also reduce complications by targeting drug activity to where it's needed in the pancreas," he said. The findings were published Oct. 14 in the journal Nature Communications. Hodson explained that currently, diabetes care is far from an exact ... Read more

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Impotence Drug Might Counter Common Gene Mutation in Type 2 Diabetes: Study

Posted 10 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 – In a small study, Swedish researchers found that the impotence drug yohimbine might help people with type 2 diabetes who have a particular gene mutation that lowers their insulin production. Among 50 men and women with type 2 diabetes partially caused by a mutation in a gene called alpha(2A)-AR, those treated with yohimbine showed improved insulin production and lower blood sugar levels, compared with those receiving a placebo. "If a diabetic patient carries the risk mutation, he or she is more sensitive to stress hormones such as adrenaline," said lead researcher Dr. Anders Rosengren, head of the translational diabetes research group at Lund University Diabetes Center in Malmo. About 40 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes carry this mutation. "It is not that patients are more stressed, but that adrenaline suppresses insulin secretion," he added. Rosengren ... Read more

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Screen Everyone Over 45 for Diabetes: U.S. Task Force

Posted 7 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 – Every American over the age of 45 should be screened for both type 2 diabetes and prediabetes, a U.S. task force has recommended. "For people with abnormal blood sugar, changes in their lifestyle, such as eating healthier and exercising more often, can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. The best way to do that is to participate in a program that supports these behaviors. That's why we're recommending that people who are at increased risk be screened," Dr. Michael Pignone, a member of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, said in news release from the independent panel of health experts. Dr. Spyros Mezitis, an endocrinologist and clinical investigator at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, endorsed the task force's recommendation. "With diabetes and its major contributor, obesity, now at epidemic levels in the United States, the new U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pre-Diabetes

Gout May Be Linked to Raised Diabetes Risk: Study

Posted 6 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 – Gout, a form of inflammatory arthritis, appears to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in women, a new study finds. Researchers followed more than 35,000 gout sufferers in the United Kingdom and found that women with gout were 71 percent more likely to develop diabetes compared with people without gout. For men, the increased risk was 22 percent. "Gout seems to be contributing to the risk of diabetes independently of other diabetes risk factors, such as obesity," said lead researcher Dr. Hyon Choi, from the division of rheumatology, allergy, and immunology at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Gout causes intense pain and swelling in single joints, most often the feet, especially the joint at the base of the big toe. More than 3 million Americans suffer from the condition, men more often than women, according to the American College of ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Gout

Gene Study Finds No Proof Vitamin D Guards Against Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 1 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 – There's no genetic evidence that high levels of vitamin D can prevent type 2 diabetes, a new study says. Some previous research had suggested that elevated levels of vitamin D might protect people against type 2 diabetes, raising the possibility of a link between vitamin D deficiency and the blood sugar disease. In this study, British researchers investigated the association between diabetes risk and vitamin D by focusing on genes that control blood levels of vitamin D. They found no connection between different variants of these genes and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The results were published Sept. 30 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. "Our findings suggest that interventions to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by increasing concentrations of vitamin D are not currently justified. Observational studies that show a strong and consistent ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Vitamin D Deficiency, Vitamin D Insufficiency

Can Exercise Prevent Type 2 Diabetes? Your Genes May Be Key

Posted 30 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 – For millions of overweight Americans, regular exercise remains a prime weapon against excess weight and the threat of type 2 diabetes. However, a new study suggests that the battle may be tougher for some than for others, depending on their genes. "While physical activity generally promotes good health, it may not be as effective for everyone when it comes to preventing or treating type 2 diabetes," said one expert, Dr. Ruth Loos, director of the Genetics of Obesity and Related Metabolic Traits Program at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City. While it's long been known that physical activity can cut diabetes risk, the influence of genes on this protective effect hasn't been clear, according to background information from the study. In the study, researchers led by Dr. Yann Klimentidis of the University of Arizona examined interactions ... Read more

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Obesity Isn't Sole Cause of Type 2 Diabetes

Posted 25 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 – Although the type 2 diabetes epidemic is commonly linked to being overweight or obese, excess weight isn't the only factor driving the trend, new research suggests. In just the past few months, at least three new studies have reported on other factors that may underlie a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. These factors include genetic mutations, a lesser-known hormone called amylin, as well as disturbances in the body's natural clock. The idea that type 2 diabetes isn't only caused by obesity isn't a new one. "Genetics is a big factor in type 2 diabetes. Certain ethnic groups get type 2 diabetes at much higher rates, and at much younger ages than other groups," said Dr. Christine Resta, an endocrinologist at Maimonides Medical Center in New York City. "Obesity is clearly part of type 2 diabetes for most people. But the diagnosis is probably about 50 percent luck, due ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2

Can All Work and No Play Make You Diabetic?

Posted 24 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 – Working long hours may increase your risk for diabetes, a new study suggests. But the finding seems to depend on your job. Researchers examined data from prior studies involving more than 222,000 men and women in the United States, Europe, Japan and Australia who were followed for an average of 7.6 years. The initial analysis revealed no difference in the risk of type 2 diabetes among people who worked more than 55 hours a week and those who worked 35 to 40 hours a week. However, further analyses showed that people who worked more than 55 hours a week at manual labor or other types of "low socioeconomic status jobs" were 30 percent more likely to develop diabetes than those who worked 35 to 40 hours a week. This increased risk remained even after the researchers accounted for diabetes risk factors such as smoking, physical activity levels, age, sex and ... Read more

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