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Related terms: Carcinoma, Malignant Disease, Malignant Tumor

NIH Experts Cast Doubt on Rat Study Linking Cellphones, Tumors

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 – Experts at the U.S. National Institutes of Health are questioning the validity of a widely reported study in rats that linked cellphone radiation to tumors. The study, released Friday by the federal government's National Toxicology Program (NTP), found "low incidences" of two types of tumors in male rats exposed to the type of radio frequencies emitted by cellphones, the Wall Street Journal reported. The two types of tumors were glioma brain cancer and benign schwannomas of the heart, according to the $25 million study that is one of the largest and most comprehensive to assess the health impacts of cellphones. "Given the widespread global usage of mobile communications among users of all ages, even a very small increase in the incidence of disease resulting from exposure to [radio-frequency radiation] could have broad implications for public health," according ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Brain Tumor, Diagnosis and Investigation, Malignant Glioma

Global Recession May Have Contributed to Cancer Deaths

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 – The 2008 global economic crisis has been linked to a sharp rise in deaths from cancer, a new study reports. Unemployment and cuts in public health-care spending were associated with more than 260,000 additional cancer deaths by 2010. Most of those deaths – 160,000 – were in the European Union, the researchers said. The study included 70 countries and a total of more than 2 billion people, according to the report published online May 25 in The Lancet. "Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, so understanding how economic changes affect cancer survival is crucial," lead author Dr. Mahiben Maruthappu, of Imperial College London, said in a journal news release. "We found that increased unemployment was associated with increased cancer mortality, but that universal health coverage protected against these effects. This was especially the case for treatable ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Brain Tumor, Melanoma, Skin Cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Bladder Cancer, Stomach Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Common Abnormal Heart Rhythm Linked to Cancer Risk

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 – Women with a common heart rhythm abnormality may be at an increased risk of developing cancer, particularly of the colon, a new study suggests. "We found a significant relationship between atrial fibrillation and cancer," said lead researcher Dr. David Conen, of the University Hospital in Basel, Switzerland. But the study cannot prove that atrial fibrillation causes cancer, only that an association exists between them, Conen added. Among nearly 35,000 healthy women followed for about 20 years, those who developed atrial fibrillation had a 60 percent increased risk of cancer diagnosis, the researchers found. The association may be due to a real connection between atrial fibrillation and cancer, although this seem less likely than that people have shared risk factors for both conditions, including smoking and obesity, he said. Men probably have the same risk, he ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer, Smoking, Atrial Fibrillation, Colorectal Cancer

Most Americans Wouldn't Join a Clinical Trial, Survey Finds

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 24, 2016 – Just four in 10 Americans have a positive impression of clinical trials, a new survey finds. And, only about one-third of Americans would be likely to enroll in one, the survey showed. The findings are cause for concern in terms of cancer research because nearly every advance in cancer was first evaluated in a clinical trial, according to the study authors from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, in New York City. They added that previous research has found that only 4 percent of cancer patients in the United States actually enroll in clinical trials each year. "When it comes to advancing cancer care, clinical research is the rocket fuel for better treatments, more accurate diagnoses and, ultimately, cures," said Dr. Jose Baselga, physician-in-chief and chief medical officer at the cancer center. "If this trend of low enrollment continues, we will face a ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Too Many Advanced Cancer Patients Lack Info About Their Disease

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – Many patients battling advanced cancer lack basic information about their prognosis or treatment, meaning they can't make informed decisions about their care, a small new study suggests. "These were people with highly lethal metastatic cancers that had progressed after at least one prior line of chemotherapy; their life expectancy was approximately four months from our interview," said lead researcher Dr. Holly Prigerson. She is a professor of geriatrics at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. "We were astonished to learn that only 5 percent of this sample had sufficient knowledge about their illness to make informed decisions about their care," Prigerson said in a Weill Cornell news release. The findings highlight the need for doctors to improve communication with these patients, she said. In the study, Prigerson's team compared 178 advanced cancer patients' ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Brain Tumor, Pancreatic Cancer, Skin Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Melanoma - Metastatic, Stomach Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Testicular Cancer, Solid Tumors

