Propranolol Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings
Propranolol Pregnancy Warnings
This drug is only recommended for use during pregnancy when there are no alternatives and the benefit outweighs the risk. AU TGA pregnancy category: C US FDA pregnancy category: C
Beta blockers may cause decreased placental perfusion, fetal and neonatal bradycardia, and hypoglycemia. Propranolol has been used safely to treat a variety of conditions during pregnancy, including hypertension and pheochromocytoma in the mother, and tachyarrhythmias in both the mother and fetus. There are a number of abnormalities associated with the use of propranolol during pregnancy, but many of these may be attributable to underlying diseases. These abnormalities include some signs of beta-blockade, such as bradycardia, hypoglycemia, and respiratory depression. Other abnormalities that may be due to propranolol include intrauterine growth retardation, small placentas, polycythemia, thrombocytopenia, and hypocalcemia. AU TGA pregnancy category C: Drugs which, owing to their pharmacological effects, have caused or may be suspected of causing, harmful effects on the human fetus or neonate without causing malformations. These effects may be reversible. Accompanying texts should be consulted for further details. US FDA pregnancy category C: Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant.
Propranolol Breastfeeding Warnings
Propranolol milk to maternal plasma ratios as high as 1.5 has been reported. While no adverse effects in the nursing infant have been reported, experts advise monitoring the infant for signs and symptoms of beta-blockade and to schedule feedings at least three hours after maternal propranolol administration.
Use is not recommended. Excreted into human milk: Yes Comments: Propranolol levels in breast milk are low and would not be expected to cause any adverse effects in breastfed infants.
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Wolters Kluwer Health and Drugs.com is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This drug information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2008 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.