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For ADHD, Start With Behavior Therapy, Not Drugs: CDC

Posted 3 May 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Behavior modification therapy is preferable to drugs for treating children 2 to 5 years old who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, U.S. health officials say. "Behavior therapy has been shown to help improve symptoms in young children with ADHD and can be as effective as medicine, but without the side effects," said Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Research has shown that the benefits of behavior therapy can last for years," she said Tuesday during a midday media briefing. Medicines such as Ritalin are appropriate for some children, Schuchat said. But behavior therapy doesn't have the side effects such as stomach aches, irritability, appetite loss and sleep problems often associated with ADHD medications, she said. Also, the effects of long-term use of ADHD medications by young ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Agitation, Agitated State, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

Could ADHD Drugs Lower Kids' Bone Density?

Posted 1 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 – Commonly prescribed drugs to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may affect bone density, a new study says. Researchers found that young people who take stimulants such as methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta) and Adderall have lower bone density than their peers. This could have serious consequences later in life, the study suggests. "Adolescence and young adulthood are critically important times for accruing peak bone mass – the largest and densest bone," said the study's lead investigator, Dr. Alexis Feuer, a pediatric endocrinologist at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. "Failure to obtain adequate bone mass by early adulthood may result in an increased fracture risk or even the development of osteoporosis later in adulthood." Using data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, researchers examined the effects of ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Osteoporosis, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

Most Teens Who Abuse ADHD Meds Get Them From Others

Posted 8 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 – Abuse of ADHD stimulant drugs such Ritalin or Adderall is on the rise, and a new study finds that most teens who abuse the drugs get them from someone else. An expanding market for drugs to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), "coupled with the increasing rates of ADHD diagnosis, provides greater availability of these drugs," study lead author Yanning Wang, from the University of Florida in Gainesville, said in a university news release. "This raises concerns about the possible non-medical use or abuse of these medications," which include drugs such Adderall, Concerta and Ritalin, she added. According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, when these drugs are abused they can boost blood pressure and heart rate, and interfere with sleep and appetite. The new study focused on surveys of more than 11,000 American children and teens conducted ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Drug Dependence, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Metadate ER

ADHD Meds Tied to Lower Bone Density in Kids

Posted 3 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 – Children on medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have lower bone density than their peers, a new U.S. study suggests. Using data from a government health survey, researchers found that children taking ADHD medications had, on average, lower bone density in the hip and lumbar spine (lower back) than kids not on the drugs. These prescription medications included stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, and nonstimulants, like Strattera. Experts said it's not clear that the medications themselves actually thin kids' bones, as the study only showed an association, and there could be other explanations for the connection. "I'm in no way saying that kids shouldn't be on these medications," said Dr. Jessica Rivera, the senior researcher on the study and an orthopedic surgeon with the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, at Fort Sam ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Strattera, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Atomoxetine, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Metadate ER

Young Athletes Pressured by Parents May Resort to 'Doping'

Posted 1 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 – Young male athletes under parental pressure to succeed are more likely to use banned substances to boost their sports performance, a new study finds. Researchers at the University of Kent in England asked 129 young male athletes, average age 17, about their attitudes on "doping" – the use of prohibited drugs, such as steroids, hormones or stimulants, to boost athletic ability. These substances, sometimes called performance-enhancing drugs, can potentially alter the human body and biological functions. However, they can be extremely harmful to a person's health, experts warn. In addition, the study participants were also asked about four different aspects of perfectionism. The four areas were: parental pressure; self-striving for perfection; concerns about making mistakes; and pressure from coaches. Only parental pressure was linked to positive feelings about ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Testosterone, Adipex-P, Focalin, Nuvigil, Provigil, AndroGel, Strattera, Methylphenidate, Caffeine, Dextroamphetamine, Focalin XR, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, Testim

Could Adults' Expectations Drive Up ADHD Diagnoses in Kids?

