Class: Anti-inflammatory Agents
VA Class: GA900
Chemical Name: 3,3′-azobis[6-hydroxybenzoic acid disodium salt
Molecular Formula: C14H8N2Na2O6
CAS Number: 6054-98-4
Uses for Olsalazine Sodium
Olsalazine Sodium Dosage and Administration
Dosage of olsalazine sodium, which is commercially available as the disodium salt, is expressed in terms of olsalazine sodium.1
Daily dosage of 1g usually provides >0.9 g of mesalamine in the colon.1
Cautions for Olsalazine Sodium
Occasionally bloody2 and difficult to distinguish from underlying disease symptoms1 or may be distinguishable by its high water content and absence of blood.4 Possibly more severe and frequent in patients with extensive ulcerative colitis.2 4 5
Exacerbation of preexisting symptoms of ulcerative colitis has been reported with other 5-aminosalicylic acid derivatives (e.g., mesalamine, sulfasalazine).1
Insufficient experience in patients ≥65 years of age to determine whether geriatric patients respond differently than younger adults.1
Use with caution in patients with renal impairment, since renal tubular damage has been reported in animals and rarely in postmarketing surveillance;1 perform urinalysis, monitor serum creatinine and BUN concentrations in such patients.1
Common Adverse Effects
Diarrhea/loose stools,1 2 3 4 6 abdominal pain or cramps,1 4 nausea,1 4 dyspepsia,1 heartburn,1 bloating,1 anorexia,1 vomiting,1 stomatitis,1 rectal bleeding,1 headache,1 2 4 fatigue,1 2 drowsiness,1 lethargy,1 depression,1 insomnia,1 vertigo,1 dizziness or lightheadedness,1 4 rash,1 2 4 pruritus,1 arthralgia or joint pain,1 4 upper respiratory infection.1
Interactions for Olsalazine Sodium
Potential interaction (increased prothrombin time).1
Olsalazine Sodium Pharmacokinetics
Plasma Protein Binding
Crosses placenta in animals.1
Distributed into milk in rats; not known whether distributed into human milk.1
Mesalamine is excreted principally in feces as N-acetyl-5-acetylsalicylic acid,1 4 6 and to a lesser extent in urine (about 20%) mostly as N-acetyl-5-acetylsalicylic acid;7 9 25 <1% of olsalazine excreted in urine unchanged.1
25°C (may be exposed to 15–30°C).1
May reduce inflammation in the colon by inhibiting cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase, which catalyze the formation of prostaglandin precursors (endoperoxides) and of leukotrienes and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids, respectively, from arachidonic acid and/or its metabolites.1 4 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 21 23 32 35 38 39
Advice to Patients
Importance of taking with food.1
Importance of taking in equally divided doses.1
Importance of informing clinicians if diarrhea occurs.1
Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs.1
Importance of women informing clinicians if they are or plan to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed.1
Importance of advising patients of other important precautionary information. (See Cautions.)
Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.
This pricing information is subject to change at the sole discretion of DS Pharmacy. This pricing information was updated 02/2013. Actual costs to patients will vary depending on the use of specific retail or mail-order locations and health insurance copays.
Dipentum 250MG Capsules (MEDA PHARMACEUTICALS): 100/$625.01 or 300/$1,839.97
This report on medications is for your information only, and is not considered individual patient advice. Because of the changing nature of drug information, please consult your physician or pharmacist about specific clinical use.
The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com represent that the information provided hereunder was formulated with a reasonable standard of care, and in conformity with professional standards in the field. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com make no representations or warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranty of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to such information and specifically disclaims all such warranties. Users are advised that decisions regarding drug therapy are complex medical decisions requiring the independent, informed decision of an appropriate health care professional, and the information is provided for informational purposes only. The entire monograph for a drug should be reviewed for a thorough understanding of the drug's actions, uses and side effects. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com do not endorse or recommend the use of any drug. The information is not a substitute for medical care.
AHFS Drug Information. © Copyright, 1959-2015, Selected Revisions September 1, 2005. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 7272 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.
