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Related terms: Carcinoma, Malignant Disease, Malignant Tumor

Screening Inmates for Hepatitis C Benefits General Community: Study

Posted 1 day 19 hours ago by

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 – A prison-based hepatitis C screening and treatment program could benefit the broader community, researchers suggest. Besides reducing the spread of hepatitis C after prisoners are released, "universal [hepatitis C] testing and treatment in prisons would reduce outcomes of advanced [hepatitis C] such as liver cancer, end-stage liver disease and death among prisoners," said study senior author Jagpreet Chhatwal, of Massachusetts General Hospital's Institute for Technology Assessment in Boston. "We now have highly effective treatments for [hepatitis C], so we wanted to know the impact of providing routine testing and treatment to inmates, a group in which the infection is highly prevalent," Chhatwal said in a hospital news release. More than 1 percent of the U.S. population has hepatitis C, but the virus affects more than 17 percent of prisoners, the researchers ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Hepatitis C, Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Liver and Pancreatic Disease, Benign Liver Tumor, Hepatic Coma, Liver Metastasis in Adenocarcinoma, Hepatic Tumor

Colon Cancer Screening Rates on the Rise in NYC

Posted 2 days 1 hour ago by

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 – Colon cancer screening rates in New York City rose 40 percent over four years, possibly due to the efforts of a coalition created to promote and improve access to the procedure, a new study suggests. Screening rates increased from 42 percent in 2003 to 62 percent in 2007, the researchers said. Nationally, screening rates didn't get that high until 2012, they noted. The coalition was formed in 2003 by the city's health department with a wide variety of partners, including doctors, hospitals, insurers and survivor groups. "The increased screening rates from 2003 to 2012 translates to an additional 833,000 New Yorkers who have undergone screening colonoscopy and represents an important public health intervention," study co-author Dr. Steven Itzkowitz, professor of medicine/oncological sciences at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, said in a Mount Sinai news release. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Colonoscopy, Colorectal Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Cancer Survivors, Overweight Men May Face Job Discrimination

Posted 6 days ago by

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 – Cancer survivors could face discrimination when looking for work, and overweight men are just as likely as overweight women to face discrimination when job hunting, shopping or dealing with customers. Those are the findings of two new studies published recently in the Journal of Applied Psychology by researchers from Rice University, Penn State and the University of North Carolina. In the first case, five undercover researchers, ages 21-29, posed as job applicants at 121 retail stores at three large shopping malls in a southern U.S. city. In some cases, the researchers indicated on their resume that they were cancer survivors and wore a hat that read "cancer survivor" when applying for a job. In other cases, they did not disclose anything about their health. Only 21 percent of the "cancer survivors" received callbacks from potential employers, compared with 37 ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Cancer

Childhood Cancer Survivors May Suffer Physically, Mentally Decades Later

Posted 6 days ago by

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 – Childhood cancer survivors can have poor mental and physical health as adults, according to two new studies. These health problems may be related to some of the toxic medications needed to treat cancer, experts say. "We are doing a lot better at curing childhood cancers, but there are a lot of late effects of treatment that need to be looked at," said Dr. Karen Effinger, a pediatrics instructor at Stanford School of Medicine. Because they are so young when treated, children and teens with cancer are the most vulnerable to long-term effects of treatment, she noted. In one study, Danish researchers found that cancer survivors were more likely to be hospitalized as adults. In the other, kids who survived bone cancer were more likely to have poor reading and thinking skills, investigators found. Both studies were published Nov. 19 online in JAMA Oncology. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Psychiatric Disorders, Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

More Than 8 Percent of Kids With Cancer May Be Genetically Prone to the Disease

Posted 7 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 – More than 8 percent of children with cancer have gene mutations that increase their risk of cancer, a new study says. The findings suggest that genetic screening might be important in all childhood cancer patients, not just those with a family history of cancer, according to the researchers with the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project. Doing so would improve the chances of detecting cancers at their earliest and most treatable stages, the researchers said. The researchers analyzed tumor and normal tissues from 1,120 childhood cancer patients and found that 8.5 percent of the children had genetic mutations in their normal tissue that increase the risk of cancer. More than half of the children with these mutations came from families with no history of cancer. Previously, it was thought that such mutations ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Gene Study of Liver Tumor Reveals Versatile DNA