Posted 23 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 – Rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have risen globally, and adults' unreasonable expectations of young children could be one reason why, researchers suggest. Reporting in the Feb. 22 issue of JAMA Pediatrics, researchers from the University of Miami point to evidence that the rise in ADHD diagnoses coincided with ever-growing demands on young children's attention and focus. Since the 1970s, the researchers said, elementary school children have been getting more and more homework, while preschoolers have spent more time in full-day programs – and getting coached in reading and numbers by mom and dad. During those same years, the prevalence of ADHD doubled in the United States. Of course, many other things have also changed since the 1970s, and it's not possible to pin the rise of ADHD on any one trend, said lead researcher Dr. Jeffrey ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Diagnosis and Investigation, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR, Executive Function Disorder

Behavioral Therapy Beats Drugs as First-Line Treatment for ADHD: Researchers

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

Behavioral therapy should be used before medication in treating children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new research. One paper found that children's ADHD problems improve faster when their first therapy is behavioral – such as being taught basic social skills – rather than medication, The New York Times reported. Another paper said using behavioral therapy first is less expensive over time. Medications were most effective when used as supplemental, second-line treatment for children with ADHD who required the drugs. In many cases, the drugs were effective at doses lower than normally prescribed, according to the findings in the Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychology. If the effectiveness of the behavior therapy-first approach is confirmed in larger studies, experts say it could change standard medical practice for children with ADHD, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Metadate ER, Dyanavel XR

More College Students Misusing ADHD Med as Study Aid

Posted 16 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 – College students aiming for an academic edge may explain a surge in the misuse of a stimulant commonly prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new research suggests. Among U.S. adults, the number of Adderall prescriptions stayed stable from 2006 to 2011, but misuse of the drug jumped 67 percent and related visits to emergency rooms went up by 156 percent, researchers found. "The majority of adults who are using Adderall nonmedically are in the age range of 18 to 25," said lead researcher Dr. Ramin Mojtabai, a professor of mental health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. Most get the pills from friends or relatives who have prescriptions, the study found. Mojtabai and his team suspect college students use Adderall to help them stay up all night to cram for exams. Similarly, young working adults may use it to ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR

ADHD Meds May Raise Risk for Psychotic Side Effects in Some Kids: Study

Posted 30 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 30, 2015 – Stimulant medications, such as those used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), may raise the risk for psychotic side effects among young patients who have a parent with a history of serious mental illness, new research suggests. The study included 141 children and young adults aged 6 to 21. Nearly two-thirds of those prescribed stimulant medications had a psychotic side effect. These side effects included hallucinations, delusions, hearing voices, and/or perceptual disturbances, the researchers said. By comparison, psychotic effects affected just over one-quarter of those who had not taken a stimulant drug, the study showed. "These meds can be extremely helpful, including in kids with a family history of mental illness," said study lead author Dr. Rudolf Uher. He is an associate professor and Canada research chair in early intervention in ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Drug Psychosis, Quillivant XR, Evekeo

ADHD Diagnoses Rising Among U.S. Kids, Study Finds

Posted 8 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 8, 2015 – A growing number of U.S. children have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – with girls and Hispanic children showing the biggest increases of all, a new study shows. Researchers found that in 2011, an estimated 12 percent of U.S. kids aged 5 to 17 had ever been diagnosed with ADHD. That was up 43 percent from 2003. "But what struck us the most were the increases among girls and Hispanic children," said senior researcher Sean Cleary, an associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at George Washington University, in Washington, D.C. Historically, ADHD has been most often diagnosed in boys, particularly white boys. But Cleary's team found that the trends are shifting. ADHD is still almost twice as common among white kids compared with their Hispanic peers – 14 percent versus less than 8 percent. But between 2003 and ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Diagnosis and Investigation, Quillivant XR, Evekeo, Metadate ER, Dyanavel XR