1. Celltech. Dipentum (olsalazine) capsules prescribing information. Rochester, NY; 2002 Sep.
2. Sandberg-Gertzen H, Jarnerot G, Kraaz W. Azodisal sodium in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. A study of tolerance and relapse prevention properties. Gastroenterol. 1986:90:1024-30. (IDIS 214428)
3. Ireland A, Mason CH, Jewell DP. Controlled trial comparing olsalazine and sulphasalazine for the maintenance treatment of ulcerative colitis. Gut. 1988; 29:835-7. [IDIS 243681] [PubMed 2898422]
4. Wadworth AN, Fitton A. Olsalazine. A review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic potential in inflammatory bowel disease. Drugs. 19911; 41:647-64.
5. Kornbluth A, Sachar DB. Ulcerative colitis practice guidelines in adults. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997; 92:204-11. [IDIS 382198] [PubMed 9040192]
6. Sandborn WJ. Rational selection of oral 5-aminosalicylate formulations and prodrugs for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002; 97:2939-41. (IDIS 492059)
7. Salix Pharmaceuticals. Colazal (balsalazide disodium) capsules prescribing information. Raleigh, NC; 2000 Jul.
8. Prakash A, Spencer CM. Balsalazide. Drugs. 1998; 56:83-9. [PubMed 9664201]
9. Novartis, East Hanover, NJ: Personal communication.
10. Anon. Oral balsalazide (Colazal) for ulcerative colitis. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 2001; 43:62-3. [PubMed 11468602]
11. Reid-Rowell. Rowasa (mesalamine) prescribing information. Marietta, GA; (5EKI0, 1990).
12. Reid-Rowell. Rowasa (mesalamine): a product profile. Marietta, GA; 1988 Mar.
13. Bondesen S, Rasmussen SN, Rask-Madsen J et al. 5-Aminosalicylic acid in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Acta Med Scand. 1987; 221:227-42. [IDIS 232774] [PubMed 3296672]
14. Weintraub M, Evans P. 5-Aminosalicylic acid: an old, ‘new’ treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. Hosp Formul. 1987; 22:528-33.
15. Peppercorn MA. Sulfasalazine and related new drugs. J Clin Pharmacol. 1987; 260-5. (IDIS 228622)
16. Reid-Rowell. Rowasa (mesalamine) product information form for the American Hospital Formulary Service. Marietta, GA; 1988 Apr. 17.
17. Anon. Mesalamine for ulcerative colitis. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 1988; 30:53-6. [PubMed 3283508]
18. Ligumsky M, Karmeli F, Sharon P et al. Enhanced thromboxane A2 and prostacyclin production by cultured rectal mucosa in ulcerative colitis and its inhibition by steroids and sulfasalazine. Gastroenterology. 1981; 81:444-9. [IDIS 139848] [PubMed 6114012]
19. Sharon P, Ligumsky M, Rachmilewitz D et al. Role of prostaglandins in ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology. 1978; 75:638-40. [PubMed 30669]
20. Lauritsen K, Laursen LS, Bukhave K et al. Effects of topical 5- aminosalicylic acid and prednisolone on prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 levels determined by equilibrium in vivo dialysis of rectum in relapsing ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology. 1986; 91:837-44. [IDIS 221448] [PubMed 3017804]
21. Donowitz M. Arachidonic acid metabolites and their role in inflammatory bowel disease: update requiring addition of a pathway. Gastroenterology. 1985; 88:580-7. [IDIS 196055] [PubMed 2856909]
22. Sharon P, Stenson WF. Enhanced synthesis of leukotriene B4 by colonic mucosa in inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 1984; 86:453-60. [PubMed 6319219]
23. Kirsner JB, Shorter RG. Recent developments in ‘nonspecific’ inflammatory bowel disease: first of two parts. N Engl J Med. 1982; 306:775-85. [IDIS 146719] [PubMed 7038488]
24. Campieri M, Lanfranchi GA, Boschi S et al. Topical administration of 5- aminosalicylic acid enemas in patients with ulcerative colitis: studies on rectal absorption and excretion. Gut. 1985; 26:400-5. [IDIS 203829] [PubMed 3979912]
25. Dew MJ, Ebden P, Kidwai NS et al. Comparison of the absorption and metabolism of sulphasalazine and acrylic-coated 5-amino salicylic acid in normal subjects and patients with colitis. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1984; 17:474-6. [IDIS 184171] [PubMed 6144318]
26. Klotz U. Clinical pharmacokinetics of sulphasalazine, its metabolites and other prodrugs of 5-aminosalicylic acid. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1985; 10:285-302. [IDIS 203379] [PubMed 2864155]
27. Campieri M, Lanfranchi GA, Brignola C et al. 5-ASA blood levels in topical treatment of ulcerative colitis: preliminary observations. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1982; 17:(Suppl)500.
