Brief Psychotic Disorder

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Brief psychotic disorder is a short-term mental illness where you have psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

RISKS:

Medicines used to treat brief psychotic disorder may cause an allergic response. Some medicines may take a few weeks to work. Others may change the way you eat and sleep, cause weight gain, and make you anxious. You may have eye and movement problems from certain medicines. You may also feel shaky, dizzy, or have sexual problems because of the medicines. You may become depressed or have thoughts of hurting or killing yourself or others.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

An IV

is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

Psychiatric assessment:

Caregivers will ask if you have a history of psychological trauma, such as physical, sexual, or mental abuse. They will ask if you were given the care that you needed. Caregivers will ask you if you have been a victim of a crime or natural disaster, or if you have a serious injury or disease. They will ask you if you have seen other people being harmed, such as in combat. You will be asked if you drink alcohol or use drugs at present or in the past. Caregivers will ask you if you want to hurt or kill yourself or others. How you answer these questions can help caregivers decide on treatment. To help during treatment, caregivers will ask you about such things as how you feel about it and your hobbies and goals. Caregivers will also ask you about the people in your life who support you.

Intake and output:

Caregivers will keep track of the amount of liquid you are getting. They also may need to know how much you are urinating. Ask how much liquid you should drink each day. Ask caregivers if they need to measure or collect your urine.

Medicines:

  • Antipsychotics: These help decrease psychotic symptoms or severe agitation. These medicines may also help stop your symptoms from coming back.

  • Antianxiety medicine: This medicine may be given to decrease anxiety and help you feel calm and relaxed.

  • Mood stabilizers: These help control quick changes in your mood that happen for no reason.

  • Sedative: This medicine is given to help you stay calm and relaxed.

Treatments:

  • Cognitive behavior therapy: During this therapy, you will learn how to cope with your symptoms. This may help you to change your behavior.

  • Compliance therapy: Your caregiver will help you find ways to make it easier to do your treatments. You may be taught about your medicine and why you need to take it on time. You may also get telephone calls and letters to help you remember your scheduled visits with your caregiver.

  • Family interventions: These are meetings that may be done with all of your family together or with one person at a time. In these meetings, your family learns about your condition and can talk about their concerns. Your family may learn ways they can help you manage your disease. They may also be given special training to help them cope with your condition.

  • Video recorded self-observation: Recording your behavior allows you to see yourself as others see you. This can help you be more aware of how you act and help you understand your illness better.

Restraints for behavior management:

There are 2 types of restraints that may be used while you are in the hospital. They will only be used if caregivers feel you are in danger of hurting yourself or others. Physical restraints, such as cloth or leather bands, may be put on your wrists or ankles and tied to something else. Other things will be tried first before using physical restraints, such as going into the quiet room or seclusion. Caregivers may use chemical restraints, which is medicine used to help you calm down and relax. Restraints should never be used to punish you.

Seclusion:

This happens when you are put in a safe room because your behavior is out of control. The door will stay locked so you cannot leave the room. Caregivers will watch you while you are in seclusion to make sure you stay safe. You may come out of seclusion when your caregivers feel you will not hurt yourself or others.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Brief Psychotic Disorder (Inpatient Care)

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