Posted 12 days ago by

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 – Tumors may have much greater genetic versatility than previously thought, and researchers say that might explain their ability to resist cancer treatments. The finding comes from extensive and rigorous genetic sequencing carried out on a single tumor. The human liver tumor that the scientists studied – which was slightly more than 1 inch in diameter – contained more than 100 million distinct mutations within the coding regions of its genes. That's thousands of times more than what scientists expected. "With 100 million mutations, each capable of altering a protein in some way, there is a high probability that a significant minority of tumor cells will survive, even after aggressive treatment," study director Chung-I Wu, a professor of ecology and evolution at the University of Chicago, said in a university news release. The study was published in this week's ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation

Kidney Woes Tied to Raised Cancer Risk, Study Finds

Posted 13 days ago by

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – Kidney failure and having a kidney transplant may increase the risk for certain types of cancer, a new study suggests. Poor kidney function and immune system-suppressing drugs may be behind this increased risk, according to Elizabeth Yanik, of the U.S. National Cancer Institute, and colleagues. For the study, published in the Nov. 12 online edition of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, the researchers looked at data from more than 200,000 U.S. kidney transplant candidates and recipients. Along with finding that these patients are at increased risk for certain types of cancer, the investigators also identified clear patterns of risk associated with different types of treatment. However, the associations seen in the study do not prove cause-and-effect. The risk of kidney and thyroid cancers was especially high when kidney failure patients were on ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Methotrexate, Renal Failure, CellCept, Tysabri, Gilenya, Imuran, Chronic Kidney Disease, Orencia, Revlimid, Azathioprine, Afinitor, Xolair, Leflunomide, Arava, Tecfidera, Peritoneal dialysis, Mycophenolate Mofetil, Aubagio, Benlysta

Head, Neck Cancer Patients May Be at Higher Risk for Suicide: Study

Posted 13 days ago by

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – Head and neck cancer patients may be at raised risk for suicide, new research suggests. However, the overall risk is still small, the findings showed. The study included over 350,000 patients in the United States diagnosed with head and neck cancer between 1973 and 2011. Of those patients, 857 died by suicide. The investigators found that the suicide rate among head and neck cancer patients was three times higher than in the general population. And suicide rates were higher among patients treated with radiation alone compared to surgery alone. Suicide rates were highest among those with cancers of the lower part of the throat, including the larynx ("voice box") and hypopharynx, at five times and 12 times higher, respectively, than in the general population. "This may be linked to these anatomic sites' intimate relationship with the ability to speak and/or ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Cancer, Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymia, Head and Neck Cancer

Childhood Cancer Tied to Raised Risk for Other Ills in Adult Life

Posted 14 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 – Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk for diabetes and other autoimmune diseases, a new study suggests. "Cure is no longer a sufficient goal in childhood cancer care," the researchers wrote. "As the vast majority of these patients survive, attention must be paid to their long-term quality of life and health challenges." In the study, the investigators analyzed data from more than 20,000 adults in Denmark, Iceland and Sweden, who had cancer before the age of 20 and survived for at least one year, and compared them to nearly 126,000 adults who did not have childhood cancer. Over an average follow-up of 15 to 19 years, 3.6 percent of childhood cancer survivors were treated in a hospital at least once for an autoimmune disease. That rate is 40 percent higher than among the adults who did not have childhood cancer, according to Dr. Anna Sallfors ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Leukemia, Autoimmune Disorders, Brain Tumor, Hodgkin's Lymphoma

High-Risk Lung Cancer Patients May Benefit From Surgery

Posted 15 days ago by

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 – Surgery to remove part of the lung can be a safe and effective treatment option for people with early stage lung cancer, even those traditionally considered "high-risk," a new study finds. Previous research had suggested that high-risk patients are more likely to have complications or to die after lung surgery. People aged 60 and older, long-term smokers, and people who have other health problems are considered high-risk for partial lung removal surgery, the researchers said. One in five patients with early stage non-small-cell lung cancer is deemed high-risk or ineligible for lung surgery, according to the study, which was published online Nov. 10 in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. But the new findings show these patients shouldn't be denied surgery, because they may benefit from it, study leader Dr. Manu Sancheti, from Emory University School of Medicine in ... Read more

Related support groups: Surgery, Cancer, Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Surgical Prophylaxis, Bronchogenic Carcinoma

