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Cocaine, Amphetamines May Up Injection Drug Users' Suicide Risk

Posted 1 day 5 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 – Injectable drug users who also use cocaine and amphetamines have nearly double the suicide attempt rate of other substance users, a new study finds. "We know that substance use is associated with the risk of suicide attempt and completed suicide," Didier Jutras-Aswad, a psychiatry professor at the University of Montreal, said in a university news release. "However, there are many different profiles of drug users. We wanted to know who among substance users were actually more likely to attempt suicide." The researchers studied 1,200 adults who had injected drugs within the previous six months. In surveys, researchers asked them questions about drug use and suicide attempts. At the start of the study, 6 percent of participants said they'd tried to commit suicide within the past six months, a much higher rate than in the general population. Participants were then ... Read more

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ADHD Stimulant Drug Abuse Common Among Young Adults: Survey

Posted 13 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 13, 2014 – Nearly one in every five college students abuses prescription stimulants, according to a new survey sponsored by the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. The survey also found that one in seven non-students of similar age also report abusing stimulant medications. Young adults aged 18 to 25 report using the drugs to help them stay awake, study or improve their work or school performance. The most commonly abused stimulants are those typically prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), such as Adderall, Ritalin and Vyvanse, the survey found. "The findings shed a new and surprising light on the young adult who is abusing prescription stimulants," said Sean Clarkin, director of strategy and program management for the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. "While there is some 'recreational' abuse, the typical misuser is a male college student whose grade ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Lisdexamfetamine, Ritalin-SR, Metadate ER, Quillivant XR

U.S. Kids Use ADHD Meds More During School Year

Posted 17 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – American children's use of stimulant medications is 30 percent higher during the school year than in the summer, a new study indicates. The findings suggest that many children may use stimulants to help them meet academic demands, according to the researchers. Stimulant medications improve concentration and help manage symptoms associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). They are the most widely used type of medication among teens, the researchers said. Currently, about 6 percent of U.S. children use stimulants, up from about 2.4 percent in 1996, the study authors noted. The current study included an analysis of prescriptions written for stimulants in the United States during the 2007 to 2008 school year. The study revealed that use of the drugs during school months is highest among children in wealthier families. Stimulant use during school ... Read more

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ADHD Medications Won't Stunt Kids' Growth, Study Finds

Posted 2 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 2, 2014 – Stimulant medications – such as Adderall, Ritalin and Concerta – used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, won't stunt their growth, a new study suggests. "Stimulant medication did not affect children's final height as adults," said study researcher Dr. Slavica Katusic, an associate professor of pediatrics at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Katusic noted that results of earlier studies have been mixed, with some showing these drugs retard growth and others showing they don't. But, most of the previous studies had limitations, such as having too few children or spotty information about adult height, she said. Katusic said this study is unique because it followed a group of people with ADHD who were taking stimulant medications and compared them with a group with ADHD who were not taking medication and also a group that ... Read more

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Kids With ADHD More Likely to Abuse Drugs: Analysis

Posted 30 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 30, 2014 – Children suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more than twice as likely to try and abuse drugs, a new analysis finds. However, that does not mean that the medications that are prescribed to treat the most common childhood disorder in the United States play a part in that increased risk. In fact, "one of the main points [of the finding] is that treating ADHD both with behavioral techniques and medications seems to lower the risk of substance abuse," said analysis co-author Dr. Sharon Levy, director of the adolescent substance abuse program at Boston Children's Hospital. Although stimulants used to treat ADHD can be addictive, there is no evidence that using them increases the risk of substance abuse, Levy said. These medications include amphetamines, such as Adderall or Dexedrine, and methylphenidate (Concerta, Metadate CD or ... Read more

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No Sign That ADHD Meds Raise Suicide Risk: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 – Drugs used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not increase the risk of suicide attempts or suicide, and may actually provide a protective effect, a new study suggests. Prior research had hinted that ADHD drugs might raise the risk of suicidal behavior, according to the authors of the new report. However, they believe that the findings of those studies were questionable due to their studies' small size or the methods used. The new study, led by Henrik Larsson of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, included all of the nearly 38,000 people in Sweden diagnosed with ADHD between 1960 and 1996. Larsson's team tracked their rates of suicidal behaviors between 2006 through 2009, at times when they were taking ADHD drugs or not taking the medications. The result: The study found no evidence that taking ADHD drugs raised the risk of ... Read more

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Drug Therapy May Lower Odds That Kids With ADHD Will Smoke

Posted 12 May 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 12, 2014 – Children taking medications to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – such as Adderall, Ritalin and Vyvanse – are less likely to smoke, according to a new analysis. Kids with ADHD who were treated with these so-called stimulant medications were about half as likely to smoke as children with this disorder who weren't treated with these medications, researchers found. "We found an association between getting treated with stimulant medications and having a lower risk of smoking in adolescence and adulthood," said study researcher Erin Schoenfelder, clinical psychologist at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. The study, which was funded by the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, is published online May 12 and in the June print issue of the journal Pediatrics. About 11 percent of American children aged 4 to 17 have a diagnosis of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Vyvanse, Ritalin

Many Ivy League Students Admit Using ADHD Drugs for Better Grades: Study

Posted 2 May 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 2, 2014 – Almost one in five Ivy League college students acknowledge they've used stimulants to perform better in school even though they haven't been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study shows. Varsity athletes and students in fraternities and sororities were more likely to report using the medications. However, about half of those who'd used the drugs said they'd done so fewer than four times, suggesting that regular use of the drugs is limited to a small number of students overall. It's not clear if the students surveyed are representative of their university or of American colleges at large. Still, the findings reflect other research that suggests stimulant use is a problem on college campuses across the country, said study co-author Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Steven and Alexandra Cohen ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Adderall XR, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

