Acetylcysteine Side Effects
Some side effects of acetylcysteine may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.
For the Consumer
Applies to acetylcysteine: inhalation solution
Along with its needed effects, acetylcysteine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur while taking acetylcysteine:Less common
- Wheezing, tightness in chest, or difficulty in breathing (especially in asthma patients)
- Skin rash or other irritation
Some side effects of acetylcysteine may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common
- Clammy skin
- increase in amount of mucus in lungs
- irritation or soreness of mouth, throat, or lungs
- nausea or vomiting
- runny nose
For patients using a face mask for inhalation of acetylcysteine: the mask may leave a stickiness on your face. This can be removed with water.
When you use acetylcysteine, you may notice that the medicine has an unpleasant odor at first. However, this smell will go away soon after you use the medicine.
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to acetylcysteine: compounding powder, inhalation solution, intravenous solution, oral capsule, oral tablet
Gastrointestinal side effects reported after oral administration have included nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heartburn, dyspepsia, rectal bleeding, and epigastric pain. Stomatitis, hemoptysis, and rhinorrhea have been associated with the use of nebulized acetylcysteine.
Allergic reactions to intravenous use have occurred. Symptoms have included urticarial rash, pruritus, flushing, a warm feeling of the skin, occasional bronchospasm or hypotension, angioedema, dyspnea, a serum sickness-like reaction, and asthma.
Respiratory side effects, including bronchospasm, wheezing, precipitation of asthma, and respiratory arrest, have been reported after respiratory or intravenous administration. Hemoptysis rarely occurs.
CNS side effects of dizziness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, and asthenia have occurred with oral use. Headache and increased intracranial pressure have been reported rarely.
One case of ST segment depression, chest pain, and T-wave inversion was associated with an anaphylactoid reaction to intravenous acetylcysteine.
Cardiovascular side effects of tachycardia and hypotension have been reported in patients with hypersensitivity to acetylcysteine.
Skin rashes and pruritus have been reported. Skin reactions are a common presentation of hypersensitivity to intravenous administration.
Rashes seen after intravenous therapy usually consist of transient flushing on the upper trunk, neck and face. Rashes sometimes were urticarial and pruritic.
Local reactions to injectable 20% acetylcysteine solution extravasation include severe pain and excoriation.
Fever is a rarely occurring side effect seen after both inhalation and intravenous administration.
Musculoskeletal side effects have rarely included myalgia and arthralgia.
Elevated serum transaminase levels were temporally associated with acetylcysteine administration in a patient with cystic fibrosis. At the dose used for acetaminophen toxicity, acetylcysteine does not have hepatotoxic effects.
Hematologic side effects have included increased blood loss and use of blood products when acetylcysteine was used to prevent perioperative inflammation and ischemia-reperfusion injury during cardiac surgery.
More acetylcysteine resources
- acetylcysteine solution MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
- acetylcysteine Inhalation, oral/nebulization Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
- Acetylcysteine Monograph (AHFS DI)
- Acetadote Consumer Overview
- Acetadote Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Mucomyst Prescribing Information (FDA)
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