Fertility Info Lacking for Young Women Who Beat Cancer

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 23, 2016 – Many young female cancer survivors say they don't receive enough information about preserving their fertility, a new study finds. These women are at risk for early menopause because of their cancer treatment. If they want to have children but are not yet ready to start a family, they may be able to freeze their eggs or embryos after treatment, researchers explained. "The potential loss of fertility has been described in the literature as being almost as painful, if not more so, than the cancer diagnosis itself," said study leader Catherine Benedict, of Northwell Health on Long Island, N.Y. In the study, the researchers analyzed the results from an anonymous online survey of 179 women, average age 30, who had completed cancer treatment an average of five years earlier. Their fertility status was uncertain – they either wanted children in the future or were ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Female Infertility, Ovulation Induction, Primary Ovarian Failure, Follicle Stimulation

'Precision' Cancer Treatment May Extend Lives

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 – "Precision" cancer treatment that's guided by genetic clues from the patient's own tumor appears to outperform traditional chemotherapy, a new research review finds. Patients given precision – or personalized – treatment experienced a tumor shrinkage rate six times that attained by regular chemotherapy. But, that only happened if doctors used genetic information to choose the appropriate targeted therapy, said lead researcher Maria Schwaederle. Those patients also experienced nearly double the length of time before their cancer resumed growing, according to the analysis of nearly 350 clinical trials. "It is not just that the therapies are better, but that targeted therapies must be given to the right patients," said Schwaederle, who's with the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine's Center for Personalized Cancer Therapy. She will present ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Methotrexate, Breast Cancer, Accutane, Tretinoin, Fluorouracil, Gleevec, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Isotretinoin, Claravis, Tarceva, Xeloda, Tasigna, Revlimid, BCG, Skin Cancer, Sprycel, Hydroxyurea, Herceptin

Early Palliative Care Seems to Help Caregivers, Too

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 – Palliative care that's offered soon after a terminal cancer diagnosis can also help caregivers, a new study indicates. "This study suggests that early palliative care creates a powerful positive feedback loop in families facing cancer," study author Dr. Areej El-Jawahri said in news release from the American Society of Clinical Oncology. She noted that patients get a direct benefit from such care, and it seems that "their caregivers experience a positive downstream effect, which may make it easier for them to care for their loved ones." El-Jawahri is an oncologist with the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center in Boston. The study included 275 family caregivers. Their loved ones had recently been diagnosed with lung and gastrointestinal cancers. The cancers were incurable. The patients let the researchers know who their primary caregiver was. It could ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative

FDA Approves Tecentriq (atezolizumab) for Urothelial Carcinoma

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

May 18, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Tecentriq (atezolizumab) to treat the most common type of bladder cancer, called urothelial carcinoma. This is the first product in its class (PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors) approved to treat this type of cancer. "Tecentriq provides these patients with a new therapy targeting the PD-L1 pathway," said Richard Pazdur, M.D., director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. "Products that block PD-1/PD-L1 interactions are part of an evolving story about the relationship between the body’s immune system and its interaction with cancer cells." Tecentriq targets the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway (proteins found on the body’s immune cells and some cancer cells). By blocking these interactions, Tecentriq may help the body’s immune system fight cancer cells. Tecentriq is the first FD ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Atezolizumab, Tecentriq

How Much Time Is Left? Doctors, Loved Ones Often Disagree

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – Loved ones acting on behalf of critically ill patients are often more optimistic about outcomes than physicians. But not necessarily because they don't grasp the gravity of the case, new research suggests. The study of more than 200 surrogate "decision makers" found that in more than half of cases doctors and loved ones disagreed about whether the patient would die or not. However, "it isn't just a misunderstanding of the patient's prognosis that is causing the family and friends of that patient to have significantly different estimates for their loved one's survival than that of their doctor," said study lead author Dr. Douglas White. The surrogates' personal beliefs influence their outlook, said White, a professor of critical care medicine at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Some surrogate decision makers believe that if they "hope the patient does ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer - Palliative