ADHD Drugs Linked to Later Weight Gain in Kids

Posted 17 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 17, 2014 – Children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to gain more weight than their peers as they enter their teen years, a new study finds. The weight differences seem to be most pronounced for kids who had taken stimulant medications to control their symptoms, suggesting that there might be something about the drugs themselves that aggravate the problem, the researchers said. "The reason we think it is more likely to be the drugs than the diagnosis is because the earlier the drugs were started and the longer the drugs were used, the stronger the effects," said study author Dr. Brian Schwartz, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, in Baltimore. "If you agree with the reports that stimulants may be over-prescribed, then this is another important cost of that over-treatment – kids who have dramatic ... Read more

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Landmark ADHD Study Backed Drugs Over Therapy at a Cost: Report

Posted 30 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2013 – Many children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have missed out on valuable counseling because of a widely touted study that concluded stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall were more effective for treating the disorder than medication plus behavioral therapies, experts say. That 20-year-old study, funded with $11 million from the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, concluded that the medications outperformed a combination of stimulants plus skills-training therapy or therapy alone as a long-term treatment. But now experts, who include some of the study's authors, think that relying on such a narrow avenue of treatment may deprive children, their families and their teachers of effective strategies for coping with ADHD, The New York Times reported Monday. "I hope it didn't do irreparable damage," study co-author Dr. Lily Hechtman, of ... Read more

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Preschoolers' Use of Psychiatric Drugs Levels Off, Study Shows

Posted 30 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 30 – Doctors don't seem to be as quick as they once were to reach for their prescription pads when treating preschoolers for mental troubles, a new study shows. The research, published online Sept. 30 in the journal Pediatrics, looked at recent trends in the use of psychotropic medications – drugs that alter mood or behavior – in children between the ages of 2 and 5. After reaching a peak between 2002 and 2005, the use of drugs such as stimulants and antidepressants to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression, respectively, leveled off between 2006 and 2009, even though diagnoses of those disorders climbed over the same time period. The study suggests that doctors may be using treatments such as behavioral therapy and counseling, instead of prescriptions, to help young kids. "Our study couldn't determine that, but that's my biggest hope, that ... Read more

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Many Parents Unaware of Teens' Abuse of ADHD Drugs

Posted 31 May 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 31 – One in 10 teens admits to using a prescription stimulant or amphetamine to boost their performance in school, but most parents aren't aware of the scope of the problem, a new study finds. In an effort to stay alert and get better grades, students are taking so-called "study drugs," such as Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin and Vyvanse, which are intended to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Taking these medications, however, has not been shown to help students improve their grades, the researchers said, and abuse of these drugs could be very dangerous. A national survey of more than 700 randomly selected households with teens, conducted in January by the University of Michigan Mott Children's Hospital, found that only 1 percent of parents of teens between 13 and 17 years old believe their child has taken a stimulant as a study aid. Yet in a 2012 ... Read more

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ADHD Meds Don't Raise Risk of Drug Abuse in Adulthood: Review

Posted 29 May 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 29 – Children taking stimulants to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) don't face a greater risk of becoming drug addicts in adulthood, researchers report. Whether or not these medications (such as Ritalin or Adderall) increase the odds of children becoming addicted later to alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, nicotine or other drugs has been debated for years, with studies coming to conflicting conclusions. "Previously, there was evidence for both increased risk and decreased risk for substance problems related to stimulant medication in the treatment of ADHD," said study author Kathryn Humphreys, a doctoral student in psychology at University of California, Los Angeles. "The present study suggests that, on average, children who received stimulant medication treatment for ADHD are at no differential risk for these substance outcomes than their counterparts ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Amphetamine, Adderall XR, Strattera, Adipex-P, Focalin, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Methamphetamine, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

Prescription Drug Abuse Up Among U.S. Teens: Survey

Posted 23 Apr 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 23 – The United States appears to be in the throes of a prescription drug abuse crisis among teens, with a new survey showing that 24 percent of high school students – more than 5 million kids – have abused these medications. That's a 33 percent increase from 2008, the survey authors noted. They said that 13 percent of teens acknowledged having experimented at least once with either Ritalin or Adderall (normally prescribed for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD) that was not prescribed for them. What's more, 20 percent of teens who admit they have abused prescription drugs said their first experience doing so was before the age of 14, with 27 percent mistakenly believing that prescription drug abuse is safer than "street drugs," such as cocaine or ecstasy. Compounding the problem: The parents surveyed seemed to share in this ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Ritalin, Substance Abuse

Don't Give ADHD Meds to Undiagnosed Kids, Experts Urge

Posted 13 Mar 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 13 – Some people call it "brain doping" or "meducation." Others label the problem "neuroenhancement." Whatever the term, the American Academy of Neurology has published a position paper criticizing the practice of prescribing "study drugs" to boost memory and thinking abilities in healthy children and teens. The authors said physicians are prescribing drugs that are typically used for children and teenagers diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for students solely to improve their ability to ace a critical exam – such as the college admission SAT – or to get better grades in school. Dr. William Graf, lead author of the paper and a professor of pediatrics and neurology at Yale School of Medicine, emphasized that the statement doesn't apply to the appropriate diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. Rather, he is concerned about what he calls ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Adderall, Phentermine, Vyvanse, Concerta, Ritalin, Amphetamine, Adderall XR, Strattera, Adipex-P, Focalin, Nuvigil, Caffeine, Provigil, Methylphenidate, Methamphetamine, Focalin XR, Dextroamphetamine, Phendimetrazine, Dexedrine

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