28. Fischer C, Maier K, Stumpf E et al. al. Disposition of 5-aminosalicylic acid, the active metabolite of sulphasalazine, in man. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1983; 25:511-5. [IDIS 179570] [PubMed 6140167]
29. Dew MJ, Cardwell M, Kidwai NS. et. al. 5-Aminosalicylic acid in serum and urine after administration by enema to patients with colitis. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1983; 35:323-4. [IDIS 170825] [PubMed 6134804]
30. Pieniaszek HJ Jr, Bates TR. Capacity-limited gut wall metabolism of 5- aminosalicylic acid, a therapeutically active metabolite of sulfasalazine, in rats. J Pharm Sci. 1979; 68:1323-5. [PubMed 41931]
31. Klotz U, Maier K, Fischer C et al. Therapeutic efficacy of sulfasalazine and its metabolites in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. N Engl J Med. 1980; 303:1499-1502. [IDIS 125198] [PubMed 6107853]
32. Cooper BT. Sulphasalazine in inflammatory bowel disease: recent advances. N Z Med J. 1986; 99:757-9. [IDIS 231591] [PubMed 2877428]
33. Campieri M, Lanfranchi GA, Brignola C et al. 5-Aminosalicylic acid for the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. Gastroenterology. 1985; 89:701-2. [IDIS 203789] [PubMed 4018510]
34. Schroeder KW, Tremaine WJ, Ilstrup DM. Coated oral 5-aminosalicylic acid therapy for mildly to moderatel active ulcerative colitis. N Engl J Med. 1987; 317:1625-9. [IDIS 236262] [PubMed 3317057]
35. Peskar BM, Dreyling KW, May B, et. al. Possible mode of action of 5-aminosalicylic acid. Dig Dis Sci. 1987; 32(Suppl)51-6S. (PubMed 2891468)
36. McPhee MS, Swan JT, Biddle WL et al. al. Proctocolitis unresponsive to conventional therapy. Dig Dis Sci. 1987; 32:(Suppl)76-81S. [IDIS 317556] [PubMed 3319462]
37. Kirsner JB. Observations on the medical treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. JAMA. 1980; 243:557-64. [IDIS 107851] [PubMed 6101350]
38. Allgayer H, Stenson WF. A comparison of effects of sulfasalazine and its metabolites on the metabolism of endogenous vs. exogenous arachidonic acid. Immunopharmacology. 1988; 15:39-46. [PubMed 2896181]
39. Hoult JRS, Page H. 5-Aminosalicylic acid, a co-factor for colonic prostacyclin synthesis? Lancet. 1981; 2:255. Letter.
40. Blomqvist P, Feltelius N, Lofberg R et al. A 10-year survey of inflammatory bowel diseases-drug therapy, costs and adverse reactions. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2001; 15:475-81. [PubMed 11284775]
41. Podolsky DK. Inflammatory Bowel Disease. N Engl J Med. 2002; 347:417-29. [IDIS 484721] [PubMed 12167685]
42. Hanauer SB. Inflammatory bowel disease. N Engl J Med. 1996; 334:841-8 [IDIS 361805] [PubMed 8596552]
43. Celltech, Rochester, NY: Personal communication.
More about olsalazine
- Other brands: Dipentum