ADHD Medications Linked to Sleep Problems in Kids

Posted 23 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 – The stimulant medications used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can keep some kids awake at night, a new research review confirms. The analysis, published online Nov. 23 in Pediatrics, found that children given stimulant medications for ADHD sometimes developed problems falling asleep and staying asleep. The medications – which include drugs like Ritalin, Concerta and Adderall – already list sleep problems as a potential side effect. But studies on the question have actually had conflicting findings, said Katherine Kidwell, a researcher at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln who led the new analysis. Plus, it's common for kids with ADHD to have sleep problems, whether they're on medication or not. And some researchers have argued that medication may actually improve sleep, by easing ADHD symptoms in general, Kidwell said. To get a ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Drowsiness, Methylin ER, Insomnia - Stimulant-Associated, Hypersomnia, Ritalin-SR

Kids Who Take ADHD Meds More Likely to Be Bullied, Study Finds

Posted 20 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 – Teenagers who take drugs like Adderall and Ritalin to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are twice as likely to be bullied as their peers who don't have ADHD, a new study suggests. The risk of being bullied is even greater if the teens sell, trade or give away their medicines, researchers found. However, the research also raises questions about why these kids are targets of frequent taunting or aggression by their peers. Is it teens' access to drugs that eggs on bullies, or something else? "I think it's fair to say that bullying is a potential risk that's associated with stimulant treatment for ADHD," said Quyen Epstein-Ngo, a research assistant professor at the University of Michigan Institute for Research on Women and Gender, and the study's lead author. But Linda Cottler, chair of the epidemiology department at the University of Florida, ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Focalin, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Dextroamphetamine, Focalin XR, Amphetamine, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Dexmethylphenidate, Dextrostat

College Kids Easily Find Contraband ADHD Drugs, Other Meds

Posted 19 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 – It's easy for U.S. college students to illegally obtain stimulants and other prescription drugs on campus, a new survey finds. Seventy percent of the more than 3,900 respondents said it was somewhat easy or very easy to get the medications without a prescription. The 2015 College Prescription Drug Study, conducted by Ohio State University, included undergraduate, graduate and professional students at six public and two private colleges and universities in five states. The survey found that undergraduates were more likely to misuse prescription drugs. Most claimed they used the drugs to help them study or improve their grades. About 18 percent of undergraduates said they misused prescription stimulants, and 83 percent said they obtained them from friends. Stimulant use was the most common practice, but students are misusing a number of other types of prescription ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, Drug Dependence, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, Aptensio XR

Kids With Mental Ills Often Treated Solely by Primary Care Doctors

Posted 12 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 – Family doctors and pediatricians are often the sole source of a child's mental health care, particularly for kids suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). More than one-third of U.S. kids receiving care for a mental health problem are treated by their primary care physician alone, without the involvement of a psychiatrist, psychologist or social worker, according to a new study. And four out of 10 children with ADHD are treated by a primary care physician without any collaboration with a mental health professional. Primary care physicians also appear more likely than psychiatrists to prescribe medications to treat kids with ADHD, according to the study published online Oct. 12 in the journal Pediatrics. Children with ADHD usually have trouble paying attention and controlling impulsive behaviors. Depending on the child's age, medication ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Adderall, Anxiety and Stress, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Focalin, Borderline Personality Disorder, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Focalin XR, Autism, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Anorexia

ADHD May Mask Autism in Young Kids

Posted 14 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2015 – Symptoms attributed to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may overshadow or mask autism spectrum disorder in very young children, a new study reveals. This can create a significant delay in the diagnosis of autism. It took an average of three years longer to diagnose autism in children initially thought to have just ADHD, the researchers said. That delay can make a big difference in the future of the child, said study author Dr. Amir Miodovnik, a developmental pediatrician at Boston Children's Hospital. "It's been shown the earlier that you implement these therapies for autism, the better children do in terms of outcomes," Miodovnik said. "Three years is a significant amount of time for the kids to not be receiving therapy." The study was published online Sept. 14 and will appear in the October print issue of Pediatrics. Autism and ADHD are very ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Methylphenidate, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Autism, Dexedrine, Methylin, Daytrana, Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Asperger Syndrome, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, Aptensio XR

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