Race Gap in Life Expectancy Is Narrowing: U.S. Study

Posted 19 days ago by

FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 – Black Americans are catching up to whites in life expectancy – largely due to declining rates of death from heart disease, cancer and HIV, a new federal government study finds. Researchers said the study can only show what the trend is, and not the reasons for it. But it's likely that better access to medical treatments has played a role, they added. Americans' life expectancy at birth has risen steadily over the last century, reaching an all-time high of 79 years in 2013. The life expectancy for black people, however, has always lagged behind that of whites, according to the researchers. That gap still exists. But it is narrowing – shrinking from a six-year difference in 1999 to a less than four-year difference in 2013, the study found. And it appears that blacks are living longer because their death rates from heart disease, cancer, HIV and accidents are ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Heart Disease, HIV Infection

Tapeworm May Have Spread Cancer Cells to Colombian Man

Posted 4 Nov 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 – Cancer cells transmitted from a common tapeworm appear to have caused cancer-like tumors in a Colombian man with HIV – the first known case of what's called "malignant transformation," U.S. health officials are reporting. The parasite – known as Hymenolepis nana, or the dwarf tapeworm – is the most common human tapeworm worldwide, particularly in developing nations. At any given time, up to 75 million people carry it, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. People can become infected with dwarf tapeworm eggs when they eat food contaminated with mouse droppings or insects, or ingest fecal matter from people carrying the parasite. Usually, the invasion causes no symptoms, but in some people, the dwarf tapeworm can continue to reproduce itself in the intestines, according to the case report. In the case of the man with HIV, CDC ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, HIV Infection, Lung Cancer, Diagnosis and Investigation, Hymenolepis nana (Dwarf Tapeworm), Computed Tomography

Study Links Having Children to Lower Ovarian Cancer Risk

Posted 3 Nov 2015 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 – The more children a woman has, the lower her risk of ovarian cancer may be, a new study suggests. The study also found that the risk is lower in women whose fallopian tubes have been tied – a procedure called tubal ligation. British researchers analyzed data from more than 8,000 women to determine risk factors for the four most common types of ovarian cancer: serous, mucinous, endometrioid and clear cell tumors. "In the last few years, our understanding of ovarian cancer has been revolutionized by research showing that many cases may not in fact come from the ovaries. For example, many high-grade serous tumors – the most common type – seem to start in the fallopian tubes, while some endometrioid and clear cell tumours may develop from endometriosis," lead researcher Kezia Gaitskell said in a Cancer Research U.K. news release. Compared to women with no ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Contraception, Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Too Much TV Linked to Leading Causes of Death

Posted 29 Oct 2015 by

THURSDAY, Oct. 29, 2015 – A new study links watching too much TV with some of the leading causes of death in the United States. Ninety-two percent of Americans have a TV in their home, according to background information in the study. And 80 percent of American adults watch an average of three-and-a-half hours of TV a day, which is more than half of their leisure time. "We know that television viewing is the most prevalent leisure-time sedentary behavior and our working hypothesis is that it is an indicator of overall physical inactivity," explained study author Sarah Keadle, a cancer prevention fellow at the U.S. National Cancer Institute. "In this context, our results fit within a growing body of research indicating that too much sitting can have many different adverse health effects," Keadle said. In the study, the researchers followed more than 221,000 people, aged 50 to 71, who ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Heart Disease, Influenza, Pneumonia, Ischemic Heart Disease, Influenza with Pneumonia

Media Often Overplays Cancer Drug Research, Study Finds

Posted 29 Oct 2015 by

THURSDAY, Oct. 29, 2015 – News articles that promise "breakthrough, "game-changing" new cancer drugs could irresponsibly raise the hopes of desperate patients, a new report suggests. Just five days' worth of news last June contained 94 articles that lavishly praised 36 different cancer drugs, researchers found by combing Google. Unfortunately, half of the "marvel" drugs had not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and 14 percent had never been tested on humans, the results showed. "The net effect is really confusion," said study co-author Dr. Vinay Prasad, an oncologist at Oregon Health and Science University. "We found that the use of superlatives or grandiose descriptors of drugs happens whether drugs are approved or not, whether they are tested in people or not, or whether they improve survival or not," Prasad said. "I think the average person who follows cancer ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer, Melanoma, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Solid Tumors

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