Genetically Modified Crops Are Safe: Review

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – Genetically modified crops pose no apparent risk to human health, an extensive study released Tuesday by a U.S. science advisory board has concluded. Crops created through genetic engineering are as safe to eat as crops developed through traditional plant-breeding methods, according to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine panel. The panel could find no link between consumption of genetically modified crops and rates of cancer, kidney disease, obesity, type 2 diabetes, gastrointestinal diseases, celiac disease, food allergies or autism, the report stated. "We compared the patterns in the U.S. and Canada to the patterns in the U.K. [United Kingdom] and the E.U. [European Union], because in those countries people are not eating genetically engineered foods," said panel chairman Fred Gould, a professor of agriculture at North Carolina State ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Cancer, Autism, Celiac Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, Asperger Syndrome

HIV Patients Less Likely to Get Treatment for Cancer: Study

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – While powerful HIV medications are granting longer lives to many people infected with the virus, a new U.S. study shows these same patients are less likely to get treatment for cancer if it develops. It's not clear why the difference exists. It could reflect the decisions of physicians, patients or both. Whatever the case, the finding confirms that the gap persists even when patients have private insurance or are otherwise healthy, the study authors said. Previous research has suggested that "people with well-controlled HIV infection should be treated similarly to patients without HIV," said study author Dr. Gita Suneja. However, "even looking at cancer patients with private health insurance only, we saw that those with HIV infection were less likely to receive cancer treatment for many common cancer types," said Suneja. She is an assistant professor of ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Methotrexate, HIV Infection, Fluorouracil, Lung Cancer, Xeloda, Hydroxyurea, Mercaptopurine, Hydrea, Carboplatin, Cisplatin, Dacogen, Cytoxan, Temodar, Cyclophosphamide, Oxaliplatin, Gemzar, Bendamustine, Treanda, Capecitabine

Devout Women May Enjoy Better Health

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – Routinely attending religious services may confer a halo of better health around American women, a new study suggests. Harvard researchers found that women who went to religious services at least twice a week were one-third less likely to die over the 20-year study period, compared to women who never attended services. Is this a case of divine intervention, or is there another reason behind the improved longevity? "The association between religious participation and mortality probably has more to do with religious practice and specifically, communal practice, like attending religious services, than with religious belief," said study author Tyler VanderWeele. "Something about the communal religious experience seems to be powerful for health," said VanderWeele, a professor of epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston. VanderWeele said ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Exercise May Cut Risk of 13 Cancers, Study Suggests

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – Exercise may significantly reduce your risk for many types of cancer, including some of the most lethal forms of the disease, a large review suggests. Working out for even a couple of hours a week appears to shrink the risk of breast, colon and lung cancer, said researchers who looked at 1.4 million adults. "Those are three of the four major cancers that affect Americans today," said Marilie Gammon. She is a professor of epidemiology with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Public Health. And fitness buffs, take heart – your cancer risk appears to continue to decline as you rack up hours of physical activity, with no apparent upper plateau, said study lead author Steven Moore, an investigator with the U.S. National Cancer Institute. "The more activity, the more the benefit," Moore said. "As people did more, their risk continued to ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Leukemia, Lung Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, Endometrial Cancer, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Stomach Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Head and Neck Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Osteolytic Bone Lesions of Multiple Myeloma, Urinary Tract Cancer, Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia

Could Canine Research Offer Clues to Human Brain Cancer?

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 12, 2016 – Dogs may help scientists unleash the secrets to a malignant brain tumor in humans. Research across 25 dog breeds has uncovered three genes thought to increase the risk of glioma brain tumors. The findings may offer clues about how these common and often untreatable tumors form in people, according to the study authors. Gliomas are the most common type of primary malignant brain tumors in people and the second most common in dogs, the researchers said. Certain breeds – such as Boxers, Bulldogs and Boston Terriers – have a higher risk for gliomas than others. This suggests a mix of genes may influence glioma risk, said study co-leader Katarina Truve, of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Two of the genes identified by the researchers have additional links to cancer, Truve and her colleagues said in the report published May 12 in the journal PLOS ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Malignant Glioma, Head Imaging

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